- PRMWM15B - Move waste using load shifting equipment
Unit of Competency Mapping – Information for Teachers/Assessors – Information for Learners
PRMWM15B Mapping and Delivery Guide
Move waste using load shifting equipment
Issue Date: August 2018
||Unit of Competency||PRMWM15B - Move waste using load shifting equipment|
|Description||This unit of competency describes the operation of mobile plant (including loading and unloading) for the purpose of moving waste.|
|Employability Skills||Not Applicable|
|Learning Outcomes and Application||Not Applicable|
|Duration and Setting||X weeks, nominally xx hours, delivered in a classroom/online/blended learning setting.
|Development and validation strategy and guide for assessors and learners||Student Learning Resources||Handouts
|Assessment 1||Assessment 2||Assessment 3||Assessment 4|
|Elements of Competency||Performance Criteria|
|Element: Organise for moving|
|Element: Perform routine checks on load shifting equipment|
|Element: Start and operate load shifting equipment|
|Element: Organise for loading|
|Element: Load and unload waste|
|Element: Move waste|
|Element: Shut down and secure load shifting equipment|
|Element: Carry out basic housekeeping and maintenance|
List the assessment methods to be used and the context and resources required for assessment. Copy and paste the relevant sections from the evidence guide below and then re-write these in plain English.
Critical aspects of competency
Effective organisation of equipment operation.
Safely and efficiently loads and unloads.
Safely and efficiently operates equipment and moves waste.
Knowledge needed to achieve the performance criteria
Knowledge and understanding are essential to apply this unit in the workplace, to transfer the skills to other contexts, and to deal with unplanned events. The knowledge requirements for this unit are listed below.
Requirements for handling and transportation of waste.
Waste loading/unloading and moving hazards.
Licences required for various equipment.
Equipment load weight requirements.
Loading and unloading methods and techniques.
Emergency response procedures.
Confined space procedure.
Occupational health and safety requirements.
Relevant industry standards.
Relevant environmental regulations.
OHS hierarchy of control.
Specific skills needed to achieve the performance criteria
To achieve the performance criteria, some complementary skills are required. These are:
writing, following instructions and signalling
reading and interpreting maps, plans and specifications
equipment operation and driving
materials handling skills
using communications equipment (two-way radio and mobile phone)
reading graduated device
safe and efficient work practices
Other units of competency that could be assessed with this unit
This unit could be assessed on its own or in combination with other competencies relevant to the job function, for example:
PRMWM44B Identify wastes and hazards
BSBCMN215B Participate in environmental work practices
Transport and distribution units of competency.
Resources required to assess this unit
The following resources should be available:
personal protective equipment
site safety plan
waste for loading/unloading
load shifting equipment
job sheet to determine load/unload requirements.
Gaining evidence to assess this unit
For valid and reliable assessment of this unit, the competency should be demonstrated over a period of time and be observed by the assessor (or assessment team working together to conduct the assessment). The competency is to be demonstrated in a range of situations, which may include customer/workplace interruptions and involvement in related activities normally experienced in the workplace.
Evidence of competency is best obtained by observing activities in this field and reviewing the operation of mobile plant to move waste under normal industry operating conditions. If this is not practicable, observations in realistic simulated environments may be substituted.
Consistency in performance
Assessment requires that the plan meets the objectives of the client and that it complies with industry expectations in the particular client environment. If the environment is narrowly defined or is not representative of industry needs, it may be necessary to refer to portfolio case studies of a variety of waste requirements to assess competency in moving waste using load shifting equipment.
Oral questioning or written assessment and hypothetical situations (scenarios) may be used to assess underpinning knowledge. (In assessment situations where the candidate is offered a preference between oral questioning and written audit, questions are to be identical.)
Supplementary evidence may be obtained from relevant authenticated correspondence from existing supervisors, team leaders or specialist training staff.
Note: All practical demonstrations must adhere to the safety and environmental regulations relevant to each state or territory.
Key competency levels
There are a number of processes that are learnt throughout work and life which are required in all jobs. They are fundamental processes and generally transferable to other work functions. Some of these are covered by the key competencies, although others may be added.
Information below highlights how these processes are applied in this competency standard.
Perform the process
Perform and administer the process
Perform, administer and design the process
How can communication of ideas and information be applied?
Communicate effectively with personnel throughout loading and unloading processes.
How can information be collected, analysed and organised?
Gather information from a number of sources (including job requirements, manufacturers' specifications and company requirements) about the moving of waste using load-shifting equipment.
How are activities planned and organised?
Plan detailed activities to be carried out throughout the moving of waste process.
How can teamwork be applied?
Work cooperatively with relevant personnel throughout the waste moving process.
How can the use of mathematical ideas and techniques be applied?
Perform mathematical calculations correctly on documentation.
How can problem-solving skills be applied?
Discuss possible problems and solutions that may arise throughout the implementation of waste moving process.
How can the use of technology be applied?
Demonstrate understanding of technological principles and physical skills to use appropriate equipment.
List each assessment task's title, type (eg project, observation/demonstration, essay, assignment, checklist) and due date here
Assessment task 1: [title] Due date:
(add new lines for each of the assessment tasks)
Copy and paste from the following data to produce each assessment task. Write these in plain English and spell out how, when and where the task is to be carried out, under what conditions, and what resources are needed. Include guidelines about how well the candidate has to perform a task for it to be judged satisfactory.
Refer to Evidence Guide
The range statement links the required knowledge and organisational and technical requirements to the workplace context. It describes any contextual variables that will be used or encountered when applying the competency in work situations. It allows for different work practices and work and knowledge requirements as well as for differences between organisations and workplaces. The following variables may be present for this particular unit.
Appropriate person includes client, supervisor and team member.
Checking integrity of containment should include checks for contamination, drum expansion, gases, leaks, seals and spillage.
Cleaning of equipment may include high pressure water or air-hosing, shovelling, sweeping out, use of decontamination products and vacuuming.
Client/company includes all forms of business enterprises in this context including government agencies, local governments/councils, private and public companies, and residents/ratepayers.
Client requirements are found in briefing papers, letters, quality assurance documentation, tender/contract documents and verbal or written instructions.
Documentation includes but is not limited to:
Emergency and personal protective equipment must include:
First Aid kit
overalls and protective clothing
Emergency and personal protective equipment could also include:
emergency procedure guides
material safety data sheets (MSDS)
Emergency response action/procedures include but are not limited to:
equipment/plant isolation and shut-down
notification of authorities
use of appropriate personal protective equipment.
Job sheet and schedule typically includes:
emergency and personal protective equipment requirements
job route and sequence
vehicle and associated equipment requirements
waste type, classification, characteristics and transport requirements
Load shifting equipment may include:
loaders (tailgate, front-end and rear)
tankers (vacuum, pump and hook lift)
trucks (rigid and articulated)
Loading methods may include use of Bobcat, front-end loader, high pressure vacuum loading, load by hand, shovelling and use of forklift.
Manufacturers' specifications are found in equipment specifications and operator manuals.
Performance of this unit is carried out in accordance with relevant requirements of the following:
relevant state/territory regulations.
Personal protective equipment required will be stored, cleaned, worn/fitted in accordance with company requirements, and occupational health and safety and other legislation.
Potential risks and hazards are those risks and hazards identified by the organisation that could lead to injury or illness of employees, contractors, visitors or the public; damage to plant, vehicles or property; or that could cause harm to the environment.
This relates to on-site and off-site activities (whether company owned or occupied premises, customer/client premises or public property) over which it could be expected the organisation had control. Risks and hazards may include:
gases and fumes
hazardous waste (e.g. sharps)
injuries resulting from manual handling and repetitive work
other vehicles and equipment
unguarded conveyor belt
Relevant legislation and codes cover state and federal:
Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road or Rail
duty of care
industry codes of conduct
occupational health and safety
environmental protection legislation.
Safe operating procedures include any activity or operation conducted on site to ensure health and safety of personnel/equipment in the area.
Copy and paste from the following performance criteria to create an observation checklist for each task. When you have finished writing your assessment tool every one of these must have been addressed, preferably several times in a variety of contexts. To ensure this occurs download the assessment matrix for the unit; enter each assessment task as a column header and place check marks against each performance criteria that task addresses.
|Tasks to be observed according to workplace/college/TAFE policy and procedures, relevant legislation and Codes of Practice||Yes||No||Comments/feedback|
|Review job sheet and schedule to identify all job requirements|
|Identify and manage potential risks and hazards to job requirements, in accordance with company requirements, OHS and other relevant legislation|
|Select appropriate type of load shifting equipment and associated attachments according to job requirements to maximise efficiency and effectiveness of transportation|
|Ensure operator holds the appropriate licence in accordance with company requirements and relevant legislation|
|Select, check and fit emergency and personal protective equipment in accordance with job requirements, manufacturers' specifications, company requirements and relevant legislation|
|Conduct a visual check on equipment to pinpoint damage, leaks, obstructions, component wear or potential hazards|
|Test equipment systems in accordance with manufacturers' specifications and company requirements|
|Conduct service checks to ensure water, oil, fuel, air pressure and greasing are maintained at appropriate levels in accordance with manufacturers' specifications|
|Check emergency and personal protective equipment to ensure it is functioning adequately and provides correct operation|
|Check and test associated equipment (e.g. attachments) to ensure it is operational and in accordance with manufacturers' specifications|
|Start and operate equipment in accordance with manufacturers' specifications and company requirements|
|Operate and drive equipment in a safe and efficient manner, in accordance with company requirements, road and traffic regulations and other relevant legislation|
|Maintain continuous observation of surrounding environment to identify and avoid or minimise potential hazards|
|Maintain clear communications with other relevant personnel|
|Identify waste to be loaded and check to ensure integrity of containment|
|Determine appropriate loading method in accordance with waste containment type and company requirements|
|Identify potential hazards to loading and incorporate into loading method|
|Park or set up equipment in a loading position which ensures efficiency and safety of loading|
|Erect barriers and warning signs at loading/unloading sites to ensure safety of surrounding personnel, in accordance with company requirements and relevant legislation|
|Load/unload waste safely and efficiently in designated area using appropriate loading/unloading method|
|Maintain integrity of load during loading/unloading|
|Regulate liquid flow where waste is vacuumed to ensure maintenance of constant hose pressure|
|Maintain visual checks to identify and remedy potential hazards during loading/unloading|
|Ensure load conforms to equipment capacity requirements, manufacturers' specifications and relevant legislation|
|Stack or house load at destination in accordance with company requirements, manufacturers' specifications and relevant legislation|
|Move waste safely and securely in accordance with company requirements, manufacturers' specifications and relevant legislation|
|Park and/or store equipment in a safe location to avoid damage to equipment or obstruction of surrounding site activity|
|Complete shut-down procedures in accordance with manufacturers' specifications and company requirements|
|Secure and store equipment to avoid unauthorised access or use|
|Clean equipment to remove debris and contamination and ensure safe and efficient operation|
|Report any equipment faults or defects to relevant personnel|
|Document moving activities accurately and promptly and in accordance with company requirements|
Assessment Cover Sheet
PRMWM15B - Move waste using load shifting equipment
Assessment task 1: [title]
I declare that the assessment tasks submitted for this unit are my own work.
Result: Competent Not yet competent
Feedback to student
Assessment Record Sheet
PRMWM15B - Move waste using load shifting equipment
Assessment task 1: [title] Result: Competent Not yet competent
(add lines for each task)
Feedback to student:
Overall assessment result: Competent Not yet competent