This unit has application to all aquaculture, holding and ornamental facilities and their operations. Aquaculture enterprises are required to meet strict environmental requirements as part of their conditions of operation.
Supervisory skills are covered by AHCWRK403A Supervise work routines and staff performance.
All enterprise or workplace procedures and activities are carried out according to relevant government regulations, licensing and other compliance requirements, including occupational health and safety (OHS) guidelines and ecologically sustainable development (ESD) principles.
Equipment operation, maintenance, repairs and calibrations are undertaken in a safe manner that conforms to manufacturer instructions. Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) is selected, checked, used and maintained.
Elements and Performance Criteria
1. Coordinate water quality and environmental monitoring programs
1.1. Strategies for meeting legislative and environmental obligations and allocations of labour and financial resources are confirmed with management.
1.2. Water quality variables and environmental criteria to be monitored are selected according to monitoring plans, and monitoring schedules are prepared and conveyed to staff.
1.3. External contractors are briefed on management policies and priorities.
1.4. Monitoring systems are developed to ensure that the quality of the water supply system meets the requirements of the cultured or held stock.
1.5. Options for mechanisation or automation of process or activity are assessed, including the use of specialised contract services, and recommendations made to senior personnel.
2. Develop effluent and waste treatment and disposal programs
2.1. Environmental risks are determined and effluent and waste treatment and disposalprograms are developed to minimise emissions and discharges according to legislative requirements.
2.2. Options for on-site or off-site disposal of wastes are evaluated against environmental management plan.
2.3. Adverse environmental impacts due to effluent and waste treatments and disposal are minimised.
3. Manage water use for facility
3.1. Water is sourced from locations other than mains water, where possible and where appropriate.
3.2. On-land run-off or overflow water is managed to optimise its use and minimise pollutants entering river and drainage systems, settlement ponds or effluent treatment works are used appropriately according to management policies.
3.3. Culture or holding structures are positioned to achieve appropriate water flow and quality.
3.4. Stock production strategies are developed to efficiently use available water supply.
3.5. Water utilisation strategies are developed to minimise evaporation, run-off and seepage of water.
3.6. Contamination of water effluent with chemicals is minimised through sound utilisation strategies.
4. Finalise environmental protection activities
4.1. Clean up of work area, including repairs and storage of equipment, is supervised and condition report prepared.
4.2. Relevant environmental protection data, observations or information are recorded legibly and accurately, and any out of range or unusual records checked.
4.3. Compliance and other required reports are prepared and conveyed to senior personnel advising of the effectiveness of environmental protection, and recommendations made for improvements.
4.4. Staff are given feedback on their work performance.
4.5. Innovations in environmental protection are examined and implemented, when appropriate.
4.6. All environmental protection activities are confirmed as complying with government regulations and requirements.
4.7. Administrative planning takes into account the evaluation of environmental assets for insurance purposes.
briefing staff on monitoring requirements and external contractors on management policy
confirming legislative and environmental obligations with management
assessing options for mechanisation or automation of process or activity, including the use of specialised contract services
conserving energy resources
coordinating the implementation and monitoring of multiple strategies to achieve ecologically ESD principles
managing water use
providing feedback to staff on performance in relation to monitoring and environmental protection activities
researching and analysing options for disposal of waste, the use of mechanised or automated equipment, and the use of contract services
reporting orally and in writing on environmental protection data and compliance to senior personnel
undertaking an environmental audit.
Literacy skills used for:
developing and documenting monitoring schedules
reading and interpreting environmental protection guidelines and management polices
reading and writing reports
researching innovations in environmental protection.
Numeracy skills used for:
interpreting monitoring records.
conservation of energy and water resources
energy flows and food webs
environmental control standards
legislative requirements, including OHS, HAZCHEM, duty of care and dangerous goods
light or noise control
principles of composting and waste management
principles of sustainable aquaculture, seafood holding or ornamental systems
principles of recycling, reuse and reduction of wastes
sediment or soil testing processes and procedures and results interpretation.
The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.
Overview of assessment
Critical aspects for assessment evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit
Assessment must confirm the ability to:
implement sustainable practices in the aquaculture, seafood holding or ornamental workplace.
Assessment must confirm knowledge of:
conservation of energy and water resources
environmental control standards
legislative requirements, including OHS
principles of sustainable systems for aquaculture, seafood holding or ornamental facilities
principles of composting and waste management.
Context of and specific resources for assessment
Assessment is to be conducted at the workplace or in a simulated work environment. Coordination of sustainable practices is best assessed over a period of time and taking into account a range of environmental management strategies.
Resources may include:
functional aquaculture, seafood holding or ornamental facility
Method of assessment
The following assessment methods are suggested:
project (work or scenario based)
case study analysis
written and oral short-answer tests.
Guidance information for assessment
This unit may be assessed holistically with other units within a qualification.
The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.
Relevant government regulations, licensing and other compliance requirements may include:
business or workplace operations, policies and practices:
commercial law, including fair trading and trade practices
corporate law, including registration, licensing and financial reporting
disability policies and practices
equal opportunity, anti-discrimination and sexual harassment
industrial relations and awards, individual employment contracts and share of catch agreements
warnings and dismissals
ESD principles, environmental hazard identification, risk assessment and control
fisheries or aquaculture regulations, permits, licences, quotas, catch restrictions and other compliance requirements, including:
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone
international treaties and agreements
imports quarantine and inspection, and importing approved arrangements for Australian Quarantine Inspection Service (AQIS), Australian Customs Service (ACS) and Biosecurity Australia (BA)
Indigenous native title, land claims and cultural activities, including fishing by traditional methods
maritime and occupational diving operations:
foreign and Australian legislation applying to quarantine and customs
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW 1978)
Marine Emergency Response Search and Rescue (MERSAR)
National Standards for Commercial Vessels
pollution prevention - International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78)
Uniform Shipping Laws (USL) Code
use of vessels, right of way and other marine orders, bunkering and refuelling
land, buildings and vehicles:
buildings and structures design and appearance, constructions and additions
poaching, trespass and theft
road laws for use of motor vehicles, bikes, trucks and other transport equipment
soil and water management
use of chemicals and biological agents
use of firearms and powerheads
use of utilities, including water, natural gas, electricity and sewage
water or land lease, tenure or ownership and use
OHS hazard identification, risk assessment and control
product quality assurance:
correct naming and labelling (e.g. country of origin, Australian Fish Names Standard and eco-labelling)
correct quantities, sizes and other customer requirements
third-party certification (e.g. Australian Grown and ISO 14001:2004 Environmental management systems).
OHS guidelines may include:
appropriate workplace provision of first aid kits and fire extinguishers
clean, uncluttered, hygienic workplace
codes of practice, regulations and/or guidance notes which may apply in a jurisdiction or industry sector
enterprise-specific OHS procedures, policies or standards
hazard and risk assessment of workplace, maintenance activities and control measures
induction or training of staff, contractors and visitors in relevant OHS procedures and/or requirements to allow them to carry out their duties in a safe manner
OHS training register
safe lifting, carrying and handling techniques, including manual handling, and the handling and storage of hazardous substances
safe systems and procedures for outdoor work, including protection from solar radiation, fall protection, confined space entry and the protection of people in the workplace
systems and procedures for the safe maintenance of property, machinery and equipment, including hydraulics and exposed moving parts
the appropriate use, maintenance and storage of PPE.
ESD principles may include:
controlling use and recycling of water, and managing water quality and quantity
increasing use of renewable, recyclable and recoverable resources
managing environmental hazard identification, risk assessment and control
managing imported products quarantine and inspection, facility biosecurity, translocation of livestock and genetic material, and health certification
managing stock health and welfare, especially for handling, holding, transport and slaughter
managing sustainable fisheries or broodstock/seedstock collection requirements, such as size limits, quotas, season restrictions, population dynamics, fishing impacts, reducing by-catch, fisheries management strategies and maintaining biodiversity
managing, controlling and treating effluents, chemical residues, contaminants, wastes and pollution
minimising noise, dust, light or odour emissions
planning environmental and resource efficiency improvements
preventing genetically modified and live cultured or held organisms from escaping into environment
protecting native and protected flora and fauna, marine or land parks or areas, adhering to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES), the Ramsar Convention, World Heritage and other international treaties for which Australia is a signatory.
reducing emissions of greenhouse gases
reducing use of non-renewable resources
reducing disturbances to soils, erosion and surface water flows from machinery use and other activities
reducing energy use and introducing alternative energy sources.
PPE may include:
buoyancy vest or personal floatation device (PFD)
gloves, mitts or gauntlets, and protective hand and arm covering
hard hat or protective head covering
hearing protection (e.g. ear plugs and ear muffs)
insulated protective clothing for freezers or chillers and refrigeration units
non-slip and waterproof boots (gumboots) or other safety footwear
personal locator beacon or Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB)
protective eyewear, glasses and face mask
protective hair, beard and boot covers
protective outdoor clothing for tropical conditions
respirator or face mask
sun protection (e.g. sun hat, sunscreen and sunglasses)
uniforms, overalls or protective clothing (e.g. mesh and waterproof aprons)
waterproof clothing (e.g. wet weather gear and waders).
Water quality variables may include:
dissolved organic matter
hardness and carbonate hardness
salinity and conductivity
turbidity, suspended and settleable solids.
Environmental criteria may include:
activity of pests and predators
climatic conditions (e.g. rainfall, amount of cloud cover, and wind direction and speed)
historic, cultural or other social issues
Indigenous issues (e.g. native title)
polyculture, aquaponics and hydroponics
tidal flow direction and speed
water quality variables
wave size and direction.
Waste treatment and disposal programs may include:
mechanical, chemical or biological filters
rearing of filter feeding species, aquatic plants or seaweed
self-composting toilets or septic tanks
Emissions and discharges may include:
liquids and solids
Wastes may include:
moribund or dead stock
solid and soluble waste.
Run-off may include:
inefficient or defective drains
Chemicals may include:
pesticides, herbicides and other poisons.
This unit contains employability skills.
Refer to Unit Descriptor