• BSBOHS506B - Monitor and facilitate the management of hazards associated with plant

Monitor and facilitate the management of hazards associated with plant

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to effectively identify hazards, and to assess and control risks associated with plant and equipment, including mobile plant, machinery, electrical equipment, pressure vessels and plant affecting public safety.No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.


This unit applies to individuals with managerial responsibility for applying a systematic approach to monitoring the identification of hazards and assessing risk arising from the use of plant, and systems of work associated with plant. The focus is on eliminating the hazard or, where this is not practicable, minimising risks to health and safety arising from plant.

The unit examines regulatory requirements for design, manufacture, testing, installation, commissioning, use, repair, alteration, dismantling, storage and disposal of plant. Identification and elimination of occupational health and safety (OHS) hazards at the design stage guides the selection and implementation of appropriate OHS risk controls throughout the life cycle of plant or equipment.

BSBOHS504B Apply principles of OHS risk management, covers a generic approach to risk management and should be used as underpinning knowledge for this unit.

While hazards associated with plant may include noise, chemicals and ergonomic hazards, these are specifically addressed under unit BSBOHS505C Manage hazards in the work environment.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Identify hazards arising from the use of plant and associated systems of work

1.1. Access sources of information, data and advice on plant and equipment hazards to assist in identifying hazards associated with plant

1.2. Identify hazards in the design, manufacture, registration, supply, installation, commissioning, use, maintenance, testing, dismantling, storage and disposal of plant and systems of work associated with plant

1.3. Identify and analyse work environment, tasks and circumstances that may lead to hazardous situations or exacerbate risk associated with use of plant and equipment

1.4. In the process of hazard identification, identify and consult appropriate specialist advisors, stakeholders, relevant key personnel and other parties

1.5. Establish, report and review appropriate procedures for recording and reporting on hazards associated with plant as part of the systematic approach to managing OHS

2. Analyse OHS risk associated with plant

2.1. Determine the method of risk assessment in consultation with operators and stakeholders and, if required, specialist advisors

2.2. Identify and assess risks associated with hazards arising from plant in consultation with operators and stakeholders, taking into account the effectiveness of existing controls

2.3. Develop and regularly update risk registers for items of plant and associated equipment

2.4. Identify risks requiring further control action

3. Control risks associated with plant hazards

3.1. Source information, data and advice on risk control options for plant and machinery hazards

3.2. Involve operators, stakeholders and key personnel in the development of controls

3.3. Adopt control measures for ensuring the health and safety of persons accessing, using and/or maintaining plant by applying the hierarchy of control

3.4. Apply controls for access, egress, dangerous parts, guarding, operational controls, emergency stops and warning devices, registrations and design of plant, and operator certification risks associated with plant

3.5. Use and maintain workplace monitoring processes to eliminate or control risks properly

3.6. Report regularly and appropriately to stakeholders

4. Identify and recommend controls for hazards associated with maintenance activities and continued safe use of plant and equipment

4.1. Involve stakeholders and key personnel in the development of controls

4.2. Identify circumstances where permit to work procedures or certification are required to assist in ensuring a safe working environment

4.3. Respond to and monitor, permit to work procedures or certification in liaison with relevant key personnel, ensuring a safe working environment

4.4. Implement and monitor isolation procedures in liaison with relevant key personnel, to ensure continued safety of maintenance and other personnel

4.5. Ensure purchasing procedures include actions to address OHS implications of plant and equipment

4.6. Develop, document and communicate maintenance procedures to ensure plant and equipment are safe for use

4.7. Take action to ensure that any modifications to plant or equipment are safe and suitable for the task, and appropriately document and modify work practices as required for safe operation

4.8. Monitor and evaluate maintenance systems for effectiveness, suitability and accuracy to ensure safe operation of plant and equipment, and take action as appropriate

5. Identify and advise on licensing and certification issues associated with plant and equipment

5.1. Identify types of plant (including plant design) requiring registration and tasks requiring operator licensing and/or certification in accordance with legislative requirements

5.2. Document and communicate to managers and relevant key personnel, OHS requirements to meet plant registration, operator licensing and certification, and other legal requirements

5.3. Document and communicate to managers and key personnel, training requirements to meet licensing, certification, registration and other legal requirements

5.4. Analyse training needs to ensure information, instruction and training prior to commencement of work on new plant and equipment and new operating methods

5.5. Monitor and report compliance with regulatory requirements for operator licensing, registration and certification in the workplace

5.6. Identify, document and maintain appropriate records for statutory and specialist plant and associated operator competencies

6. Review and evaluate risk control measures for plant

6.1. Review effectiveness of control measures and conduct risk assessments as appropriate

6.2. Compare outcomes of OHS risk assessments with criteria to identify risks requiring further risk control and risks deemed as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA)

6.3. Involve stakeholders, key personnel, operators and appropriate specialist advisors, in developing relevant risk control plans for plant

6.4. Maintain appropriate records for the operating of the plant

6.5. Recommend or implement improvements arising from the review process with appropriate key personnel including manufacturers

6.6. Review the system of managing OHS to ensure plant safety

Required Skills

Required skills

analytical skills to:

identify areas for hazard control

analyse relevant workplace information and data and to make observations of workplace tasks and interactions between people, their activities, equipment, environment and systems

contribute to the assessment of resources needed to systematically manage OHS and, where appropriate, access resources

attention to detail when making observations and recording outcomes

research skills to access relevant OHS information and data

numeracy skills to carry out simple arithmetical calculations (e.g. % change), and to produce graphs of workplace information and data to identify trends and recognise limitations

technological skills to use basic measuring equipment including reading scales and dials applicable to selected hazards

communication skills to:

conduct effective formal and informal meetings and to communicate effectively with personnel at all levels of the organisation, OHS specialists and, as required, emergency services personnel

prepare reports for a range of target groups including OHS committee, OHS representatives, managers and supervisors

use language and literacy skills appropriate to the workgroup and the task

consultation and negotiation skills to develop plans and to implement and monitor designated actions

project management skills to achieve change in OHS matters

organisational skills to manage own tasks within a timeframe

information technology skills to access and enter internal and external information and data on OHS and to use a range of communication media.

Required knowledge

basic principles of incident causation and injury processes

concept of common law duty of care

difference between hazard and risk

ethics related to professional practice

hierarchy of control and considerations for choosing between different control measures, such as possible inadequacies of particular control measure

how the characteristics and composition of the workforce impact on risk and the systematic approach to managing OHS, for example:

communication skills

cultural background/workplace diversity


labour market changes

language, literacy and numeracy

structure and organisation of workforce e.g. part-time, casual and contract workers, shift rosters, geographical location

workers with specific needs

internal and external sources of OHS information and data

organisational OHS policies and procedures

language, literacy and cultural profile of the workgroup

legislative requirements for OHS information and data, and consultation

methods of providing evidence of compliance with OHS legislation

nature of workplace processes (including work flow, planning and control) and hazards relevant to the particular workplace

other functional areas that impact on the management of OHS

organisational behaviour and culture as it impacts on OHS and on change

organisational culture as it impacts on the workgroup

plant specific knowledge:

basic physics of fluids under pressure and pressure vessels, and the behaviour of pressurised fluid when pressure is released

concepts of hazards arising from plant and systems of work associated with plant

hazards associated with mobile/fixed plant equipment and risk control strategies

industry practices related to permit to work, and isolation and tag out systems

registration requirements of plant, licensing and certification competencies

roles and responsibilities of employers, employees, supervisors, contractors, designers under OHS legislation

specific requirements under Australian Safety and Compensation Council guidance material

strategies for guarding moving parts in machinery, human factors related to machine guarding, safe design principles, features and limitations

principles and practices of systematic approaches to managing OHS

professional liability in relation to providing advice

requirements for record keeping that addresses OHS, privacy and other legislation

risk as a measure of uncertainty and the factors that affect risk

roles and responsibilities under OHS legislation of employees, including supervisors and contractors

state/territory and commonwealth OHS legislation (acts, regulations, codes of practice, associated standards and guidance material) including prescriptive and performance approaches and links to other relevant legislation such as industrial relations, equal employment opportunity, workers compensation, rehabilitation

structure and forms of legislation including regulations, codes of practice, associated standards and guidance material.

Evidence Required

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Evidence of the following is essential:

monitoring and facilitating effective identification and control of hazards associated with plant and equipment

knowledge of relevant OHS legislation (acts, regulations, codes of practice, associated standards and guidance material).

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Assessment must ensure:

access to manufacturers' manuals including specifications and operational information and data

access to relevant legislation, standards and guidelines

access to resources outlining a range of hazards and work situations (e.g. video, interactive CD, internet and other computer--based resources)

access to workplace equipment and resources

access to workplace or simulated workplace.

Method of assessment

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

analysis of responses to case studies and scenarios

assessment of written reports on the effectiveness of hazard identification, risk assessment, control and management actions taken

demonstration of techniques used to identify hazards; assess associated risks; control, monitor and evaluate risks

direct questioning combined with review of portfolios of evidence and third party reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate

observation of performance in role plays

observation of presentations

oral or written questioning to assess knowledge of strategies for guarding moving parts in machinery, human factors related to machine guarding, safe design principles, features and limitations

review of recording and reporting on hazards associated with plant

updating of risk registers for items of plant and associated equipment

review of the system for managing OHS.

Guidance information for assessment

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

BSBOHS504C Apply principles of OHS risk management

BSBOHS505C Manage hazards in the work environment

other OHS units.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Sources of information, data and advice on plant and equipment hazards may include:


Australian Standards

employees and operators

employer groups, unions and industry bodies

hazard, incident and investigation reports

manufacturers' manuals and specifications

minutes of meetings

Australian Safety and Compensation Council

OHS professionals including those working in safety engineering, occupational hygiene, occupational health, injury management, toxicology, ergonomics and epidemiology

professional associations

questionnaires and surveys

relevant state/territory and commonwealth, OHS legislation, regulations, associated standards and codes of practice


state and territory OHS regulatory bodies

workplace inspections

Plant may include:

any machinery, equipment (including scaffolding), appliance, implement or tool and any other component, fitting or accessory

electrical installation and plant such as wiring, accessories, fittings, consuming devices, control and protective gear, converters and generators

fixed and or specified plant as related to state/territory and commonwealth OHS legislation

mobile plant and load shifting equipment

pressure equipment such as boilers, pressure vessels and pressure piping

Hazards may include:

source or a situation with a potential for harm in terms of:

human injury or ill health

damage to property

damage to the environment

a combination of the above

Systems of work associated with plant may include:

documents describing how tasks, projects, inspections, jobs and processes are to be undertaken

management systems, such as fleet management, procurement, design and quality assurance

manufacturers' operations manuals

organisation policies and procedures addressing areas, such as operations, maintenance, purchasing

standard operating procedures

Specialist advisors may include:


engineers (such as design, acoustic, safety, mechanical, maintenance)


injury management personnel


occupational hygienists

suppliers and distributors

Stakeholders may include:


health and safety, and other employee representatives


OHS committees


Key personnel may include:

maintenance and trades persons


OHS representatives



workplace trainers and assessors

Recording and reporting may include:

documents describing how tasks, projects, inspections, jobs and processes are to be undertaken

job and task statements

job safety analysis worksheets

maintenance and service logs, sheets, cards, diaries

plant and equipment registers

policies and procedures underpinning systems of management, particularly OHS

purchasing and contracting procedures

quality system documentation

risk assessments

standard operating procedures

Risk assessment may include:

any discrepancy between current controls and required standard and quality of control

current controls and their adequacy

identification and analysis of factors contributing to risk

prioritisation or ranking of risk where appropriate

Risk registers may include:

list of hazards, their location and people exposed

possible control measures and proposed dates for implementation

range of possible scenarios or circumstances under which the hazards may cause injury or damage

results of risk assessments

Hierarchy of control may include:

eliminating hazards

and where this is not practicable, minimising risk by:


isolating the hazard from personnel

using engineering controls

using administrative controls (e.g. procedures, training)

using personal protective equipment (PPE)

Controls for access and egress risks may include:

accessing parts of plant which require cleaning and maintenance

access/egress to operator's workstation for normal and emergency conditions

systems to enable safe access and egress such as:

emergency lighting

safety doors

alarm systems

Controls for dangerous parts risks may include:

potential contact or entrapment points to which the operator may be exposed during:






Controls for guarding risk may include:

permanently fixed physical barriers where no access of any part of a person is required

interlocking physical barriers where access to dangerous areas is required during operation

physical barriers securely fixed by means of fasteners or devices

presence-sensing safeguarding systems

Controls for operational controls plant risks may include:

being capable of locking in 'off' position to enable disconnection of all motive power and forces

being guarded to prevent unintentional activation

being of 'fail safe' type

being readily and conveniently located

being suitability identified

having nature and function clearly indicated

Controls for emergency stops and warning devices risks may include:

being able to avoid electrical or electronic circuit malfunction

colouring push buttons, bars or handles red

prominent, clear and durable markings

Controls for registrations and design of plant risks may include:

relevant state and territory jurisdictional requirements

Controls for operator certification risks may include:

processes by which a certificate to use or operate industrial equipment is issued by a certifying authority

Permit to work procedures or certification may include:

being authorised by a responsible or designated person directly in control of the work

certifications that appropriate precautions and controls are followed


conditions and actions such as frequency and duration of the work and atmospheric tests

documents containing approval to undertake work and activities including tests, measurements monitoring such as:

hot work permits for welding and cutting in hazardous environments

confined space entry

Isolation procedures may include:

devices such as:

isolating switches


safety bars


full pressure blanks

spectacle blanks to lock controls - especially moving parts, equipment, systems or devices with stored energy - to an 'off' position while a worker is in a vulnerable position such as:

performing maintenance on rotating equipment, and electrical and hydraulic systems

locking switches with keys needed to open the lock

devices used in conjunction with a danger tag system that promotes greater safety consciousness among the workforce for all situations in which danger to persons could arise from:

operation of machinery, plant or equipment

flow of steam, electricity, gases or liquids

use of faulty or unsafe plant and equipment

devices characterised by multiple locking systems that involve written authorisation by a competent person

Other personnel may include:

general community

other employees and contractors



Modifications to plant and equipment may include:

changes in specification of raw material or plant operating materials, such as lubricants

changes to physical specification of plant, parts or associated tools

changes to work processes and systems

introduction of contractual arrangements

introduction of new and emerging technology

Registration may include:

administrative process by which a certifying authority requires an organisation or industry to register plant, machinery and equipment

Operator licensing and/or certification may include:

any form of regulation that restricts entry to an occupation or a profession to those who meet competency related requirements stipulated by a regulatory authority, including:

any physical or implied licence




permit that is required by a person in order to gain employment/self employment

OHS requirements may include:

compliance, licensing and certification competencies for operators applicable to state/territory ad commonwealth legislation

documentation requirements relating to plant

emergency preparedness

incident investigation

OHS consultation and participation

OHS obligations and responsibilities to provide safe equipment

OHS policies and procedures

OHS training and information

purchasing/procurement policy and procedures

safe behaviour and defensive driving practices

safe work procedures

systematic hazard identification, risk analysis and evaluation, and risk control

task observation

Training requirements may include:

supervised and/or accredited training towards assessment for a particular certificate

training for safe use of plant or equipment

Licensing, certification and registration requirements may include:

requirements of:

relevant national and Australian Standards

state and territory OHS legislation and codes of practice

licensing and certification requirements applicable to state/territory and commonwealth legislation including OHS, dangerous goods, hazardous substances, mining and petrochemical

Other legal requirements may include:

relevant state or territory transport regulations

As low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) is:

a basic concept where risks are kept as low as is reasonably achievable

Appropriate records may include:

compliance with legislative requirements

maintenance and modification records

noise and vibration analysis

risk assessments


Unit sector

Competency Field

Regulation, Licensing and Risk - Occupational Health and Safety

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.