Activities, resources and terms & definitions for key words and phrases in the unit: "SITHIND003A".
- efficient energy use
- Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is using less energy to provide the same level of energy service. For example, insulating a home allows a building to use less heating and cooling energy to achieve and maintain a comfortable temperature. Another example would be installing fluorescent lights and/or skylights instead of incandescent lights to attain the same level of illumination. A 13 watt fluorescent light bulb outputs the same amount of visible light as a 60 watt incandescent bulb, so you are getting more light for less energy. Efficient energy use is achieved primarily by means of a more efficient technology or process rather than by changes in individual behavior. Energy efficient buildings, industrial processes and transportation could reduce the world's energy needs in 2050 by one third, and help controlling global emissions of greenhouse gases, according to the International Energy Agency. Energy efficiency and renewable energy are said to be the twin pillars of sustainable energy policy.
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- Commercial may refer to: Advertising, commercial messages Radio advertisement, via the medium of radio Television advertisement, via the medium of television Commerce, the voluntary exchange of goods, services, or both Trade, the trading of something of economic value such as goods, services, information or money Commercial agriculture, the raising of plants and animals for sale Commercial broadcasting, the act of broadcasting for profit Commercial district, a part of a city where the primary land use is for business Commercial bank, a type of bank Commercial Drive, Vancouver, a roadway in the city of Vancouver Commercial law, the body of law which governs transactions in business and commerce Commercial Solutions, a company in Edmonton Commercial Township, New Jersey, in Cumberland County, New Jersey Commercial software, a software that is licensed for a fee Commercial vehicle, a type of vehicle used for carrying goods or passengers
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- Efficiency may refer to:
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- Technology is the usage and knowledge of tools, techniques, and crafts, or is systems or methods of organization, or is a material product of these things. The word ' comes from the Greek technología (') — téchnē ('), 'craft' and ' ('), the study of something, or the branch of knowledge of a discipline. However, a strict definition is elusive. The term can either be applied generally or to specific areas: examples include "construction technology", "medical technology", or "state-of-the-art technology". Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species' ability to control and adapt to their natural environments. The human species' use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools. The prehistorical discovery of the ability to control fire increased the available sources of food and the invention of the wheel helped humans in travelling in and controlling their environment. Recent technological developments, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. However, not all technology has been used for peaceful purposes; the development of weapons of ever-increasing destructive power has progressed throughout history, from clubs to nuclear weapons. Technology has affected society and its surroundings in a number of ways. In many societies, technology has helped develop more advanced economies and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products, known as pollution, and deplete natural resources, to the detriment of the Earth and its environment. Various implementations of technology influence the values of a society and new technology often raises new ethical questions. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, a term originally applied only to machines, and the challenge of traditional norms. Philosophical debates have arisen over the present and future use of technology in society, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar movements criticise the pervasiveness of technology in the modern world, opining that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition. Indeed, until recently, it was believed that the development of technology was restricted only to human beings, but recent scientific studies indicate that other primates and certain dolphin communities have developed simple tools and learned to pass their knowledge to other generations.
Source: technology on wapipedia.org
- Evaluation is systematic determination of merit, worth, and significance of something or someone using criteria against a set of standards. Evaluation often is used to characterize and appraise subjects of interest in a wide range of human enterprises, including the arts, criminal justice, foundations and non-profit organizations, government, health care, and other human services.
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- A debriefing or psychological debriefing is a one-time, semi-structured conversation with an individual who has just experienced a stressful or traumatic event. In most cases, the purpose of debriefing is to reduce any possibility of psychological harm by informing people about their experience or allowing them to talk about it.
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- Technical may refer to: Technical (fighting vehicle), a fighting vehicle based on a pickup truck Technical analysis, a discipline for forecasting the future direction of prices through the study of past market data Technical death metal, a sub-genre of death metal that focuses on complex rhythms, riffs and song structures A Technical drawing, also known as drafting A Technical foul, an infraction of the rules in basketball usually concerning unsportsmanlike non-contact behavior A Technical rehearsal for a performance, often simply referred to as a "technical" Technical support, a range of services providing assistance with technology products The use of technology in a specific or precise way Vocational education, often known as "technical education"
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- Recycling involves processing used materials into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution and water pollution by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal, and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to virgin production. Recycling is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle" waste hierarchy. Recyclable materials include many kinds of glass, paper, metal, plastic, textiles, and electronics. Although similar in effect, the composting or other reuse of biodegradable waste – such as food or garden waste – is not typically considered recycling. Materials to be recycled are either brought to a collection center or picked up from the curbside, then sorted, cleaned, and reprocessed into new materials bound for manufacturing. In a strict sense, recycling of a material would produce a fresh supply of the same material, for example used office paper to more office paper, or used foamed polystyrene to more polystyrene. However, this is often difficult or too expensive (compared with producing the same product from raw materials or other sources), so "recycling" of many products or materials involves their reuse' in producing different materials instead. Another form of recycling is the ' of certain materials from complex products, either due to their intrinsic value, or due to their hazardous nature (e.g. , removal and reuse of mercury from various items). Critics dispute the net economic and environmental benefits of recycling over its costs, and suggest that proponents of recycling often make matters worse and suffer from confirmation bias. Specifically, critics argue that the costs and energy used in collection and transportation detract from (and outweigh) the costs and energy saved in the production process; also that the jobs produced by the recycling industry can be a poor trade for the jobs lost in logging, mining, and other industries associated with virgin production; and that materials such as paper pulp can only be recycled a few times before material degradation prevents further recycling. Proponents of recycling dispute each of these claims, and the validity of arguments from both sides has led to enduring controversy.
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- Provision may refer to: Provision (accounting), a term for liability in accounting Provision (album), an album by Scritti Politti Provision (musical group), a Texas synthpop band Provision (military), food and other supplies needed in field
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- water use
- Water use can mean the amount of water used for a given task or for the production of a given quantity of some product or crop. The term "water footprint" is often used to refer to the amount of water used by a consumer. World water use has been growing rapidly in the last hundred years. From 1900 to 2000, water use for agriculture went from about 500 to 2500 cubic kilometers per year, while total use rose from around 600 to more than 3000 cubic kilometres per year.
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- A disposal occurs in Australian rules football when a player either kicks (including from the ground) or handballs the football. A disposal is not counted if a player fumbles or illegally disposes the ball. A correct handball is when the football is punched with a clenched fist. In recent years, the amount of disposals in a game has increased substantially, with many high disposal records being set. This can be attributed to teams placing greater emphasis on maintaining possession, rather than just advancing forwards at any cost.
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- Embedded or embedding may refer to: In mathematics, Embedding is one instance of some mathematical object contained within another instance Graph embedding In computers, an Embedded system is a special-purpose system in which the computer is completely encapsulated by the device it controls In computers, embedding media into a text document, forming a compound document Distributed generation, also known as embedded generation or decentralized generation In linguistics, a subordinate clause is sometimes referred to as an embedded clause In linguistics, Center embedding, defines the recursive nesting of an element in the middle of a similar element In building construction, it may refer to a means of providing support or reinforcement, such as structural steel items embedded in a concrete pour In psychology, Self-embedding is an activity in which one pushes items into one's own flesh in order to feel pain Embedded is a song off Job For A Cowboy's second album, Genesis, which was released in 2007. Embedded journalism, working within and under the control of one side's army in a military conflict Embedded (play), by Tim Robbins about embedded journalists covering military conflict in the US-Iraq war Embedded (album), a 2004 album by Mark Seymour
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- The terms Specials or The Specials could refer to: The Specials, an English ska music band. Specials, the band's first album More Specials, their second album The Specials (internet TV show), an internet documentary series about 5 friends with learning disabilities. The Specials (film), a comedy film about a group of superheroes Specials (novel), a novel by Scott Westerfeld Specials (TV Show), a 1991 TV series about British Special Constables The Specials, a DVD by Shania Twain Ulster Special Constabulary, the Northern Ireland police force For the comic book heroes known as "Specials", see Rising Stars Special Constable, an auxiliary or temporary police worker
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- The word multiple can refer to: Multiples of numbers. Multiples (sociology), instances of scientists, working independently of each other, reaching similar findings. Multiples, types of bet involving two or more selections. Parlance for people with multiple identities, sometimes called "multiples". Within the American Medical community they are often theorized to have Dissociative identity disorder, Multiple birth, because having twins is sometimes called having "multiples". Multiple Man, a mutant superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. Multiple finance, a method used to analyze stock prices. Multiples of the price-to-earnings ratio Printmaking - where multiple is often used as a term for a print, especially in the US. It is also a singular of multiples, which can refer to: Multiples, a 2005 music album by Keith Fullerton Whitman.
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- Scheduling is the process of deciding how to commit resources between a variety of possible tasks. Time can be specified or floating as part of a sequence of events. The word may also refer to: I/O scheduling, the order in which I/O requests are submitted to a block device in Computer Operating Systems Scheduling (broadcasting), the minute planning of the content of a radio or television broadcast channel Scheduling algorithm Scheduling (computing), the way various processes are assigned in multitasking and multiprocessing operating system design Scheduling (production processes), the planning of the production or the operation Schedule (workplace), ensuring that an organization has sufficient staffing levels at all times Job scheduler, an enterprise software application in charge of unattended background executions. Job Shop Scheduling, an optimization problem in computer science.
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