Tail out materials

This unit describes the outcomes required to clear sawn or machined materials and waste from a saw or machine while maintaining process flow and checking and sorting the finished productGeneral workplace legislative and regulatory requirements apply to this unit; however there are no specific licensing or certification requirements at the time of publicationThis unit replaces FPICOT2205A Tail out materials


The unit involves tailing out materials in a forest products factory setting

The skills and knowledge required for competent workplace performance are to be used within the scope of the person's job and authority


Not Applicable

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare for cutting or machining process

1.1. Applicable occupational health and safety (OHS), environmental, legislative and organisational requirements relevant to tailing out materials are identified and followed

1.2. Work order is reviewed and clarified with appropriate personnel

1.3. Required finished board sizes and quantities are identified in line with operator and work order

1.4. Where multiple cuts are required, sequence of cuts or machining passes are checked with operator and work order

1.5. Communication with others is established and maintained in line with OHS requirements

2. Maintain process flow

2.1. Flitch, cant or board is controlled to maintain process flow in line with sawing or dressing speed, OHS requirements and production standards

2.2. Sawn waste or material is controlled and regularly cleared in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

2.3. Flitch, cant or board is assessed for further processing requirements and returned to operator in line with production standards

2.4. Work area is regularly cleared in line with site procedures, and OHS and environmental requirements

2.5. Problems in flow or processing of materials are identified and reported to operator for resolution

2.6. As directed by operator, material with faults or defects is disposed of in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

3. Sort finished product

3.1. Boards are sorted and stacked in line with site procedures and specific operational requirements

3.2. Boards are assessed for standard sizes by visual estimate or using a measuring tool in line with site procedures

3.3. Recoverable material and waste are segregated and stored or directed for further processing in line with site procedures

3.4. Production and quality records and reports are processed in line with site procedures and organisational requirements

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.

Required skills

Technical skills sufficient to use and maintain relevant tools, machinery and equipment

Communication skills and interpersonal techniques sufficient to interact appropriately with colleagues and others in the workplace; locate, record and report information

Literacy skills sufficient to follow legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices and procedures for tailing out material

Numeracy skills sufficient to use appropriate methods of analysis, assessment and evaluation to tail out materials; sort finished material into required grades and waste from recoverable or finished materials; estimate, measure and calculate time required to complete a task

Problem solving skills sufficient to review and identify work requirements; identify problems; demonstrate appropriate response procedures

Required knowledge

Applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the full range of processes for tailing out materials

Environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material and the cleaning of plant, tools and equipment

Organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for tailing out materials

Environmental risks and hazards

Criteria for recycling and re-using material with faults or defects

Industry standard cross section and length dimensions and tolerances

Tailing out processes and procedures

Common industry terminology

Established communication channels and protocols

Problem identification and resolution strategies, and common fault finding techniques

Types of tools and equipment, and procedures for their safe use, operation and maintenance

Appropriate mathematical procedures for estimating and measuring, including calculating time to complete tasks

Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can safely and efficiently:

tail out material, demonstrating the correct maintenance of process flow

sort material according to organisational guidelines

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to, and satisfy, all of the requirements of the elements of this unit and include demonstration of:

following applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice relevant to tailing out materials

following organisational policies and procedures relevant to tailing out materials

safely tailing out material while maintaining process flow

identifying processing faults and sorting finished material

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or realistically simulated workplace

Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of required knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context

Assessment is to follow relevant regulatory or Australian Standards requirements

The following resources should be made available:

workplace location or simulated workplace

materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit

specifications and work instructions

Method of assessment

Assessment must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of required knowledge

Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on required knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills

Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and correctly interpret and apply the required knowledge

Assessment may be applied under project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate

Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English

Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment

Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

OHS requirements:

are to be in line with applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

personal protective equipment and clothing

safety equipment

first aid equipment

fire fighting equipment

hazard and risk control

fatigue management

elimination of hazardous materials and substances

manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Environmental requirements may include:


organisational policies and procedures

workplace practices

Legislative requirements:

are to be in line with applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

award and enterprise agreements

industrial relations

Australian Standards

confidentiality and privacy


the environment

equal opportunity


relevant industry codes of practice

duty of care

Organisational requirements may include:


organisational and site guidelines

policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility

quality assurance

procedural manuals

quality and continuous improvement processes and standards

OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures

ethical standards

recording and reporting requirements

equipment use, maintenance and storage requirements

environmental management requirements (waste minimisation and disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Materials may be:


other materials that are solid or manufactured by lamination of boards or veneers

Appropriate personnel may include:




line management

Communication may include:

verbal and non-verbal language

constructive feedback

active listening

questioning to clarify and confirm understanding

use of positive, confident and cooperative language

use of language and concepts appropriate to individual social and cultural differences

control of tone of voice

Controlled may relate to:

material movement

position of the material being sawn or dressed

avoiding contact with tail of saw or cutter

removing waste

Problems may relate to:

speed of production

flow of product

sharpness of blades or cutters

quality of materials



burn marks

rough finish

tear out

machine marks

irregular size of finished product

Disposing of may include:

recycling material with faults or defects

re-using material with faults or defects

redirecting material with faults or defects for energy recovery

Recoverable material:

is the volume of timber sawn from a resource compared to the volume of that resource

is expressed as a percentage (sawn timber volume/initial log volume x 100)

maximises the value of the resource

Storing or directing for further processing may include:

recycling segregated recoverable material and waste

re-using segregated recoverable material and waste

redirecting segregated recoverable material and waste for energy recovery

Records and reports may include:

tally sheets

quality sheets and forms

production sheets and downtime sheets

and may relate to:

production details

maintenance details

breakdowns or equipment faults

interruptions to production

and may be:


computer-based system

other appropriate organisational communication system


Not Applicable

Competency Field

Common Technical

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills

Licensing Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor