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Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Prepare and maintain resources for painting.
  2. Explore painting techniques to plan work.
  3. Realise paintings.

Required Skills

Required skills

literacy skills sufficient to read product safety labels

numeracy skills sufficient to calculate quantities and cost

Required knowledge

the physical properties and capabilities of the range of materials tools and equipment used in painting

work space requirements for painting including ways of organising and maintaining space

ways of exploring adapting and combining techniques and materials to achieve different effects in painting

general knowledge of the formal elements and principles of design and their specific application to the production of paintings

cleaning and maintenance techniques for tools and equipment used in painting

general knowledge of the historical and theoretical contexts for painting

awareness of copyright moral rights and intellectual property issues

environmental issues associated with the tools and materials used in painting

organisational and legislative occupational health and safety procedures in relation to painting

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria required skills and knowledge range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit in this unit

The following evidence is critical to the judgement of competence in this unit

production of paintings which demonstrates a command of selected techniques and which is consistent with the conceptual vision

knowledge of materials and tools and how they are used and extended in painting

Context of and specific resources for assessment

The assessment context must provide for

evaluation of visual language and technical execution of work pieces produced by the candidate

practical demonstration of skills using required tools equipment and materials to produce multiple paintings or a single major work

Method of assessment

Assessment may incorporate a range of methods to assess performance and the application of essential underpinning knowledge and might include

direct observation of paintings in progress

questioning and discussion of the candidates intentions and work

verbal and written reports

review of portfolios of evidence

third party workplace reports of performance by the candidate

Assessment methods should closely reflect workplace demands eg literacy and the needs of particular groups eg people with disabilities and people who may have literacy or numeracy difficulties such as speakers of languages other than English remote communities and those with interrupted schooling

Assessment of this unit requires access to the materials resources and equipment to produce paintings

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Tools and equipment may include:





scrapers (found or made)



spray painting equipment


Materials may include:

a range of glues

acrylic paints


binders, extenders





gesso, impasto


gouache, watercolour, tempera


oil paints





Workplace procedures may relate to such things as:

cost control

process-specific procedures




use of materials.

Safety requirements would be in accordance with:

Federal, State and Territory legislation, regulations and standards.

Organisation and maintenance of the work space may relate to:

bench space, easels



wet and dry areas.

Assessing the capabilities of the techniques, tools and materials may involve:

experimenting directly onto work in progress

producing test pieces or samples

systematically testing a range of processes.

Within this unit the candidate would generally extend, build upon and combine a range of techniques, which may include:


layering using resist



stencilling, masking.

Techniques may also include extending and building upon (e.g. by combining) the following techniques:

application of a particular colour range and linear work to produce expressive paintings

linear marks of different intensity, e.g. curvilinear, sharp, angular or soft

paint application to produce tactile surface

use of a range of brushes to achieve different lines and strokes

use of colour and tone to create illusion of forms in space

varied amounts of paint application - washes to thick.

Extending capabilities of techniques refers to:

exploring the potential of techniques and discovering new ways of using techniques.

The conceptual vision may be determined by:

elements and principles of design

the relationship of the work to a theoretical and historical context

the subject matter or theme for the paintings, e.g. the body; identity; land and place; political, cultural, social issues; spiritual concerns.

Criteria for the selection of techniques may relate to:

access to materials, tools and equipment for the techniques

consistency with the conceptual vision for the proposed paintings

ease of application of the techniques

personal affinity with the techniques.