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Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Prepare for felling
  2. Assess conditions and surroundings
  3. Assess tree and plan felling
  4. Fell trees of any size, species and condition
  5. Maintain equipment

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit

Required skills

Technical skills to

use and maintain relevant tools and equipment

safely operate and maintain a chainsaw

assess plan and carry out treefelling operations appropriate to site conditions

Communication skills to

use appropriate communication and interpersonal techniques and methods with colleagues and others

use hand signals with other operators to maintain effective and safe tree felling

Literacy skills to

locate and report information

interpret apply and convey information in written diagrammatic andor verbal form

Numeracy skills to

estimate tree height

calculate product mass and determine tree fall zone

measure tree length and diameter

Problemsolving skills to

review and identify work requirements

recognise own limitations in conditions and trees for felling

identify problems and equipment faults and demonstrate appropriate response procedures

apply safe work practices including using personal protective equipment PPE and controlling hazards

comply with legislation regulations standards codes of practice and established safe practices and procedures for felling trees manually

Planning and organising skills to work to site requirements and extraction methods

Required knowledge

Basic knowledge of applicable federal state or territory legislation regulations standards and codes of practice relevant to the full range of processes for felling trees manually

Environmental protection requirements including the safe disposal of waste material

Organisational and site standards requirements policies and procedures for harvesting trees manually

Types of tools and equipment for harvesting trees manually and the procedures for their safe use operation and maintenance

Problem identification and resolution strategies and common faultfinding techniques

Established communication channels and protocols

Procedures for identifying and evaluating structural defects in trees

Types and purposes of a range of cuts to fell trees

Operational principles and limitations of a chainsaw

Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Chainsaw product specifications

Site production requirements

Fire protocols

Evidence Required

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria Required Skills and Knowledge the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package

Overview of assessment

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can assess plan and safely and efficiently operate chainsaw equipment to manually harvest trees at an advanced level in a forest environment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements of this unit and include demonstration of

compliance with applicable federal state or territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice including OHS environmental and organisational policies and procedures relevant to harvesting trees at an advanced level

compliance with applicable licensing or certification requirements relevant to harvesting trees at an advanced level

effective communication and working safely with others in the work area

assessing planning and safely felling trees without damage to personnel equipment and surrounding environment

planning felling sequence and preparing surroundings for harvesting operations

preparing operating and maintaining chainsaw and other ancillary equipment

appropriate extraction methods

applying specifications as outlined in harvesting plan

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace

Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of essential underpinning knowledge other than confirmatory questions will usually be conducted in an offsite context

Assessment is to comply with relevant regulatory requirements and Australian standards

The following resources should be made available

workplace location

materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit

work instructions specific to tree felling

Method of assessment

Assessment methods must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI Training Package

Assessment methods must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts together with application of underpinning knowledge

Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks with questioning on underpinning knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills

Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access interpret and apply the essential underpinning knowledge

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance but is able to be transferred to other circumstances

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate

Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality gender or language backgrounds other than English

Where the participant has a disability reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment

Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

OHS requirements:

are to be in accordance with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

• personal protective equipment and clothing

• safety equipment

• first aid equipment

• fire fighting equipment

• hazard and risk control

• fatigue management

• appropriate signage

• elimination of hazardous materials and substances

• safe forest practices including required actions relating to forest fire

• manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Legislative requirements:

are to be in accordance with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

• award and enterprise agreements

• industrial relations

• Australian Standards

• confidentiality and privacy


• the environment

• native vegetation

• equal opportunity

• anti-discrimination

• relevant industry codes of practice

• duty of care

• heritage and traditional land owner issues

Organisational requirements may include:

• legal compliance documentation

• organisational and site guidelines

• policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility

• quality assurance

• procedural manuals

• quality and continuous improvement processes and standards

• OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures

• ethical standards

• recording and reporting requirements

• equipment use and maintenance and storage requirements

• environmental management requirements (waste disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Trees typical to the scope of this unit may include the following characteristics:

• lean and weight distribution which adds significant complexity yet can be assessed and adapted to site requirements

• larger dimensions relative to local forest size distribution

• substantial lean

• damage and/or defect that requires complex felling techniques

these may include multi legged, hollow butts, culls, stags

• species prone to free splitting and adverse reactions during falling

• a crown that contains dead or broken material, entanglement or malformation and presents a hazardous and difficult situation for assessment, monitoring and safe falling

• single or complex multi stems

• diameter of tree greater than chainsaw bar length

• grown on terrain and slope that can add significant complexity to the operation

Environmental protection measures may include action to limit the impact to:

• native vegetation

• soil and water

• heritage and archaeological artefacts

• flora and fauna

• geomorphologic features

• landscape

• external site pollution

• recreational opportunities

• regeneration opportunities

Job requirements may include

• information and instructions relevant to tree falling operations including processing location details and trees to be felled and retained

• information may also include general environmental requirements

site plan and environmental features

Appropriate personnel may include:

• supervisors

• clients

• colleagues

• managers

Tools and equipment may include

• warning signs

• chainsaw and components

• PPE and clothing

• first aid equipment

• maintenance requirements

• support tools

Hazards may include:

• uneven/unstable terrain

• unsafe trees

• fires

• overhead and underground services

• excavations

• traffic

• structures

• hazardous materials

• insects and animals

other personnel and machinery

Retained treesinclude:

• those listed as heritage trees such as seed trees, habitat trees and crop trees

Log extraction methods may include:

• skidding

• forwarding

• cable

• shovel logging

Requirements for productquality may include:

• product specifications

• stump shatter

• butt splitting

• log breakage

• stump height

Communication may include:

• verbal and non-verbal language

• hand or other agreed signals

• eye contact with other operators or personnel

• active listening and questioning to clarify and confirm understanding

• use of electronic communication devices

Environmental conditions may relate to:

• ground growth

• canopy

• general forest lean

• ground slope

• ground hazards

• wind speed and direction

Harvesting plan

is a formal document that outlines the operational requirements of the worksite which may include:

• extraction plan

• traffic plan

• environmental requirements

• restricted areas

• identified hazards

• harvesting prescription

• product volumes

the harvesting plan document may be named differently between jurisdictions and/or regions, common terms may include but are not restricted to:

• coupe plan

• forest practices plan

• harvesting or logging plan

Limitations may relate to:

• job role and responsibilities

• own competency level

• industry requirements

• own understanding of risk identification processes

• own interpretation of legislation regulations and procedures

• complying with OHS requirements

Trees considered outside own skill level include:

• trees which contain hazards and are deemed unsafe

• trees where cuts made may lead to loss of control of tree in felling

Cutting Techniques will include:

• scarf-cutting

• back cutting to provide hinge-wood and maintain control of tree

and may include:

• use of wedges to assist in controlling falling direction