Make a small furniture item from timber

This competency standard covers the skills required to make a small timber furniture item in accordance with the requirements of an established design and in a simulated or trial manufacturing environment where there is a high degree of direct supervision. The work may or may not involve electrical machinery.The elements of this unit should always be assessed in conjunction with other units that relate to the requirements of a specified work or job function.Training and assessment against this competency unit must incorporate all relevant OHS and related legislative requirements.


This unit applies to a learning and assessment environment where access to normal production operations is not available . A typical environment will be for application in a VET in Schools delivery environment or other simulated or trial manufacturing environment where a high degree of supervision exists.

The unit has applications in qualifications for the broad manufacturing of timber furniture products where the project is based upon the construction of a simple timber item such as:, jewellery boxes, CD racks, timber stools and stationery trays and picture frames.

The unit should be applied to a specific 'project'/ or task which has a defined beginning, middle and end, occurs over an extended period of time, and is reflective of furniture manufacturing industry and/or organisation.

When delivered/assessed as part of a qualification the unit should be customised to ensure its relevance to a real or simulated work activity and related workplaces and must be delivered and assessed over a period of time.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Identify job requirements

1.1. Specifications for small furniture item are identified from work instructions.

1.2. Design is interpreted to determine tool, equipment and materials and space requirements.

1.3. Cutting, joining and finishing requirements are identified

1.4. OH&S requirements are considered

2. Prepare for work

2.1. Suitable work area is selected for the task.

2.2. Work area is prepared according to OH&S and ergonomic requirements.

2.3. Appropriate tools, equipment and materials are selected in accordance with the specifications for work.

2.4. Equipment and machinery are cleaned, checked, and adjusted in accordance with workplace procedure.

2.5. Potential hazards are identified from observation of the tools, equipment, materials and workplace and either rectified or reported to supervisor

2.6. Records are kept in accordance with workplace requirements.

3. Produce work

3.1. Timber is cut according to specifications and OH&S requirements.

3.2. Edges and surfaces are prepared according to specifications and OH&S requirements.

3.3. Timber pieces are joined according to item specifications and OH&S requirements .

3.4. Work is checked against specifications at the identified checkpoints

3.5. Non-conformity with the required specifications including quality standards is rectified .

3.6. Work is finished according to specifications, including quality standards and OH&S requirements .

4. Complete work

4.1. Completed work is checked against specifications.

4.2. Unused materials are returned to storage and waste and scrap are dealt with following workplace procedures.

4.3. Work area is cleaned, tools and equipment are returned to storage.

4.4. Documentation is completed following workplace procedures.

Required Skills

Required skills

Skills required to apply this competency standard in the workplace include:

communicate and work effectively and safely with others

complete a basic furniture construction project to specifications,

comply with OH&S requirements,

correct and safe use of hand tools and power equipment

comply with safety instructions and any OH&S legislation /regulations /codes of practice applicable to workplace operations

collect, organise and understand information related to basic plans

plan and organise activities

use mathematical ideas and techniques for measuring and calculation of areas and estimated materials requirements.

ability to follow instructions and specifications and ask for help where needed

Required knowledge

workplace procedures and work instructions

quality requirements

furniture construction terminology

tool, equipment and material types and uses

plans, drawings and specifications

safety precautions with hazardous materials and equipment

organisational or workplace structure

evaluation and review procedures

creative thinking techniques

Evidence Required

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Knowledge and application of relevant sections of:

occupational, health and safety legislation; statutory legislation;

enterprise/site safety procedures;

enterprise/site emergency procedures

preparation and planning of work

perform normal operator maintenance of work area to enable work to be conducted safely and efficiently

relevant standards and procedures

interpret work instructions and locate and apply relevant information.

apply safe handling requirements for equipment, products and materials, including use of personal protective equipment.

follow work instructions, operating procedures and inspection practices to:

minimise the risk of injury to self or others

prevent damage to goods, equipment or products

achieve required production output and product quality.

adapt or vary furnishing product designs.

construct, assemble and finish at least one basic furnishing product from the list in the range statement.

work effectively with others.

modify activities to cater for variations in workplace contexts and environment.

Context of assessment

Assessment may occur on the job or in a workplace simulated facility with relevant equipment, materials, work instructions and deadlines.

Specific resources required for assessment

Access to plans, hand and/or power tools, equipment, materials, woodworking machinery and a work area.

Access is required to opportunities and appropriate resources to either:

carry out a range of suitably simulated practical and knowledge assessments that demonstrate the skills and knowledge to work safely (usually as part of a holistic assessment involving other competency units), and/or

participate in actual workplace activities that demonstrate the skills and knowledge to work safely

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

What can a small furniture item include?

A small furniture item from timber can include:

small decorative box, with or without a lid

wooden photo album

simple stool/ chair


CD rack

chopping board

simple table.

What are the work instructions?

Work instructions may include:

job sheets



drawings and sketches

verbal or illustrated directions from supervisor

number and type of objects to be produced

quality requirements.

OH&S requirements

environmental requirements

What can OH&S requirements include?

OH&S requirements may include:

equipment safety instructions

hazardous and dangerous goods codes

local safe operating procedures

specific workplace rules regarding personal protective wear and equipment.

What can a suitable work area include?

A suitable work area may include:


desk or table



floor suitable for layout and assembly

What can appropriate tools, equipment and materials include?

Appropriate tools will vary according to the project, but may include:

manual saw






screw driver


pliers and pincers


miter cutter

90 degree angle

staple gun



measuring tapes/ rulers

spirit level



Appropriate equipment could include:

electric saw

electric sander

electric screw driver

power drills

panel laners

horizontal borers

vertical drill presses

pedestal grinders

pencils and marking devices



Appropriate materials could include:


manufactured boards






hinges and metal fasteners





paints and stains.

What potential hazards include?

Potential hazards may include:

broken or faulty equipment

unnoticed sharp objects

poor lighting

inadequate ventilation

inadequate attention to the activities of others

electrical shortages and power overload

disorganised or cluttered workspace (poor housekeeping)

poor attention when dealing with tools and equipment.

environmental chemicals, heat, dust, noise, gas and oil.

What could records include?

Records could include:

plant and maintenance records

job cards

check sheets

reporting requirements

documenting equipment and/or material defects

Workplace procedures relating to the use of tools and equipment.

equipment booking forms and records

attendance records.

What could specifications include?

Specifications could include:

measurements and dimensions


joining methods

surface finish, for example paint, varnish etc.

quality standard

materials to be used

What is involved in making sure edges and surfaces are prepared?

Preparing edges and surfaces could include:




What is involved in making sure timber pieces are joined?

Joining timber pieces could include attaching pieces together with:





What is involved in making sure non-conformities are rectified?

Rectifying non-conformities could involve:

disassembly of the furniture item

reshaping /resizing or re-cutting component materials


What is involved in making sure work is finished?

Finishing work can include:







What documentation could be relevant?

Documentation could include:

completing necessary paperwork

communicating with supervisor that you have completed the task

photographing the finisher piece

filing necessary paperwork.


Unit sector

Manufacturing Pathways

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.