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Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Identify hazards.
  2. Assess the safety risk associated with a hazard.
  3. Eliminate or control the risk.
  4. Review the risk assessment process.

Required Skills

This section describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit

The following skills must be assessed as part of this unit

ability to access appropriate hazard identification and risk assessment templates

highlevel communication skills to communicate and consult with colleagues on issues of hazard identification and assessment of risks associated with those hazards

literacy skills to read and interpret

complex materials describing regulatory requirements that relate to OHS management

organisational policies and procedures and template documents

literacy skills to write hazard identification and risk assessment documents

critical thinking skills to allow for rational and logical evaluation of hazards and associated risks and to apply or suggest effective controls while incorporating the views of other people consulted in the workplace

The following knowledge must be assessed as part of this unit

broad and working knowledge of relevant state or territory OHS legislation specifically requirements for

when where and how hazards must be identified

when where and how risk assessments must be conducted

incorporation of appropriate consultation in the hazard identification and risk assessment process

record keeping

OHS consultative mechanisms commonly used by organisations

role of OHS committees or OHS representatives as mechanisms for consultation

context of risk assessments within an overall OHS management system

key elements of OHS risk assessments

format and use of appropriate hazard identification and risk assessment templates

range of methods for identifying hazards in the workplace

common methods applied to the assessment of safety risks such as the fourstaged process model recommended and published by state and territory OHS authorities

common methods applied to controlling risks such as the fivestepped hierarchical process model recommended and published by state and territory OHS authorities

OHS recordkeeping procedures

specific organisational policy and procedures for OHS management

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria required skills and knowledge the range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this TrainingPackage

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Evidence of the following is essential

project or work activities that show the candidates ability to identify workplace hazards and assess and control safety risks for a given service industry operation in line with regulatory requirements

ability to access and use appropriate template documents for hazard identification and risk assessment

ability to apply appropriate methods for hazard identification and risk assessment and control

knowledge and understanding of the consultative approach to hazard identification assessment of associated safety risks and implementation of controls

knowledge of OHS legislation requirements for hazard identification and risk assessment and control

ability to implement and monitor OHS management practices within the context of an established system where policies and procedures already exist

knowledge of specific and relevant OHS legislative requirements

demonstration of skills in conducting risk assessments for different hazard scenarios

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Assessment must ensure

access to an operation for which hazard identification and risk assessment can be undertaken or access to comprehensive and sufficient information about that operation to allow the candidate to conduct hazard identification and risk assessment activities

use of the appropriate state or territory legislation codes of practice and standards issued by regulatory authorities or industry groups

use of OHS information such as manuals issued by industry associations or commercial publishers

access to current organisation policies and procedures and hazard identification and risk assessment template documents

involvement of a team operating in a specified workplace so that consultative actions can be implemented

Methods of assessment

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess the practical skills and knowledge required to identify hazards and assess and control safety risks The following examples are appropriate for this unit

direct observation of the candidate consulting with appropriate colleagues about hazard identification and risk assessment and control

direct observation of the candidate conducting a hazard identification and risk assessment process

evaluation of hazard identification and risk assessment reports prepared by the candidate detailing how safety issues were addressed for a given project or work activity

evaluation of projects conducted by the candidate to address safety issues in a given workplace

case studies and problemsolving exercises to assess safety responses to different workplace hazards

written and oral questions or interviews to test knowledge of legislation and requirements relating to hazard identification and risk assessment

review of portfolios of evidence and thirdparty workplace reports of onthejob performance by the candidate

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector workplace and job role is recommended for example

SITXOHSB Implement and monitor workplace health safety and security practices

SITXOHS004B Implement and monitor workplace health, safety and security practices.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording in the performance criteria is detailed below.

Hazard identification tools and risk assessment tools and template documents may include:

self-designed tools developed for the organisation as part of an OHS management system

tools and templates developed:

by external consultancy services

by industry associations for use by member businesses

for public use and found within business management publications, including those developed by OHS regulatory authorities

self-designed tools.

Appropriate methods to identify actual or foreseeable hazards include:

conduct of site safety audits

completion of a safety checklist

inspections of the workplace

observation of daily activities

investigation of accidents and incidents

review of injury or illness registers

environmental monitoring of the workplace

investigation of staff complaints or reports of safety concerns

review of staff feedback via consultative processes, such as meetings, surveys or suggestion box submissions.

Anyone else in the workplace may include:


visiting supplier representatives


The workplace may include:

operational offices of the business

retail outlet of any sort


sport or recreation facility

performance venue

field location of the business where services are delivered to customers

any place where the organisation normally conducts its business activities, for example:

in a tourism business this could be any destination to which customers are taken on tour

for an event it could be any location where the event happens.

Hazard may include:

beverage dispensing systems using inert gases

physical environment, for example:

working space of workers


hot and cold environments

climate, weather or exposure, such as insufficient shade and protection from rain, sun or wind

exposure to flood, fire and storm

prevailing noise levels

electrical items


equipment designed to assist with or replace manual handling



wild animals and local wildlife

customers' abilities to fully engage in all activities, e.g. health issues

hazards associated with activities to be undertaken

plant, for example:





working practices, for example:

opening and closing procedures

security procedures

any standard operating procedures for work-related tasks

inappropriate rostering and shift allocation

length of time spent at certain task and allocation of breaks

security issues, for example:

theft and robbery

irrational or angry, drunk or drug-affected customers

bomb scares.

Other personnel who jointly participate in consultation, hazard identification, and risk assessment and control may include:

staff under supervision

peers and colleagues




OHS representatives

OHS committee members.

Four-staged hierarchical process model must include:

identifying the injury or illness consequences that could result from the hazard

determining the exposure to the hazard

estimating the probability that an incident or injury will occur

determining an overall risk level for the identified hazard.

Five-step hierarchical approach must include:

substituting a system of work or equipment with something safer

isolating the hazard

introducing engineering controls

using personal protective equipment

implementing combined control methods to minimise risk.