Assessor Resource

Conduct bitumen sprayer operations

Assessment tool

Version 1.0
Issue Date: January 2019

This unit is appropriate for those working in an operational role at worksites within:

Civil construction

This unit covers conducting bitumen sprayer operations in the civil construction industry. It includes planning and preparing, setting up sprayer, loading sprayer, operating bitumen sprayer, operating hand lance, unloading and emptying sprayer, carrying out operator maintenance, and cleaning up. Licensing, legislative, regulatory and certification requirements that apply to this unit can vary between states, territories, and industry sectors. Relevant information must be sourced prior to application of the unit.

You may want to include more information here about the target group and the purpose of the assessments (eg formative, summative, recognition)


Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Evidence Required

List the assessment methods to be used and the context and resources required for assessment. Copy and paste the relevant sections from the evidence guide below and then re-write these in plain English.

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to worksite operations and satisfy all of the requirements of the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge and the range statement of this unit and include evidence of the following:

knowledge of the requirements, procedures and instructions for conducting bitumen sprayer operations

implementation of requirements, procedures and techniques for the safe, effective and efficient completion of bitumen sprayer operations

working with others to undertake and complete bitumen sprayer operations that meets all of the required outcomes

consistent timely completion of bitumen sprayer operations that safely, effectively and efficiently meets the required outcomes

a minimum of three different materials to be loaded, mixed, heated and sprayed for two sprayer loads each to be used for two straight runs, two tapers or turning slots and two restricted areas to specified tolerances (spray runs to be a minimum total of 60% of the tank)

a minimum of two areas to be hand lanced, each with a different material and to the specified tolerance

completion of all calculations and spray sheets for the activities in the two previous dot points

Context of and specific resources for assessment

This unit must be assessed in the context of the work environment. Where personal safety or environmental damage are limiting factors, assessment may occur in a simulated environment provided it is realistic and sufficiently rigorous to cover all aspects of workplace performance, including task skills, task management skills, contingency management skills and job role environment skills.

Assessment of this competency requires typical resources normally used in a resources and infrastructure sector environment. Selection and use of resources for particular worksites may differ due to the site circumstances.

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the participant. For example, language, literacy and numeracy demands of assessment should not be greater than those required on the job.

Customisation of assessment and delivery environment to sensitively accommodate cultural diversity.

Aboriginal people and other people from a non English speaking background may have second language issues.

Where applicable, physical resources should include equipment modified for people with disabilities. Access must be provided to appropriate learning and/or assessment support when required.

Method of assessment

This unit may be assessed in a holistic way with other units of competency. The assessment strategy for this unit must verify required knowledge and skill and practical application using more than one of the following assessment methods:

written and/or oral assessment of the candidate's required knowledge

observed, documented and/or first hand testimonial evidence of the candidate's:

implementation of appropriate requirement, procedures and techniques for the safe, effective and efficient achievement of required outcomes

consistent achievement of required outcomes

first hand testimonial evidence of the candidate's:

working with others to undertake and complete bitumen sprayer operations

Guidance information for assessment

Consult the SkillsDMC User Guide for further information on assessment including access and equity issues.

Submission Requirements

List each assessment task's title, type (eg project, observation/demonstration, essay, assingnment, checklist) and due date here

Assessment task 1: [title]      Due date:

(add new lines for each of the assessment tasks)

Assessment Tasks

Copy and paste from the following data to produce each assessment task. Write these in plain English and spell out how, when and where the task is to be carried out, under what conditions, and what resources are needed. Include guidelines about how well the candidate has to perform a task for it to be judged satisfactory.

Required skills

Specific skills are required to achieve the Performance Criteria of this unit, particularly for its application in the various circumstances in which this unit may be used. This includes the ability to carry out the following, as required to conduct bitumen sprayer operations:

apply legislative, organisation and site requirements and procedures for conducting bitumen sprayer operations

organise work activities

select and use relevant tools and equipment safely

identify and report on hazards related to the worksite and work activity

communicate effectively to receive and clarify work instructions

Required knowledge

Specific knowledge is required to achieve the Performance Criteria of this unit, particularly for its application in the various circumstances in which this unit may be used. This includes knowledge of the following, as required to conduct bitumen sprayer operations:

site and equipment safety requirements

bitumen spraying procedures

bituminous materials and their characteristics

processes for heating bitumen

equipment types, characteristics, technical capabilities and limitations

operational, maintenance and basic diagnostic procedures

site isolation and traffic control responsibilities and authorities

processes for the calculation of material requirements, application rates and travel speed

materials safety data sheets and materials handling methods

project quality requirements

civil construction terminology

safe operating techniques in all terrain

JSAs/safe work method statements

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Relevant compliance documentation may include:

legislative, organisational and site requirements and procedures

manufacturer's guidelines and specifications

Australian standards

Employment and workplace relations legislation

Equal Employment Opportunity and Disability Discrimination legislation

Safety requirements may include:

OHS requirements in accordance with state or territory legislation and regulations, organisational safety policies and procedures, and project safety plan, including protective clothing and equipment, use of tools and equipment, workplace environment and safety, handling of materials, use of fire fighting equipment, use of First Aid equipment, hazard control and hazardous materials and substances

safe parking practices including ensuring access ways are clear, equipment/machinery is away from overhangs and refuelling sites, safe distance are kept from excavations, and areas secured from unauthorised access or movement

safe operating procedures including recognising and preventing hazards associated with uneven/unstable terrain, trees, pits, poles, trip hazards, dirt mounds, overhead service lines, bridges, surrounding buildings, obstructions, structures, facilities, dangerous materials, recently filled trenches, other machines, personnel, traffic control, working in proximity to others, worksite visitors and the public

recognising hazards and risks including uneven/unstable terrain, trees, fires, overhead and underground services, bridges, buildings, excavations, traffic, embankments, cuttings, structures and hazardous materials

emergency procedures related to equipment operation including emergency shutdown and stopping, extinguishing equipment fires, organisational First Aid requirements and evacuation

Site may include:

car parks

airport runways

container yards

hard stands




Signage may include:

escort vehicle

highway traffic signs

site safety signage

temporary signage for the benefit of motorists and pedestrians

traffic conditions signage

Traffic conditions may include:

congested urban environments

low traffic rural areas

off-road un-trafficked areas


parking sites

pedestrian areas

Tools and equipment may include:

bitumen sprayers

hand lances



transfer hoses


basic tool kits

bitumen spray charts

end shields

gas bottles


Environmental protection requirements may include:

organisational/project environmental management plan

waste management

water quality protection



dust and clean-up management

Bitumen sprayer refers to:

vehicles which are purpose built, self contained units fitted with pumping and heating equipment that can load, mix heat and spray bituminous materials onto a pavement at a specified rate: they also provide facilities for hand spraying

Materials may include:


cutback bitumen

polymer modified binders

multi-grade bitumen

bitumen emulsions



adhesion agents

Record may include:

necessary calculations for quantities and rates of application achieved

Bitumen spraying is restricted to include mechanical bitumen: sprayers only and may include

nominated rates of application







hand lancing

Hand lancing techniques may include:

vehicle being positioned so that hoses are not run over or entangled

correct pump pressure is used

area is sprayed to specification

a lookout is used to watch hoses and for other workers/public

Conditions may include:

weather conditions including visibility day or night, prevailing winds and dust

Copy and paste from the following performance criteria to create an observation checklist for each task. When you have finished writing your assessment tool every one of these must have been addressed, preferably several times in a variety of contexts. To ensure this occurs download the assessment matrix for the unit; enter each assessment task as a column header and place check marks against each performance criteria that task addresses.

Observation Checklist

Tasks to be observed according to workplace/college/TAFE policy and procedures, relevant legislation and Codes of Practice Yes No Comments/feedback
Access, interpret and apply compliance documentation relevant to the work activity 
Obtain and confirm safety requirements from the site safety plan and organisational policies and procedures, and apply to the allotted task 
Identify, obtain and implement signage requirements from the project traffic management plan 
Select plant, tools and equipment to carry out tasks consistent with the requirements of the job, check for serviceability and rectify or report any faults 
Identify environmental protection requirements from the project environmental management plan, and confirm and apply to the allotted task 
Carry out pre-operational checks on bitumen sprayer in accordance with organisation, manufacturer or site authorised procedures 
Ensure ancillary tanks are full and adequate materials are determined to perform spray operations 
Check tank for prevention of contamination 
Obtain and translate spraying details 
Calculate spraying speed and pump rpm 
Introduce correct amount of cutter 
Fit appropriate number and size of jets to the spray bar 
Check previous load details for compatibility 
Load tank with the prescribed type and quantity of material 
Add additives and mix where required 
Check temperature of the material and heat material to comply with manufacturer's specifications 
Measure, calculate and record material quantities and additives 
Carry out start-up, park and shutdown procedures in accordance with manufacturer's and site requirements 
Select and modify bitumen spraying techniques to appropriately meet changing work conditions 
Plan work to maximise machine coverage and minimise hand spraying 
Set control valves correctly for the type of operation 
Conduct, control and monitor spraying operations to ensure materials are sprayed to specification 
Carry out operations adjacent to traffic in accordance with authorised traffic management controls and in a safe manner at all times 
Complete spraying without damage to property or vehicles 
Inspect hand lance to ensure correct operation 
Select hand lancing techniques to match work conditions 
Conduct, control and monitor hand spraying operations to ensure compliance with specification 
Carry out hand spraying operations adjacent to traffic in accordance with authorised traffic management plans 
Unload or empty tank into storage or waste 
Clean tank interior and spray bar in accordance with Austroads Bitumen Sealing Safety Guide 
Conduct fault finding inspections in accordance with manufacturer's specifications and organisational requirements 
Maintain spray bars and nozzles in good working order 
Carry out routine operational servicing and lubrication tasks to manufacturer's and organisational requirements 
Maintain equipment condition reports and records 
Clear work area and dispose of or recycle materials in accordance with project environmental management plan 
Clean, check, maintain and store plant, tools and equipment 


Assessment Cover Sheet

RIICBS307A - Conduct bitumen sprayer operations
Assessment task 1: [title]

Student name:

Student ID:

I declare that the assessment tasks submitted for this unit are my own work.

Student signature:

Result: Competent Not yet competent

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Assessment Record Sheet

RIICBS307A - Conduct bitumen sprayer operations

Student name:

Student ID:

Assessment task 1: [title] Result: Competent Not yet competent

(add lines for each task)

Feedback to student:









Overall assessment result: Competent Not yet competent

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