This unit applies to those working as climbing guides or assistant guides for private outdoor adventure companies in permanent or mobile facilities, or group leaders in school outdoor education programs in a range of controlled artificial conditions that have easy access to the top and bottom of the pitch. The climbing site should be free from hazards and complex set-up, and anchors should be fixed, obvious and easily accessible.
This unit may also apply to outdoor recreation leaders working for outdoor education or adventure providers; volunteer groups; not-for-profit organisations or government agencies.
SISOVTR301A Perform vertical rescues
Elements and Performance Criteria
Elements describe the essential outcomes of a unit of competency.
Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the required skills and knowledge section and the range statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent with the evidence guide.
1. Plan climbing activity.
1.1. Conduct relevant assessments to determine the conditionofparticipants.
1.2. Develop an activity plan, according to relevant legislation and organisational policies and procedures, to meet participant's needs.
1.3. Select an appropriate activity site or location according to activity objectives, relevant legislation and organisational policies and procedures.
1.4. Identify hazards associated with climbing on artificial surfaces and minimise risks to ensure personal safety of participants.
1.5. Access relevantsources to interpret detailed weather and environmental information to determine activity plan, where applicable.
1.6. Inform appropriate authorities before commencing the climbing activity.
2. Select equipment for the group.
2.1. Select equipment according to contextual issues and organisational policies and procedures and check serviceability.
2.2. Assess equipment for safety and suitability, and adjust and fit to ensure personal comfort.
2.3. Establish anchors and belay system, ensuring it is in the correct position for the activity.
2.4. Check safety and rescue equipment to ensure suitability to the group and the abseil.
3. Brief participants.
3.1. Communicate instructions and relevant information about the climbing activity in a manner suitable to the participants.
3.2. Demonstrate correct climbing, belaying and back-up belaying techniques.
3.3. Establish a suitable communication system for participants to use while climbing and belaying.
3.4. Outline safety procedures and safe areas and or boundaries for the activity.
3.5. Check and confirm participants are properly equipped for the climb.
4. Supervise climbing activity.
4.1. Monitor climbing, belaying and back-up belaying techniques to ensure safety of participants.
4.2. Identify potential hazards and decide how they can be overcome or avoided.
4.3. Monitor individual participant's performance and provide appropriate feedback.
4.4. Implement appropriate modifications to activity in regard to all variable factors that are monitored.
5. Complete post-activity responsibilities.
5.1. Retrieve, inspect and store equipment according to organisational policies and procedures.
5.2. Evaluate relevant aspects of climbing activity.
5.3. Identify potential areas of improvement for future climbing activities.
5.4. Review own performance and identify potential improvements.
communication skills to:
consult with participants to plan a climbing activity that meets their needs
convey information about the safety aspects of the activity
interact with participants to create a safe and positive climbing environment
problem-solving skills to:
plan a suitable climbing activity
make decisions affecting activity including responding appropriately to non routine situations
planning and organising skills to:
source, allocate and coordinate resources, equipment and artificial pitch
organise participants into manageable groups for climbing and belaying
language and literacy skills to:
produce an activity plan
complete post activity participant and self evaluations
personal climbing skills to a high level of technical correctness to demonstrate and explain climbing and belaying techniques to participants
first aid and emergency response skills appropriate to the location to enable initial response to emergencies and personal health care.
relevant legislation and organisational policies and procedures to enable safe conduct of climbing activities
site specific information to assist in planning and enable management of potential climbing hazards, and any special restrictions applying to the site
equipment types, characteristics and technology used for climbing on artificial surfaces, the advantages and disadvantages of the range of equipment, and factors affecting appropriate selection of equipment
clothing and footwear requirements for climbing activities to ensure comfort and safety
care and maintenance of climbing equipment to ensure prolonged life span and safety requirements
climbing techniques and common communication methods and calls used between climbers and belayers to reduce risk during climbing on artificial surfaces
belay systems, devices and anchors appropriate for single pitch artificial surfaces
technical climbing knowledge, such as techniques and procedures to suit the features of the surface
weather and environmental information to ascertain possible conditions and their affect on the activity, if appropriate
hazards that may be experienced in an artificial climbing environment
emergency procedures, potential hazards and obstacles relevant to the location to ensure safety of self and others.
The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.
Overview of assessment
Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit
Evidence of the following is essential:
plans within activity constraints and guides and leads and monitors the group in a safe and professional manner
applies effective contingency management techniques to deal with a range of problems and issues that may arise during the climbing activity
encourages and responds to participant feedback and evaluates and reflects on own guiding performance to identify strengths, weaknesses and areas that need improvement.
Context of and specific resources for assessment
Assessment must ensure top rope that climbing activities reflect the needs of a range of participants and are of sufficient duration to demonstrate competency and consistency of performance.
Assessment must also ensure access to:
resources and information regarding participants and location to accurately plan, guide and document climbing activities for a variety of participants
an artificial climbing site suitable for the participants
a group of participants to take part in the climbing activity
equipment such as harnesses, helmets, belay devices, ropes, gloves and karabiners.
Method of assessment
A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:
observation of interacting with a group of participants, including conveying information for safe participation
oral or written questioning to assess knowledge of relevant legislation and organisational policies and procedures to enable safe conduct of all climbing activities
observation of dealing with contingencies such as changing weather conditions and equipment failure
review of climbing activity plans
third-party reports from a supervisor detailing performance.
Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:
SISOCLA303A Establish belays for climbing on artificial surfaces.
The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.
Condition of participants may include:
injuries and illnesses.
Plan may include:
activity aims and objectives
date, time and duration
location or site
guide and participant ratios
food and water
Relevant legislation may include:
occupational health and safety
permits or permission for access
Organisational policies and procedures may include:
occupational health and safety
use and maintenance of equipment
confidentiality of participant information
guide and participant ratios
emergency and safety procedures
code of ethics.
Activity objectives may include:
adventure and recreation.
Hazards may include:
slippery or unstable terrain
dangerous animals and insects
group management hazards.
Artificial surfaces may include:
portable or fixed walls
fixed towers or bridges
indoor or outdoor.
Risks may include:
Relevant sources may include:
Bureau of Meteorology
land managers or agencies
Weather and environmental information may include:
daily and weekly forecasts
maximum and minimum temperatures
Contextual issues may include:
weather conditions, including times
trip distance and duration
Appropriate authorities may include:
Equipment may include:
chalk and chalk bag
Belay system may include:
Relevant information may include:
personal equipment requirements
preventative measures for risks
climbing and belaying techniques
rules and codes.
Communication system may include:
Safety procedures may include:
A - anchors - secure and suitable to application
B - buckles - locked as per manufacturers recommendations
C - connector - locked, secured and orientated
D - devices - threaded correctly and secured
E - organisation specific procedures, including; end or rope knots, friction hitches, belayer ready, helmet chin strap, clothing, jewellery and hair secured.
F- friend - cross check.
Participant's performance may include:
use of appropriate communication system
negotiation of hazards
use of equipment.
Variable factors may include:
change of weather
Relevant aspects may include:
rescue techniques employed.
This unit contains employability skills.
No licensing, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.