Apply protective paint coating systems

This unit of competency specifies the outcomes required to apply specialised paint coating systems as a protective measure against atmospheric conditions, sanitation and hygiene risks and the impacts of high traffic areas.The unit includes planning and preparation for the work, preparation of the work area and materials, application of the coating system and completion of clean-up activities.


This unit of competency supports the attainment of the understanding and skills to apply protective coatings, which may include working with others and as a member of a team.



Apply OHS requirements, policies and procedures in the construction industry

Elements and Performance Criteria


Plan and prepare.


Work instructions and operational details are obtained using relevant information, confirmed and applied for planning and preparation purposes.


Safety (OHS)requirements are followed in accordance with safety plans and policies.


Signage and barricade requirements are identified and implemented.


Plant, tools and equipment are selected to carry out tasks, including work platforms where required are consistent with the requirements of the job, checked for serviceability and any faults are rectified or reported prior to commencement.


Materials quantity requirements are calculated in accordance with plans, specifications and quality requirements.


Materialsappropriate to the work application are identified, obtained, prepared, safely handled and located ready for use.


Environmental requirementsare identified for the project in accordance with environmental plans and regulatory obligations and applied.


Prepare surfaces for protective coating.


Suitability of surface for protective paint coating is determined in accordance with manufacturer recommendations and job specifications.


Surface preparation methodis correctly selected in accordance with the environment, finish and substrate requirements.


Surface is prepared to manufacturer specifications in compliance with substrate requirements, specifications and relevant standards.


Surface imperfections are repaired or stopped, filled and sanded to a smooth finish ready for the protective coating in accordance with manufacturer recommendations and job specifications.


Apply protective coating system.


Job location is checked to ensure provision of adequate ventilation and precautions taken to prevent fire and explosion.


for paint coating is selected consistent with the job location, type of paint, type and condition of surface and climatic conditions.


Protective coating system is applied and finished in accordance with job/manufacturer specifications and relevant standards.


Measurement and dry and wet testingare carried out in accordance with manufacturer specifications and relevant standards.


Clean up.


Waste and unwanted materials are removed and placed into job waste bins or rubbish stockpile in accordance with sound work practices and compliance with the environmental requirements.


Painting tools, equipment and plant are cleaned with correct solutions and without damage, and stored safely and effectively to manufacturer specifications.


Unused materials are sealed and stored/stacked in accordance with standard material handling practices and techniques and company requirements.


Paint waste, water and solventsused in cleaning painting equipment are disposed of in an environmentally sustainable manner and in accordance with relevant legislative requirements.


Work area is cleared and materials disposed of or recycled in a manner to avoid spontaneous combustion and in accordance with legislation, regulations, codes of practice and job specification.

Required Skills

Required skills

Required skills for this unit are:

communication skills to:

determine requirements

enable clear and direct communication, using questioning to identify and confirm requirements, share information, listen and understand

follow instructions

read and interpret:

documentation from a variety of sources

drawings and specifications

report faults

use language and concepts appropriate to cultural differences

use and interpret non-verbal communication, such as hand signals

evaluating own actions and making judgments about performance and necessary improvements

identifying and accurately reporting to appropriate personnel any faults in tools, equipment or materials

organisational skills, including the ability to plan and set out work

recognising procedures, following instructions, responding to change and contributing to workplace responsibilities, such as current work site environmental and sustainability frameworks or management systems

teamwork skills to coordinate own work with others to action tasks and relate to people from a range of cultural and ethnic backgrounds and with varying physical and mental abilities

technological skills to:

use a range of mobile technology, such as two-way radio and mobile phones

voice and hand signals to access and understand site-specific instructions.

Required knowledge

Required knowledge for this unit is:

Australian Paint Approval Scheme (APAS) classifications

hazards associated with solvent vapour, chemical fumes, gases, harmful dusts, metal chips, abrasive grit and asbestos fibres

impact of atmospheric conditions and high traffic on new and existing structures and coatings

job safety analysis (JSA) and safe work method statements

material safety data sheets (MSDS)

materials storage and environmentally sustainable waste management, including correct disposal of water-based, latex-based and solvent-based paints

painting and decorating terminology

plans, drawings and specifications

processes for the calculation of material requirements

protective paint coating application equipment and techniques and their uses and limitations

protective surface coating technology

quality requirements

solid waste and paint sludge disposal techniques and relevant legislation, including Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) and local Council regulations

types of commonly used protective paint coatings, their uses and limitations

types of paints, including the characteristics and uses of paint materials with various volatile organic compound (VOCs) levels and alternative and natural paints

workplace and equipment safety requirements.

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

This unit of competency could be assessed in the workplace or a close simulation of the workplace environment, provided that simulated or project-based assessment techniques fully replicate construction workplace conditions, materials, activities, responsibilities and procedures.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence of the ability to:

locate, interpret and apply relevant information, standards and specifications

comply with site safety plan and OHS legislation, regulations and codes of practice applicable to workplace operations

comply with organisational policies and procedures including quality requirements

safely and effectively operate and use tools, plant and equipment

communicate and work effectively and safely with others

prepare an application of a minimum of three different protective paint coating systems of at least 1 square metre to specification

dispose of all paint types in an environmentally sustainable way compliant with relevant local legislation and regulations

clean and store painting equipment using environmentally sustainable methods and work practices including waste reticulation systems.

Context of and specific resources for assessment

This competency is to be assessed using standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints.

Assessment of essential underpinning knowledge will usually be conducted in an off-site context.

Assessment is to comply with relevant regulatory or Australian standards' requirements.

Resource implications for assessment include:

an induction procedure and requirement

realistic tasks or simulated tasks covering the mandatory task requirements

relevant specifications and work instructions

tools and equipment appropriate to applying safe work practices

support materials appropriate to activity

workplace instructions relating to safe work practices and addressing hazards and emergencies

material safety data sheets

research resources, including industry related systems information.

Reasonable adjustments for people with disabilities must be made to assessment processes where required. This could include access to modified equipment and other physical resources, and the provision of appropriate assessment support.

Method of assessment

Assessment methods must:

satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the Construction, Plumbing and Services Training Package

include direct observation of tasks in real or simulated work conditions, with questioning to confirm the ability to consistently identify and correctly interpret the essential underpinning knowledge required for practical application

reinforce the integration of employability skills with workplace tasks and job roles

confirm that competency is verified and able to be transferred to other circumstances and environments.

Validity and sufficiency of evidence requires that:

competency will need to be demonstrated over a period of time reflecting the scope of the role and the practical requirements of the workplace

where the assessment is part of a structured learning experience the evidence collected must relate to a number of performances assessed at different points in time and separated by further learning and practice, with a decision on competency only taken at the point when the assessor has complete confidence in the person's demonstrated ability and applied knowledge

all assessment that is part of a structured learning experience must include a combination of direct, indirect and supplementary evidence.

Assessment processes and techniques should as far as is practical take into account the language, literacy and numeracy capacity of the candidate in relation to the competency being assessed.

Supplementary evidence of competency may be obtained from relevant authenticated documentation from third parties, such as existing supervisors, team leaders or specialist training staff.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Information includes:

diagrams or sketches

instructions issued by authorised organisational or external personnel

manufacturer specifications and instructions, where specified



regulatory and legislative requirements pertaining to the application of protective paint coating systems

relevant Australian standards

safe work procedures relating to the application of protective paint coating systems


verbal, written and graphical instructions

work bulletins

work schedules, plans and specifications.

Planning and preparation include:

assessment of conditions and hazards

determination of work requirements and safety plans and policies

equipment defect identification

work site inspection.

Safety (OHS) is to be in accordance with state and territory legislation and regulations and project safety plan and may include:

emergency procedures, including extinguishing fires, organisational first aid requirements and evacuation

handling activities that may require the assistance of others or the use of manual or mechanical lifting devices where size, weight or other issues, such as a disability are a factor

hazard control

hazardous materials and substances

organisational first aid

PPE prescribed under legislation, regulations and workplace policies and practices

safe operating procedures, including the conduct of operational risk assessment and treatments associated with:

earth leakage boxes

electrical and fire and/or explosion from combustible materials

falling objects


manual handling

photovoltaic (solar) panels

power cables, including overhead service trays, cables and conduits

restricted access barriers

solvents, lead, chemicals, fumes/gases

surrounding structures

traffic control

trip hazards

work access platforms

work site visitors and the public

working at heights

working in confined spaces

working in proximity to others, work site visitors and the public

use of firefighting equipment

use of tools and equipment

workplace environmental requirements and safety.

Tools and equipment include:


brushware accessories



drop sheets

duster brushes

hand and mechanical wire brushes

hand sanders

high pressure water blasters

mechanical grinders

mechanical sanders

paint pots and buckets

paint stirrers


roller accessories

roller frames


spray equipment

wet and dry film thickness gauges.

Work platforms include:

aluminium mobile scaffolds

elevated work platforms

hop ups

in situ scaffold erected by qualified personnel



scissor lifts



Quality requirements include:

internal company quality policy and standards

manufacturer specifications, where specified

relevant regulations, including Australian standards

workplace operations and procedures.

Materials include:

cleaning aids

cleaning chemicals


Environmental requirements include:

chemical fumes

clean-up management

dust and noise

low odour and emissions

stormwater protection

waste management.

Surface to be prepared and coated:

may be:


previously coated




metallic (iron, steel, ferrous and non-ferrous metals)

plastics, including polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Paint coating includes:

polyurethane primer (two pack)

epoxy primer (two pack)

high build epoxy

high build chlorinated rubber.

Surface preparation method includes:

abrasive blasting

chemical stripping


heat gun


scraping (mechanical and hand)

washing down using sugar soap

water blasting.


is to comply with relevant Australian standards.

Paint coating includes:

corrosion control


hygiene and sanitation protection

trafficable areas.

Measurement and dry and wet testing techniques:

are those required to confirm that wet film meets specifications.

Paint waste, water and solvents disposal includes:

use of manual and machine environmentally sustainable cleaning methods

cleaning water re-cycling or professional disposal

solid waste disposal requirements


Functional area

Unit sector


Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.