Google Links

Follow the links below to find material targeted to the unit's elements, performance criteria, required skills and knowledge

Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Handle vessel in normal conditions
  2. Handle vessel in adverse weather conditions
  3. Handle vessel in emergencies
  4. Tow and be towed

Required Skills

Required Skills

Anchor a vessel

Handle a disabled or partially disabled vessel

Manoeuvre a vessel crossing a bar

Manoeuvre a vessel in

bad weather

heavy swell and surf

vicinity of large vessels

Manoeuvre a vessel through

berthing and leaving a berth in various wind and tidal conditions

berthing in a pen

coming to and leaving a mooring

person overboard

steering astern through an s configuration

towing and being towed in varying weather conditions

turn short around

turning a vessel across the tide across the wind

Manoeuvre to beach and refloat the vessel

Maintain situational awareness

Use appropriate communication

Required Knowledge

Avoidance of tropical revolving storm activity

Effects of

displacement and planing hulls

outboard and inboard propulsion units

rudders and propellers

Features of a vessel that relate to its handling characteristics

Manoeuvring characteristics of small powerdriven vessels heavily laden and lightly laden

Maritime publications and procedures relating to emergency response

Procedures for towing and being towed

Stability of a small vessel and stability terms

Techniques for crossing a coastal bar with and against the sea

Trim and displacement

Use of a sea anchor

Work health and safety WHSoccupational health and safety OHS requirements and work practices

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria the required skills and knowledge the range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the Elements Performance Criteria Required Skills Required Knowledge and include

communicating effectively

knowledge about how to handle small vessels in strong tidal streams bad weather heavy swell and surf crossing a bar and use of a sea anchor

knowledge about towing arrangements for towage at sea and in sheltered waters

knowledge about berthing and unberthing in various wind and tidal conditions

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Performance is demonstrated consistently over time and in a suitable range of contexts

Resources for assessment include access to

appropriate vessel up to metres to demonstrate manoeuvring a vessel in normal and emergency situations

tools equipment and personal protective equipment currently used in industry

relevant regulatory and equipment documentation that impacts on work activities

range of relevant exercises case studies andor other simulated practical and knowledge assessments

appropriate range of relevant operational situations in the workplace

In both real and simulated environments access is required to

relevant and appropriate materials and equipment

applicable documentation including workplace procedures regulations codes of practice and operation manuals

Method of assessment

Practical assessment must occur in an

appropriately simulated workplace environment andor

appropriate range of situations in the workplace

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge The following examples are appropriate to this unit

direct observation of the candidate handling a vessel up to metres

direct observation of the candidate applying relevant WHSOHS requirements and work practices

Guidance information for assessment

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector workplace and job role is recommended

In all cases where practical assessment is used it should be combined with targeted questioning to assess Required Knowledge

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language and literacy requirements of the work being performed and the capacity of the candidate

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below.

Features of vessel must include:

Displacement and planing hulls

Outboard and inboard propulsion units

Rudders and propellers


Trim and displacement

Manoeuvres must include:

Astern movements

Berthing and leaving a berth

Berthing in a pen

Coming to and leaving mooring

Retrieval of person overboard

Turning a vessel across tide and wind

Turning short around

Propulsion equipment must include:

Inboard engine

Outboard engine

Adverse weather conditions must include:

Fog and restricted visibility

Tropical revolving storm activity in the area

Wind and sea conditions that may affect the safety of the vessel

Appropriate action must include:

Altering course to minimise the effect of wind and sea

Deploying a sea anchor to keep vessel head to sea

Heading to wind and sea to ride out the adverse weather

Reduction of speed

Seeking shelter

Nature of emergency must include:



Disabled or partially disabled vessel


Person overboard

Preparations for towing must include:

Communication with towed vessel

Means of transferring towing line to the towed vessel

Preparation of towing lines appropriate for the tow

Correct towing procedures must include:

If the tow is manned, means of communication must be available

Methods of securing the tow line must be capable of being slipped

Towing lines and associated equipment must be of sufficient strength to ensure the tow can be safely conducted