Unit of Competency Mapping – Information for Teachers/Assessors – Information for Learners

SISFFIT314A Mapping and Delivery Guide
Plan and deliver exercise to older clients with managed conditions

Version 1.0
Issue Date: November 2018


Qualification -
Unit of Competency SISFFIT314A - Plan and deliver exercise to older clients with managed conditions
Description This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to plan and deliver exercise for clients aged 50 and over. It involves planning, demonstration, instruction, review and modification of activities and instructional techniques to meet client needs.
Employability Skills This unit contains employability skills.
Learning Outcomes and Application This unit applies to exercise instructors and community fitness leaders who work in facilities that provide a range of exercise programs to older clients who present with managed medical conditions. The unit is applicable to those employed in fitness environments such as fitness venues, community facilities and those working autonomously in the fitness and health industries.
Duration and Setting X weeks, nominally xx hours, delivered in a classroom/online/blended learning setting.
Prerequisites/co-requisites Nil
Competency Field
Development and validation strategy and guide for assessors and learners Student Learning Resources Handouts
Activities
Slides
PPT
Assessment 1 Assessment 2 Assessment 3 Assessment 4
Elements of Competency Performance Criteria              
Element: Plan the exercise.
  • Apply appropriate pre-exercise screening procedures for older clients prior to participation in an exercise program according to organisational policies and procedures and legislation and regulatory requirements.
  • Identify the characteristics of the older clients and their needs and expectations.
  • Consult with family members where appropriate to clarify any risk factors identified in pre-exercise assessment in order to recognise the sign and symptoms of major types of injuries or conditions that are commonly associated with older clients.
  • Obtain client's permission to seek advice from a medical or allied health professional to clarify health, medical or injury concerns according to organisational policies and procedures.
  • Provide advice on alternative options for clients who are unsuitable for the planned exercise according to organisational policies and procedures, selecting options according to the clients needs.
  • Select exercises from an appropriate exercise repertoire that match the client's needs, abilities and goals.
  • Select and modify appropriate equipment according to needs of clients and organisational policies and procedures.
  • Determine the instructional techniques appropriate to the clients and select and apply appropriate baseline assessments that inform the benefits of exercise.
       
Element: Instruct the exercise session.
  • Inform older clients about the physical changes that occur with the ageing process and communicate benefits of exercise for older clients to clients.
  • Show sensitivity to cultural and social differences
  • Communicate the general features of balanced nutrition and provide healthy eating information to improve overall health and support exercise goals.
  • Explain and demonstrate the exercises to clients and provide opportunities for questioning and clarification.
  • Modify exercises to ensure they are safe and effective for older clients.
  • Demonstrate and instruct correct use of equipment according to organisational policies and procedures and manufacturer's instructions.
  • Monitor exercise intensity, technique and safety of clients during session and modify as required according to client responses.
  • Apply appropriate motivational techniques to encourage clients and make any required modifications to activities.
       
Element: Evaluate the exercise session.
  • Evaluate the exercise session according to client and or caregiver feedback and personal reflection.
  • Provide feedback to the client group on their progress and any changes recommended.
  • Identify modifications to the exercise plan where relevant to meet needs identified through evaluation.
       


Evidence Required

List the assessment methods to be used and the context and resources required for assessment. Copy and paste the relevant sections from the evidence guide below and then re-write these in plain English.

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Evidence of the following is essential:

screens older clients prior to commencement of exercise sessions and communicates results to family members where appropriate and recommends referral to appropriate medical or allied health professionals where necessary

develops a variety of sessions for a range of older clients that are fun, interactive and safe

provides accurate and current healthy eating information in accordance with recommended guidelines

modifies individual exercises to accommodate the specific needs of the client

evaluates exercise sessions and modifies exercise plans according to feedback received from clients and own evaluation.

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Assessment must ensure instruction of multiple exercise sessions that are of sufficient duration and breadth to allow the demonstration of competency and consistency of performance.

Assessment must also ensure access to:

a facility or venue where a variety of exercise modes and equipment are available, such as a weights gym, exercise room and open air

relevant resources, for example, healthy eating information

appropriate documentation normally used in the workplace such as pre-exercise and assessment questionnaires

a range of client groups composed of older clients with a variety of managed conditions.

Method of assessment

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

observation of instructing and monitoring exercise sessions for older clients

oral or written questioning to assess knowledge of the ageing process and how this relates to effective exercise planning

a portfolio of plans for exercise programs for older clients with different managed conditions

third-party reports from a supervisor detailing work performance.

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

SISFFIT309A Plan and deliver group exercise sessions.


Submission Requirements

List each assessment task's title, type (eg project, observation/demonstration, essay, assignment, checklist) and due date here

Assessment task 1: [title]      Due date:

(add new lines for each of the assessment tasks)


Assessment Tasks

Copy and paste from the following data to produce each assessment task. Write these in plain English and spell out how, when and where the task is to be carried out, under what conditions, and what resources are needed. Include guidelines about how well the candidate has to perform a task for it to be judged satisfactory.

Required skills

communication skills to provide clear instruction and constructive feedback to older clients, family members, medical and allied health professionals regarding the pre-exercise screening and alternative options

problem-solving skills to:

identify exercises targeted at specific fitness components or medical conditions and make modifications where required

select functional exercises that are appropriate for the clients, taking into account their abilities and interests

recognise conditions outside own scope of practice and make appropriate recommendations or referrals

planning and organising skills to plan and instruct the exercise session including accessing required equipment and making appropriate modifications to equipment and exercise selection

interpersonal skills to interact effectively with older clients

numeracy skills to manage the time of sessions and facility schedules

application of injury prevention strategies for older clients.

Required knowledge

recommended healthy eating guidelines for older clients to enable the provision of accurate information to clients

the limitations of a fitness instructor in providing healthy eating information

the medical and allied health sector to enable appropriate recommendations and referrals be made to clients or family members

principles of biomechanics and exercise science to enable the selection of exercises appropriate to client conditions and needs

physiological, social and emotional processes of ageing to enable effective planning of programs

principles of exercise program design to cater for a variety of managed medical conditions

legislation and regulatory requirements and organisational policies and procedures to enable safe and appropriate conduct of exercise for older clients

general characteristics of the main older client, social and cultural groups in Australian society and the key aspects that relate to their cultural and religious protocols and preferences for exercise.

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Pre-exercise screening must include:

medical history

functional limitations

medication

lifestyle evaluation

fitness and health goals

exercise history

injury history

questionnaire

interview.

Exercise programs may include:

cardiovascular

strength training

flexibility

agility

balance

fundamental movement skills.

Organisational policies and procedures may include:

occupational health and safety

confidentiality of client information

client screening procedures

client referral procedures

ethical considerations in assessing older clients

use and maintenance of equipment.

Legislation and regulatory requirements may include:

Occupational Health and Safety

duty of care

privacy

anti-discrimination

copyright

licensing

trade practices

consumer protection

environmental

business registration and licences.

Older clients may include:

adults aged 50 years and over who are:

healthy and active

have managed conditions

menopausal.

Needs and expectations may include:

recreational

social

improved fitness levels, strength and functional movement skills.

Major types of injuries or conditions may include

sprains

musculoskeletal

arthritis

joint instability

restricted range of movement

osteoporosis

cardiovascular

hypotension

hypertension

neurological

Parkinson's disease

other medical

diabetes

metabolic conditions

thyroid disorders

cancers

obesity

under-nutrition

continence issues

psychological

depression

dementia or early stage

respiratory

asthma

emphysema.

Medical or allied health professional may include:

sports physician

sports doctor

general practitioner

physiotherapist

accredited exercise physiologist

occupational therapist

remedial massage therapist

chiropractor

osteopath

accredited practising dietician

psychologist

aboriginal health worker.

Exercise repertoire may include:

contraindications and modifications

variations to provide differing intensities

level of client skill required

potential for combinations

exercise selection.

Ageing process may include:

physiological

biomechanical

psychological

behavioural change and social needs

lifestyle and cultural

general population characteristics.

Injury risks may include:

inadequate skill and physical preparation

overtraining

biomechanics and exercise technique

physical and mental preparation

poor core&postural awareness

fatigue and recovery.

Equipment may include:

treadmill

cycle and ergometers

rowing machine

steppers

dumbbells and strength training equipment

chairs

resistance bands

small, interactive and circuit-based equipment

gym based equipment.

Cultural and social differences may include:

modes of greeting, farewelling and conversation

body language, including use of body gestures

formality of language

clothing.

Instructional techniques may include:

transitions between exercises or games

session structure variations

communication skills

verbal and visual instructions relevant to client conditions

technique correction.

Baseline assessment may include:

cardiovascular

strength

agility

flexibility

balance

functional motor skills

Balanced nutrition may include:

energy balance

dietary guidelines

fuel for exercise

fuel for minimising post-exercise fatigue and maximising recovery

hydration levels

specialised dietary interventions requiring referrals.

Motivational techniques may include:

goal setting

positive feedback.

Modifications may include:

accommodating the physical changes and health conditions associated with ageing

accommodating the social and psychological changes that occur with ageing.

Exercise plan may include:

identification of client needs and goals

an outline of the session components

order and sequence of exercises and flow of session

duration, intensity, volume, frequency

equipment

progression within an exercise program

appropriate music selection.

Copy and paste from the following performance criteria to create an observation checklist for each task. When you have finished writing your assessment tool every one of these must have been addressed, preferably several times in a variety of contexts. To ensure this occurs download the assessment matrix for the unit; enter each assessment task as a column header and place check marks against each performance criteria that task addresses.

Observation Checklist

Tasks to be observed according to workplace/college/TAFE policy and procedures, relevant legislation and Codes of Practice Yes No Comments/feedback
Apply appropriate pre-exercise screening procedures for older clients prior to participation in an exercise program according to organisational policies and procedures and legislation and regulatory requirements. 
Identify the characteristics of the older clients and their needs and expectations. 
Consult with family members where appropriate to clarify any risk factors identified in pre-exercise assessment in order to recognise the sign and symptoms of major types of injuries or conditions that are commonly associated with older clients. 
Obtain client's permission to seek advice from a medical or allied health professional to clarify health, medical or injury concerns according to organisational policies and procedures. 
Provide advice on alternative options for clients who are unsuitable for the planned exercise according to organisational policies and procedures, selecting options according to the clients needs. 
Select exercises from an appropriate exercise repertoire that match the client's needs, abilities and goals. 
Select and modify appropriate equipment according to needs of clients and organisational policies and procedures. 
Determine the instructional techniques appropriate to the clients and select and apply appropriate baseline assessments that inform the benefits of exercise. 
Inform older clients about the physical changes that occur with the ageing process and communicate benefits of exercise for older clients to clients. 
Show sensitivity to cultural and social differences 
Communicate the general features of balanced nutrition and provide healthy eating information to improve overall health and support exercise goals. 
Explain and demonstrate the exercises to clients and provide opportunities for questioning and clarification. 
Modify exercises to ensure they are safe and effective for older clients. 
Demonstrate and instruct correct use of equipment according to organisational policies and procedures and manufacturer's instructions. 
Monitor exercise intensity, technique and safety of clients during session and modify as required according to client responses. 
Apply appropriate motivational techniques to encourage clients and make any required modifications to activities. 
Evaluate the exercise session according to client and or caregiver feedback and personal reflection. 
Provide feedback to the client group on their progress and any changes recommended. 
Identify modifications to the exercise plan where relevant to meet needs identified through evaluation. 

Forms

Assessment Cover Sheet

SISFFIT314A - Plan and deliver exercise to older clients with managed conditions
Assessment task 1: [title]

Student name:

Student ID:

I declare that the assessment tasks submitted for this unit are my own work.

Student signature:

Result: Competent Not yet competent

Feedback to student

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assessor name:

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Assessment Record Sheet

SISFFIT314A - Plan and deliver exercise to older clients with managed conditions

Student name:

Student ID:

Assessment task 1: [title] Result: Competent Not yet competent

(add lines for each task)

Feedback to student:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overall assessment result: Competent Not yet competent

Assessor name:

Signature:

Date:

Student signature:

Date: