Refine performance techniques and expand repertoire


This unit describes the skills and knowledge required to expand repertoire and present an extended professional performance.

It applies to musicians or vocalists with a higher level of skills in areas such as performance preparation, craft skills and musicianship as they seek regular professional performance opportunities. They may be refining skills on either a first or second instrument.

No licensing, legislative or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

Elements and Performance Criteria



Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.

1. Use personal practice time to refine skills

1.1 Identify strengths and weaknesses in own performance skills in consultation with appropriate people

1.2 Develop a practice plan and strategies that incorporate realistic goals for refining performance technique

1.3 Identify and incorporate into practice plan repertoire to achieve technical and expressive development goals

1.4 Ensure that practice routine optimises use of time, performance space, instrument and equipment

1.5 Develop technical control of chosen instrument to enhance musical expression and refine individual style

1.6 Experiment with repertoire and exercises to refine technical accuracy

1.7 Listen critically to own performance to evaluate technical strengths and weaknesses, and adjust practice regime accordingly

1.8 Ensure that practice is undertaken with due consideration to personal health and safety

2. Plan repertoire to meet performance goals

2.1 Research new repertoire to identify pieces or works that advance performance scope and skills

2.2 Use opportunities to trial new work for peers and/or mentors, and incorporate their feedback into private practice

2.3 Practise a range of pieces or works that focus on identified areas of technical development

2.4 Select repertoire, ensuring that relevant copyright and performing rights requirements are met

2.5 Determine order of items for performance, and source any accessories or equipment required

2.6 Rehearse program with accompanist(s) or band as applicable

3. Convey interpretive and expressive qualities in performance

3.1 Use control of the chosen instrument to interpret music convincingly and realise the expressive qualities of the instrument in performance

3.2 Demonstrate control of sound production across the range of repertoire for the selected musical style

3.3 Extend physical coordination and control over the instrument to produce a highly accomplished standard of performance

3.4 Listen to own work critically to monitor and adjust music elements appropriately

4. Present a professional performance program to an audience

4.1 Undertake appropriate psychological and physical warm up and warm down activities to enhance performance outcomes

4.2 Interpret music, perform from memory, improvise or read from charts or musical notation as required

4.3 Use a range of instrumental techniques, and control intonation, rhythm, tempi, expression, phrasing, style and nuance to a professional performance standard appropriate to the repertoire and musical style

4.4 Perform in a variety of instrumental and/or vocal combinations, including works in solo, with accompaniment and/or group performances

4.5 Use performance recovery measures to mitigate errors, with minimum disruption to performance flow and audience experience

4.6 Maintain stage fitness to ensure a professional technical standard in performance

5. Evaluate technical skills in performance

5.1 View or listen to recordings of own performance to analyse technical and expressive execution

5.2 Note areas for improvement, and take action accordingly

5.3 Seek feedback on performances from appropriate people, and incorporate their feedback into own strategies for future improvements

Evidence of Performance

Evidence of the ability to:

develop and implement a plan to refine own performance technique

plan and present a performance program of a professional standard, on at least two occasions, to an audience

monitor progress of own skill development, expanding repertoire in area of specialisation and incorporating feedback on own performance.

Note: If a specific volume or frequency is not stated, then evidence must be provided at least once.

Evidence of Knowledge

To complete the unit requirements safely and effectively, the individual must:

explain strategies and exercises for refining technical skills and performance techniques

describe qualities that contribute to professional standard performance

describe typical issues and challenges that arise in the context of refining performance technique and expanding repertoire, and how to address them

describe work health and safety principles relevant to professional performance contexts.

Assessment Conditions

Assessment must be conducted in a safe environment where evidence gathered demonstrates consistent performance of typical activities experienced in creative arts industry environments. The assessment environment must include access to:

relevant instrument and equipment

opportunities to present performance programs before an audience

suitable acoustic space.

Assessors of this unit must satisfy the requirements for assessors in applicable vocational educational and training legislation, frameworks and/or standards.

Foundation Skills

This section describes language, literacy, numeracy and employment skills incorporated in the performance criteria that are required for competent performance.


Performance Criteria



1.1-1.4, 5.2, 5.3

Employs a range of strategies to refine performance skills and continuously develop technical skills



Interprets expression and stylistic conventions from written music


1.2, 1.3, 2.5, 5.2

Uses appropriate terminology and text for the performance piece, using the conventions of style and genre

Records areas for future improvement in a format that can be easily monitored and annotated as changes occur

Oral Communication

1.1, 1.7, 2.2, 3.4, 4.4, 5.1, 5.3

Uses clear and appropriate language to liaise with others, listening and responding to feedback to clarify understanding and ensure best possible performance

Applies appropriate strategies to listen for musical constructs and apply these in own practice

Navigate the world of work

1.8, 2.4, 4.1

Considers legislative responsibilities in preparing and presenting work

Interact with others

1.1, 2.2, 4.4, 5.3

Collaborates and consults on creative processes

Get the work done

1.1-1.7, 2.1-2.5, 3.4, 4.1, 4.5, 4.6, 5.1-5.3

Plans, organises and implements tasks to achieve set goals

Makes decisions directly related to own role

Explores new ideas and approaches to solve problems and enhance the creative product

Analyses and evaluates performance and feedback to improve the creative process


Performing arts – music performance