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Elements and Performance Criteria

  1. Design and make models
  2. Set up and produce block moulds
  3. Prepare cases and frames
  4. Prepare and make working moulds
  5. Prepare dies
  6. Respond to problems

Range Statement

This field allows for different work environments and conditions that may affect performance. Essential operating conditions that may be present (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) are included.

Regulatory framework

The latest version of all legislation, regulations, industry codes of practice and Australian/international standards, or the version specified by the local regulatory authority, must be used.

Applicable legislation, regulations, standards and codes of practice include:

health, safety and environmental (HSE) legislation, regulations and codes of practice relevant to the workplace, equipment and production processes and hazardous materials

Australian/international standards relevant to the materials being used and products being made

any relevant licence and certification requirements.

All operations to which this unit applies are subject to stringent HSE requirements, which may be imposed through state/territory or federal legislation, and these must not be compromised at any time. Where there is an apparent conflict between performance criteria and such requirements the legislative requirements take precedence.


All operations must be performed in accordance with relevant procedures.

Procedures are written, verbal, visual, computer-based or in some other form, and include one or any combination of:

manufacturer's technical information

job cards


emergency procedures

work instructions

standard operating procedures (SOPs)

safe work method statements (SWMS)


batch sheets

temporary instructions

any similar instructions provided for the smooth running of the plant.


Hazards must be identified and controlled. Identifying hazards requires consideration of:

heat, smoke, dust, vapours or other atmospheric hazards

weight, shape, volume of materials to be handled

hazardous products and materials

sharp edges, protrusions or obstructions

slippery surfaces, spills or leaks



gases and liquids under pressure


rotational equipment or vibration

plant services (steam, condensate, cooling water, etc)

structural hazards

equipment failures

machinery, equipment and product mass

limited head spaces or overhangs

working at heights

working in restricted or confined spaces

other hazards that might arise.


Routine and non-routine problems must be resolved.

Routine problems are predictable and have known solutions.

Non-routine problems are unexpected problems or variations of previous problems.

Non-routine problems must be resolved by applying operational knowledge to develop new solutions, either individually or in collaboration with relevant experts, to:

determine problems needing action

determine possible fault causes

develop solutions to problems which do not have a known solution

follow through items initiated until final resolution has occurred

report problems outside area of responsibility to designated person.

Operational knowledge includes one or more of:



technical information, such as journals and engineering specifications

remembered experience

relevant knowledge obtained from appropriate people.

Tools and equipment

Tools and equipment include:

block moulds and working moulds

cases and frames

hand and power tools

jigs and fixtures

master dies

mixing equipment


Performance Evidence

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy the requirements of the elements and performance criteria and demonstrate the ability to:

read and interpret drawings, production schedules, job sheets, procedures, material labels and safety information

establish specifications for devices, including:


block moulds

working moulds


design and make models to specifications

produce block moulds, working moulds and dies

select and prepare and use materials, fittings, tools and equipment

monitor key variables, including:

raw materials/mix





device integrity and conformance to specification of the moulding item

make adjustments/repairs to ensure device and meets quality and production output specifications

identify hazards and apply relevant hazard controls

handle/store devices

apply safety procedures

· apply housekeeping procedures

· recognise out-of-specification products, process problems and materials faults

resolve routine and non-routine problems

identify when the operator is able to rectify problems, when assistance is required and who is the appropriate source for assistance

take action to resolve problems or report them to appropriate personnel

distinguish between possible causes of routine problems, including:

incorrect materials

variations in materials

equipment malfunction

procedure errors

incorrect specifications

communicate effectively with team/work group and supervisors

complete workplace records

do basic arithmetical manipulations, including additions, subtractions, divisions, fractions and percentages.

Knowledge Evidence

Must provide evidence that demonstrates knowledge relevant to their job sufficient to fulfil their job role, including knowledge of:

principles of design as applicable to models

functions and limitations of devices, including:


block moulds

frames and cases

working moulds

dies and master dies

types of materials relevant to making the devices and their application, including:






product specifications/materials properties that may affect device design, materials and construction

quality requirements at each stage of construction

factors which may affect device quality and appropriate remedies

non-routine problems that may arise, the range of possible causes and appropriate actions

organisation procedures relevant to the work environment/job role

hierarchy of control

hazards that may arise in the job/work environment and:

their possible causes

potential consequences

appropriate risk controls.