- PMAOPS205B - Operate heat exchangers
Operate heat exchangers
Issue Date: May 2019
In this competency, an operator would typically start up and shut down heat exchangers in accordance with procedures, and make adjustments to flow rate, temperature and pressure, depending on the type of heat exchanger.
Generally the operator would be part of a team during start up and shut down procedures and would be expected to be capable of demonstrating competence in all parts of this unit. At all times they would be liaising and cooperating with other members of the team.
This competency does not cover super heaters or waste heat boilers, which are treated as part of steam generating equipment.
This competency is typically performed by an operator and covers the operation of heat exchangers, including heat exchangers that form part of a heating, cooling or refrigeration system, and solving of heat exchanger problems.
You may want to include more information here about the target group and the purpose of the assessments (eg formative, summative, recognition)
This unit contains employability skills.
List the assessment methods to be used and the context and resources required for assessment. Copy and paste the relevant sections from the evidence guide below and then re-write these in plain English.
The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria, Required Skills and Knowledge, the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.
Overview of assessment
Assessment of this unit should include demonstrated competence on actual plant and equipment in a work environment. The unit will be assessed in as holistic a manner as is practical and may be integrated with the assessment of other relevant units of competency. Assessment will occur over a range of situations which will include disruptions to normal, smooth operation.
Simulation may be required to allow for assessment of parts of this unit. Simulation should be based on the actual plant and will include walk-throughs of the relevant competency components. Simulations may also include the use of case studies/scenarios and role plays.
This unit of competency requires a significant body of knowledge which will be assessed through questioning and the use of what-if scenarios both on the plant (during demonstration of normal operations and walk-throughs of abnormal operations) and off the plant.
Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit
Competence must be demonstrated in the ability to recognise and analyse potential situations requiring action and then in implementing appropriate corrective action. The emphasis should be on the ability to stay out of trouble rather than on recovery from a disaster.
Consistent performance should be demonstrated. In particular look to see that:
early warning signs of equipment/processes needing attention or with potential problems are recognised
the range of possible causes can be identified and analysed and the most likely cause determined
appropriate action is taken to ensure a timely return to full performance
obvious problems in related plant areas are recognised and an appropriate contribution made to their solution.
These aspects may be best assessed using a range of scenarios/case studies/what-ifs as the stimulus with a walk-through forming part of the response. These assessment activities should include a range of problems, including new, unusual and improbable situations which may have been generated from the past incident history of the plant, incidents on similar plants around the world, hazard analysis activities and similar sources.
Context of and specific resources for assessment
Assessment will require access to an operating plant over an extended period of time, or a suitable method of gathering evidence of operating ability over a range of situations. A bank of scenarios/case studies/what-ifs will be required as will a bank of questions which will be used to probe the reasoning behind the observable actions.
Method of assessment
In all plants it may be appropriate to assess this unit concurrently with relevant teamwork and communication units. For many plants, it might be appropriate for this unit to be assessed with units covering:
utilities and services
In a major hazard facility, it may be appropriate to assess this unit concurrently with:
MSAPMOHS200A Work safely.
Guidance information for assessment
Assessment processes and techniques must be culturally appropriate and appropriate to the oracy, language and literacy capacity of the assessee and the work being performed.
List each assessment task's title, type (eg project, observation/demonstration, essay, assingnment, checklist) and due date here
Assessment task 1: [title] Due date:
(add new lines for each of the assessment tasks)
Copy and paste from the following data to produce each assessment task. Write these in plain English and spell out how, when and where the task is to be carried out, under what conditions, and what resources are needed. Include guidelines about how well the candidate has to perform a task for it to be judged satisfactory.
This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.
efficient and effective operation of plant/equipment
completing plant records
Operation of heat exchanger and the ability to recognise and resolve operational problems. This could include any of the following remedial actions:
carrying out minor maintenance
identifying and reporting problems outside operator's scope of responsibility
identifying and controlling hazards related to heat exchangers and their integral equipment, including pressure vessels.
Comprehensive understanding of heat exchanger principles to a level needed to control the operation. In particular, the operator needs to understand the factors affecting efficient operation of a heat exchanger in order to make appropriate adjustments or recognise when maintenance is required. These also includes a knowledge of:
all items on a schematic of the heat exchanger system and the function of each
principles of operation of heat exchangers
correct methods of starting, operating and shutting down heat exchangers
issues related to pressure vessels (regulations, requirements)
physics and chemistry relevant to the process unit
process parameters and limits, eg temperature, pressure, flow, pH
duty of care obligations
hierarchy of control
communication protocols, eg radio, phone, computer, paper, permissions/authorities
routine problems, faults and their resolution
relevant alarms and actions
plant process idiosyncrasies
causes of head loss and change in heat transfer coefficient/rates
corrective action appropriate to the problem cause
function and troubleshooting of major internal components and their problems, such as tubes and baffles.
The Range Statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the Performance Criteria, is detailed below. Add any essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment depending on the work situation, needs if the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts.
Codes of practice/ standards
Where reference is made to industry codes of practice, and/or Australian/international standards, the latest version must be used.
This competency includes all types of heat exchangers such as:
air cooled fin
shell and tube (all variants of design)
This competency does not cover super heaters or waste heat boilers, as these are treated as part of steam generating equipment.
Heat exchanger duties
Heat exchanger duties include:
Typical problems include:
damage to heat exchanger due to overheating and/or under/over pressurising
factors that affect heat exchanger efficiency (scale build-up, fouling, internal leakage, air lock, turbulence, corrosion)
leakage or gasket problems
recognising when maintenance is required.
Start up shut down as required
Start up shut down as required includes:
start up and shut down to/from normal operating conditions
start up and shut down to/from isolated, cold, empty
all other conditions experienced on the plant.
ie from any condition to any condition experienced on the plant.
Appropriate action includes:
determining problems needing action
determining possible fault causes
rectifying problem using appropriate solution within area of responsibility
following through items initiated until final resolution has occurred
reporting problems outside area of responsibility to designated person.
Procedures may be written, verbal, computer-based or in some other form. They include:
all work instructions
standard operating procedures
any similar instructions provided for the smooth running of the plant.
For the purposes of this Training Package, 'procedures' also includes good operating practice as may be defined by industry codes of practice (eg Responsible Care) and government regulations.
Health, safety and environment (HSE)
All operations to which this unit applies are subject to stringent health, safety and environment requirements, which may be imposed through State or Federal legislation, and these must not be compromised at any time. Where there is an apparent conflict between Performance Criteria and HSE requirements, the HSE requirements take precedence.
Copy and paste from the following performance criteria to create an observation checklist for each task. When you have finished writing your assessment tool every one of these must have been addressed, preferably several times in a variety of contexts. To ensure this occurs download the assessment matrix for the unit; enter each assessment task as a column header and place check marks against each performance criteria that task addresses.
|Tasks to be observed according to workplace/college/TAFE policy and procedures, relevant legislation and Codes of Practice||Yes||No||Comments/feedback|
|Identify work requirements|
|Identify and control hazards|
|Coordinate with appropriate personnel|
|Identify the type of heat exchanger|
|Start up and shut down heat exchanger according to the heat exchanger type and duty|
|Adjust flow rates, temperatures and pressure as appropriate to type of heat exchanger|
|Complete routine checks, logs and paperwork, taking action on unexpected readings and trends.|
|Make safe for required work|
|Check plant is ready to be returned to service|
|Prepare plant for return to service.|
Assessment Cover Sheet
PMAOPS205B - Operate heat exchangers
Assessment task 1: [title]
I declare that the assessment tasks submitted for this unit are my own work.
Result: Competent Not yet competent
Feedback to student
Assessment Record Sheet
PMAOPS205B - Operate heat exchangers
Assessment task 1: [title] Result: Competent Not yet competent
(add lines for each task)
Feedback to student:
Overall assessment result: Competent Not yet competent