Manage operations and maintenance on vessels limited by tonnage or near coastal operations

This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to manage the operations of a commercial ocean-going vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations. It includes administration of vessel stability, cargo operations and planned maintenance system in compliance with Australian and international regulations and guidelines, protection of the marine environment and the safety of the vessel and people on board.


This unit applies to people who work in the maritime industry as Master or Chief Mate on a vessel of up to 500 gross tonnage (GT) or as a Watchkeeper on a vessel up to 3000 GT or as Master or Chief Mate on vessels up to 3000 GT operating in near coastal waters.

The unit is consistent with the relevant sections of STCW 95 and Marine Orders under the Australian Navigation Act 2012.


Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria


Manage maintenance of vessel stability and safety parameters


Vessel dynamic stability is interpreted and analysed


Vessel stability is correctly maintained in normal and adverse operational conditions


Vessel safety parameters are correctly maintained within normal operational limits during cargo operations


Administer planning of cargo operations on vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations


Impact of cargo operations on vessel stability is managed


Draft survey is conducted and used


Appropriate procedures are administered for all cargo operations


Administer planned maintenance system


Vessel routine preventative maintenance plan is correctly interpreted and implemented


Arrangements are made for maintenance activities to be carried out at required times


Repairs to vessel hull or equipment and/or repair or replacement of equipment or components are organised according to procedures


Dock or slip vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations


Type of slipway, dock or vessel lifting facility is identified and suitability for type of hull assessed


Hull data is correctly interpreted and recorded


Appropriate plan is prepared for procedures to be taken onboard vessel prior to, during and on completion of proposed slipping or docking operations


Cradle is correctly prepared prior to slipping of vessel


Appropriate precautions are taken prior to slipping and refloating of vessel and when shoring/supporting vessel


Vessel is correctly refloated after slipping and maintenance operations


Carry out inspection and maintenance procedures on vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations


Inspections of vessel hull, equipment and components are carried out according to company maintenance schedules and vessel manufacturer instructions


Deterioration of vessel structure and fittings is identified and appropriate maintenance action is initiated according to work health and safety (WHS)/occupational health and safety (OHS) and pollution control requirements, company procedures and manufacturer instructions


Lubricants, marine preservatives or finishes are applied correctly using appropriate application equipment according to WHS/OHS requirements, company procedures and manufacturer instructions


Problems in application of lubricants, marine preservatives, finishes and other maintenance materials and chemicals are identified and reported, and appropriate remedial action is initiated


Records of maintenance and lubrication work carried out are completed according to procedures


Administer correct selection and use of maintenance equipment and materials


Tools and equipment are correctly identified and used according to WHS/OHS requirements


Maintenance materials are obtained


Defective equipment and materials are identified and reported


Maintenance equipment and materials are correctly cleaned and stored after use

Required Skills

Required Skills:

Communicate effectively with other personnel when managing operations and maintenance of vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations

Communicate with multilingual crew using established techniques

Comply with relevant maritime regulations

Identify problems that can occur when managing operations and maintenance of vessel and initiate appropriate action

Interpret and follow all safety management procedures and precautions when managing operations and maintenance of vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations

Interpret and monitor application procedures for managing operations and maintenance of vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations

Monitor selection and use of publications, materials, tools and other equipment involved in managing operations and maintenance of vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations

Prepare appropriate reports on outcomes of inspection and maintenance activities

Provide leadership to other shipboard personnel when managing operations and maintenance of vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations

Read and interpret:

safety data sheets (SDS)/material safety data sheets (MSDS

vessel and machinery specifications, gross and net tonnage, machinery design drawings, machine drawings, operational manuals, specifications, and electrical and control circuit diagrams

Take appropriate precautions to prevent pollution of marine environment

Required Knowledge:

Applicable legislation, regulations and codes of practice

Documents and records, including:

relevant maritime regulations

company maintenance procedures

instructions of relevant maritime authorities related to operations and maintenance of vessels

maintenance schedules and records

vessel and equipment manufacturer instructions, specifications and recommended procedures

stability and cargo documents pertaining to vessel limited by tonnage or near coastal operations

Maintenance records that must be kept on vessel to meet requirements of company and regulatory authorities

Nature and causes of corrosion of marine surfaces and structures, and available methods for its control

Operational management and maintenance:

routine maintenance inspections

administering repairs of minor faults and imperfections in painted surfaces and managing preparation of marine surfaces prior to application of prescribed marine coating

identifying deterioration of vessel structure and fittings

identifying faulty equipment or fittings and arranging for repair or replacement

managing application of lubricants to moving parts of vessel equipment

managing vessel stability both normal and adverse operational conditions

managing vessel cargo operation procedures

Principal features of structure of vessel, with a basic understanding of properties and application of materials used in vessel construction

Procedures for:

checking and inspecting vessel stability during a range of operational conditions, including loading and discharging of cargo as part of routine procedures to ensure compliance with company requirements and established safety rules and regulations

initiating and coordinating repair and/or replacement procedures on board vessels

Publications, tools and equipment required for operational management and maintenance:

cargo and stability calculators and publications

electric and pneumatic power tools such as grinders, sanders, drills and hand tools, including chipping hammers and scrapers

marine preservative finish application equipment such as brushes, spay guns, rollers and greasing and lubrication tools

rinsing and storing equipment

protective clothing and equipment (eye and ear protection, safety boots, dust and fume masks)

Relevant sections of applicable maritime regulations

Relevant WHS/OHS and pollution control legislation and policies

Safety, environmental and hazard control precautions and procedures relevant to inspection and maintenance operations

Slipping and docking procedures suitable for various types of hull forms, including communication techniques used

Typical problems relating to slipping and maintaining vessels and appropriate action and solutions

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, the required skills and knowledge, the range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the Elements, Performance Criteria, Required Skills, Required Knowledge and include:

taking prompt action to report and/or rectify operational and maintenance problems

completing work systematically with required attention to detail

recognising and adapting appropriately to cultural differences in the workplace, including modes of behaviour and interactions among crew and others

carrying out operational management of vessel while underway, when berthed or moored, when slipped or in dry dock, during routine or unplanned events.

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Performance is demonstrated consistently over time and in a suitable range of contexts.

Resources for assessment include access to:

industry-approved marine operations site where managing the operations and maintenance on vessels limited by tonnage or near coastal operations can be conducted

tools, equipment and personal protective equipment currently used in industry

relevant regulatory and equipment documentation that impacts on work activities

range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or other simulated practical and knowledge assessments

appropriate range of relevant operational situations in the workplace.

In both real and simulated environments, access is required to:

relevant and appropriate materials and equipment

applicable documentation including workplace procedures, regulations, codes of practice and operation manuals.

Method of assessment

Practical assessment must occur in an:

appropriately simulated workplace environment and/or

appropriate range of situations in the workplace.

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate to this unit:

direct observation of the candidate managing the operations and maintenance on vessels limited by tonnage or near coastal operations

direct observation of the candidate applying relevant WHS/OHS requirements and work practices.

Guidance information for assessment

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended.

In all cases where practical assessment is used it should be combined with targeted questioning to assess Required Knowledge.

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language and literacy requirements of the work being performed and the capacity of the candidate.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below.

Vessel may include:

Vessel up to 500 GT operating in international waters

Vessel up to 3000 GT operating in near coastal waters

Deterioration of vessel structure and fittings may include:

Corrosion of hull fittings and equipment

Decay of timber surfaces

Osmosis and underwater blistering of painted and fibreglass finishes


Not applicable.

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.