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Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Organise for moving
  2. Perform routine checks on load shifting equipment
  3. Start and operate load shifting equipment
  4. Organise for loading
  5. Load and unload waste
  6. Move waste
  7. Shut down and secure load shifting equipment
  8. Carry out basic housekeeping and maintenance

Evidence Required

Critical aspects of competency

Effective organisation of equipment operation

Safely and efficiently loads and unloads

Safely and efficiently operates equipment and moves waste

Knowledge needed to achieve the performance criteria

Knowledge and understanding are essential to apply this unit in the workplace to transfer the skills to other contexts and to deal with unplanned events The knowledge requirements for this unit are listed below

Requirements for handling and transportation of waste

Waste loadingunloading and moving hazards

Road rules

Licences required for various equipment

Equipment load weight requirements

Loading and unloading methods and techniques

Emergency response procedures

Confined space procedure

Company requirements

Occupational health and safety requirements

Relevant industry standards

Relevant legislation

Relevant environmental regulations

OHS hierarchy of control

Specific skills needed to achieve the performance criteria

To achieve the performance criteria some complementary skills are required These are

writing following instructions and signalling

reading and interpreting maps plans and specifications

equipment operation and driving

materials handling skills

using communications equipment twoway radio and mobile phone

reading graduated device

hazard identification

safe and efficient work practices

following MSDS

Other units of competency that could be assessed with this unit

This unit could be assessed on its own or in combination with other competencies relevant to the job function for example

PRMWMB Identify wastes and hazards

PRMWM44B Identify wastes and hazards

BSBCMNB Participate in environmental work practices

BSBCMN215B Participate in environmental work practices

Transport and distribution units of competency

Resources required to assess this unit

The following resources should be available

OHS requirements

personal protective equipment

site safety plan

waste for loadingunloading

load shifting equipment

job sheet to determine loadunload requirements

Gaining evidence to assess this unit

For valid and reliable assessment of this unit the competency should be demonstrated over a period of time and be observed by the assessor or assessment team working together to conduct the assessment The competency is to be demonstrated in a range of situations which may include customerworkplace interruptions and involvement in related activities normally experienced in the workplace

Evidence of competency is best obtained by observing activities in this field and reviewing the operation of mobile plant to move waste under normal industry operating conditions If this is not practicable observations in realistic simulated environments may be substituted

Consistency in performance

Assessment requires that the plan meets the objectives of the client and that it complies with industry expectations in the particular client environment If the environment is narrowly defined or is not representative of industry needs it may be necessary to refer to portfolio case studies of a variety of waste requirements to assess competency in moving waste using load shifting equipment

Oral questioning or written assessment and hypothetical situations scenarios may be used to assess underpinning knowledge In assessment situations where the candidate is offered a preference between oral questioning and written audit questions are to be identical

Supplementary evidence may be obtained from relevant authenticated correspondence from existing supervisors team leaders or specialist training staff

Note All practical demonstrations must adhere to the safety and environmental regulations relevant to each state or territory

Key competency levels

There are a number of processes that are learnt throughout work and life which are required in all jobs They are fundamental processes and generally transferable to other work functions Some of these are covered by the key competencies although others may be added

Information below highlights how these processes are applied in this competency standard

Perform the process

Perform and administer the process

Perform administer and design the process

How can communication of ideas and information be applied

Communicate effectively with personnel throughout loading and unloading processes

How can information be collected analysed and organised

Gather information from a number of sources including job requirements manufacturers specifications and company requirements about the moving of waste using loadshifting equipment

How are activities planned and organised

Plan detailed activities to be carried out throughout the moving of waste process

How can teamwork be applied

Work cooperatively with relevant personnel throughout the waste moving process

How can the use of mathematical ideas and techniques be applied

Perform mathematical calculations correctly on documentation

How can problemsolving skills be applied

Discuss possible problems and solutions that may arise throughout the implementation of waste moving process

How can the use of technology be applied

Demonstrate understanding of technological principles and physical skills to use appropriate equipment

Range Statement

The range statement links the required knowledge and organisational and technical requirements to the workplace context. It describes any contextual variables that will be used or encountered when applying the competency in work situations. It allows for different work practices and work and knowledge requirements as well as for differences between organisations and workplaces. The following variables may be present for this particular unit.

Appropriate person includes client, supervisor and team member.

Checking integrity of containment should include checks for contamination, drum expansion, gases, leaks, seals and spillage.

Cleaning of equipment may include high pressure water or air-hosing, shovelling, sweeping out, use of decontamination products and vacuuming.

Client/company includes all forms of business enterprises in this context including government agencies, local governments/councils, private and public companies, and residents/ratepayers.

Client requirements are found in briefing papers, letters, quality assurance documentation, tender/contract documents and verbal or written instructions.

Documentation includes but is not limited to:

accident report


emergency report

equipment used

incident report

maintenance requirements


run sheet

vehicle logbook

weighbridge docket.

Emergency and personal protective equipment must include:

communications equipment

eye protection

eyewash kit

fire extinguishers

First Aid kit


overalls and protective clothing

safety boots.

Emergency and personal protective equipment could also include:

breathing apparatus

emergency procedure guides

face shield/mask

hard hat

hearing protection

material safety data sheets (MSDS)

spill kit.

Emergency response action/procedures include but are not limited to:

clean up

contain emergency

equipment/plant isolation and shut-down


First Aid

make safe

notification of authorities

use of appropriate personal protective equipment.

Job sheet and schedule typically includes:

emergency and personal protective equipment requirements

job route and sequence

site contact

site requirements

vehicle and associated equipment requirements

waste type, classification, characteristics and transport requirements

work schedule.

Load shifting equipment may include:


earthmoving equipment


loaders (tailgate, front-end and rear)

open-bodied truck

tankers (vacuum, pump and hook lift)

trucks (rigid and articulated)

windrow turners.

Loading methods may include use of Bobcat, front-end loader, high pressure vacuum loading, load by hand, shovelling and use of forklift.

Manufacturers' specifications are found in equipment specifications and operator manuals.

Performance of this unit is carried out in accordance with relevant requirements of the following:

Australian Standards

environmental regulations

legislative requirements

manufacturers' specifications

OHS procedures

organisational procedures

relevant state/territory regulations.

Personal protective equipment required will be stored, cleaned, worn/fitted in accordance with company requirements, and occupational health and safety and other legislation.

Potential risks and hazards are those risks and hazards identified by the organisation that could lead to injury or illness of employees, contractors, visitors or the public; damage to plant, vehicles or property; or that could cause harm to the environment.

This relates to on-site and off-site activities (whether company owned or occupied premises, customer/client premises or public property) over which it could be expected the organisation had control. Risks and hazards may include:

broken glass/metal

compaction equipment




gases and fumes

hazardous waste (e.g. sharps)

injuries resulting from manual handling and repetitive work

narrow driveways

other vehicles and equipment

overhanging signs


spark-producing equipment

unguarded conveyor belt


Relevant legislation and codes cover state and federal:

Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road or Rail

duty of care


industry codes of conduct

occupational health and safety

Australian Standards

environmental protection legislation.

Safe operating procedures include any activity or operation conducted on site to ensure health and safety of personnel/equipment in the area.