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Follow the links below to find material targeted to the unit's elements, performance criteria, required skills and knowledge

Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Identify hazards.
  2. Assess risk.
  3. Identify unacceptable risk.
  4. Identify and decide on course of action.
  5. Take action.
  6. Complete records and reports.
  7. Review effectiveness of risk control measures.

Required Skills

Required skills

Required skills for this unit are

applying the three steps of identifying workbased hazards assessing the risk and determining unacceptable risk situations

accurately referring critical unacceptable risk situations to others

communication skills to

access and analyse safety systems information

communicate with others

complete records and reports and other relevant workplace documentation

enable clear and direct communication using questioning to identify and confirm requirements share information listen and understand

use and interpret nonverbal communication such as hand signals

use language and concepts appropriate to cultural differences

identifying and accurately reporting to appropriate personnel any faults in tools equipment or materials

identifying courses of action initiating action and completing records and reports

Required knowledge

Required knowledge for this unit is

industry terminology

job safety analysis JSA and safe work method statement

materials safety data sheets MSDS

materials handling methods

personal risk assessment and control processes hazard identification through to action

personal safety measures

processes for interpreting plans specifications drawings and sketches

quality assurance systems and standards

regulatory requirements related to obligations and risk management

reporting and recording procedures

risk management theory including the hierarchy of controls on treatments

work access and traffic control responsibilities

workplace and equipment safety requirements

workplace communication methods

workplace rules policies procedures and regulations

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria required skills and knowledge range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package

Overview of assessment

This unit of competency could be assessed in the workplace or a close simulation of the workplace environment providing that simulated or projectbased assessment techniques fully replicate plumbing and services workplace conditions materials activities responsibilities and procedures

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence of

locating interpreting and applying relevant information standards and specifications

complying with OHS regulations and state and territory legislation applicable to workplace operations

complying with organisational policies and procedures including quality assurance requirements

individually or as a member of a team participating in two different circumstances requiring

conduct of a work site risk assessment to identify the acceptability and unacceptability of risk

development and implementation of a sitebased risk control activity and action

in each case ensuring

recording and reporting of the risk control process and outcomes

communicating and working effectively and safely with others

Context of and specific resources for assessment

This competency is to be assessed using standard and authorised work practices safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of essential underpinning knowledge will usually be conducted in an offsite context

Assessment is to comply with relevant regulatory or Australian standards requirements

Resource implications for assessment include

an induction procedure and requirement

realistic tasks or simulated tasks covering the minimum task requirements

relevant specifications and work instructions

tools and equipment appropriate to applying safe work practices

support materials appropriate to activity

workplace instructions relating to safe working practices and addressing hazards and emergencies

material safety data sheets

research resources including industry related systems information

Reasonable adjustments for people with disabilities must be made to assessment processes where required This could include access to modified equipment and other physical resources and the provision of appropriate assessment support

Method of assessment

Assessment methods must

satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the Construction Plumbing and Services Training Package

include direct observation of tasks in real or simulated work conditions with questioning to confirm the ability to consistently identify and correctly interpret the essential underpinning knowledge required for practical application

reinforce the integration of employability skills with workplace tasks and job roles

confirm that competency is verified and able to be transferred to other circumstances and environments

Validity and sufficiency of evidence requires that

competency will need to be demonstrated over a period of time reflecting the scope of the role and the practical requirements of the workplace

where the assessment is part of a structured learning experience the evidence collected must relate to a number of performances assessed at different points in time and separated by further learning and practice with a decision on competency only taken at the point when the assessor has complete confidence in the persons demonstrated ability and applied knowledge

all assessment that is part of a structured learning experience must include a combination of direct indirect and supplementary evidence

Assessment processes and techniques should as far as is practical take into account the language literacy and numeracy capacity of the candidate in relation to the competency being assessed

Supplementary evidence of competency may be obtained from relevant authenticated documentation from third parties such as existing supervisors team leaders or specialist training staff

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Safety systems information include:

information that may be contained in:

legislation and regulations

relevant Australian standards

management plans

manager's rules

OHS policy

codes of practice

manufacturer instructions

safe working or job procedures (or equivalent)

workplace policy, objectives, rules, procedures and assessment techniques that will vary between work locations

risk assessment terminology, including:

being a loss, injury, disadvantage or gain

consequence is the outcome of an event or situation expressed qualitatively or quantitatively.


are a source of potential harm or a situation with a potential to cause loss

controls for hazards should be considered using option types in sequence, from eliminating the hazard, substitution, engineering controls, administrative controls (procedures, etc.) and finally personal protective equipment

frequency is a measure of likelihood expressed as the number of occurrences of an event in a given time

records and reports for risk assessment may include:

hazard reporting forms

incident reports

near miss reports

shift reports

supervisor reports.


likelihood is used as a qualitative description of probability and frequency

probability is:

expressed as a number between 0 and 1, with 0 indicating an impossible outcome and 1 indicating an outcome is certain

likelihood of a specific outcome, measured by the ratio of specific outcomes to the total number of possible outcomes.


criteria for acceptable risk must be determined by the organisation's internal policy, goals and objectives

in the absence of other authorities, risk management processes must conform with the relevant and current Australian standard

is measured in terms of consequences and likelihood

is the chance of something happening that will have an impact upon objectives

risk assessment is the process used to determine risk management priorities by evaluating and comparing the level of risk against predetermined standards, target risk levels or other criteria

risk identification is the process of determining what can happen, why and how.

Information may include:

charts and hand drawings

diagrams or sketches

instructions issued by authorised organisational or external personnel

manufacturer specifications and instructions




organisation work specifications and requirements

regulatory and legislative requirements pertaining to work and the environment

relevant Australian standards

safe work procedures relating to work in the plumbing and services sector


verbal, written and graphical instructions

work bulletins

work schedules, plans and specifications.

Safe operating procedures include:

emergency procedures, such as:


fire fighting

medical and first aid

recognising and preventing hazards associated with:




other machines

overhead services


restricted access barriers

traffic control


work site visitors and the public

working at heights

working in proximity to others

safe work access, including ensuring that:

access ways are clear

equipment and machinery are away from overhangs and refuelling sites

safe distances are maintained from excavations

safety systems are installed on roofs

work areas are secured from unauthorised access or movement.

Statutory and regulatory authorities include:

state or territory statutory authority

statutory plumbing authority.