Assessor Resource

Harvest trees manually (advanced)

Assessment tool

Version 1.0
Issue Date: January 2019

This unit involves harvesting trees in forest and forest product operations of all sizes. It applies to a forest environment and involves application of skills and knowledge at a tradesperson level.

These skills and knowledge are to be used within the scope of the person’s job and authority

This unit specifies the outcomes required to assess, plan and safely carry out advanced tree harvesting operations using a chainsaw.

You may want to include more information here about the target group and the purpose of the assessments (eg formative, summative, recognition)


Not applicable

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Evidence Required

List the assessment methods to be used and the context and resources required for assessment. Copy and paste the relevant sections from the evidence guide below and then re-write these in plain English.

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria, Required Skills and Knowledge, the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package.

Overview of assessment

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can assess, plan and safely and efficiently operate chainsaw equipment to manually harvest trees at an advanced level in a forest environment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements of this unit and include demonstration of:

compliance with applicable federal, state or territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice including OHS, environmental and organisational policies and procedures relevant to harvesting trees at an advanced level

compliance with applicable licensing or certification requirements relevant to harvesting trees at an advanced level

effective communication and working safely with others in the work area

assessing, planning and safely felling trees without damage to personnel, equipment and surrounding environment

planning felling sequence and preparing surroundings for harvesting operations

preparing, operating and maintaining chainsaw and other ancillary equipment

appropriate extraction methods

applying specifications as outlined in harvesting plan

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace

Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of essential underpinning knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context

Assessment is to comply with relevant regulatory requirements and Australian standards

The following resources should be made available:

workplace location

materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit

work instructions specific to tree felling

Method of assessment

Assessment methods must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of underpinning knowledge

Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on underpinning knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills

Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access, interpret and apply the essential underpinning knowledge

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate

Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English

Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment

Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Submission Requirements

List each assessment task's title, type (eg project, observation/demonstration, essay, assingnment, checklist) and due date here

Assessment task 1: [title]      Due date:

(add new lines for each of the assessment tasks)

Assessment Tasks

Copy and paste from the following data to produce each assessment task. Write these in plain English and spell out how, when and where the task is to be carried out, under what conditions, and what resources are needed. Include guidelines about how well the candidate has to perform a task for it to be judged satisfactory.

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Required skills:

Technical skills to:

use and maintain relevant tools and equipment

safely operate and maintain a chainsaw

assess, plan and carry out tree-felling operations appropriate to site conditions

Communication skills to:

use appropriate communication and interpersonal techniques and methods with colleagues and others

use hand signals with other operators to maintain effective and safe tree felling

Literacy skills to:

locate and report information

interpret, apply and convey information in written, diagrammatic and/or verbal form

Numeracy skills to:

estimate tree height

calculate product mass and determine tree fall zone

measure tree length and diameter

Problem-solving skills to:

review and identify work requirements

recognise own limitations in conditions and trees for felling

identify problems and equipment faults and demonstrate appropriate response procedures

apply safe work practices, including using personal protective equipment (PPE) and controlling hazards

comply with legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices and procedures for felling trees manually

Planning and organising skills to work to site requirements and extraction methods

Required knowledge:

Basic knowledge of applicable federal, state or territory legislation, regulations, standards and codes of practice relevant to the full range of processes for felling trees manually

Environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material

Organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for harvesting trees manually

Types of tools and equipment for harvesting trees manually, and the procedures for their safe use, operation and maintenance

Problem identification and resolution strategies and common fault-finding techniques

Established communication channels and protocols

Procedures for identifying and evaluating structural defects in trees

Types and purposes of a range of cuts to fell trees

Operational principles and limitations of a chainsaw

Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Chainsaw product specifications

Site production requirements

Fire protocols

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

OHS requirements:

are to be in accordance with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

• personal protective equipment and clothing

• safety equipment

• first aid equipment

• fire fighting equipment

• hazard and risk control

• fatigue management

• appropriate signage

• elimination of hazardous materials and substances

• safe forest practices including required actions relating to forest fire

• manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Legislative requirements:

are to be in accordance with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

• award and enterprise agreements

• industrial relations

• Australian Standards

• confidentiality and privacy


• the environment

• native vegetation

• equal opportunity

• anti-discrimination

• relevant industry codes of practice

• duty of care

• heritage and traditional land owner issues

Organisational requirements may include:

• legal compliance documentation

• organisational and site guidelines

• policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility

• quality assurance

• procedural manuals

• quality and continuous improvement processes and standards

• OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures

• ethical standards

• recording and reporting requirements

• equipment use and maintenance and storage requirements

• environmental management requirements (waste disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Trees typical to the scope of this unit may include the following characteristics:

• lean and weight distribution which adds significant complexity yet can be assessed and adapted to site requirements

• larger dimensions relative to local forest size distribution

• substantial lean

• damage and/or defect that requires complex felling techniques

these may include multi legged, hollow butts, culls, stags

• species prone to free splitting and adverse reactions during falling

• a crown that contains dead or broken material, entanglement or malformation and presents a hazardous and difficult situation for assessment, monitoring and safe falling

• single or complex multi stems

• diameter of tree greater than chainsaw bar length

• grown on terrain and slope that can add significant complexity to the operation

Environmental protection measures may include action to limit the impact to:

• native vegetation

• soil and water

• heritage and archaeological artefacts

• flora and fauna

• geomorphologic features

• landscape

• external site pollution

• recreational opportunities

• regeneration opportunities

Job requirements may include

• information and instructions relevant to tree falling operations including processing location details and trees to be felled and retained

• information may also include general environmental requirements

site plan and environmental features

Appropriate personnel may include:

• supervisors

• clients

• colleagues

• managers

Tools and equipment may include

• warning signs

• chainsaw and components

• PPE and clothing

• first aid equipment

• maintenance requirements

• support tools

Hazards may include:

• uneven/unstable terrain

• unsafe trees

• fires

• overhead and underground services

• excavations

• traffic

• structures

• hazardous materials

• insects and animals

other personnel and machinery

Retained treesinclude:

• those listed as heritage trees such as seed trees, habitat trees and crop trees

Log extraction methods may include:

• skidding

• forwarding

• cable

• shovel logging

Requirements for productquality may include:

• product specifications

• stump shatter

• butt splitting

• log breakage

• stump height

Communication may include:

• verbal and non-verbal language

• hand or other agreed signals

• eye contact with other operators or personnel

• active listening and questioning to clarify and confirm understanding

• use of electronic communication devices

Environmental conditions may relate to:

• ground growth

• canopy

• general forest lean

• ground slope

• ground hazards

• wind speed and direction

Harvesting plan

is a formal document that outlines the operational requirements of the worksite which may include:

• extraction plan

• traffic plan

• environmental requirements

• restricted areas

• identified hazards

• harvesting prescription

• product volumes

the harvesting plan document may be named differently between jurisdictions and/or regions, common terms may include but are not restricted to:

• coupe plan

• forest practices plan

• harvesting or logging plan

Limitations may relate to:

• job role and responsibilities

• own competency level

• industry requirements

• own understanding of risk identification processes

• own interpretation of legislation regulations and procedures

• complying with OHS requirements

Trees considered outside own skill level include:

• trees which contain hazards and are deemed unsafe

• trees where cuts made may lead to loss of control of tree in felling

Cutting Techniques will include:

• scarf-cutting

• back cutting to provide hinge-wood and maintain control of tree

and may include:

• use of wedges to assist in controlling falling direction

Copy and paste from the following performance criteria to create an observation checklist for each task. When you have finished writing your assessment tool every one of these must have been addressed, preferably several times in a variety of contexts. To ensure this occurs download the assessment matrix for the unit; enter each assessment task as a column header and place check marks against each performance criteria that task addresses.

Observation Checklist

Tasks to be observed according to workplace/college/TAFE policy and procedures, relevant legislation and Codes of Practice Yes No Comments/feedback
Identify and comply with applicable occupational health and safety (OHS), environmental, legislative and organisational requirements relevant to harvesting trees 
Identify and adhere to site environmental protection measures and harvest plan according to relevant legislation and regulations 
Review and check job requirements with appropriate personnel 
Select tools and equipment appropriate to work requirements and check for operational effectiveness according to manufacturer recommendations 
Sharpen and adjust chainsaw or change components according to manufacturer recommendations 
Assess tree and determine felling requirements 
Identify and control potential and existing risks and hazards in the work area 
Identify trees to be felled and retained and establish general falling direction 
Identify log extraction method and requirements 
Determine requirements for product quality 
Establish and maintain communication with others according to OHS requirements 
Identify and comply with site environmental concerns according to relevant federal, state or territory legislation and local regulations 
Identify and assess environmental conditions according to harvesting plan 
Maintain awareness of environmental conditions and other personnel activity in the work area and modify felling activity where required 
Assess general factors affecting felling requirements and detect and control specific forest or site risks and hazards 
Locate and visually assess tree for felling characteristics 
Assess and check required falling direction and possible deviation 
Plan sequence of cuts to fell tree according to standard felling procedures and log quality requirements 
Assess limitations of own skills in safely felling trees, identify trees considered outside own skill level and seek assistance from appropriate personnel where required 
Note and monitor location and activity of other personnel in the work area 
Fell individual trees using planned cutting techniques according to site conditions, extraction method and at a safe distance from other personnel in the work area 
Adjust cutting technique in response to movement and condition of tree 
Use planned escape route when tree starts to fall and monitor the fall and movement of tree on ground until determined stable 
Delay movement back into the felling area until all tree material, including from adjacent tree crowns, has fallen, and identify any dangerous tree branches that hang-up 
Fell trees to meet production levels, log extraction methods and site requirements 
Identify procedures for removal of trees that are hung-up 
Detect, rectify and report blunt or damaged saw chain according to workplace procedures 
Monitor chainsaw for operational effectiveness and record and report faults, malfunctions and problems according to workplace procedures 


Assessment Cover Sheet

FPIHAR3221 - Harvest trees manually (advanced)
Assessment task 1: [title]

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Result: Competent Not yet competent

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Assessment Record Sheet

FPIHAR3221 - Harvest trees manually (advanced)

Student name:

Student ID:

Assessment task 1: [title] Result: Competent Not yet competent

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Feedback to student:









Overall assessment result: Competent Not yet competent

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