Questions and Answers about 'Present routine workplace information'

 



 

questions about Bladder cancer?

Question:
what is the survival rate for bladdr cancer for a man in his 50s? How quickly does bladder cancer spread? -blood has been in his urine since may is it likely to have spread?

Answer:

It is not possible to give you a very meaningful answer with the information provided. Given that, most bladder cancers are superficial and can be controlled or cured. It is important that he have a transurethral biopsy preformed in a timely manner. That will confirm the diagnosis, provide information regarding tumor grade (how aggressive it is), stage (has it invaded into the bladder muscle - if so the risk of spreading is higher) and the presence or absence of carcinoma insitu. Treatment options vary depending on stage and grade. Please see these links and below for more information: http://www.urologyhealth.org/content/moreinfo/bladderbasics.pdf http://www.urologyhealth.org/content/moreinfo/bladdercancer.pdf The following comes from urologyhealth.org (a site I frequently refer patients to): Bladder Cancer Bladder cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the United States. About 53,200 Americans are diagnosed with bladder cancer each year and 12,200 die annually of the disease. In recent decades there has been a steady increase in the incidence of bladder cancer. However, doctors are making progress in treatment and survival rates are improving. But what are its symptoms? How should it be treated? The following information should help you talk to a urologist about this condition. Increase Text Size What happens under normal conditions? The bladder is a hollow balloon-shaped mostly muscular organ that stores urine until ready for release. The urine is produced in the kidneys. It flows through tubes called the ureters into the bladder and is discharged through the urethra during urination. The bladder muscle aids urination by contracting (tightening) to help force out the urine. A thin surface layer called the urothelium lines the inside of the bladder. Next is a layer of loose connective tissue called the lamina propria. Covering the lamina propria is the bladder muscle, covered on the outside by fat. What causes bladder cancer? The ways in which bladder cancers develop and progress are only partly understood. However, a number of substances that cause the cancers to develop have been identified. Chief among them are cancer-causing agents in cigarette smoke and various industrial chemicals. Cigarette smoking alone has been estimated to cause 50 percent of all bladder cancer cases in the United States. Long-term workplace exposure to chemical compounds such as paints and solvents has been estimated to cause another 20 to 25 percent of bladder cancer cases. More than 90 percent of all bladder cancers originate in the urothelium. The majority of diagnosed bladder tumors are confined to the urothelium or the lamina propria and have not invaded the bladder muscle. What are the symptoms of bladder cancer? Painless blood in the urine (hematuria) is the most common symptom. It eventually occurs in nearly all cases of bladder cancer. In the majority of cases, the blood is visible during urination. In some cases, it is invisible except under a microscope, and is usually discovered when analyzing a urine sample as part of a routine examination. Hematuria does not by itself confirm the presence of bladder cancer. Blood in the urine has many possible causes. For example, it may result from a urinary tract infection or kidney stones rather than from cancer. It is important to note that hematuria, particularly microscopic, might be entirely normal for some individuals. A diagnostic investigation is necessary to determine whether bladder cancer is present. Other symptoms of bladder cancer may include frequent urination and pain upon urination (dysuria). How is bladder cancer diagnosed? The diagnostic investigation begins with a thorough medical history and a physical examination. The doctor will ask the patient about past exposure to known causes of bladder cancer, such as cigarette smoke or chemicals. Also, because hematuria can come from anywhere in the urinary tract, the doctor may order radiological imaging of the kidneys, ureter and bladder to check for problems in these organs. Diagnostic tools to check for bladder cancer include various types of urinalysis. In one type, the urine is examined under a microscope to look for cancer cells that may have been shed into the urine from the bladder lining. Urine can also be tested for substances known to be closely associated with cancer cells. The doctor's most important diagnostic tool is cystoscopy, which is a procedure that allows direct viewing of the inside of the bladder. This is most commonly performed as an office procedure under local anesthesia or light sedation. First, a topical anesthetic gel is applied, so the patient will feel little or no discomfort. The doctor then inserts a viewing instrument called a cystoscope through the urethra and into the bladder. Looking through the cystoscope, the doctor is able to examine the bladder's inner surfaces for si

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Why do I fall Over every time I sneeze?

Question:
My friends think it's so funny when I'm standing and I sneeze But if it's a hard floor it really hurts. Can anyone help me find out why I do this

Answer:

If you have any of these symptoms, you should probably see a professional. Possible Symptoms of Vestibular Disorders The human balance system depends on the inner ear, the eyes, and the muscles and joints to transmit reliable information about the body's movement and orientation in space. If the inner ear or other elements of the balance system are damaged, the result may be vertigo, dizziness, imbalance, and other symptoms. With vestibular disorders, the type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. Symptoms can be frightening and difficult to describe. People affected by certain symptoms of vestibular disorders may be perceived as inattentive, lazy, overly anxious, or seeking attention. They may have trouble reading or doing simple arithmetic. Functioning in the workplace, going to school, performing routine daily tasks, or just getting out of bed in the morning may be difficult for some people. The following is a list of symptoms that have been reported by people with vestibular disorders. Not all symptoms will be experienced by every person with an inner ear disorder, and other symptoms are possible. An inner ear disorder may be present even in the absence of obvious or severe symptoms. It is important to note that most of these individual symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, unrelated to the ear. Vertigo and dizziness Spinning or whirling sensation; an illusion of movement of self or the world (vertigo) Lightheaded, floating, or rocking sensation (dizziness) Sensation of being heavily weighted or pulled in one direction Balance and spatial orientation Imbalance, stumbling, difficulty walking straight or turning a corner Clumsiness or difficulty with coordination Difficulty maintaining straight posture; tendency to look downward to confirm the location of the ground Head may be held in a tilted position Tendency to touch or hold onto something when standing, or to touch or hold the head while seated Sensitivity to changes in walking surfaces or footwear Muscle and joint pain (due to difficulty balancing) Vision Trouble focusing or tracking objects with the eyes; objects or words on a page seem to jump, bounce, float, or blur or may appear doubled Discomfort from busy visual environments such as traffic, crowds, stores, and patterns. Sensitivity to light, glare, and moving or flickering lights; fluorescent lights may be especially troublesome Tendency to focus on nearby objects; increased discomfort when focusing at a distance Increased night blindness; difficulty walking in the dark Poor depth perception Hearing Hearing loss; distorted or fluctuating hearing Tinnitus (ringing, roaring, buzzing, whooshing, or other noises in the ear) Sensitivity to loud noises or environments Sudden loud sounds may increase symptoms of vertigo, dizziness, or imbalance Cognitive and psychological Difficulty concentrating and paying attention; easily distracted Forgetfulness and short-term memory lapses Confusion, disorientation, difficulty comprehending directions or instructions Difficulty following speakers in conversations, meetings, etc., especially when there is background noise or movement Mental and/or physical fatigue out of proportion to activity Loss of self-reliance, self-confidence, self-esteem Anxiety, panic Depression Other Nausea or vomiting "Hangover" or "seasick" feeling in the head Motion sickness Ear pain Sensation of fullness in the ears Headaches Slurred speech Sensitivity to pressure or temperature changes and wind currents

Read more in Yahoo's Other - Health category

the work place?

Question:
I am doing nvq level 2 at work can anyone help me I need to know the 1974 act to health and safety in the work place I have looked on the internet and can not get the right web pages to help me so can any one help find out what I am looking for to pass my nvq because I have never passed exams when I was at school please help thanks

Answer:

Health and Safety Inspection of Premises (Health and safety at Work Act 1974) Premises are subject to routine programmed inspections according to the risk presented by their activities to workers and others. Environmental Health Officers deal with premises in the Service Industry including shops, offices, residential accommodation, warehouses and consumer services. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) deal with all other premises. They can be contacted as follows: Phone: 0141 275 3000 Address: Health and Safety Executive, Pegasus House, 375 West George Street, Glasgow G2 4LW Enforcement Strategy The City Council has adopted the principles of good enforcement in respect of standards, openness, helpfulness, complaints, proportionality and consistency. These include: * confidentiality, courtesy and advice on compliance * a clear distinction between requirements and recommendations * a statement of the legal basis for any requirements * information re appeal and complaints procedures Enforcement Responsibility in terms of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 To inspect commercial premises such as Offices, Shops, Hotels, Restaurants and Public Houses in addition to work places such as Tyre and Exhaust Fitting premises and Leisure Centres to assess compliance with the relevant legislation. Regular Inspection of Premises Premises in Glasgow which are classed as higher risk are inspected routinely at frequencies of 12 months and 18 months according to the perceived risk. Lower risk premises are not subject to programmed inspection but are included in a programme of alternative initiatives. Reports of Inspection A written report of inspection is issued to the employer and workplace safety representative after each inspection. Additional Inspections Additional inspections are undertaken: * in response to complaints * for licensing purposes * where accidents have occurred * on receipt of reports from other agencies Compliance Inspections are undertaken to assist companies in achieving compliance with the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 and relevant Regulations. Where an Officer is confident that prompt compliance will be secured an informal letter will be sent confirming the points identified and/or agreed during the inspection. In some cases, formal action may be necessary. This could result in the issue of an Improvement Notice detailing the action required within a specified time period or a Prohibition Notice requiring immediate attention. Prosecution Prosecution is only considered appropriate in cases such as: * failure to comply with an Improvement or Prohibition Notice * flagrant breach of the law * reckless disregard for the health and safety of work people or others * serious accident * incident causing serious public alarm In general terms, prosecution is not the preferred action of the Service. Duties of Employees Employees must have regard for the law in their activities and must follow instructions from their employer in relation to health and safety. Appeals and Complaints Guidance on appeals is issued with all notices. Should you wish to register a complaint please see 'Workplace Health & Safety' page or contact the office detailed below. Advice Advice on compliance is freely available from Officers, however, the employer will, in the end, require to decide how to resolve problems in the way most appropriate and practical to the particular business. In some cases, the employer may require to seek specialist advice from another provider. For further information and advice please contact: The Health and Safety Unit 231 George Street Glasgow G1 1RX Phone: 0141 287 6539/40 E-mail: healthandsafety@eps.glasgow.gov.uk Office hours: 9.00 - 5.00pm Monday to Thursday 9.00 - 4.00pm Fridays Health & Safety Inspection of Premises Leaflet This leaflet can be downloaded in PDF format.

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Sharp shooting pain in head, dizziness, and sensitivity to loud noises...?

Question:
I don't do drugs or smoke, and lead a pretty healthy life. For the past month or so I've been getting these strange pains in the left side of my head - shooting pains, lasting about 2-4 seconds. Most of the time, they occur when I turn my head a little too forcefully. I have also noticed that I get "dizzy" - my balance is awful and I'm clumsy all of a sudden. I have also noticed a sensitivity to loud noises and certain low pitches I can't make out... What could this be? A professional answer is always welcome. I have done some searching on the web - and aneurysm is coming up as a possibility.

Answer:

Read Below because I have the same symptoms and it may be this. Vestibular Disorders Association VEDA Recognizing the challenges of inner ear disorders Possible Symptoms of Vestibular Disorders The human balance system depends on the inner ear, the eyes, and the muscles and joints to transmit reliable information about the body's movement and orientation in space. If the inner ear or other elements of the balance system are damaged, the result may be vertigo, dizziness, imbalance, and other symptoms. With vestibular disorders, the type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. Symptoms can be frightening and difficult to describe. People affected by certain symptoms of vestibular disorders may be perceived as inattentive, lazy, overly anxious, or seeking attention. They may have trouble reading or doing simple arithmetic. Functioning in the workplace, going to school, performing routine daily tasks, or just getting out of bed in the morning may be difficult for some people. The following is a list of symptoms that have been reported by people with vestibular disorders. Not all symptoms will be experienced by every person with an inner ear disorder, and other symptoms are possible. An inner ear disorder may be present even in the absence of obvious or severe symptoms. It is important to note that most of these individual symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, unrelated to the ear. Vertigo and dizziness * Spinning or whirling sensation; an illusion of movement of self or the world (vertigo) * Lightheaded, floating, or rocking sensation (dizziness) * Sensation of being heavily weighted or pulled in one direction Balance and spatial orientation * Imbalance, stumbling, difficulty walking straight or turning a corner * Clumsiness or difficulty with coordination * Difficulty maintaining straight posture; tendency to look downward to confirm the location of the ground * Head may be held in a tilted position * Tendency to touch or hold onto something when standing, or to touch or hold the head while seated * Sensitivity to changes in walking surfaces or footwear * Muscle and joint pain (due to difficulty balancing) Vision * Trouble focusing or tracking objects with the eyes; objects or words on a page seem to jump, bounce, float, or blur or may appear doubled * Discomfort from busy visual environments such as traffic, crowds, stores, and patterns. * Sensitivity to light, glare, and moving or flickering lights; fluorescent lights may be especially troublesome * Tendency to focus on nearby objects; increased discomfort when focusing at a distance * Increased night blindness; difficulty walking in the dark * Poor depth perception Hearing * Hearing loss; distorted or fluctuating hearing * Tinnitus (ringing, roaring, buzzing, whooshing, or other noises in the ear) * Sensitivity to loud noises or environments * Sudden loud sounds may increase symptoms of vertigo, dizziness, or imbalance Cognitive and psychological * Difficulty concentrating and paying attention; easily distracted * Forgetfulness and short-term memory lapses * Confusion, disorientation, difficulty comprehending directions or instructions * Difficulty following speakers in conversations, meetings, etc., especially when there is background noise or movement * Mental and/or physical fatigue out of proportion to activity * Loss of self-reliance, self-confidence, self-esteem * Anxiety, panic * Depression Other * Nausea or vomiting * "Hangover" or "seasick" feeling in the head * Motion sickness * Ear pain * Sensation of fullness in the ears * Headaches * Slurred speech * Sensitivity to pressure or temperature changes and wind currents From VEDA publication M-3, Possible Symptoms of Vestibular Disorders

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why does life pass by fast?

Question:
life passes by faster as you get older, why

Answer:

Scientists have theories, of course, and one of them is that when you experience something for the very first time, more details, more information gets stored in your memory. Think about your first kiss. Neuroscientist David Eagleman of Baylor College of Medicine says that since the touch of the lips, the excitement, the taste, the smell — everything about this moment is novel — you aren't embroidering a bank of previous experiences, you are starting fresh. Have you noticed, he says, that when you recall your first kisses, early birthdays, your earliest summer vacations, they seem to be in slow motion? "I know when I look back on a childhood summer, it seems to have lasted forever," he says. That's because when it's the "first", there are so many things to remember. The list of encoded memories is so dense, reading them back gives you a feeling that they must have taken forever. But that's an illusion. "It's a construction of the brain," says Eagleman. "The more memory you have of something, you think, 'Wow, that really took a long time!' "Of course, you can see this in everyday life," says Eagleman, "when you drive to your new workplace for the first time and it seems to take a really long time to get there. But when you drive back and forth to your work every day after that, it takes no time at all, because you're not really writing it down anymore. There's nothing novel about it." That may be because the brain records new experiences — especially novel and exciting experiences — differently. This is even measurable. Eagleman's lab has found that brains use more energy to represent a memory when the memory is novel. So, first memories are dense. The routines of later life are sketchy. The past wasn't really slower than the present. It just feels that way. http://www.npr.org/blogs/krulwich/2010/02/01/122322542/why-does-time-fly-by-as-you-get-older http://bps-research-digest.blogspot.in/2010/05/doubt-cast-on-maxim-that-time-goes.html Whilst two observers moving relative to each other will experience the other's time as moving slower or faster (Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity), the passage of time for any given observer in a single reference frame is constant. But as you get older, time seems to go faster. This is because each subsequent day is a smaller fraction of your lifetime up to that point: for a one year-old baby, one day represents 0.274% of their lifetime; but for an eighty year-old adult one day is a mere 0.00343%. http://wordpress.mrreid.org/2012/03/01/does-time-go-faster-as-you-get-older/

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How to prepare for interview of Engineers India Limited?

Question:
I did Mtech in Geotechnical engineering stream & Btech from civil engineering. Presently am working as senior design engineer in L&T Chennai. I got the interview call from EIL based on experience. kindly suggest me how to prepare for interview & what type questions I can expect from them & how to prepare for the interview

Answer:

1. Tell me about the most challenging engineering project that you have been involved with during past year. 2. Describe the most significant written technical report or presentation that you had to complete. 3. In your last engineering position, what were some of the things that you spent the most time on, and how much time did you spend on each? 4. What do you enjoy most/least about engineering? 5. What new engineering specialty skills have you developed during the past year? 6. Do you have any patents? If so, tell me about them. If not, is it something you see yourself pursuing and why or why not? 7. Think of a specific engineering project when you answer this question. What could you have done to be more successful in achieving your goal(s)? 8. Describe a time when you confronted a problem that really tested your engineering know-how. 9. What is your overall career objective? Do you see yourself working in engineering ten years from now? If not, what do you think you will be doing? 10. Give me an example of a time in which you were effective in doing away with the “constant emergencies” and “surprises” that engineers often face. 11. Describe a time when as a member of the engineering department, you were instrumental in building a good long-term relationship with another department within the company. 12. Tell me about your greatest success in using the principles of logic to solve an engineering problem in your last job. 13. Give me an example of a time when you applied your ability to use analytical techniques to define problems or design solutions. 14. To what extent has your engineering background required you to be skilled in the analysis of technical reports or information? 15. Describe a time when you used your engineering knowledge to solve a problem for which there appeared to be no answer. 16. Tell me about a time when you became aware of a hazardous workplace condition. How did you handle it? 17. Tell me about your experience in dealing with routine engineering work. How do you keep from getting bored? 18. I expect the engineer that I hire for this position to be precise – detailed oriented in everything he or she does. What checks and balances do you use to make sure that you don’t make mistakes? 19. Give me an example of a time when you had to teach a skill to other engineers. 20. Some of the best-engineered ideas are born out of an individual’s ability to challenge, others’ ways of thinking. Tell me about a time when you were successful in do this. 21. On your last project assignment, what problems did you identify that had been previously overlooked? 22. How has your present or last engineering job changed while you’ve held it? 23. If I offer you a position as an engineer with us, how do you plan to get off to a jackrabbit start? 24. Give me an example of something that you have learned from a mistake that you made on a job at a client site. 25. Tell me about a time when a project team effort that you were involved in failed. 26. For what advice or assistance do fellow engineers turn to you? 27. Tell me about the most challenging technical proposal you’ve ever written. 28. What factors would you consider in building an engineering department from scratch? 29. How do you communicate priority projects with a team of other engineers without making them feel overwhelmed? 30. Describe a specific engineering project that you were responsible for that required a lot of interaction with a variety of people over a long period of time. 31. What do you get out of engineering that you couldn’t get from any other kind of work? 32. Describe a typical day out in the field in your last or present job. 33. What media contacts do you have that would help us market our technical products/services? 34. What step-by-step criteria do you use to make difficult decisions that involve other engineers? 35. To whom did you turn for help the last time that you ran into a major technical problem, and why did you choose that person? 36. Give me two examples of technical decisions that you had to make on your last job. 37. Tell me about a time when you had to make a difficult decision that affected the entire engineering department. 38. In the field of engineering, priorities often change quickly. Give me an example of a time when that happened. How did you handle it? 39. How can you best use your engineering education and prior work experience to help our company grow? 40. How long have you been looking for an engineering spot? Have you had any job offers yet? If so, why are you still looking?

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what kind of questions do they ask in an interview for mechanical engineer in CAE company ?

Question:
i will have an interview for CAE company ,i would like to know what kind of questions do they ask ? with examples please i am a control system engineer ,and the job about airplanes simulation?

Answer:

1. Tell me about the most challenging engineering project that you have been involved with during past year. 2. Describe the most significant written technical report or presentation that you had to complete. 3. In your last engineering position, what were some of the things that you spent the most time on, and how much time did you spend on each? 4. What do you enjoy most/least about engineering? 5. What new engineering specialty skills have you developed during the past year? 6. Do you have any patents? If so, tell me about them. If not, is it something you see yourself pursuing and why or why not? 7. Think of a specific engineering project when you answer this question. What could you have done to be more successful in achieving your goal(s)? 8. Describe a time when you confronted a problem that really tested your engineering know-how. 9. What is your overall career objective? Do you see yourself working in engineering ten years from now? If not, what do you think you will be doing? 10. Give me an example of a time in which you were effective in doing away with the “constant emergencies” and “surprises” that engineers often face. 11. Describe a time when as a member of the engineering department, you were instrumental in building a good long-term relationship with another department within the company. 12. Tell me about your greatest success in using the principles of logic to solve an engineering problem in your last job. 13. Give me an example of a time when you applied your ability to use analytical techniques to define problems or design solutions. 14. To what extent has your engineering background required you to be skilled in the analysis of technical reports or information? 15. Describe a time when you used your engineering knowledge to solve a problem for which there appeared to be no answer. 16. Tell me about a time when you became aware of a hazardous workplace condition. How did you handle it? 17. Tell me about your experience in dealing with routine engineering work. How do you keep from getting bored? 18. I expect the engineer that I hire for this position to be precise – detailed oriented in everything he or she does. What checks and balances do you use to make sure that you don’t make mistakes? 19. Give me an example of a time when you had to teach a skill to other engineers. 20. Some of the best-engineered ideas are born out of an individual’s ability to challenge, others’ ways of thinking. Tell me about a time when you were successful in do this. 21. On your last project assignment, what problems did you identify that had been previously overlooked? 22. How has your present or last engineering job changed while you’ve held it? 23. If I offer you a position as an engineer with us, how do you plan to get off to a jackrabbit start? 24. Give me an example of something that you have learned from a mistake that you made on a job at a client site. 25. Tell me about a time when a project team effort that you were involved in failed. 26. For what advice or assistance do fellow engineers turn to you? 27. Tell me about the most challenging technical proposal you’ve ever written. 28. What factors would you consider in building an engineering department from scratch? 29. How do you communicate priority projects with a team of other engineers without making them feel overwhelmed? 30. Describe a specific engineering project that you were responsible for that required a lot of interaction with a variety of people over a long period of time. 31. What do you get out of engineering that you couldn’t get from any other kind of work? 32. Describe a typical day out in the field in your last or present job. 33. What media contacts do you have that would help us market our technical products/services? 34. What step-by-step criteria do you use to make difficult decisions that involve other engineers? 35. To whom did you turn for help the last time that you ran into a major technical problem, and why did you choose that person? 36. Give me two examples of technical decisions that you had to make on your last job. 37. Tell me about a time when you had to make a difficult decision that affected the entire engineering department. 38. In the field of engineering, priorities often change quickly. Give me an example of a time when that happened. How did you handle it? 39. How can you best use your engineering education and prior work experience to help our company grow? 40. How long have you been looking for an engineering spot? Have you had any job offers yet? If so, why are you still looking? 41. Tell me about a time when you had to take disciplinary action with an engineer who reported to you.

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i need to make a research question/topic for a multi genre research project any ideas please?

Question:
it needs to be arguementable, it needs to be something i can research in a library im not aloud to use internet sources. its a college class.This issue may be social, political, cultural, or personal, but it must contain a research aspect and must come from a research question.PRIMARY GOAL: —to narrow your research question, answer it through research, and then present your argument to readers using multiple genres in a persuasive manner. Your project will, as a whole, answer a research question that you have formulated pertaining to the topic of your choice. For this project, you will use different genres to create a PROJECT that leaves the reader with a clear idea about your answer(s) to the research issue that guided your work, and these answers will be informed by traditional research. You will present these ideas in a highly creative way that capitalizes on their complexity, rather than trying to distill them into a single “thread” that you might need to present in a highly structured research paper.

Answer:

Not allowed to use internet sources? Drop the class. I know you probably don't have that option because you're in high school or whatever, but that sounds really silly. You should ask your teacher what he/she thinks you'll be expected to use for research in facilities of higher education or in the workplace. As for answering your actual question, it's too vague. What on earth do you mean? Genre of what? What kind of assignment is it? A research paper? You need to be more specific to get good answers. EDIT: Ok, that is honestly pretty bizarre, but also kind of interesting and challenging. Although I still don't know what you/your teacher means by "genres", but my best guess is that you're talking about using multiple media to present your information. If that's the case I'd suggest doing a computer-based keynote-style thing for part of it, because that's an effective way to demonstrate multi-faceted ideas. Another creative way to present that you could use is get volunteers up from the class to help create a visual demonstration of something, or even enlist helpers beforehand that will have a little routine practiced. It's also fun when people doing presentations have "actors" in the audience pull off something scripted, but nobody else knows it's staged until you tell them. As for topics, that's difficult. If it were me, I'd enjoy doing something internet-related, but I'd stay away from anything like that since you can't use internet sources, (downright strange!) It'd be a good idea to stick to something you could read a lot of books about - perhaps a foreign religion or philosophy whose principles you could apply to modern practices in secular culture. That's just one idea. You should pick something you find interesting, and that you know you can find out about without using the internet. This will require some serious thought on your part. Good luck.

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Why does Yahoo cooperate with the Chinese dovernment in stifle dissent?

Question:
Yahoo helped Chinese to prosecute journalist By Joseph Kahn The New York Times THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2005 BEIJING The Internet giant Yahoo provided information that helped Chinese state security officials convict a Chinese journalist for leaking state secrets to a foreign Web site, court documents show. The journalist, Shi Tao, was sentenced to 10 years in prison in June for sending an anonymous posting to a New York-based, Chinese-language Web site that authorities said contained state secrets. His posting summarized a communication from Communist Party authorities to media outlets around the country. Shi's case has become a prominent symbol of the recent tightening of media controls in the one-party state, where authorities often punish outspoken journalists for leaking information deemed secret. Yahoo provided records showing that Shi used a computer at his workplace, Contemporary Business News, in Changsha, late in the evening of April 20, 2004, to access his Yahoo e-mail account. Authorities say the offending e-mail was sent to the New York Web site from that e-mail account around that time, according to people involved in Shi's defense. Yahoo's role in the prosecution of Shi was revealed in July by Boxun, a Web site run by overseas Chinese, and was repeated on Tuesday by Reporters Without Borders, a media watchdog group. Yahoo declined to comment on the matter Wednesday. Yahoo, Microsoft, Google, Cisco and other major Internet service and equipment providers have come under scrutiny for helping China to monitor and censor content available to China's 100 million Internet users. Chinese Internet experts say Google and Yahoo routinely exclude sensitive political or religious information from searches conducted by users in mainland China. Microsoft's MSN has come under attack for restricting the content of Web logs, or blogs, it hosts in China. The companies have often said that they must abide by laws and regulations of countries where they operate. Chinese journalists say the information that Shi, a 37-year-old journalist and democracy advocate, provided to the New York Web site, called Democracy Forum, was widely circulated at the time. The information involved routine instructions on how officials were to safeguard social stability during the 15th anniversary of the June 4, 1989, democracy movement. Shi's case alarmed critics of the Chinese government because his posting did not reveal the sender or the source of the information. That meant the authorities had no more to go on when they began their investigation than an anonymous posting on a U.S.-based Web site. Using investigative techniques that were not revealed during Shi's trial, Beijing state security officials pinpointed the Chinese source of the e-mail to Democracy Forum that contained the information, according to the people involved in Shi's defense. The people asked to remain anonymous because evidence introduced in Shi's trial was declared secret. How investigators obtained that information - either by gaining access to the computers at Democracy Forum in New York, or by retroactively searching the content of e-mails that passed through China's Internet servers - was presented to judges in a secret addendum to the prosecution's evidence. Shi's defense lawyers did not have access to that evidence, the people said. Yahoo's role remains murky, in part because the company has declined to provide any information about its cooperation with Beijing authorities. It is unclear whether the company responded voluntarily to a request from Beijing state security, or provided data only when confronted with a court order. Whether the information that Yahoo provided proved critical in identifying Shi, or merely supplementary to the case, also remains unclear. This is because it is not known whether the initial intelligence the Beijing authorities gathered identified Shi personally, or merely the Internet access point, or IP address, where the e-mail to Democracy Forum originated. If authorities could trace the e-mail only as far as an IP address or to a Yahoo e-mail account, then it is possible that Yahoo's help proved crucial in linking the e-mail to Shi. This is true because Contemporary Business News of Changsha, Shi's employer, had only one IP address shared by many employees, the court documents show. But people involved in Shi's defense said Yahoo might have played a less pivotal role, providing supplementary evidence to demonstrate how and when Shi transmitted the information after authorities had already identified Shi as the culprit. Critics say, however, that Yahoo crossed a line by helping authorities prosecute the journalist, even if the company merely responded to a court order. BEIJING The Internet giant Yahoo provided information that helped Chinese state security officials convict a Chinese journalist for leaking state secrets to a foreign Web site, court documents show. The journalist, Shi Tao, was sentenced to 10 years in prison in June for sending an anonymous posting to a New York-based, Chinese-language Web site that authorities said contained state secrets. His posting summarized a communication from Communist Party authorities to media outlets around the country. Shi's case has become a prominent symbol of the recent tightening of media controls in the one-party state, where authorities often punish outspoken journalists for leaking information deemed secret. Yahoo provided records showing that Shi used a computer at his workplace, Contemporary Business News, in Changsha, late in the evening of April 20, 2004, to access his Yahoo e-mail account. Authorities say the offending e-mail was sent to the New York Web site from that e-mail account around that time, according to people involved in Shi's defense. Yahoo's role in the prosecution of Shi was revealed in July by Boxun, a Web site run by overseas Chinese, and was repeated on Tuesday by Reporters Without Borders, a media watchdog group. Yahoo declined to comment on the matter Wednesday. Yahoo, Microsoft, Google, Cisco and other major Internet service and equipment providers have come under scrutiny for helping China to monitor and censor content available to China's 100 million Internet users. Chinese Internet experts say Google and Yahoo routinely exclude sensitive political or religious information from searches conducted by users in mainland China. Microsoft's MSN has come under attack for restricting the content of Web logs, or blogs, it hosts in China. The companies have often said that they must abide by laws and regulations of countries where they operate. Chinese journalists say the information that Shi, a 37-year-old journalist and democracy advocate, provided to the New York Web site, called Democracy Forum, was widely circulated at the time. The information involved routine instructions on how officials were to safeguard social stability during the 15th anniversary of the June 4, 1989, democracy movement. Shi's case alarmed critics of the Chinese government because his posting did not reveal the sender or the source of the information. That meant the authorities had no more to go on when they began their investigation than an anonymous posting on a U.S.-based Web site. Using investigative techniques that were not revealed during Shi's trial, Beijing state security officials pinpointed the Chinese source of the e-mail to Democracy Forum that contained the information, according to the people involved in Shi's defense. The people asked to remain anonymous because evidence introduced in Shi's trial was declared secret. How investigators obtained that information - either by gaining access to the computers at Democracy Forum in New York, or by retroactively searching the content of e-mails that passed through China's Internet servers - was presented to judges in a secret addendum to the prosecution's evidence. Shi's defense lawyers did not have access to that evidence, the people said. Yahoo's role remains murky, in part because the company has declined to provide any information about its cooperation with Beijing authorities. It is unclear whether the company responded voluntarily to a request from Beijing state security, or provided data only when confronted with a court order. Whether the information that Yahoo provided proved critical in identifying Shi, or merely supplementary to the case, also remains unclear. This is because it is not known whether the initial intelligence the Beijing authorities gathered identified Shi personally, or merely the Internet access point, or IP address, where the e-mail to Democracy Forum originated. If authorities could trace the e-mail only as far as an IP address or to a Yahoo e-mail account, then it is possible that Yahoo's help proved crucial in linking the e-mail to Shi. This is true because Contemporary Business News of Changsha, Shi's employer, had only one IP address shared by many employees, the court documents show. But people involved in Shi's defense said Yahoo might have played a less pivotal role, providing supplementary evidence to demonstrate how and when Shi transmitted the information after authorities had already identified Shi as the culprit. Critics say, however, that Yahoo crossed a line by helping authorities prosecute the journalist, even if the company merely responded to a court order.

Answer:

Because it is a corporation that is itching to make more money and not lose favor with governments.

Read more in Yahoo's Law & Ethics category

THIS IS MY COLLEGE APPLICATION ESSAY, IS IT READY TO BE SENT TO COLLEGES?

Question:
I would like to share with you something about my current medical situation. Ordinarily I would not do so, as I am an intensely private person, but I now accept that my physical limitations have quite possibly impacted my high school performance in a negative manner, and I feel that it is only fair that you have this information. Therefore, I am reluctantly going to allow access to information that I would never, otherwise, speak of. For the past several years, I have been afflicted by a physical situation that has sometimes interfered with my ability to focus, both in the classroom and out. I do not wish to be too specific about the symptoms of my disease, except to say that they are digestive in nature and sometimes require me to spend long periods of time in the Ladies’ Room. Despite my terrible discomfort, I refused to accept that there might be something wrong with me, and would not seek treatment. I know now that I should have been less determined to suffer in silence and more willing to accept help. Finally, my parents insisted on bringing the matter to the attention of a physician. I was tested, over a period of several weeks, for colon cancer, Crohn’s Disease, intestinal obstructions, diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett’s esophagus, Heliocobacter pylori (commonly known as ulcer), celiac sprue (commonly known as wheat allergy), lactose intolerance, gallstones, bile duct stones, sclerosing cholangitis (the narrowing of the bile ducts), “Sphincter of Oddi” dysfunction and pancreatitis. You can imagine how relieved I was to learn that I had none of these terrible diseases. Finally, I received the diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). IBS is sometimes known as spastic colon, nervous colon, nervous stomach, mucous colitis and spastic colitis, and is distinguished by abnormal bowel habits, such as diarrhea (loose stools), constipation or sometimes, as in my own case, both. It is well known to experts in this field that periods of stress can intensify the severity of IBS. I have certainly found my busy schedule of six honors/AP classes, Varsity field hockey, swimming and track teams, performing lead roles in three consecutive Spring Musicals, volunteering at the local animal shelter, tutoring at-risk children, and working three evenings a week plus all day Saturday at The Gap to be, at times, stressful, but of course it is impossible to say what has caused me to be afflicted with this very horrible syndrome. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS or spastic colon) is a diagnosis of exclusion. It is a functional bowel disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits in the absence of any detectable organic cause.[1] In some cases, the symptoms are relieved by bowel movements.[2] Diarrhea or constipation may predominate, or they may alternate (classified as IBS-D, IBS-C or IBS-A, respectively). IBS may begin after an infection (post-infectious, IBS-PI), a stressful life event, or onset of maturity without any other medical indicators. Although there is no cure for IBS, there are treatments that attempt to relieve symptoms, including dietary adjustments, medication and psychological interventions. Patient education and a good doctor-patient relationship are also important.[2] Several conditions may present as IBS including celiac disease, fructose malabsorption,[3] mild infections, parasitic infections like giardiasis,[4] several inflammatory bowel diseases, functional chronic constipation, and chronic functional abdominal pain. In IBS, routine clinical tests yield no abnormalities, although the bowels may be more sensitive to certain stimuli, such as balloon insufflation testing. The exact cause of IBS is unknown. The most common theory is that IBS is a disorder of the interaction between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract, although there may also be abnormalities in the gut flora or the immune system.[5][6] IBS does not lead to more serious conditions in most patients.[7][8][9][10][11] However, it is a source of chronic pain, fatigue, and other symptoms, and it increases a patient's medical costs,[12][13] and contributes to work absenteeism.[14][15] Researchers have reported that the high prevalence of IBS,[16][17][18] in conjunction with increased costs, produces a disease with a high societal cost.[19] It is also regarded as a chronic illness and can dramatically affect the quality of a sufferer's life.

Answer:

I have Crohn's disease and I can understand where you are coming from, but I don't think that this will help you get into school. However, if your illness were a reason why your performance suffered in school this may be something you want to hold in your back pocket (not literally) to answer any questions someone from a college might ask you about why you received poor marks in classes for X semester, etc... I can also say with the voice of experience that a lot of people will not care if you are sick as you go through life. I have had to adapt to my health situation - for instance, I could not continue to work on ships at sea because hospitals are not near enough if something were to happen to me (there is also the issue of all my medications). I did not ask for sympathy and I received none. I ended up going back to school for my MBA, and I am currently using my skills in the maritime sector in a shoreside job. It is not at all ideal, but it is work. When I am sick at my new job I can always tell that people don't believe I am really sick, or they just don't care - as a sick person in the workplace, you are just an obstacle that people have to work around to get the job done. Sick people like myself make life harder for everyone around them (through no fault of my own). While you might think that this letter will elicit sympathy for your condition, it is more likely to backfire. You will appear to be a sick kid who is using his condition to make excuses for poor performance. Because even if you are having a terrible time with it people will always think about the exceptions to the rule (i.e. there is an NFL Football player with Crohn's disease- so what is the big deal? Why should I be so sickly? How dare I complain when I am ill if he can play in the pros and cope with Crohn's) . People are cruel. Apply to schools on your own merit. If that merit is lacking, then I suggest trying to go to community college first to build yourself up a little. You will need to 'personal capital' later in life anyway - you need to learn how to cope with your situation without relying on sympathy or pity. Good Luck

Read more in Yahoo's Higher Education (University +) category