Manage remote pilot aircraft systems energy source requirements


This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to manage remote pilot aircraft systems (RPAS) energy source requirements, in compliance with relevant regulatory requirements of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority and national operating standards.

It includes planning energy source requirements, managing energy source system, and refuelling and recharging the RPAS.

This unit addresses aviation technical skill requirements (physical, mental and task-management abilities) related to aircraft operational duties of flight crew and ground personnel, and contributes to safe and effective performance in complex aviation operational environments.

Operations are conducted as part of recreational, commercial and military aircraft activities across a variety of operational contexts within the Australian aviation industry.

Work is performed independently or under limited supervision within a single-pilot or multi-crew RPAS environment.

Licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements are applicable to this unit.

Use for Defence Aviation is to be in accordance with relevant Defence Orders, Instructions, Publications and Regulations.

Elements and Performance Criteria



Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.


Plan energy source requirements


Total en route and reserve energy source requirements are calculated and determined in accordance with RPAS type specific requirements


Adjusted allowances are made for possible abnormal or emergency situations


Energy source calculations are documented in accordance with workplace procedures


Manage energy source system


Energy source contents and quality are inspected and confirmed before launch


RPAS is configured to achieve desired profile, range or endurance status


Potential hazards are anticipated and relevant controls are implemented


Energy source system is operated in accordance with aircraft flight manual (AFM)/pilot’s operating handbook (POH)


Energy source status is monitored throughout flight and is modified appropriately as circumstances change


Work health and safety (WHS)/occupational health and safety (OHS) procedures are followed at all times when carrying out energy source management procedures


Refuel/recharge RPAS


Appropriate precautions are undertaken to ensure the safety of personnel and property during refuelling/recharging operations


RPAS is correctly refueled/recharged in accordance with AFM/POH, WHS/OHS requirements, regulatory requirements and workplace procedures

Evidence of Performance

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements, performance criteria and range of conditions on at least one occasion and include:

adapting to differences in equipment and operating environment in accordance with standard operating procedures

applying precautions and required action to minimise, control or eliminate identified hazards

applying relevant legislation and workplace procedures

applying relevant safety practices and regulations

calculating energy source allowances, consumption and endurance

communicating effectively with others

completing relevant documentation

identifying and correctly using relevant equipment

identifying applicable grade of fuel/fuel cell/battery for remote pilot aircraft system (RPAS) type

implementing contingency plans

implementing safety precautions during RPA refuelling/recharging

implementing work health and safety (WHS)/occupational health and safety (OHS) procedures and relevant regulations

interpreting and following operational instructions and prioritising work

maintaining compliance with regulatory requirements

maintaining relevant workplace records

managing operation of RPAS energy source systems

modifying activities depending on workplace contingencies, situations and environments

monitoring and anticipating operational problems and hazards and taking appropriate action

monitoring energy source usage to achieve desired profile, range or endurance following configuration changes

monitoring work activities in terms of planned schedule

operating electronic communications equipment to required protocol

performing energy source quality control checks

planning RPAS energy source requirements

reading, interpreting and following relevant regulations, instructions, procedures, information and signs

recognising deteriorating situations impacting on energy source requirements

reporting and/or rectifying identified problems promptly, in accordance with regulatory requirements and workplace procedures

selecting and using required personal protective equipment conforming to industry and WHS/OHS standards

working collaboratively with others

working systematically with required attention to detail without injury to self or others, or damage to goods or equipment.

Evidence of Knowledge

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements, performance criteria and range of conditions and include knowledge of:

aerodynamic, engine and airframe requirements for RPAS to achieve best range and endurance

aeronautical decision-making processes

calculation of conversion between imperial and metric measures

dangers of using the incorrect grade of fuel/fuel cell/battery

effective communication

energy source consumption of RPAS at varying propulsion and systems power settings

energy source principles relating to RPAS

energy source reserve requirement for RPAS

energy source transfer equipment appropriate for the type of RPA and energy source being used

error management, including error types, causes and consequences

factors affecting energy source consumption

hazards that exist when refuelling/recharging RPAS and related hazard control procedures and precautions

in a Defence context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions

methods of identifying applicable grade of fuel/ fuel cell/battery for RPAS type

mixture leaning or power conservation techniques

operation of the specific RPAS energy source system

principles of RPAS energy source systems

problems that may occur when managing RPAS energy source and appropriate action that should be taken in each case

regulations and procedures for refuelling/recharging RPAS

relevant sections of Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders

relevant WHS/OHS and environmental procedures and regulations

stress, workload and time pressure management.

Assessment Conditions

As a minimum, assessors must satisfy applicable regulatory requirements, which include requirements in the Standards for Registered Training Organisations current at the time of assessment.

As a minimum, assessment must satisfy applicable regulatory requirements, which include requirements in the Standards for Registered Training Organisations current at the time of assessment.

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language, literacy and numeracy requirements of the work being performed and the needs of the candidate.

Assessment must occur in workplace operational situations. Where this is not appropriate, assessment must occur in simulated workplace operational situations that reflect workplace conditions.

Resources for assessment must include access to:

a range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or simulations

acceptable means of simulation assessment

applicable documentation including workplace procedures, regulations, codes of practice and operation manuals

relevant materials, tools, equipment and personal protective equipment currently used in industry.

Foundation Skills

Foundation skills essential to performance are explicit in the performance criteria of this unit of competency.

Range Statement

Range is restricted to essential operating conditions and any other variables essential to the work environment.

Energy source must include one or more of the following:

battery charger


liquid fuel

other power producing source

other renewable energy

power producing sources that power the on-board systems and thrust producing components of the specific RPAS


Energy source allowances must be made for one or more of the following:

en route and destination meteorological forecasts

fixed energy source reserves

holding requirements

operational tasking requirements


Not applicable.

Competency Field

Y – Aircraft Operation and Traffic Management