Unit of Competency Mapping – Information for Teachers/Assessors – Information for Learners

MARL005 Mapping and Delivery Guide
Demonstrate basic knowledge of marine control systems and automation

Version 1.0
Issue Date: December 2018


Qualification -
Unit of Competency MARL005 - Demonstrate basic knowledge of marine control systems and automation
Description
Employability Skills
Learning Outcomes and Application This unit involves the knowledge of marine automation and process control required by engineers to operate control systems on board a commercial vessel.This unit applies to people working in the maritime industry as a Marine Engineering Watchkeeper on commercial vessels greater than 750 kW or as an Engineer Class 3 Near Coastal.This unit has links to legislative and certification requirements.
Duration and Setting X weeks, nominally xx hours, delivered in a classroom/online/blended learning setting.

Assessors must satisfy National Vocational Education and Training Regulator (NVR)/Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF) assessor requirements.

Assessment must occur in workplace operational situations where it is appropriate to do so; where this is not appropriate, assessment must occur in simulated workplace operational situations that reflect workplace conditions.

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language, literacy and numeracy requirements of the work being performed and the needs of the candidate.

Resources for assessment must include access to:

tools, equipment, machinery, materials and personal protective equipment currently used in industry

applicable documentation such as legislation, regulations, codes of practice, workplace procedures and operational manuals

range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or simulations.

Prerequisites/co-requisites
Competency Field L - Marine Engineering
Development and validation strategy and guide for assessors and learners Student Learning Resources Handouts
Activities
Slides
PPT
Assessment 1 Assessment 2 Assessment 3 Assessment 4
Elements of Competency Performance Criteria              
Element: Outline basic actions and functions of automation equipment in marine contexts
  • Basic concept of an automatic control system is explained using a simple block diagram, correct Australian Standard symbols and layout
  • Components and operation of automatic control systems are outlined
  • Relative advantages and disadvantages of different mediums used in shipboard automatic control systems are explained
       
Element: Explain action of nozzle flapper mechanism in pneumatic instruments
  • Principle of operation of nozzle/flapper as a pneumatic control system component is outlined
  • Modifications required to make the simple nozzle/flapper mechanism suitable for use in process control systems are explained
       
Element: Explain operating principles and application of sensing and transmitting elements
  • Different methods of measuring level in an unpressurised tank and in a closed pressurised vessel are sketched and outlined
  • Applications at sea, advantages and disadvantages and temperature ranges of filled system thermometers are outlined
  • Operating principles of resistance temperature detector and thermocouple are outlined
  • Different methods for measuring flow on board ships that are suited to remote indication and automatic control are identified
  • Different methods for measuring pressure on board a ship that are suited to remote indication and automatic control are identified
       
Element: Explain function of controller element and associated hand/auto changeover station in an analogue control loop
  • Difference between ‘off-on’ control action and fully modulating proportional control action is explained
  • ‘Offset’ and how it may be removed is explained
  • Basic principles of operation of a simple pneumatic controller are outlined
  • Action and function of hand/auto change over station in an automatic control loop is explained, using suitable schematic diagrams
       
Element: Explain basic operating principles of electronic circuits and components
  • Components are identified and electronic circuit diagrams are interpreted
  • Correct methods of testing electronic components are detailed
  • Basic operation of operational amplifiers is outlined
       
Element: Explain use of solid state diodes and transistors to control monitoring and alarm systems
  • Basic concept of logic and operation of logic gates is outlined
  • Operation of input/output devices and their application to sequential control systems are explained
       
Element: Explain ‘fail safe’ philosophy and its implications for design and operation of main types of actuators available for operating final correcting elements
  • Purpose and function of a typical valve actuator and positioner are confirmed
  • Constructional differences between typical ‘air-to-open’ and ‘air-to-close’ actuators are confirmed
  • Why ‘fail safe’ may mean valves could either close, open, or remain where they are, upon failure of their associated automatic (or servo remote) operating system, is clarified
  • Pneumatic piston actuator/positioner assembly used to move final correcting elements pneumatically is outlined
  • Operating principles of electrical actuators are outlined
  • Operation of a hydraulic steering gear actuator is compared and contrasted with valve actuator and positioner assemblies
       
Element: Specify requirements for a pneumatic control system air supply
  • Standard specifications for cleanliness, moisture and oil content of a typical control air system are outlined
  • Importance of ensuring that standards for cleanliness, moisture and oil content are maintained throughout operation of control air system is explained
  • Typical system that is able to supply compressed air that meets required standards for cleanliness, moisture and oil content is outlined
       
Element: Explain mechanisms for control of physical parameters in a ship’s machinery space
  • Typical control loops associated with centralised cooling systems that serve the cooling water system are sketched
  • Function of typical loops required for control of temperature, pressure and viscosity of fuel supplies to main and auxiliary engines are outlined and sketched
  • Typical pressure and temperature control loops associated with main and auxiliary engine lubricating oil services are sketched
  • Function of components of typical control loops for the automatic control of boilers are outlined and sketched
  • Location and reasons for alarms associated with remote and/or automatic machinery operation to be separate from control function are explained
  • Tests and procedures required to meet unmanned machinery space (UMS) requirements are specified and different types of associated alarm and monitoring systems are evaluated
  • Power output and control of a main propulsion diesel engine (slow speed two-stroke) and an electrical generator prime mover (high or medium speed four-stroke) are compared and contrasted
       
Element: Explain schematically total bridge control of a commercial vessel
  • Engine manufacturer schematic diagram is interpreted and how Total Bridge control may be achieved to manoeuvre and control the engine is explained
  • Safety interlocks in sequence of operation depicted in schematic diagram are identified and why they are required is explained
  • Location of engine control positions, apart from the bridge, is identified from schematic diagram
  • Why bridge control is preferred option for manoeuvring main engine in modern commercial vessels is explained
       
Element: Explain ‘fail safe’ philosophy and its implications for design and operation of main types of actuators available for operating final correcting elements
  • Purpose and function of a typical valve actuator and positioner are confirmed
  • Constructional differences between typical ‘air-to-open’ and ‘air-to-close’ actuators are confirmed
  • Why ‘fail safe’ may mean valves could either close, open, or remain where they are, upon failure of their associated automatic (or servo remote) operating system, is clarified
  • Pneumatic piston actuator/positioner assembly used to move final correcting elements pneumatically is outlined
  • Operating principles of electrical actuators are outlined
  • Operation of a hydraulic steering gear actuator is compared and contrasted with valve actuator and positioner assemblies
       
Element: Explain mechanisms for control of physical parameters in a ship’s machinery space
  • Typical control loops associated with centralised cooling systems that serve the cooling water system are sketched
  • Function of typical loops required for control of temperature, pressure and viscosity of fuel supplies to main and auxiliary engines are outlined and sketched
  • Typical pressure and temperature control loops associated with main and auxiliary engine lubricating oil services are sketched
  • Function of components of typical control loops for the automatic control of boilers are outlined and sketched
  • Location and reasons for alarms associated with remote and/or automatic machinery operation to be separate from control function are explained
  • Tests and procedures required to meet unmanned machinery space (UMS) requirements are specified and different types of associated alarm and monitoring systems are evaluated
  • Power output and control of a main propulsion diesel engine (slow speed two-stroke) and an electrical generator prime mover (high or medium speed four-stroke) are compared and contrasted
       


Evidence Required

List the assessment methods to be used and the context and resources required for assessment. Copy and paste the relevant sections from the evidence guide below and then re-write these in plain English.

Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.

1

Outline basic actions and functions of automation equipment in marine contexts

1.1

Basic concept of an automatic control system is explained using a simple block diagram, correct Australian Standard symbols and layout

1.2

Components and operation of automatic control systems are outlined

1.3

Relative advantages and disadvantages of different mediums used in shipboard automatic control systems are explained

2

Explain action of nozzle flapper mechanism in pneumatic instruments

2.1

Principle of operation of nozzle/flapper as a pneumatic control system component is outlined

2.2

Modifications required to make the simple nozzle/flapper mechanism suitable for use in process control systems are explained

3

Explain operating principles and application of sensing and transmitting elements

3.1

Different methods of measuring level in an unpressurised tank and in a closed pressurised vessel are sketched and outlined

3.2

Applications at sea, advantages and disadvantages and temperature ranges of filled system thermometers are outlined

3.3

Operating principles of resistance temperature detector and thermocouple are outlined

3.4

Different methods for measuring flow on board ships that are suited to remote indication and automatic control are identified

3.5

Different methods for measuring pressure on board a ship that are suited to remote indication and automatic control are identified

4

Explain function of controller element and associated hand/auto changeover station in an analogue control loop

4.1

Difference between ‘off-on’ control action and fully modulating proportional control action is explained

4.2

‘Offset’ and how it may be removed is explained

4.3

Basic principles of operation of a simple pneumatic controller are outlined

4.4

Action and function of hand/auto change over station in an automatic control loop is explained, using suitable schematic diagrams

5

Explain basic operating principles of electronic circuits and components

5.1

Components are identified and electronic circuit diagrams are interpreted

5.2

Correct methods of testing electronic components are detailed

5.3

Basic operation of operational amplifiers is outlined

6

Explain use of solid state diodes and transistors to control monitoring and alarm systems

6.1

Basic concept of logic and operation of logic gates is outlined

6.2

Operation of input/output devices and their application to sequential control systems are explained

7

Explain ‘fail safe’ philosophy and its implications for design and operation of main types of actuators available for operating final correcting elements

7.1

Purpose and function of a typical valve actuator and positioner are confirmed

7.2

Constructional differences between typical ‘air-to-open’ and ‘air-to-close’ actuators are confirmed

7.3

Why ‘fail safe’ may mean valves could either close, open, or remain where they are, upon failure of their associated automatic (or servo remote) operating system, is clarified

7.4

Pneumatic piston actuator/positioner assembly used to move final correcting elements pneumatically is outlined

7.5

Operating principles of electrical actuators are outlined

7.6

Operation of a hydraulic steering gear actuator is compared and contrasted with valve actuator and positioner assemblies

8

Specify requirements for a pneumatic control system air supply

8.1

Standard specifications for cleanliness, moisture and oil content of a typical control air system are outlined

8.2

Importance of ensuring that standards for cleanliness, moisture and oil content are maintained throughout operation of control air system is explained

8.3

Typical system that is able to supply compressed air that meets required standards for cleanliness, moisture and oil content is outlined

9

Explain mechanisms for control of physical parameters in a ship’s machinery space

9.1

Typical control loops associated with centralised cooling systems that serve the cooling water system are sketched

9.2

Function of typical loops required for control of temperature, pressure and viscosity of fuel supplies to main and auxiliary engines are outlined and sketched

9.3

Typical pressure and temperature control loops associated with main and auxiliary engine lubricating oil services are sketched

9.4

Function of components of typical control loops for the automatic control of boilers are outlined and sketched

9.5

Location and reasons for alarms associated with remote and/or automatic machinery operation to be separate from control function are explained

9.6

Tests and procedures required to meet unmanned machinery space (UMS) requirements are specified and different types of associated alarm and monitoring systems are evaluated

9.7

Power output and control of a main propulsion diesel engine (slow speed two-stroke) and an electrical generator prime mover (high or medium speed four-stroke) are compared and contrasted

10

Explain schematically total bridge control of a commercial vessel

10.1

Engine manufacturer schematic diagram is interpreted and how Total Bridge control may be achieved to manoeuvre and control the engine is explained

10.2

Safety interlocks in sequence of operation depicted in schematic diagram are identified and why they are required is explained

10.3

Location of engine control positions, apart from the bridge, is identified from schematic diagram

10.4

Why bridge control is preferred option for manoeuvring main engine in modern commercial vessels is explained

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria on at least one occasion and include:

accessing information and sketching diagrams to interpret and explain testing requirements related to control systems on commercial vessels

assessing own work outcomes and maintaining knowledge of current codes, standards, regulations and industry practices

explaining basic principles of marine automation and process control

identifying and interpreting numerical and graphical information, including schematic diagrams, relevant to control systems on commercial vessels

identifying and suggesting ways of rectifying faults and malfunctions in control systems on commercial vessels

identifying methods, procedures and materials needed to operate and maintain control systems on commercial vessels

imparting knowledge and ideas through verbal, written and visual means

providing accurate and reliable information

providing appropriate level of detail in responses

reading and interpreting written information related to the operation of control systems on commercial vessels.

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria and include knowledge of:

Australian Standards for drawing symbols/layouts for schematic diagrams

characteristics and functions of temperature, pressure and viscosity of fuel

concept of ‘fail safe’ philosophy

concepts of machinery space (UMS), and automated monitoring and control of machinery

control and monitoring of ship machinery

control loops

instrument process and control terms

mechanical and electrical sensors

pneumatic and electrical instrumentation transmitters

principles of:

process control

basic pneumatic systems and action of pneumatic instruments

basic electronic circuits

safety devices, alarms and monitoring systems

sensing and transmitting elements

tests and procedures required to meet UMS requirements

total bridge control

work health and safety (WHS)/occupational health and safety (OHS) legislation, policies and procedures.


Submission Requirements

List each assessment task's title, type (eg project, observation/demonstration, essay, assignment, checklist) and due date here

Assessment task 1: [title]      Due date:

(add new lines for each of the assessment tasks)


Assessment Tasks

Copy and paste from the following data to produce each assessment task. Write these in plain English and spell out how, when and where the task is to be carried out, under what conditions, and what resources are needed. Include guidelines about how well the candidate has to perform a task for it to be judged satisfactory.

Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.

1

Outline basic actions and functions of automation equipment in marine contexts

1.1

Basic concept of an automatic control system is explained using a simple block diagram, correct Australian Standard symbols and layout

1.2

Components and operation of automatic control systems are outlined

1.3

Relative advantages and disadvantages of different mediums used in shipboard automatic control systems are explained

2

Explain action of nozzle flapper mechanism in pneumatic instruments

2.1

Principle of operation of nozzle/flapper as a pneumatic control system component is outlined

2.2

Modifications required to make the simple nozzle/flapper mechanism suitable for use in process control systems are explained

3

Explain operating principles and application of sensing and transmitting elements

3.1

Different methods of measuring level in an unpressurised tank and in a closed pressurised vessel are sketched and outlined

3.2

Applications at sea, advantages and disadvantages and temperature ranges of filled system thermometers are outlined

3.3

Operating principles of resistance temperature detector and thermocouple are outlined

3.4

Different methods for measuring flow on board ships that are suited to remote indication and automatic control are identified

3.5

Different methods for measuring pressure on board a ship that are suited to remote indication and automatic control are identified

4

Explain function of controller element and associated hand/auto changeover station in an analogue control loop

4.1

Difference between ‘off-on’ control action and fully modulating proportional control action is explained

4.2

‘Offset’ and how it may be removed is explained

4.3

Basic principles of operation of a simple pneumatic controller are outlined

4.4

Action and function of hand/auto change over station in an automatic control loop is explained, using suitable schematic diagrams

5

Explain basic operating principles of electronic circuits and components

5.1

Components are identified and electronic circuit diagrams are interpreted

5.2

Correct methods of testing electronic components are detailed

5.3

Basic operation of operational amplifiers is outlined

6

Explain use of solid state diodes and transistors to control monitoring and alarm systems

6.1

Basic concept of logic and operation of logic gates is outlined

6.2

Operation of input/output devices and their application to sequential control systems are explained

7

Explain ‘fail safe’ philosophy and its implications for design and operation of main types of actuators available for operating final correcting elements

7.1

Purpose and function of a typical valve actuator and positioner are confirmed

7.2

Constructional differences between typical ‘air-to-open’ and ‘air-to-close’ actuators are confirmed

7.3

Why ‘fail safe’ may mean valves could either close, open, or remain where they are, upon failure of their associated automatic (or servo remote) operating system, is clarified

7.4

Pneumatic piston actuator/positioner assembly used to move final correcting elements pneumatically is outlined

7.5

Operating principles of electrical actuators are outlined

7.6

Operation of a hydraulic steering gear actuator is compared and contrasted with valve actuator and positioner assemblies

8

Specify requirements for a pneumatic control system air supply

8.1

Standard specifications for cleanliness, moisture and oil content of a typical control air system are outlined

8.2

Importance of ensuring that standards for cleanliness, moisture and oil content are maintained throughout operation of control air system is explained

8.3

Typical system that is able to supply compressed air that meets required standards for cleanliness, moisture and oil content is outlined

9

Explain mechanisms for control of physical parameters in a ship’s machinery space

9.1

Typical control loops associated with centralised cooling systems that serve the cooling water system are sketched

9.2

Function of typical loops required for control of temperature, pressure and viscosity of fuel supplies to main and auxiliary engines are outlined and sketched

9.3

Typical pressure and temperature control loops associated with main and auxiliary engine lubricating oil services are sketched

9.4

Function of components of typical control loops for the automatic control of boilers are outlined and sketched

9.5

Location and reasons for alarms associated with remote and/or automatic machinery operation to be separate from control function are explained

9.6

Tests and procedures required to meet unmanned machinery space (UMS) requirements are specified and different types of associated alarm and monitoring systems are evaluated

9.7

Power output and control of a main propulsion diesel engine (slow speed two-stroke) and an electrical generator prime mover (high or medium speed four-stroke) are compared and contrasted

10

Explain schematically total bridge control of a commercial vessel

10.1

Engine manufacturer schematic diagram is interpreted and how Total Bridge control may be achieved to manoeuvre and control the engine is explained

10.2

Safety interlocks in sequence of operation depicted in schematic diagram are identified and why they are required is explained

10.3

Location of engine control positions, apart from the bridge, is identified from schematic diagram

10.4

Why bridge control is preferred option for manoeuvring main engine in modern commercial vessels is explained

Specifies different work environments and conditions that may affect performance. Essential operating conditions that may be present (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) are included.

Range is restricted to essential operating conditions and any other variables essential to the work environment.

Components include one or more of the following:

actuators

responders

sensors

Mediums include one or more of the following:

compressed air

electric currents

electric voltages

hydraulic fluids

Copy and paste from the following performance criteria to create an observation checklist for each task. When you have finished writing your assessment tool every one of these must have been addressed, preferably several times in a variety of contexts. To ensure this occurs download the assessment matrix for the unit; enter each assessment task as a column header and place check marks against each performance criteria that task addresses.

Observation Checklist

Tasks to be observed according to workplace/college/TAFE policy and procedures, relevant legislation and Codes of Practice Yes No Comments/feedback
Basic concept of an automatic control system is explained using a simple block diagram, correct Australian Standard symbols and layout 
Components and operation of automatic control systems are outlined 
Relative advantages and disadvantages of different mediums used in shipboard automatic control systems are explained 
Principle of operation of nozzle/flapper as a pneumatic control system component is outlined 
Modifications required to make the simple nozzle/flapper mechanism suitable for use in process control systems are explained 
Different methods of measuring level in an unpressurised tank and in a closed pressurised vessel are sketched and outlined 
Applications at sea, advantages and disadvantages and temperature ranges of filled system thermometers are outlined 
Operating principles of resistance temperature detector and thermocouple are outlined 
Different methods for measuring flow on board ships that are suited to remote indication and automatic control are identified 
Different methods for measuring pressure on board a ship that are suited to remote indication and automatic control are identified 
Difference between ‘off-on’ control action and fully modulating proportional control action is explained 
‘Offset’ and how it may be removed is explained 
Basic principles of operation of a simple pneumatic controller are outlined 
Action and function of hand/auto change over station in an automatic control loop is explained, using suitable schematic diagrams 
Components are identified and electronic circuit diagrams are interpreted 
Correct methods of testing electronic components are detailed 
Basic operation of operational amplifiers is outlined 
Basic concept of logic and operation of logic gates is outlined 
Operation of input/output devices and their application to sequential control systems are explained 
Purpose and function of a typical valve actuator and positioner are confirmed 
Constructional differences between typical ‘air-to-open’ and ‘air-to-close’ actuators are confirmed 
Why ‘fail safe’ may mean valves could either close, open, or remain where they are, upon failure of their associated automatic (or servo remote) operating system, is clarified 
Pneumatic piston actuator/positioner assembly used to move final correcting elements pneumatically is outlined 
Operating principles of electrical actuators are outlined 
Operation of a hydraulic steering gear actuator is compared and contrasted with valve actuator and positioner assemblies 
Standard specifications for cleanliness, moisture and oil content of a typical control air system are outlined 
Importance of ensuring that standards for cleanliness, moisture and oil content are maintained throughout operation of control air system is explained 
Typical system that is able to supply compressed air that meets required standards for cleanliness, moisture and oil content is outlined 
Typical control loops associated with centralised cooling systems that serve the cooling water system are sketched 
Function of typical loops required for control of temperature, pressure and viscosity of fuel supplies to main and auxiliary engines are outlined and sketched 
Typical pressure and temperature control loops associated with main and auxiliary engine lubricating oil services are sketched 
Function of components of typical control loops for the automatic control of boilers are outlined and sketched 
Location and reasons for alarms associated with remote and/or automatic machinery operation to be separate from control function are explained 
Tests and procedures required to meet unmanned machinery space (UMS) requirements are specified and different types of associated alarm and monitoring systems are evaluated 
Power output and control of a main propulsion diesel engine (slow speed two-stroke) and an electrical generator prime mover (high or medium speed four-stroke) are compared and contrasted 
Engine manufacturer schematic diagram is interpreted and how Total Bridge control may be achieved to manoeuvre and control the engine is explained 
Safety interlocks in sequence of operation depicted in schematic diagram are identified and why they are required is explained 
Location of engine control positions, apart from the bridge, is identified from schematic diagram 
Why bridge control is preferred option for manoeuvring main engine in modern commercial vessels is explained 
Purpose and function of a typical valve actuator and positioner are confirmed 
Constructional differences between typical ‘air-to-open’ and ‘air-to-close’ actuators are confirmed 
Why ‘fail safe’ may mean valves could either close, open, or remain where they are, upon failure of their associated automatic (or servo remote) operating system, is clarified 
Pneumatic piston actuator/positioner assembly used to move final correcting elements pneumatically is outlined 
Operating principles of electrical actuators are outlined 
Operation of a hydraulic steering gear actuator is compared and contrasted with valve actuator and positioner assemblies 
Typical control loops associated with centralised cooling systems that serve the cooling water system are sketched 
Function of typical loops required for control of temperature, pressure and viscosity of fuel supplies to main and auxiliary engines are outlined and sketched 
Typical pressure and temperature control loops associated with main and auxiliary engine lubricating oil services are sketched 
Function of components of typical control loops for the automatic control of boilers are outlined and sketched 
Location and reasons for alarms associated with remote and/or automatic machinery operation to be separate from control function are explained 
Tests and procedures required to meet unmanned machinery space (UMS) requirements are specified and different types of associated alarm and monitoring systems are evaluated 
Power output and control of a main propulsion diesel engine (slow speed two-stroke) and an electrical generator prime mover (high or medium speed four-stroke) are compared and contrasted 

Forms

Assessment Cover Sheet

MARL005 - Demonstrate basic knowledge of marine control systems and automation
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MARL005 - Demonstrate basic knowledge of marine control systems and automation

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