Shift and Transfer Materials using an Excavator

1) This unit deals with the skills and knowledge required to undertake the shifting, loading and carrying of materials using an excavator in an environment where electricity is being generated.



This unit is intended to augment formally acquired competencies. It is suitable for employment-based programs under an approved contract of training.

License to practise


The skills and knowledge described in this unit may require a licence to practise in the workplace in some States or Territories. There may also be additional assessment activities required by regulatory authorities for the issue of the licence to practise.

Practice in this unit is subject to regulations directly related to Occupational Health and Safety and where applicable contracts of training such as apprenticeships and the like.


Prerequisite Unit(s)




Competency in this unit shall be assessed only after the following competencies have been acquired.


Comply with Occupational Health and Safety policy and procedures.

Elements and Performance Criteria




Plan and prepare work


Safety issues are identified to comply with enterprise/site requirements


Machine requirements/work identified and verified from job specifications


Quality assurance requirements recognised and adhered to


Locations of services identified from plans and drawings


Features identified from site drawings


Services are located on site, verified and marked


Work schedules are developed in accordance with job requirements


Pre-operational checks are carried out on plant in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations and site requirements


Where appropriate, the teams and individuals roles and responsibilities within the team are identified and, where required, assist in the provision of on-the-job training


Operate machine


Start up, park up and shut down procedures carried out in accordance with manufacturer's and/or site specific requirements


Method of operating machine adjusted to accommodate various weather and ground conditions


Safe grip and productivity maintained in varied conditions


Machine is operated in accordance with manufacturer's and/or site requirements to produce smooth movement of attachments


Machine is monitored to detect deviations from required operating conditions and faults acted upon or reported in accordance with site instructions/requirements


Emergency procedures are carried out in accordance with manufacturer's and/or site requirements


Abnormal operating conditions of the machine are identified and reported in accordance with requirements


Load is shifted and/or transferred in accordance with site requirements


Most appropriate load shifting device selected


Accessories are used to shift and transfer material in accordance with manufacturer's manual and job specifications


Complete documentation


Post operational checks and minor maintenance are carried out on machine and/or accessories in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations and site requirements


Documentation is updated and plant problems, movements, abnormalities and status are reported and logged in accordance with enterprise/site procedures

Required Skills

6) This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Evidence shall show that knowledge has been acquired of shifting and transferring materials using an excavator.

The extent of the Essential Knowledge and Associated Skills required follows:

Evidence shall show that knowledge has been acquired for safe working practices of:

Relevant Occupational Health and Safety regulations

Relevant statutory legislation

Relevant enterprise/site safety procedures

Enterprise/site emergency procedures

Operational and maintenance procedures

Equipment characteristics, technical capabilities and limitations

Basic geological and survey data

Attachments, their capabilities and limitations

Excavation and levelling techniques

Vehicle recording systems

Warning and directional signals

Levelling devices

Pre-start, start up and shut down procedures

Enterprise recording procedures

Communications principles

Introduction to power production plant

Typical arrangements of power production plant


Safe operating principles

Levelling devices, which may include laser levelling

Specific skills needed to achieve the Performance Criteria:

Apply relevant Occupational Health and Safety regulations

Apply relevant statutory legislation

Apply relevant enterprise/site safety procedures

Apply enterprise/site emergency procedures and techniques

Organising resources where applicable

Operate and maintain machinery and accessories

Use hand tools

Respond to emergencies

Apply pre-start, start up and shut down procedures

Communicate effectively

Inspect and diagnose machines and attachments

Shift and transfer materials

Apply data analysis techniques and tools.

Evidence Required

8) This provides essential advice for assessment of the competency standard unit and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria and the Range Statement of the competency standard unit and the Training Package Assessment Guidelines.

The Evidence Guide forms an integral part of this competency standard unit and shall be used in conjunction with all components parts of this unit and, performed in accordance with the Assessment Guidelines of this Training Package.

Overview of Assessment


Longitudinal competency development approaches to assessment, such as Profiling, require data to be reliably gathered in a form that can be consistently interpreted over time. This approach is best utilised in Apprenticeship programs and reduces assessment intervention. It is the Industry's preferred model for apprenticeships. However, where summative (or final) assessment is used it is to include the application of the competency in the normal work environment or, at a minimum, the application of the competency in a realistically simulated work environment. It is recognised that, in some circumstances, assessment in part or full can occur outside the workplace. However, it must be in accord with Industry and, Regulatory policy in this regard.

Methods chosen for a particular assessment will be influenced by various factors. These include the extent of the assessment, the most effective locations for the assessment activities to take place, access to physical resources, additional safety measures that may be required and the critical nature of the competencies being assessed.

The critical safety nature of working with electricity, electrical equipment, gas or any other hazardous substance/material carries risk in deeming a person competent. Hence, sources of evidence need to be 'rich' in nature so as to minimise error in judgment.

Activities associated with normal every day work have a bearing on the decision as to how much and how detailed the data gathered will contribute to its 'richness'. Some skills are more critical to safety and operational requirements while the same skills may be more or less frequently practised. These points are raised for the assessors to consider when choosing an assessment method and developing assessment instruments. Sample assessment instruments are included for Assessors in the Assessment Guidelines of this Training Package.

Critical aspects of evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit


Before the critical aspects of evidence are considered all prerequisites shall be met.

Evidence for competence in this unit shall be considered holistically. Each Element and associated Performance Criteria shall be demonstrated on at least two occasions in accordance with the "Assessment Guidelines - UEP06". Evidence shall also comprise:

A representative body of Performance Criteria demonstrated within the timeframes typically expected of the discipline, work function and industrial environment. In particular this shall incorporate evidence that shows a candidate is able to:

Implement Occupational Health and Safety workplace procedures and practices including the use of risk control measures as specified in the Performance Criteria and Range Statement

Apply sustainable energy principles and practices as specified in the Performance Criteria and Range Statement

Demonstrate an understanding of the Essential Knowledge and Associated Skills as described in 6) Essential Knowledge and Associated Skills of this unit

Demonstrate an appropriate level of skills enabling employment

Conduct work observing the relevant Anti Discrimination legislation, regulations, polices and workplace procedures

Demonstrated performance across a representative range of contexts from the prescribed items below:

Knowledge and application of relevant sections of: Occupational Health and Safety legislation; Statutory legislation; Enterprise/site safety procedures; Enterprise/site emergency procedures

Equipment capabilities and limitations

Minor maintenance procedures

Attaching/detaching required accessories and/or attachments

Preparation and planning of work

Operating and manoeuvring machines and attachments

Safely slinging loads

Shifting and transferring materials

Dealing with an unplanned event by drawing on Essential Knowledge and Skills to provide appropriate solutions incorporated in the holistic assessment with the above listed items.

Context of and specific resources for assessment


This unit should be assessed as it relates to normal work practice using procedures, information and resources typical of a workplace. This should include:

OHS policy and work procedures and instructions.

Suitable work environment, facilities, equipment and materials to undertake actual work as prescribed by this competency standard unit.

Competency Standards should be assessed in the workplace or simulated workplace and under the normal range of workplace conditions.

Assessment of this unit will be supported with documentary evidence, by means of endorsement stating type and application of work.

In addition to the resources listed above in Context of assessment', evidence should show competency working, in limited spaces, with different types of plant and equipment as well as different structural/construction types and method and in a variety of environments.

Method of assessment


This unit shall be assessed by methods given in Volume 1, Part 3 Assessment Guidelines.

Competent performance with inherent safe working practices is expected in the Industry to which this competency standard unit applies. This requires that the specified Essential Knowledge and Associated Skills are assessed in a structured environment which is primarily intended for learning/assessment and incorporates all necessary equipment and facilities for learners to develop and demonstrate the Essential Knowledge and Skills described in this unit.

Concurrent assessment and relationship with other units


There are no recommended concurrent assessments with this unit, however in some cases efficiencies may be gained in terms of learning and assessment effort being concurrently managed with allied competency standard units where listed.


Key competencies


Evidence that particular key competencies have been achieved within this competency standard unit is in the context of the following Performance Criteria of evidence. See Volume 2, Part 4 for an explanation of Key competencies and levels of this Training Package.

Key competencies

Example of Application

Performance Level

How are ideas and information communicated within this competency?

Refer to the following example of application:


Sharing information orally or in writing in simple English to confirm work requirements. Discussion may take place with supervisors or others in the work group.

How can information be collected, analysed and organised?

Refer to the following example of application:


Accessing information required for operating the plant / equipment, including operating procedures and work instructions.

How are activities planned and organised?

Refer to the following example of application:


Planning the required activity, to include co-ordination and use of equipment, materials and tools to avoid backtracking and rework.

How is team work used within this competency?

Refer to the following example of application:


Teamwork may be applied in communicating the methods and procedures for the operation of the plant and equipment.

How are mathematical ideas and techniques used?

Refer to the following example of application:


Calculation of time to complete tasks, estimation of distances, levels, loads and material requirements.

How are problem solving skills applied?

Refer to the following example of application:


Follow established operational procedures.

How is use of technology applied?

Refer to the following example of application:


Access, communicate, measure and record information with regard to operations and performance of plant and equipment.

Skills Enabling Employment


Evidence that competency in this unit incorporates skills enabling employment is in the context of the following performance. See Volume 2, Part 5 for definitions and an explanation of skills enabling employment.

Skills for Employment

Example of Application


Developing and using skills within a real workplace

Refer to the following example of application:

Completion of tasks within an acceptable timeframe and performance under supervision.


Learning to learn in the workplace

Refer to the following example of application:

Recalling of knowledge and development of practical skills.


Reflecting on the outcome and process of work task

Refer to the following example of application:

Recognition that performance of a work task meets the accepted standard.


Interacting and understanding of the context of the work task

Refer to the following example of application:

Completion of work tasks to meet the team's goals.


Planning and organising the meaningful work task

Refer to the following example of application:

Achievement of work tasks in a timely manner which contributes to the team's objectives.


Performing the work task in non-routine or contingent situations

Refer to the following example of application:

Complete the assigned work task to meet timelines and to seek supervisor assistance as required.

Range Statement

7) This relates to the competency standard unit as a whole providing the range of contexts and conditions to which the Performance Criteria apply. It allows for different work environments and situations that will affect performance.

Safety standards may include relevant sections of Occupational Health and Safety legislation enterprise safety rules, relevant state and federal legislation, national standards for plant, environmental legislation and codes of practise.

Site hazards may include power lines, trees, overhead service lines, surrounding buildings, other equipment, earthworks, obstructions, underground services, bridges, facilities, dangerous/hazardous material and topographical variances.

Information and documentation sources may include verbal and written communications; enterprise/site safety rules documentation/form(s); equipment and alarm manuals; dedicated computer equipment; enterprise/site standing and operating instructions; enterprise/site logbook; and manufacturer's operation and maintenance manuals.

Technical and operational indicators may include stimuli (audio, smell, touch, visual), local indicators and recorders, computers and alarms (visible and or audible).

Communications may be by means of telephone, two way radio, pager, public address system, facsimile, computer (electronic mail), operating log (written or verbal), whistle or hand signal.

Tests may include alarm and protection tests and performance tests.

Appropriate personnel for consultation and giving or receiving direction may include supervisor/team leader or equivalent, technical and engineering officers or equivalent, contractor staff, other production staff and maintenance staff.

Test, fault finding and operating tools may include hand and power tools and inspection procedures.

Operating environment may be during inclement or otherwise harsh weather conditions, in wet/noisy/dusty/hot areas, during night periods and on uneven or unstable ground.

Faults and abnormal operating conditions may include loss of hydraulic oil pressure, loss of motor oil pressure, electrical breakdowns, loss of cooling water or loss of tyre pressure.

Minor maintenance may include fuel checks, water checks, oil checks, greasing, cleaning, tyre or track inspections and minor adjustments.

Operations may include in shifting and transferring materials, excavations, levelling, scraping, stripping soils, relocating, constructing, mixing, clearing and transporting.

Generic terms are used throughout this Training Package for vocational standard shall be regarded as part of the Range Statement in which competency is demonstrated. The definition of these and other terms are given in Volume 2, Part 1.


Not Applicable

Employability Skills

Refer to the Evidence Guide

Licensing Information

Not Applicable