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Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Taxi at night
  2. Take off at night
  3. Land at night, with and without the use of aircraft landing lights
  4. Make go-around
  5. Activate Pilot Activated Lighting (PAL)
  6. Manage emergency situations at night

Required Skills


This describes the essential knowledge and skills and their level required for this unit

Required knowledge

Night circuit procedures

Light signals used in the circuit area at night

Colours and patterns of aerodrome lighting

Method of activating an aerodrome frequency response unit with PAL options

Time that PAL remains illuminated

PAL system warning indications that the lights are about to be extinguished

Operation and use of a VASI PAPI system

Identification of aerodromes with standby power

Electrical system management as recommended in the applicable Flight ManualPOH

Procedures for operating electronic communications equipment

Requirements for completing relevant documentation

Fuel tank capacity and range where applicable

Communication equipment checks

Required skills

Utilise secondary lighting and power sources

Utilise fault finding for system failures

Communicate effectively with others when operating an aircraft in the traffic pattern at night

Read and interpret instructions regulations procedures and other information relevant to operating an aircraft in the traffic pattern at night

Interpret and follow operational instructions and prioritise work

Complete documentation related to operating an aircraft in the traffic pattern at night

Operate electronic communication equipment to required protocol

Work collaboratively with others when operating an aircraft in the traffic pattern at night

Adapt appropriately to cultural differences in the workplace including modes of behaviour and interactions with others

Promptly report andor rectify any identified problems that may occur when operating an aircraft in the traffic pattern at night in accordance with regulatory requirements and workplace procedures

Implement contingency plans for unexpected events that may arise when operating an aircraft in the traffic pattern at night

Apply precautions and required action to minimise control or eliminate hazards that may exist while operating an aircraft in the traffic pattern at night

Monitor and anticipate operational problems and hazards and take appropriate action

Monitor work activities in terms of planned schedule

Modify activities dependent on differing workplace contingencies situations and environments

Work systematically with required attention to detail without injury to self others or damage to goods or equipment

Adapt to differences in equipment and operating environment in accordance with standard operating procedures

Select and use required personal protective clothing and equipment conforming to industry and OHampS standards

Implement OHampS procedures and relevant regulations

Identify and correctly use equipment required while operating an aircraft in the traffic pattern at night

Evidence Required

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria required knowledge and skills the range statement and the assessment guidelines for this Training Package

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria of this unit and include demonstration of applying

the underpinning knowledge and skills

relevant legislation and workplace procedures

other relevant aspects of the range statement

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Performance is demonstrated consistently over a period of time and in a suitable range of contexts

Resources for assessment include

a range of relevant exercises case studies andor other simulated practical and knowledge assessment andor

access to an appropriate range of relevant operational situations in the workplace

In both real and simulated environments access is required to

relevant and appropriate materials and equipment and

applicable documentation including workplace procedures regulations codes of practice and operation manuals

Method of assessment

Assessment of this unit must be undertaken by a registered training organisation

As a minimum assessment of knowledge must be conducted through appropriate writtenoral tests

Practical assessment must occur

through activities in an appropriately simulated environment at the registered training organisation andor

in an appropriate range of situations in the workplace

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance.

Tasks may be undertaken in:

night VFR conditions

Performance may be demonstrated in:

single engine aircraft

multi engine aircraft

synthetic training device approved by the appropriate authority

Aircraft may include:

fixed wing


other commercial or military aircraft

Crew may include:

single pilot

multi crew

Instruments may be:

fitted flight instruments suitable for NVFR flight

head up display suitable for NVFR flight

Limitations may be imposed by:

local noise abatement requirements and curfews

airspace endorsements

Classes of airspace may be:

as designated by the regulator

restricted and danger areas

military control zones

Air Defence Identification Zones

Emergency situations may include:

engine failure

communication or navigation aid failure

electrical system failure

lighting system failure

Conditions may include:

simulated icing conditions

moderate turbulence

simulated hazardous weather

autopilot/Flight Director

FMS/ other NAV system

simulation of emergency and abnormal procedures

Aerodrome may include

ground lighting

remote of ground lighting

Dependent on the type of organisation concerned and the local terminology used, workplace procedures may include:

company procedures

enterprise procedures

organisational procedures

established procedures

standard operating procedures

Information/documents may include:

relevant sections of Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders

in Defence context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions

Flight Manual/Pilot's Operating Handbook (POH)

Manual of Standards - Pilot Licensing (MOS-PL)

Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP)

En Route Supplement Australia (ERSA)


operations manuals

approved checklists

workplace procedures and instructions and job specification

induction and training materials

conditions of service, legislation and industrial agreements including workplace agreements and awards

Applicable regulations and legislation may include:

relevant Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders

in Defence context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions

relevant state/territory OH&S legislation

relevant state/territory environmental protection legislation

relevant Australian Standards

Performance includes tolerances specified in either of:

relevant licence and aircraft rating requirements of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) such as:

Manual of Standards

relevant Defence documentation such as:

Defence Orders and Instructions

approved curricula and training documentation