Round softwood logs

This unit describes the outcomes required to round softwood logs to a set diameter. The unit includes assessing logs for diameter, species, faults and moisture contentGeneral workplace legislative and regulatory requirements apply to this unit; however there are no specific licensing or certification requirements at the time of publicationThis unit replaces FPISAW2207A Round softwood logs


The unit involves rounding softwood logs in a forest products factory setting

The skills and knowledge required for competent workplace performance are to be used within the scope of the person's job and authority

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare for rounding

1.1. Applicable Occupational Health and Safety (OHS), environmental, legislative and organisational requirements relevant to rounding softwood logs are identified and followed

1.2. Work order is reviewed and checked with appropriate personnel

1.3. Type and quantity of logs to be rounded are selected from the storage location

1.4. Equipment is selected appropriate to work requirements and checked for operational effectiveness in line with manufacturer's recommendations

1.5. Rounding process is planned in line with site procedures

1.6. Communication with others is established and maintained in line with OHS requirements

2. Round logs

2.1. Pre start-up checks are carried out on equipment in line with site requirements

2.2. Scanner is calibrated in line with site requirements

2.3. Material is fed into the machine at the feed rate prescribed by organisational requirements

2.4. Rounding process is maintained and adjusted to produce the required quantity of logs and to maximise the feed rate

2.5. Rounding process and conveyors are regularly checked and adjusted to maintain the desired quality and output

2.6. Logs with defects is segregated or rejected and disposed of in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

2.7. Rounding process and equipment faults are recorded and reported to the appropriate personnel

2.8. Rounded logs safely directed to storage in a designated location in line with work order requirements

3. Conduct operator maintenance

3.1. Equipment lock-out procedures are followed in line with OHS legislation and site procedures

3.2. Cutters are checked for blunt or damaged condition

3.3. Blunt or damaged cutters are removed, replaced and dealt with in line with site procedures, manufacturer's recommendations and environmental requirements

3.4. Machine area is kept clear of dust and debris in line with OHS requirements

4. Complete handover

4.1. Production and quality records are completed and printed in line with standard operating procedures

4.2. Back-up files are created in line with standard operating procedures

4.3. Documentation is handed over to changeover operator and briefing of operations conducted

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit

Required skills

The ability to comply with legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices and procedures related to rounding softwood logs

Technical skills sufficient to use and maintain relevant tools, machinery and equipment; efficiently and safely round softwood logs

Communication skills and interpersonal techniques sufficient to interact appropriately with colleagues and others in the workplace

Literacy skills sufficient to procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Numeracy skills sufficient to estimate, measure and calculate diameters, machine settings and calibrations and time required to complete a task

Problem solving skills sufficient to review and accurately identify work requirements; identify problems and equipment faults and demonstrate appropriate response procedures

Required knowledge

Applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the full range of processes to round softwood timber

Environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material, minimising carbon emissions and the cleaning of plant, tools and equipment

Organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for rounding softwood logs

Environmental risks and hazards

Log rounding systems, processes, feed rates and finish

Characteristics of timber and timber defects

Cutter condition assessment

Storage systems and labelling

Established communication channels and protocols

Problem identification and resolution strategies and common fault finding techniques

Types of tools and equipment and procedures for their safe use, operation and maintenance

Appropriate mathematical procedures for estimating and measuring, including calculating time to complete tasks

Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can safely round softwood logs within organisational requirements

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements of this unit and include demonstration of:

follow applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice relevant to rounding softwood logs

follow organisational policies and procedures relevant to rounding softwood logs

rounding softwood logs in line with the work order and within prescribed organisational specifications

conducting operator maintenance on rounding plant

storing poles in line with organisational requirements and OHS regulations

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or realistically simulated workplace

Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of required knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context

Assessment is to follow relevant regulatory or Australian Standards requirements

The following resources should be made available:

workplace location or simulated workplace

materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit

specifications and work instructions

Method of assessment

Assessment must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of required knowledge

Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on required knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills

Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and correctly interpret and apply the required knowledge

Assessment may be applied under project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate

Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English

Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment

Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

OHS requirements:

are to be in line with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

personal protective equipment and clothing

safety equipment

first aid equipment

fire fighting equipment

hazard and risk control

fatigue management

elimination of hazardous materials and substances

manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

machine isolation and guarding

Environmental requirements may include:


organisational policies and procedures

workplace practices

Legislative requirements:

are to be in line with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

award and enterprise agreements

industrial relations

Australian Standards

confidentiality and privacy


the environment

equal opportunity


relevant industry codes of practice

duty of care

Organisational requirements may include:


organisational and site guidelines

policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility

quality assurance

procedural manuals

quality and continuous improvement processes and standards

OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures

ethical standards

recording and reporting requirements

equipment use and maintenance and storage requirements

environmental management requirements (waste minimisation and disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Work order is to include:

instructions for the rounding of logs and despatch of logs from the work site to down-stream processing

and may include:







and may also include:

instructions for the environmental monitoring of work and procedures

environmental care requirements relevant to the work

Appropriate personnel may include:






Logs is to include:

assessment of:

diameter range




moisture content


is the process of forcing a log through a rounding machine which shapes the debarked log into a round pole, making the pole available for further down-stream processing and out-feeding the waste for landscaping supplies

Storage locations may include:

storage racks

storage bays



pallet boxes

modularised storage components

temporary stacking bays (stand, frame or ground)

and may be divided into:

standard product classification

product designation



stack number



shelf life

stock rotation position

Equipment is to include:

measuring equipment

rounding plant

and may include:

automated storage-conveyor systems

automated diameter and length sorting systems

and is to include:

procedures for machine lock-out such as protecting operators and co-workers from accidental injury by isolating the machine from the power source

Communication may include:

verbal and non-verbal language

constructive feedback

active listening

questioning to clarify and confirm understanding

use of positive, confident and cooperative language

use of language and concepts appropriate to individual social and cultural differences

control of tone of voice

body language

Pre start-up checks

are conducted to ensure:

rounding plant has been set-up correctly

cutters are installed accurately

machinery is operating to optimum performance

Scanner is to include:

calibration for sizing

problem identification such as:


sorting pockets

monitor failure

Feed rate is to include:

rate of speed the material is passed through the machine affecting the sharpness of the cutters

finish of the material

production output

Conveyors are to include:

belts, chutes or travelator methods of transporting logs to and from the rounding plant, which may be automated in conjunction with the log storage area

Defects may include:

incorrect moisture content





insect defects


resin pockets

Disposing of may include:

recycling rejected timber

re-using rejected timber

Recorded and reported may include:

the rounding system

product type



grading and labelling outcomes

storage locations

quality outcomes



equipment malfunctions

and may be:


using a computer-based system or other appropriate organisational communication system

Dealing with may include:

repairing blunt or damaged cutters

disposing of blunt or damaged cutters that cannot be repaired

Back-up file

is the process of copying operating documents and records onto a computer back-up device which is subsequently removed from the site


Unit sector

No sector assigned

Competency Field

Sawmilling and Processing

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills

Licensing Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor