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Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Assess cause and effects of shutdown
  2. Implement shutdown procedures
  3. Record and report shutdown data

Required Skills

This describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit

Required skills

Uses required forms of communication in coordinating a power generation system shutdown

Reads and interprets required documentation procedures and reports within level of responsibility

Accesses navigates and enters computerbased information

Interprets instruments gauges and data recording equipment

Responds to monitoring and warning devices

Communicates with customers and other relevant personnel

Identifies and actions problems within level of responsibility

Identifies and responds appropriately to shutdown causes

Responds to problems associated with plant shutdown and unplanned shutdown to ensure safety quality and productivity

Coordinates and plans shutdown activity

Identifies and monitors process control points

Maintains situational awareness in the work area

Uses measuring equipment as required

Uses tools and equipment

Operates high risk equipment as required

Analyses and uses sensory information to adjust process to maintain and coordinate safety quality and productivity

Uses electronic and other control systems to control equipment and processes as required

Required knowledge

Procedures regulations and legislative requirements relevant to power generation systems including OHS environmental including relevant sustainability requirementspractices SOP isolation procedures safe working requirements risks and hazard identification and housekeeping

Relevant forms of communication

Basic problemsolving techniques consistent with level of responsibility

Types causes and effects of power generation plant shutdowns

Required responses to all unplanned shutdowns eg power outage mechanical breakdown blockages jamming air supply control system failure to ensure safety quality and productivity

Process and procedures for plant shutdowns and unplanned shutdowns

Plant and machinery functions and operations

Emergency procedures and responses

Working knowledge of power generation plant processes layout and associated services sufficient to carry out shutdown activities within level of responsibility

Electrical isolation procedures

Principles of transformers and circuit protection systems within level of responsibility

Power factor characteristics and effects

Power systems testing and test procedures

Power distribution systems

ACDC generation principles

Output control and regulation principles

Effect of steam quality on turbine operation

Operational tolerances of the turbine system and the effect of operating outside these tolerances

Application of high risk equipment as required

Sensory information that indicates a deviation from standard operating parameters

Sufficient knowledge of electronic and other control systems operation and application to make appropriate adjustments that control power generation systems within level of responsibility

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria required skills and knowledge range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package

Overview of assessment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Evidence should be relevant to the work It should satisfy the requirements of the elements and performance criteria and include consideration of

the required knowledge and skills tailored to the needs of the specific workplace

applicable OHS regulations environmental and safe working requirementspractices SOP and housekeeping requirements

applicable aspects of the range statement

practical workplace demonstration of skills in coordinating a power generation system shutdown

Context of and specific resources for assessment

A workplace assessment must be used to assess

the application of required knowledge on the job

the application of skills on the job over time and under a range of typical conditions that may be experienced in power generation system operations

Access to the full range of equipment involved in integrated continuous manufacturing for power generation systems in a pulp or paper mill is required

Method of assessment

A combination of assessment methods should be used The following examples are appropriate for this unit

observation of applied skills and knowledge on the job

workplace demonstrations via a mockup or simulation that replicate parts of the job

answers to written or verbal questions about specific skills and knowledge

thirdparty reports from relevant and skilled personnel

written evidence eg log sheet entries checklist entries test results

Assessment processes and techniques must be culturally appropriate and in keeping with the language and literacy capacity of the learner and the work being performed This includes conducting an assessment in a manner that allows thoughts to be conveyed verbally so that the learner can both understand and be understood by the assessor eg use plain English and terminology used on the job

A holistic assessment with other units relevant to the pulp and paper industry mill and job role is recommended

Additional information on approaches to assessment for the pulp and paper industry is provided in the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Productivity requirements may include:

energy efficiency

waste minimisation

evaporation minimisation, including landfill and waste water reduction

environmentally safe waste disposal

consideration of resource utilisation, including fibre efficiency

minimising delays

chemical recovery maximisation

meeting key performance indicators

line speed


quality checks

meeting output targets i.e. net tonnes per employee per annum

machine/process time availability i.e. time the machine or process is making product

machine/process production rate

Management and operation of power generation may include:

availability of required supplies

electricity generation

regulation and distribution systems

Materials and supplies may include:






Equipment may include:


high and low voltage transformers

steam or gas turbine driven alternators


water systems and auxiliary plant

circuit breakers

AC/DC generation and distribution systems

protective equipment

measuring and recording equipment

computer systems

electronic screens and alarms

process control systems

analogue and digital instrumentation

fully automated, semi-automated, manually operated plant and equipment appropriate to the power generation process

Electronic control systems may include:

Digital Control System (DCS)

touch screens


Legislation, regulatory, licensing and certification requirements may include:

OHS and environmental requirements (local, state and commonwealth)

activity or task specific high risk licensing requirements

appropriately endorsed operator licensing

local power authority rules and regulations

Documentation, procedures and reports may include:


quality procedures

environmental sustainability requirements/practices

plant manufacturing operating manuals

enterprise policies and procedures

oil or chemical spills and disposal guidelines

plant isolation documentation

safe work documentation e.g. plant clearance, job safety analysis, permit systems

operational logs and reports

maintenance logs

Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

process and instrument diagrams

Actions may include:

process adjustments

reporting to authorised person

rectifying problem within level of responsibility

Communications may include

interaction with:

internal/external customers and suppliers

team members

production/service coordinators

maintenance services

operational management

statutory authorities

Situational awareness may include

awareness of:



location of equipment




unexpected movement

Forms of communication may include:

written e.g. log books, emails, incident and other reports, run sheets, data entry

reading and interpreting documentation e.g. SOP, manuals, checklists, drawings

verbal e.g. radio skills, telephone, face to face, handover

non-verbal e.g. hand signals, alarms, observations

signage e.g. safety, access

Sensory information may include: