- PMBPROD375B - Vulcanise products using an autoclave
Unit of Competency Mapping – Information for Teachers/Assessors – Information for Learners
PMBPROD375B Mapping and Delivery Guide
Vulcanise products using an autoclave
Issue Date: October 2018
||Unit of Competency||PMBPROD375B - Vulcanise products using an autoclave|
|Description||This unit applies to the application of knowledge of materials, product purpose and processes to the autoclave production of vulcanised rubber products.|
|Employability Skills||The required outcomes described in this unit contain applicable Employability Skills. The Employability Skills Summary of the qualification(s) in which this unit is packaged will assist in identifying Employability Skill requirements.|
|Learning Outcomes and Application||Application of this unitThis competency typically applies to advanced operators who load green rubber products into an autoclave for curing/vulcanising. The key factors are ensuring compatible loads and the right curing time, temperatures and pressures. It also requires using a range of well developed skills, requiring some discretion and judgement to recognise and resolve a range of problems.The operator will:identify and plan own work requirements from production requests load green products and remove cured productschoose and set the right autoclave conditionsmonitor autoclave temperature and pressure profiles during the curing processcheck settings and adjustments of equipmentmake appropriate adjustments to correct materials, equipment or process variationssolve routine and non-routine autoclave and vulcanising problems, seeking guidance where necessary or appropriatecomplete logs and reports.|
|Duration and Setting||X weeks, nominally xx hours, delivered in a classroom/online/blended learning setting.
|Prerequisites/co-requisites||PrerequisitesThis unit has no prerequisites.|
|Development and validation strategy and guide for assessors and learners||Student Learning Resources||Handouts
|Assessment 1||Assessment 2||Assessment 3||Assessment 4|
|Elements of Competency||Performance Criteria|
|Element: Plan own work requirements.|
|Element: Set up autoclave vulcanising process.|
|Element: Operate and make adjustments to the autoclave process to procedures.|
|Element: Respond to product quality improvement requests.|
|Element: Anticipate and solve problems|
List the assessment methods to be used and the context and resources required for assessment. Copy and paste the relevant sections from the evidence guide below and then re-write these in plain English.
The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, the range statement and the assessment guidelines for this training package.
Overview of assessment
A holistic approach should be taken to the assessment.
Assessors must be satisfied that the person can consistently perform the unit as a whole, as defined by the Elements, Performance Criteria and skills and knowledge.
Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit
It is essential that competence is demonstrated in the knowledge and skills defined in this unit. These may include the ability to:
identify critical materials properties and rubber vulcanising process characteristics in relation to the process requirements and the end product
make adjustment to the process as required.
identify and take appropriate action on problems and potential problems.
Consistent performance should be demonstrated. For example, look to see that:
the process runs consistently and smoothly, with the minimum need for human intervention
all safety procedures are always followed.
Assessment method and context
Assessment will occur on an industrial autoclave and will be undertaken in a work-like environment.
Competence in this unit may be assessed:
on anappropriate operating plant requiring demonstration of start-up, operation and shutdown procedures
in a situation allowing for the generation of evidence of the ability to recognise, anticipate and respond to problems
by using a suitable simulation and/or a range of case studies/scenarios
through a combination of these techniques.
In all cases it is expected that practical assessment will be combined with targeted questioning to assess the underpinning knowledge and theoretical assessment will be combined with appropriate practical/simulation or similar assessment. Assessors need to be aware of any cultural issues that may affect responses to questions.
Assessment processes and techniques must be culturally appropriate and appropriate to the oracy, language and literacy capacity of the assessee and the work being performed.
Specific resources for assessment
This section should be read in conjunction with the Range Statement for this unit of competency. Resources required include suitable access to an operating plant or equipment that allows for appropriate and realistic simulation. A bank of case studies/scenarios and questions will also be required to the extent that they form part of the assessment method. Questioning may take place either in the workplace, or in an adjacent, quiet facility such as an office or lunchroom. No other special resources are required.
Access must be provided to appropriate learning and/or assessment support when required. Where applicable, physical resources should include equipment modified for people with disabilities.
List each assessment task's title, type (eg project, observation/demonstration, essay, assignment, checklist) and due date here
Assessment task 1: [title] Due date:
(add new lines for each of the assessment tasks)
Copy and paste from the following data to produce each assessment task. Write these in plain English and spell out how, when and where the task is to be carried out, under what conditions, and what resources are needed. Include guidelines about how well the candidate has to perform a task for it to be judged satisfactory.
This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.
Application of knowledge of the materials, equipment and process sufficient to recognise material and equipment conditions which may lead to out of specification production. For example,
A knowledge of organization procedures, quality requirements at each stage of production stage and relevant regulatory requirements along with the ability to implement them within appropriate time constraints and work standards.
Application of the knowledge of managing risks using the hierarchy of controls applied to the vulcanising process. Application of approved hazard control and safety procedures and the use of PPE in relation to handling materials, equipment operation and cleanup.
Skill to identify the range of possible causes of product faults.
Knowledge as a basis for solving processing and material problems including:
characteristics of materials and behaviour in relation to heat, thickness and cure rates.
identify the function of vulcanising equipment, components and the materials used
changes to materials at various stages of production
relationship between steam pressure and temperatures and the effects this and time will have on product quality and production output
impact of heat and pressure in relation to providing strength, stiffness, resistance to deformation, fatigue and abrasion
monitor equipment operation and product quality
impact of product section/thickness on cure requirements
impact of compound cure system on cure requirements
impact of heating too quickly/slowly on final product properties
compound properties and their interactions with process conditions
relationships between compound properties and process conditions
changes to compound properties to better suit process requirements
product problems related to compound properties
product problems related to process conditions
adjustments to process conditions to meet compound and product requirements.
Competence also includes the ability to:
plan own work, including predicting consequences identifying improvements
maintain output and product quality using appropriate instruments, controls checks, test information and readings
identify and describe own role and the roles of others involved directly in the vulcanising process
identify when assistance is required to solve problems
identify factors which may affect product quality and production output and appropriate remedies.
Language, literacy and numeracy requirements
This unit requires the ability to read and interpret typical product specifications, job sheets and material labels as provided to operators.
Writing is required to the level of completing workplace forms, quality assurance records and production reports.
Basic numeracy is also required, eg to determine required steam pressure to give necessary time/temperature cycle.
The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Add any essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts.
Where reference is made to industry codes of practice and/or Australian/international standards, the latest version must be used.
This competency applies to the production of vulcanised rubber products within the rubber industries. It includes the operation of all relevant additional equipment where that equipment is integral to the vulcanising autoclave process. It includes the operation of all ancillary steam equipment, but not boiler operation.
All operations are performed in accordance with procedures.
Procedures include all relevant workplace procedures, work instructions, temporary instructions and relevant industry and government codes and standards.
Tools and equipment
This competency includes use of equipment and tools such as:
hand carts and trolleys
knives and other trimming equipment
hoists/lifting equipment not requiring any special permits or licences
basic hand tools
relevant personal protective equipment.
Typical hazards include:
manual handling hazards
'Anticipate and solve problems' means resolve a wide range of routine and non-routine problems, using product and process knowledge to develop solutions to problems which do not have a known solution / a solution recorded in the procedures.
Typical process and product problems may include:
air/water blinding of steam equipment
matching loads requiring the same cure conditions
adjusting temperature/pressure profile to match load and product
wrong cure cycle
changed product cure systems/section
Appropriate action for problems outside of area of responsibility may be reporting to an appropriate person.
Appropriate action for solving problems within area of responsibility includes asking questions and seeking assistance from appropriate persons/sources.
Key variables to be monitored include:
stacking and loading off product for autoclaving
product integrity and general conformance to specification and quality sample.
Copy and paste from the following performance criteria to create an observation checklist for each task. When you have finished writing your assessment tool every one of these must have been addressed, preferably several times in a variety of contexts. To ensure this occurs download the assessment matrix for the unit; enter each assessment task as a column header and place check marks against each performance criteria that task addresses.
|Tasks to be observed according to workplace/college/TAFE policy and procedures, relevant legislation and Codes of Practice||Yes||No||Comments/feedback|
|Identify work requirements from workplace procedures|
|Identify equipment and processes used for materials preparation, vulcanising and any related production process and for the downstream operations.|
|Identify operating principles and components of vulcanising equipment.|
|Identify hazards connected with materials and process from workplace reference materials including materials safety data sheets and equipment instructions.|
|Implement measures to control identified hazards in line with procedures and duty of care.|
|Identify requirements for materials, quality, production and equipment checks.|
|Identify and read equipment information, quality specifications and standard operating procedures.|
|Check heat and pressure settings and process adjustments for conformity to procedures.|
|Compare equipment and material condition to known optimum condition and take appropriate action in accordance with procedures (including, where authorised, making adjustments within overall specifications to process settings to ensure product output quality is appropriate).|
|Check that all gauges are operating, safety features are activated or fitted, locks and guards are in place.|
|Load and close autoclave and bring on line.|
|Monitor production outputs, equipment operating temperatures and pressures.|
|Make adjustments to remedy faults and non-conformity as required.|
|Shut down, vent and unload autoclave.|
|Take samples as required and identify product out of specification.|
|Note and report non-conformity to required workplace specifications, following workplace procedures.|
|Clean, adjust and lubricate equipment as required.|
|Pause or stop equipment in an emergency, following procedures.|
|Monitor vulcanising process and note conditions which may affect product quality standards.|
|Report process variations.|
|Note and implement changes in standard operating procedures and specifications.|
|Recognise a problem or a potential problem|
|Determine problems needing priority action.|
|Refer problems outside area of responsibility to appropriate person, with possible causes.|
|Seek information and assistance as required to solve problems.|
|Solve problems within area of responsibility.|
|Follow through items initiated until final resolution has occurred.|
Assessment Cover Sheet
PMBPROD375B - Vulcanise products using an autoclave
Assessment task 1: [title]
I declare that the assessment tasks submitted for this unit are my own work.
Result: Competent Not yet competent
Feedback to student
Assessment Record Sheet
PMBPROD375B - Vulcanise products using an autoclave
Assessment task 1: [title] Result: Competent Not yet competent
(add lines for each task)
Feedback to student:
Overall assessment result: Competent Not yet competent