|Range of VariablesThe Range of Variables explains the range of contexts within which the performance and knowledge requirements of this standard may be assessed. The scope of variables chosen in training and assessment may depend on the work situations available|
What OHS requirements may be relevant to this standard?
|Safe systems and procedures for: the safe operation and maintenance of vehicleschecks to ensure loads are secure and within working specificationshazard and risk controlmanual handling including lifting and carryingthe application of emergency/defensive driving techniqueshandling, application and storage of hazardous substancesoutdoor work including protection from solar radiation, dust and noise the appropriate use, maintenance and storage of personal protective equipmentpassengers only carried when there is a seat approved by the manufacturer. |
What hazards may be associated with the operation of vehicles?
|Hazards may include exposure to loud noise and fumes, hazardous substances (fuel, oils), solar radiation and organic and other dusts. It may also include ergonomic hazards associated with posture and mechanical vibration. Other hazards may include bystanders, livestock and wildlife, difficult terrain and varying gradients, broken ground, potholes, ditches, gullies, embankments, obstacles, adverse weather conditions, electricity, overhead hazards including powerlines, loose clothing, speed and fatigue, load shifts, mechanical malfunctions, exposed moving parts including hydraulics, run over by vehicle, crushed by roll over, loads being carried, and other machinery. |
What routine checks and maintenance might be carried out prior to operation?
|This may include cabin drills, pre-start and safety checks including an assessment of tyres, wheels, controls and cables, lights, safety mirrors, electrics, safety restraints, chain/driveshaft, chassis and suspension. Service and maintenance of cooling system, fuel, oils and lubricants, battery levels; tyre pressure, fan belts, leads, lines, connections, air filters, air conditioning, brakes, clutch, gearbox, steering, lighting and transmission. |
What vehicles might be covered in this standard?
|This may include utilities, four wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles (2 and 4 wheel), and light trucks. |
What enterprise requirements may be applicable to this standard?
|Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), industry standards, production schedules, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs), work notes and plans, product labels, manufacturers specifications, operators manuals, enterprise policies and procedures (including waste disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines), and supervisors oral or written instructions. |
What personal protective equipment may be relevant to this standard?
|This may include boots, overalls, gloves, protective eyewear, hearing protection, respirator or facemask, and sun protection (sun hat, sunscreen). |
How might the operation of a vehicle be demonstrated in a safe and controlled manner?
|Appropriate selection and use of controls, features, settings and operational techniques for the terrain and weather conditions without causing damage to machinery, equipment, person, property or environment. |
What environmental implications may be associated with the operation of vehicles?
|Negative environmental impacts may result from excessive noise and exhaust emissions, the unsafe use and disposal of maintenance debris (oil containers, chemical residues) and hazardous substances (fuel, oils). High traffic activity, particularly the repeated use of tracks, may negatively impact in soil disturbance, dust problems and increased run-off flows from unsafe cleaning and servicing activities. |
What may be involved in shut down procedures for vehicles?
|This may include turning the engine off, safe dismounting and securing the vehicle. It may also include parking away from hazards, maintaining a clear thoroughfare, refuelling and cleaning the vehicle of soil, plant and animal material. |
What vehicle reports may be maintained?
|This may include routine checks and maintenance, scheduled maintenance activities, mandatory or statutory inspections, faults, malfunctions, and damage details, hazard and incident reports. |
|For more information on contexts, environment and variables for training and assessment, refer to the Sector Booklet. |