Certificate IV in Defence Reporting

Not applicable.


13 units of competency are required for this qualification including:

9 core units

4 elective units

Choose a minimum of 2 elective units from the elective list below.

Choose the remaining 2 elective units from either the elective lists below, or elsewhere within this training package, or another endorsed training package, or accredited course.

Where a pre-requisite unit is attached to an elective unit it is identified by this symbol .

The pre-requisite units attached to any of the elective units must be undertaken and are additional to the number of elective units required for the qualification.

The elective units should be selected from the units that most closely align to an individuals occupational outcomes. Electives selected must not duplicate outcomes of other units.

Elective units selected must not duplicate content already covered by other units in this qualification.


Core Units

add topic DEFEQ001C

Work with equity and diversity

add topic DEFPR301B

Identify material suitable for publication within Defence

add topic DEFPR302B

Conduct an interview to support written material

add topic DEFPR303B

Write material suitable for publication within Defence

add topic DEFPR304B

Edit provided copy

add topic DEFPR305B

Take photographs suitable for publication within Defence

add topic BSBITU401A

Design and develop complex text documents

add topic BSBADM101A

Use business equipment

add topic BSBOHS407A

Monitor a safe workplace


Elective Units

add topic DEFEQ002B

Supervise equity and diversity in the workplace

add topic DEFPR306B

Obtain images suitable for publication within Defence

add topic DEFRI001B

Treat risk within Defence at an operational level

add topic DEFRI002B

Conduct risk assessment in a Defence environment

add topic BSBINM201A

Process and maintain workplace information

add topic BSBSUS301A

Implement and monitor environmentally sustainable work practices

add topic CUFBRD05A

Compile material for broadcast transmission

add topic CUFWRT05A

Write content and/or copy

add topic CUFWRT06A

Write a news voice report


    Not applicable.

Entry Requirements

Not applicable.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.

Employability Skills

Employability Skills are part of a unit of competency.

Employability Skills statements from a selection of units of competency from the DEF40812 Certificate IV in Defence Reporting have been reproduced in the table below.

This table provides an example of Employability Skills for the qualification because Employability Skills within a qualification will vary depending on the qualification packaging options.

Defence qualifications have core units (which must be achieved) and elective units (where there is a choice of units which must be achieved) so different Employability Skills Summaries are possible within the one qualification, depending on the package of core units and chosen elective units.

Employability Skill

Employability Skills Statement


ask questions and seek clarification where necessary

ask supplementary questions as the interview progresses

identify and record trends in reader interests

interpret complex information in documents and interviews and make it readable and understandable to a wide variety of readers

invite subject to expand key points and present all relevant material

make notes from spoken and written sources

revise own writing and speaking to enhance meaning and effectiveness

structure draft story correctly and correctly attribute quotes

transcribe material accurately from oral to written text

use command of language structures, registers, vocabulary and idiom required in conversational exchanges


maintain and engage regularly, a network of contacts

obtain guidance from a senior reporter or the editor on the most suitable person to be interviewed

recognise individual differences in the workplace, to value these differences and to adjust their behaviour to account for these differences

seek permission to take the photograph from relevant Defence personnel

take photos in a field operation without endangering lives

Problem solving

assess and determine the most appropriate way to get the photograph

check, verify and attribute information

obtain, read and analyse up-to-date material about Defence issues and current affairs from a wide variety of sources

source, read and critically evaluate background information

Initiative and enterprise

determine the need, type and context of the photographs, but in some cases this will be under direction from senior reporters or the editor

identify a story through personal initiative or from following the direction from the editor or sub editor

judge newsworthiness with limited supervision

replace equipment faults that cannot be rectified or take an alternative approach

Planning and organising

assess information for newsworthiness and likely reader appeal

identify an approach to the potential story and obtain clearance from the supervisor

identify client needs and factor into planning

identify public affairs objectives and constraints, and factor into planning

research background information and document before the interview

set interview objectives and plan questions in advance, taking constraints into consideration

submit a story for proofreading and clearance by the senior reporter


apply personal behaviour that shows sensitivity to the differences between colleagues

apply professional code of practice

facilitate and sustain a formal oral interview

gain the willing cooperation of subjects

meet deadlines

negotiate interview by establishing a supportive environment

revise own writing and speaking to enhance meaning and effectiveness

understand role and responsibility of photographer

use a range of interactional strategies to establish, develop and maintain a relationship to explore issues and gather information on a topic

use a variety of writing genres


learn about ADF public affairs objectives and the characteristics of Defence public affairs organisations

learn about Australian Journalists Association Code of Ethics

learn about constraints on using information (e.g. security requirements, conditions on reporting sensitive issues)

learn about Defence News Editorial Board guidelines

learn about Defence public information and security policies

learn about how to convert provided material into different types of genres to achieve a purpose

learn about implications of security, privacy and libel provisions

learn about proofreading and clearance procedures

learn about relevant legislation

learn about standard newspaper proofing symbols

learn about the standard operating procedures of relevant public affairs organisations which influence parent organisation

learn about the types of stories used in Defence publications


check equipment for the interview for serviceability

conduct interviews in person, over the telephone, by e-mail or web cam

use appropriate information technology and software

use equipment, which may include voice recorders, computers, cameras, telephones, fax machines

use technology to research stories