• PRMWM15B - Move waste using load shifting equipment

Assessor Resource

Move waste using load shifting equipment

Assessment tool

Version 1.0
Issue Date: March 2019

Not Applicable

This unit of competency describes the operation of mobile plant (including loading and unloading) for the purpose of moving waste.

You may want to include more information here about the target group and the purpose of the assessments (eg formative, summative, recognition)


Not Applicable

Employability Skills

Not Applicable

Evidence Required

List the assessment methods to be used and the context and resources required for assessment. Copy and paste the relevant sections from the evidence guide below and then re-write these in plain English.

Critical aspects of competency

Effective organisation of equipment operation.

Safely and efficiently loads and unloads.

Safely and efficiently operates equipment and moves waste.

Knowledge needed to achieve the performance criteria

Knowledge and understanding are essential to apply this unit in the workplace, to transfer the skills to other contexts, and to deal with unplanned events. The knowledge requirements for this unit are listed below.

Requirements for handling and transportation of waste.

Waste loading/unloading and moving hazards.

Road rules.

Licences required for various equipment.

Equipment load weight requirements.

Loading and unloading methods and techniques.

Emergency response procedures.

Confined space procedure.

Company requirements.

Occupational health and safety requirements.

Relevant industry standards.

Relevant legislation.

Relevant environmental regulations.

OHS hierarchy of control.

Specific skills needed to achieve the performance criteria

To achieve the performance criteria, some complementary skills are required. These are:

writing, following instructions and signalling

reading and interpreting maps, plans and specifications

equipment operation and driving

materials handling skills

using communications equipment (two-way radio and mobile phone)

reading graduated device

hazard identification

safe and efficient work practices

following MSDS.

Other units of competency that could be assessed with this unit

This unit could be assessed on its own or in combination with other competencies relevant to the job function, for example:

PRMWM44B Identify wastes and hazards

BSBCMN215B Participate in environmental work practices

Transport and distribution units of competency.

Resources required to assess this unit

The following resources should be available:

OHS requirements

personal protective equipment

site safety plan

waste for loading/unloading

load shifting equipment

job sheet to determine load/unload requirements.

Gaining evidence to assess this unit

For valid and reliable assessment of this unit, the competency should be demonstrated over a period of time and be observed by the assessor (or assessment team working together to conduct the assessment). The competency is to be demonstrated in a range of situations, which may include customer/workplace interruptions and involvement in related activities normally experienced in the workplace.

Evidence of competency is best obtained by observing activities in this field and reviewing the operation of mobile plant to move waste under normal industry operating conditions. If this is not practicable, observations in realistic simulated environments may be substituted.

Consistency in performance

Assessment requires that the plan meets the objectives of the client and that it complies with industry expectations in the particular client environment. If the environment is narrowly defined or is not representative of industry needs, it may be necessary to refer to portfolio case studies of a variety of waste requirements to assess competency in moving waste using load shifting equipment.

Oral questioning or written assessment and hypothetical situations (scenarios) may be used to assess underpinning knowledge. (In assessment situations where the candidate is offered a preference between oral questioning and written audit, questions are to be identical.)

Supplementary evidence may be obtained from relevant authenticated correspondence from existing supervisors, team leaders or specialist training staff.

Note: All practical demonstrations must adhere to the safety and environmental regulations relevant to each state or territory.

Key competency levels

There are a number of processes that are learnt throughout work and life which are required in all jobs. They are fundamental processes and generally transferable to other work functions. Some of these are covered by the key competencies, although others may be added.

Information below highlights how these processes are applied in this competency standard.


Perform the process


Perform and administer the process


Perform, administer and design the process

How can communication of ideas and information be applied?


Communicate effectively with personnel throughout loading and unloading processes.

How can information be collected, analysed and organised?


Gather information from a number of sources (including job requirements, manufacturers' specifications and company requirements) about the moving of waste using load-shifting equipment.

How are activities planned and organised?


Plan detailed activities to be carried out throughout the moving of waste process.

How can teamwork be applied?


Work cooperatively with relevant personnel throughout the waste moving process.

How can the use of mathematical ideas and techniques be applied?


Perform mathematical calculations correctly on documentation.

How can problem-solving skills be applied?


Discuss possible problems and solutions that may arise throughout the implementation of waste moving process.

How can the use of technology be applied?


Demonstrate understanding of technological principles and physical skills to use appropriate equipment.

Submission Requirements

List each assessment task's title, type (eg project, observation/demonstration, essay, assingnment, checklist) and due date here

Assessment task 1: [title]      Due date:

(add new lines for each of the assessment tasks)

Assessment Tasks

Copy and paste from the following data to produce each assessment task. Write these in plain English and spell out how, when and where the task is to be carried out, under what conditions, and what resources are needed. Include guidelines about how well the candidate has to perform a task for it to be judged satisfactory.

Refer to Evidence Guide

The range statement links the required knowledge and organisational and technical requirements to the workplace context. It describes any contextual variables that will be used or encountered when applying the competency in work situations. It allows for different work practices and work and knowledge requirements as well as for differences between organisations and workplaces. The following variables may be present for this particular unit.

Appropriate person includes client, supervisor and team member.

Checking integrity of containment should include checks for contamination, drum expansion, gases, leaks, seals and spillage.

Cleaning of equipment may include high pressure water or air-hosing, shovelling, sweeping out, use of decontamination products and vacuuming.

Client/company includes all forms of business enterprises in this context including government agencies, local governments/councils, private and public companies, and residents/ratepayers.

Client requirements are found in briefing papers, letters, quality assurance documentation, tender/contract documents and verbal or written instructions.

Documentation includes but is not limited to:

accident report


emergency report

equipment used

incident report

maintenance requirements


run sheet

vehicle logbook

weighbridge docket.

Emergency and personal protective equipment must include:

communications equipment

eye protection

eyewash kit

fire extinguishers

First Aid kit


overalls and protective clothing

safety boots.

Emergency and personal protective equipment could also include:

breathing apparatus

emergency procedure guides

face shield/mask

hard hat

hearing protection

material safety data sheets (MSDS)

spill kit.

Emergency response action/procedures include but are not limited to:

clean up

contain emergency

equipment/plant isolation and shut-down


First Aid

make safe

notification of authorities

use of appropriate personal protective equipment.

Job sheet and schedule typically includes:

emergency and personal protective equipment requirements

job route and sequence

site contact

site requirements

vehicle and associated equipment requirements

waste type, classification, characteristics and transport requirements

work schedule.

Load shifting equipment may include:


earthmoving equipment


loaders (tailgate, front-end and rear)

open-bodied truck

tankers (vacuum, pump and hook lift)

trucks (rigid and articulated)

windrow turners.

Loading methods may include use of Bobcat, front-end loader, high pressure vacuum loading, load by hand, shovelling and use of forklift.

Manufacturers' specifications are found in equipment specifications and operator manuals.

Performance of this unit is carried out in accordance with relevant requirements of the following:

Australian Standards

environmental regulations

legislative requirements

manufacturers' specifications

OHS procedures

organisational procedures

relevant state/territory regulations.

Personal protective equipment required will be stored, cleaned, worn/fitted in accordance with company requirements, and occupational health and safety and other legislation.

Potential risks and hazards are those risks and hazards identified by the organisation that could lead to injury or illness of employees, contractors, visitors or the public; damage to plant, vehicles or property; or that could cause harm to the environment.

This relates to on-site and off-site activities (whether company owned or occupied premises, customer/client premises or public property) over which it could be expected the organisation had control. Risks and hazards may include:

broken glass/metal

compaction equipment




gases and fumes

hazardous waste (e.g. sharps)

injuries resulting from manual handling and repetitive work

narrow driveways

other vehicles and equipment

overhanging signs


spark-producing equipment

unguarded conveyor belt


Relevant legislation and codes cover state and federal:

Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road or Rail

duty of care


industry codes of conduct

occupational health and safety

Australian Standards

environmental protection legislation.

Safe operating procedures include any activity or operation conducted on site to ensure health and safety of personnel/equipment in the area.

Copy and paste from the following performance criteria to create an observation checklist for each task. When you have finished writing your assessment tool every one of these must have been addressed, preferably several times in a variety of contexts. To ensure this occurs download the assessment matrix for the unit; enter each assessment task as a column header and place check marks against each performance criteria that task addresses.

Observation Checklist

Tasks to be observed according to workplace/college/TAFE policy and procedures, relevant legislation and Codes of Practice Yes No Comments/feedback
Review job sheet and schedule to identify all job requirements 
Identify and manage potential risks and hazards to job requirements, in accordance with company requirements, OHS and other relevant legislation 
Select appropriate type of load shifting equipment and associated attachments according to job requirements to maximise efficiency and effectiveness of transportation 
Ensure operator holds the appropriate licence in accordance with company requirements and relevant legislation 
Select, check and fit emergency and personal protective equipment in accordance with job requirements, manufacturers' specifications, company requirements and relevant legislation 
Conduct a visual check on equipment to pinpoint damage, leaks, obstructions, component wear or potential hazards 
Test equipment systems in accordance with manufacturers' specifications and company requirements 
Conduct service checks to ensure water, oil, fuel, air pressure and greasing are maintained at appropriate levels in accordance with manufacturers' specifications 
Check emergency and personal protective equipment to ensure it is functioning adequately and provides correct operation 
Check and test associated equipment (e.g. attachments) to ensure it is operational and in accordance with manufacturers' specifications 
Start and operate equipment in accordance with manufacturers' specifications and company requirements 
Operate and drive equipment in a safe and efficient manner, in accordance with company requirements, road and traffic regulations and other relevant legislation 
Maintain continuous observation of surrounding environment to identify and avoid or minimise potential hazards 
Maintain clear communications with other relevant personnel 
Identify waste to be loaded and check to ensure integrity of containment 
Determine appropriate loading method in accordance with waste containment type and company requirements 
Identify potential hazards to loading and incorporate into loading method 
Park or set up equipment in a loading position which ensures efficiency and safety of loading 
Erect barriers and warning signs at loading/unloading sites to ensure safety of surrounding personnel, in accordance with company requirements and relevant legislation 
Load/unload waste safely and efficiently in designated area using appropriate loading/unloading method 
Maintain integrity of load during loading/unloading 
Regulate liquid flow where waste is vacuumed to ensure maintenance of constant hose pressure 
Maintain visual checks to identify and remedy potential hazards during loading/unloading 
Ensure load conforms to equipment capacity requirements, manufacturers' specifications and relevant legislation 
Stack or house load at destination in accordance with company requirements, manufacturers' specifications and relevant legislation 
Move waste safely and securely in accordance with company requirements, manufacturers' specifications and relevant legislation 
Park and/or store equipment in a safe location to avoid damage to equipment or obstruction of surrounding site activity 
Complete shut-down procedures in accordance with manufacturers' specifications and company requirements 
Secure and store equipment to avoid unauthorised access or use 
Clean equipment to remove debris and contamination and ensure safe and efficient operation 
Conduct service checks to ensure water, oil, fuel, air pressure and greasing are maintained at appropriate levels in accordance with manufacturers' specifications 
Report any equipment faults or defects to relevant personnel 
Document moving activities accurately and promptly and in accordance with company requirements 


Assessment Cover Sheet

PRMWM15B - Move waste using load shifting equipment
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Result: Competent Not yet competent

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Assessment Record Sheet

PRMWM15B - Move waste using load shifting equipment

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Assessment task 1: [title] Result: Competent Not yet competent

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Overall assessment result: Competent Not yet competent

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