Set up for basic gravure printing

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to set up for routine gravure printing.


This unit requires the individual to set up gravure printing machines for routine print jobs. The individual will conduct a proof run and adjust settings to ensure production speeds are attained.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Confirm routine job specifications

1.1. Job requirements are read and interpreted from job documentation or production control system

1.2. Set up is carried out correctly in minimum time with minimum wastage

1.3. Availability of all job related components is checked

2. Set up reels

2.1. Unwind and rewind reels is are set up and adjusted according to job specifications

2.2. Webbing procedures are carried out according to job specifications

2.3. Web-control system is set up and adjusted according to job specifications

2.4. Reels are spliced/joined according to job specifications

2.5. Printed web viewing devices are set up and adjusted according to job specifications

2.6. The folder and sheeter are set up and adjusted according to job specifications

2.7. Set off/marking prevention devices are set up and adjusted according to job specifications

3. Select and prepare inks and additives (basic)

3.1. Inks, dyes or additives are selected according to job specifications and end-user requirements

3.2. Quality and suitability of inks, dyes or additives are checked and appropriate action is taken

3.3. Inks, dyes and additives are prepared according to OHS requirements, and manufacturer's/supplier's instructions with suitable precautions to minimise waste

3.4. Correct colour and weight/volume of ink are mixed and prepared to match the requirements of the printing process and job specifications

3.5. Formulation of the ink, colour match and the approved colour are appropriately recorded

3.6. Inks, dyes and additives are appropriately labelled, handled and stored according to manufacturer's/ supplier's instructions to prevent damage and hazards to personnel and prolong shelf life

4. Set up machine for basic gravure printing

4.1. Gravure cylinders are selected, installed, set up and adjusted according to job specifications

4.2. Impression roller is set up and adjusted according to job specifications

4.3. Inking system/doctor blade is set up and adjusted according to the gravure process and job specifications

4.4. Drying system is set up and adjusted according to job specifications

5. Conduct proof run

5.1. Material to be used for proof is organised correctly

5.2. Machine is operated according to manufacturer's and enterprise procedures to produce a specified proof

5.3. Proof is visually inspected and/or tested or laboratory testing organised according to enterprise procedures

5.4. Production does not commence without client OK or authority where appropriate

5.5. If necessary, results are interpreted and adjustments made according to product and machine specifications

Required Skills

Required skills

OHS in relation to operating machinery such as safely switching off machinery before cleaning is started

communication of ideas and information by interpreting job tickets and requirements

collecting, analysing and organising information by collecting and assessing data about printing process and machine specifications and characteristics and how these interact

planning and organising activities by providing input into production scheduling about time requirements for set up to ensure efficient operation

teamwork when working with other workers to coordinate set up to ensure efficient operation

mathematical ideas and techniques by calculating cylinder position and substrate requirements for the job

problem-solving skills by recognising proofing faults and determining adjustments to correct them

use of technology by using monitoring equipment and interpreting readouts

Required knowledge

vital information required on job ticket

checks prior to set up (availability of materials etc.)

correct cylinders chosen for the job

important considerations when handling gravure cylinders

parts of the unit that need to be checked to ensure the cylinder is correctly installed

OHS factors that need to be considered when operating the reel in-feed and delivery systems

how the printing side of the material ischosen

what would be the effect of low web tension on the print

what other types of web splices could be used appropriately for the job

risks associated with the rewind of the machine

what would be the effect of excessive web tension at the rewind of the machine

what are the environmental and OHS concerns with regard to inks and additives

how is the suitability of ink matched to the particular job

what would happen if the ink were too viscose

how would an ink that was slightly light be modified to meet the needs of the job

what methods are available to check the ink for correct colour

who passes the colour prior to running the job

what precautions are necessary when handling doctor blades

how are the machine specifications determined, relating to the specific job

what steps should be taken to ensure that the inking system was adjusted correctly

why is the inking system ink level maintained at a certain level

what is the optimum make ready speed for the job

what steps are taken to incorporate the in-line processes into the make ready

how is the equipment used in in-line processing protected against damage during set up

what methods can be used to minimise waste during make ready

what procedures are undertaken to have the print approved

what quality control measurements should be applied to the proof to test against known standards

what do you check on the initial print prior to running

how are the settings to be adjusted determined

what process is used to plot the success of the machine adjustment

how are the final results recorded for future reference

what machine manuals, safety and other documentation are relevant to this task and where are they kept and information included in these documents

Evidence Required

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Evidence of the ability to:

correctly set up gravure printing machines for routine print jobs. The individual will conduct a proof run and adjust settings to ensure production speeds are attained

demonstrate use of computerised control, monitoring and data entry systems if available and appropriate

demonstrate an ability to find and use information relevant to the task from a variety of information sources

demonstrate all safety devices on the machine

set up a press on TWO occasions for basic gravure printing (if possible including at least ONE in-line process) according to manufacturer's specifications, enterprise procedures and the Performance Criteria

evidence for assessment may be gathered from assessment of the unit of competency alone or through an integrated assessment activity.

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Assessment must ensure:

assessment may take place on the job, off the job or a combination of these. Off the job assessment must be undertaken in a closely simulated workplace environment

gravure printing machine with in-line units.

Method of assessment

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

direct questioning combined with review of portfolios of evidence and third party workplace reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate.

Guidance information for assessment

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

ICPSU201C Prepare, load and unload reels and cores on and off machine

ICPSU207C Prepare machine for operation (basic)

ICPSU211C Prepare ink and additives

ICPPR322C Produce basic gravure printed product.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Inks/coatings may include:

range of standard inks commonly used in 1-2 colour printing

Colour matching systems may include:

use of visual colour assessment and densitometry to match basic standard colours under controlled lighting conditions..

Machines may include:

a range of in-line gravure printing machines with manual, semi-automated, fully automated or computerised process control.

Design may include:

1-2 colours, simple graphics and text. Minor variations in registration and position.

In-line processes may include:

minor processes that are integral to this competency can include basic in-line operations such as perforating, numbering, date coding, slitting that do not in themselves constitute another defined unit of competency. Where a major in-line process is defined as a separate competency (eg flat-bed cutting, folding) it should be assessed as such.

Substratetypes may include:

range of substrates within the major categories of paper, board, or plastics or metal

wide or narrow reel handling systems.

Wide or narrow reel handling systems may include:

working to defined procedures under limited supervision.

Routine may include:

routine within this context relates to the set up and production of print runs. The set up of equipment and production is straightforward and does not involve a significant amount of deviation from using standard equipment settings. In this sense, routine does not refer to a job that an individual might repeat on a regular basis.


Unit sector

Competency Field


Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.