Perform visual circling approach

This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to perform a visual circling approach. This includes determining the visual circling minima for the specified instrument approach, flying the circling approach, and conducting a missed approach. Licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements are applicable to this unit.


Work must be carried out in compliance with the relevant licence and aircraft rating requirements of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA); relevant airspace control requirements and Instrument Flight Rules (IFR); and aircraft control principles, regulations, safety codes, protocols and procedures required to perform visual circling approach as part of commercial aircraft activities.

Use for ADF Aviation is to be in accordance with relevant Defence Orders and Instructions and applicable CASA compliance.

Operations are conducted across a variety of operational contexts within the Australian aviation industry.

Work is performed under limited supervision.

This unit of competency is packaged at AQF V.


Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1Determine minima applicable for visual circling for specified instrument approach

1.1 Determine the requirement to conduct a circling approach in accordance with AIP

1.2 Ceiling and visibility minima are determined for a circling approach appropriate for the instrument approach procedure and category of aircraft being used, in accordance with applicable instrument approach charts

2Conduct visual circling procedure following instrument approach, using appropriate visual cues

2.1 Circling procedures are planned and briefed in relation to the position of the runway relative to the aircraft as it will appear to the pilot when approaching minima

2.2 Circling approach is conducted in accordance with AIP

2.3 Aircraft is controlled and maintained within altitude limitations by reference to instruments

2.4 Aircraft position is controlled and maintained using visual cues

2.5 Lookout is maintained using a systematic scan technique at a rate determined by traffic density, visibility or terrain

3Conduct missed approach from visual circling

3.1 Conditions requiring a missed approach are recognised and missed approach is initiated

3.2 Aircraft is manoeuvred to Missed Approach Point (MAPt) and a missed approach procedure is conducted in accordance with the applicable instrument approach chart

3.3 Obstacle clearance in IMC/simulated IMC is maintained

Required Skills


This describes the essential knowledge and skills and their level required for this unit.

Required knowledge:

Conditions under which a circling approach must be discontinued and a missed approach initiated

Procedure to conduct a missed approach from any nominated point within a circling area on a specified approach

State when an aircraft may descend below the MDA (day and night)

Briefing requirements for circling approach

Requirements for completing relevant documentation

Code of practice for working collaboratively with others

Procedures for adjusting controls to optimise the operation of the equipment

Procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency

Relevant sections of national and state or territory regulatory requirements and codes of practice

Relevant OH&S and environmental procedures and regulations

Required skills:

Interpret instrument approach charts

Calculate ceiling and visibility minima for a circling approach

Determine obstacle clearance requirements in the circling area

Perform systematic scan techniques

Determine the circling area applicable to the aircraft performance category being flown

Communicate effectively with others when performing visual circling approach

Read and interpret instructions, regulations, procedures and other information relevant to a visual circling approach

Interpret and follow operational instructions and prioritise work

Complete documentation related to performing visual circling approach

Operate electronic communication equipment to required protocol

Work collaboratively with others when performing visual circling approach

Adapt appropriately to cultural differences in the workplace, including modes of behaviour and interactions with others

Promptly report and/or rectify any identified problems that may occur when performing visual circling approach in accordance with regulatory requirements and workplace procedures

Implement contingency plans for unexpected events that may arise when performing visual circling approach

Apply precautions and required action to minimise, control or eliminate hazards that may exist during visual circling approach

Monitor and anticipate operational problems and hazards and take appropriate action

Monitor work activities in terms of planned schedule

Modify activities dependent on differing workplace contingencies, situations and environments

Work systematically with required attention to detail without injury to self others, or damage to goods or equipment

Adapt to differences in equipment and operating environment in accordance with standard operating procedures

Select and use required personal protective clothing and equipment conforming to industry and OH&S standards

Implement OH&S procedures and relevant regulations

Identify and correctly use equipment required to perform visual circling approach

Evidence Required

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required knowledge and skills, the range statement and the assessment guidelines for this Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria of this unit and include demonstration of applying:

the underpinning knowledge and skills

relevant legislation and workplace procedures

other relevant aspects of the range statement

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Performance is demonstrated consistently over a period of time and in a suitable range of contexts

Resources for assessment include:

a range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or other simulated practical and knowledge assessment, and/or

access to an appropriate range of relevant operational situations in the workplace

In both real and simulated environments, access is required to:

relevant and appropriate materials and equipment, and

applicable documentation including workplace procedures, regulations, codes of practice and operation manuals

Method of assessment

Assessment of this unit must be undertaken by a registered training organisation

As a minimum, assessment of knowledge must be conducted through appropriate written/oral tests

Practical assessment must occur:

through activities in an appropriately simulated environment at the registered training organisation, and/or

in an appropriate range of situations in the workplace

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance.

Tasks may be undertaken in:


VMC with simulated IMC conditions

Performance may be demonstrated in:

single engine aircraft

multi engine aircraft

synthetic training device approved by the appropriate authority

variable air traffic conditions

variable weather conditions

variable flight situations

abnormal situations

classes of airspace as designated by the Civil Aviation Safety Authority

Aircraft may include:

fixed wing


other commercial or military aircraft

Crew may include:

single pilot

multi crew

Instruments may be:

flight instruments suitable for instrument flight

head up display suitable for instrument flight

Limitations may be imposed by:

local noise abatement requirements and curfews

airspace endorsements

Classes of airspace may be:

as designated by the regulator

restricted and danger areas

military control zones

Air Defence Identification Zones

Navigation aids may include:

ADF (Automatic Direction Finder)

VOR (VHF Omni-directional Radio Range)

DME (Distance Measuring Equipment)


GPS (Global Positioning System)

FMS (Flight Management Systems)

Moving Map Displays



Conditions may include:

a method of simulating IMC

simulated icing conditions

moderate turbulence

simulated hazardous weather

Autopilot/Flight Director

FMS/ other NAV system

simulation of emergency and abnormal procedures

Dependent on the type of organisation concerned and the local terminology used, workplace procedures may include:

company procedures

enterprise procedures

organisational procedures

established procedures

standard operating procedures

Information/documents may include:

relevant sections of Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders

in Defence context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions

Flight Manual/Pilot's Operating Handbook (POH)

Manual of Standards - Pilot Licensing (MOS-PL)

Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP)

En Route Supplement Australia (ERSA)


operations manuals

approved checklists

workplace procedures and instructions and job specification

induction and training materials

conditions of service, legislation and industrial agreements including workplace agreements and awards

Applicable regulations and legislation may include:

relevant Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and Civil Aviation Orders

in Defence context, relevant Defence Orders and Instructions

relevant state/territory OH&S legislation

relevant state/territory environmental protection legislation

relevant Australian Standards

Performance includes tolerances specified in either of:

relevant licence and aircraft rating requirements of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) such as:

Manual of Standards

relevant Defence documentation such as:

Defence Orders and Instructions

approved curricula and training documentation


Not applicable.

Competency Field

Y - Aircraft Operation and Traffic Management

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.