Manage aircraft performance and load

Formats and tools

Unit Description
Reconstruct the unit from the xml and display it as an HTML page.
Assessment Tool
an assessor resource that builds a framework for writing an assessment tool
Assessment Template
generate a spreadsheet for marking this unit in a classroom environment. Put student names in the top row and check them off as they demonstrate competenece for each of the unit's elements and performance criteria.
Assessment Matrix
a slightly different format than the assessment template. A spreadsheet with unit names, elements and performance criteria in separate columns. Put assessment names in column headings to track which performance criteria each one covers. Good for ensuring that you've covered every one of the performance criteria with your assessment instrument (all assessement tools together).
Wiki Markup
mark up the unit in a wiki markup codes, ready to copy and paste into a wiki page. The output will work in most wikis but is designed to work particularly well as a Wikiversity learning project.
Evidence Guide
create an evidence guide for workplace assessment and RPL applicants
Competency Mapping Template
Unit of Competency Mapping – Information for Teachers/Assessors – Information for Learners. A template for developing assessments for a unit, which will help you to create valid, fair and reliable assessments for the unit, ready to give to trainers and students
Observation Checklist
create an observation checklist for workplace assessment and RPL applicants. This is similar to the evidence guide above, but a little shorter and friendlier on your printer. You will also need to create a seperate Assessor Marking Guide for guidelines on gathering evidence and a list of key points for each activity observed using the unit's range statement, required skills and evidence required (see the unit's html page for details)

Self Assessment Survey
A form for students to assess thier current skill levels against each of the unit's performance criteria. Cut and paste into a web document or print and distribute in hard copy.
Moodle Outcomes
Create a csv file of the unit's performance criteria to import into a moodle course as outcomes, ready to associate with each of your assignments. Here's a quick 'how to' for importing these into moodle 2.x
Registered Training Organisations
Trying to find someone to train or assess you? This link lists all the RTOs that are currently registered to deliver AVIH0003, 'Manage aircraft performance and load'.
Google Links
links to google searches, with filtering in place to maximise the usefulness of the returned results
Reference books for 'Manage aircraft performance and load' on This online store has a huge range of books, pretty reasonable prices, free delivery in Australia *and* they give a small commission to for every purchase, so go nuts :)

Elements and Performance Criteria



Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.


Apply mass and balance control to flight planning


Components of mass, balance and control are considered and applied in flight planning activities


Mass and control limitations are included in flight planning calculations


Required fuel and payload quantities, including minimum fuel reserves, maximum allowable payloads and fuel quantity limitations are considered when calculating mass and balance


Calculated aircraft mass centre of gravity is within aircraft limits and is established for take-off, cruise and fuel economy calculation purposes


Ground handling of baggage and cargo is minimised through load distribution and loading sequence planning


Mass and centre of gravity is derived and calculated using basic data methods and is applied to flight planning calculations


Comprehensive loadsheet is compiled that includes all required flight performance and load planning data


Identify constraints affecting load planning


Implications of advanced sales on payload, mass and control limitations are considered


Aircraft, route, fuel required and performance limitation planning factors are assessed for potential constraints to load planning activities


Hazards are identified, risks are assessed and hazard management is implemented


Operator advance index tables and potential impact of mass and fuel minima during seasonal change are identified and considered


Unusual conditions when advanced allotment tables may be exceeded, the operational impacts, and associated contingency planning factors are considered


Load planning constraints and limitations are prioritised based on operational and regulatory requirements


Plan an aircraft load


Aircraft design and mass, taxi, take-off, landing and zero-fuel weights (ZFW) are reviewed and applied to load planning activities


Operational load planning factors affecting a restriction on mass, operational (phase of flight), environmental, equipment, airspace and airport/aerodrome are considered and applied as required to aircraft load planning


Aircraft operating mass and passengers mass limits are summarised within load planning documentation


Mass of minimum fuel based on ZFW, quantity, fuel type and specific gravity (including fuel quantity conversions) are reviewed and applied to load planning calculations


Available payload based on specific conditions affecting a flight including maximum take-off weight (MTOW), regulated take-off weight (RTOW), minimum fuel and taxi fuel requirements are determined


Manual loadsheet including payload location and last minute changes is prepared


Loadsheet including payload location and last minute changes is interpreted and automated


Apply principles of aircraft balance and longitudinal stability to load planning


Load planning factors including balance, centre of gravity (variations), balance on the ground, principles of lift and centre of pressure, mean aerodynamic chord (MAC) and functions of stabilisers are identified and considered when calculating aircraft performance and load


Aircraft point of balance is calculated using aircraft data and aircraft balance principles, and is applied to load planning calculations


Identify aircraft structural limitations


Satisfactory aircraft balance calculations are achieved ensuring aircraft is safely loaded, floor strengths have not been exceeded and load/cargo is capable of being satisfactorily restrained


Fuselage structural limits over, forward and aft of the wing, and mass limitations for associated loading zones are considered and applied to load planning activities


Maximum allowable package sizes are determined using aircraft tables


Methods of restraint and the effect on passengers and crew, damage and centre of gravity (CG), including principles of inertia, and forces applied to load are considered and applied to load planning activities


Advantages and limitations of certified and non-certified cargo pallets and containers, and methods of load security are considered when calculating aircraft load limitations


Identify aircraft mass and performance planning safety factors


Aircraft certification considerations including structural strength, loads, speed limitations, operating environment, performance capability, runway lengths and terrain are considered and applied to aircraft mass and performance calculations


Aircraft certification standards (including categories, statebased variations, operating mass or CG never exceeding limits), and aircraft flight manual restrictions are considered and applied to aircraft mass and performance calculations


Environmental considerations (including certified aircraft operating envelope, pressurisation capabilities, system limitations and aircraft flight manual envelope charts) are considered and applied to aircraft performance calculations


Determine aircraft mass and speed limitations


Positive and negative load factor limitations including normal and ultimate (structural), speed limitations and differing express terms of speed are considered and applied to aircraft performance calculations


Boundaries of aircraft operating envelope for a specific mass are determined using flight strength diagrams, illustrating effect of wind gusts, margins of speed limits, and turbulence penetration considerations


Calculate take-off runway requirements


Turbo-jet aircraft take-off requirements are determined considering clearways and stop-ways, runway requirements and alternatives to balanced field length methods


Critical engine failure speeds, flap positons and reduced thrust take-off stopping distance at critical engine failure speeds is calculated


Calculate climb performance


Take-off flight path, climb segments including terrain and obstacle avoidance, and the effects of mass, altitude and temperature are determined


En route considerations affecting climb performance such as take-off mass, en route alternate selection and terrain are considered and applied to aircraft performance calculations


Approach and landing requirement planning factors including terrain and obstacle avoidance, and effects of mass, altitude and temperature are considered and applied to aircraft performance calculations


Calculate landing runway requirements


Runway landing distance requirements are determined, including effect of aircraft configuration, available stopping distance, and effects of marginal conditions


Landing distance based on varying environmental conditions, effect of obstacles and braking systems is calculated


Determine aircraft buffet boundary and speeds


Aircraft buffet characteristics, and the effect of variations of a given mass and speed are identified and applied to aircraft performance calculations


Permissible buffet for a range of aircraft speeds for combinations of mass and altitude, including safe operating margins is calculated