• BSBOHS303B - Contribute to OHS hazard identification and risk assessment

Contribute to OHS hazard identification and risk assessment

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to contribute to occupational health and safety (OHS) hazard identification and risk assessment to promote the maintenance of OHS in the workplace. It includes determining relevant legislation and contributing to any actions to ensure compliance with OHS legislation, codes and standards.No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.


This unit applies to individuals who assist OHS specialists in relation to the identification of workplace hazards and assessment of OHS risks in the workplace.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Contribute to workplace hazard identification

1.1. Contribute to the selection of hazard identification tools, techniques, processes and methods suitable for the workplace

1.2. Access hazard identification tools, techniques processes and methods to identify hazards in the workplace

1.3. Recognise hazards in the workplace, report these hazards to designated personnel and record them in accordance with workplace procedures

1.4. Provide information and assistance to persons conducting workplace inspections or testing

2. Gather information about workplace hazards

2.1. Research, collect and record information about OHS hazards and their associated risks

2.2. Seek additional information, expertise or specialist advice from within or external to the workplace when limit of own skills and knowledge is reached

2.3. Conduct a workplace inspection to collect further information about OHS hazards and associated risks if required

2.4. Contribute to the support of OHS practitioners and employees in accessing workplace sources of information and data regarding hazard identification

2.5. Contribute to the support of OHS practitioners and employees accessing external sources of information and data related to hazard identification, where required

3. Contribute to OHS risk assessment

3.1. Use appropriate risk assessment tools to contribute to risk assessment

3.2. Identify, categorise and assess risk factors as a contribution to overall risk assessment

3.3. Seek additional information, expertise, or specialist advice to investigate the likelihood and consequence of identified risks

3.4. Document outcomes of the risk assessment process in a risk register

Required Skills

Required skills

research skills to investigate the effectiveness of workplace practices and processes, to review workplace practices, processes and data, and to draw relevant inferences

literacy skills to prepare summary reports and memos for a range of target groups including:


OHS committees

OHS representatives



organisational and time management skills to sequence tasks and meet timelines

communication skills to contribute effectively on hazard identification risk assessment processes.

Required knowledge

appropriate methods for data collection

basic principles of incident causation and injury processes

concepts of risks, factors that affect risk and difference between a hazard and a risk

consequences and likelihood of risks associated with hazards in the workplace

formal and informal communication processes

internal and external sources for OHS information and data

key personnel in the workplace

legislative requirements for:

consultation and communication

information and data collection

notification of incidents

record keeping

reporting of incidents

specific hazards

limitations and subjectivity of generic hazard and risk checklists, and risk ranking processes

nature of workplace processes and hazards relevant to the workplace

organisational culture as it impacts on the workgroup

organisational design and structure

organisational policies and procedures regarding OHS

relevant state/territory/commonwealth OHS legislation, codes of practice, standards and guidance material

types and characteristics of major physical, chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear mechanical, psychosocial and environmental hazards which may be present in the workplace

types of hazard registers.

Evidence Required

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Evidence of the following is essential:

collection of information about workplace hazards and contribution to the identification of hazards in a workplace

contribution to a risk assessment for hazards identified in the workplace

knowledge of relevant state/territory/ commonwealth OHS legislation, codes of practice, standards and guidance material.

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Assessment must ensure:

access to relevant information on compliance requirements such as:

organisational policies, standard operating procedures, procedures and plans

relevant legislation, regulations, licensing requirements, codes of practice, standards

access to relevant internal and external data files

access to appropriate computer resources needed for the management of identification and rectification of breaches in compliance requirements.

Method of assessment

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

analysis of responses to case studies and scenarios

demonstration of the application of hazard identification and risk assessment techniques in the workplace

direct questioning combined with review of portfolios of evidence and third party reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate

oral or written questioning to assess knowledge of consequences and likelihood of risks associated with hazards in the workplace

review of research into OHS hazards and their associated risks

assessment of documentation completed when identifying hazards and assessing risks

evaluation of preparations undertaken to plan how OHS issues will be resolved.

Guidance information for assessment

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

other OHS units.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Hazard identification tools, techniques, processes and methods may include:

analysis of injury and claims statistics


body mapping

checklists for hazard identification

consultation with workers, clients or other users

identification of employee concerns, such as through a hazard reporting system

input of managers, OHS representatives, OHS committee and others through consultative processes



job safety analyses

material safety data sheets (MSDSs)

monitoring and measurement


review of past incidents, incident and hazard reports, hazardous substances and dangerous goods registers, plant and maintenance records

review of research and industry literature

review of technical standards and other information sources


timelines of actions and events

use of incident models

workplace processes such as 'walk through', surveys and inspections

Hazards may include:

sources of potential harm in terms of human injury, ill health, damage to property, damage to the environment, or a combination of these, including:




mechanical and/or electrical





Persons conducting workplace inspections or testing may include:


internal or external consultants

OHS specialists and testers such as:



health professionals

occupational health professionals

occupational hygienists

safety engineers

safety professionals


OHS technical advisors such as:

engineers (design, acoustic, safety, mechanical and civil)

maintenance and tradespeople

safety representatives

workplace assessors with experience in language or disability issues

Sources of information may include:


employer groups

hazard, incident and investigation reports

industry bodies

legislation, standards, manufacturers' manuals and specifications available at the workplace

minutes of meetings from incident investigations

MSDSs and registers

OHS professional bodies

OHS specialists

other manufacturers' manuals and specifications

regulatory authorities (for codes of practice, legislation)


standards, from Australia or overseas


websites, journals and newsletters

workplace inspections

Risk assessment tools may include:

aids that may be included in:


codes of practice



or other relevant documentation


Risk register may include:

a list of hazards, their location and the people exposed to them

a range of possible scenarios or circumstances under which these hazards may cause injury or damage

nature of injury or damage that could be caused

results of a risk assessment

possible control measures for implementation


Unit sector

Competency Field

Regulation, Licensing and Risk - Occupational Health and Safety

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.