Grade hardwood sawn and milled products

This unit describes the outcomes required to visually evaluate hardwood sawn and milled product characteristics for classification into various strength and appearance grades. It includes sorting hardwood into classifications and marking material in line with grade typeGeneral workplace legislative and regulatory requirements apply to this unit; however there are no specific licensing or certification requirements at the time of publicationThis unit replaces FPICOT2212A Grade hardwood sawn and milled products


The unit involves grading hardwood sawn and milled products in a forest products factory setting

The skills and knowledge required for competent workplace performance are to be used within the scope of the person's job and authority


Not Applicable

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare for grading

1.1. Applicable occupational health and safety (OHS), environmental, legislative and organisational requirements relevant to grading hardwood sawn and milled products are identified and followed

1.2. Work order is reviewed and clarified with appropriate personnel

1.3. Type and quantity of sawn and milled products to be graded are acquired from storage location

1.4. Equipment is selected appropriate to work requirements and checked for operational effectiveness in line with manufacturer recommendations and site procedures

1.5. Grading process is planned in line with site procedures

1.6. Communication with others is established and maintained in line with OHS requirements and site procedures

2. Grade products

2.1. Sawn and milled product requirements for storage or subsequent processing operations are selected

2.2. Size of sawn and milled products is visually assessed in line with industry standards and number of ranges estimated

2.3. Material characteristics of each product are evaluated against industry standards for grade type

2.4. Moisture content is measured and evaluated against standards and seasoning requirements

2.5. Characteristics are clearly marked for docking in line with site requirements

2.6. Material is sorted in line with its grade classification and clearly marked with markers or stickers

2.7. Sub-standard material is rejected and disposed of in line with site requirements

2.8. Grading outcomes and distribution problems are recorded and reported in line with workplace procedures

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.

Required skills

Technical skills sufficient to use and maintain relevant equipment; grade hardwood sawn and milled products

Communication skills sufficient to use appropriate communication and interpersonal techniques with colleagues and others; locate, record and report information

Literacy skills sufficient to follow legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices and procedures for grading hardwood sawn and milled products

Numeracy skills sufficient to estimate, measure and calculate size and moisture content of sawn and milled material and time required to complete a task

Problem solving skills sufficient to review and identify work requirements; identify problems and equipment faults; demonstrate appropriate response procedures

Required knowledge

Applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the full range of processes for grading hardwood sawn and milled products

Environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material

Organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for grading hardwood sawn and milled products

Environmental risks and hazards

Criteria for recycling and re-using sub-standard material

Methods of visual estimation, grading, colour identification and tagging

Sorting, marking and distribution processes

Industry standard cross sections and lengths

Storage systems and labelling procedures

Established communication channels and protocols

Problem identification and resolution strategies, and common fault finding techniques

Types of tools and equipment, and procedures for their safe use, operation and maintenance

Appropriate mathematical procedures for estimating and measuring, including calculating time to complete tasks

Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can safely and efficiently grade hardwood sawn and milled products in line with organisational requirements

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to, and satisfy, all of the requirements of the elements of this unit and include demonstration of:

following applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice relevant to grading hardwood sawn and milled products

following organisational policies and procedures relevant to grading hardwood sawn and milled products

grading a full range of hardwood sawn and milled products in readiness for storage or processing

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or realistically simulated workplace

Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of required knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context

Assessment is to follow relevant regulatory or Australian Standards requirements

The following resources should be made available:

workplace location or simulated workplace

materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit

specifications and work instructions

Method of assessment

Assessment must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of required knowledge

Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on required knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills

Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and correctly interpret and apply the required knowledge

Assessment may be applied under project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate

Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English

Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment

Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

OHS requirements:

are to be in line with applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

personal protective equipment and clothing

safety equipment

first aid equipment

fire fighting equipment

hazard and risk control

fatigue management

elimination of hazardous materials and substances

safe forest practices, including required actions relating to forest fire

manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Environmental requirements may include:


organisational policies and procedures

workplace practices

Legislative requirements:

are to be in line with applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

award and enterprise agreements

industrial relations

Australian Standards

confidentiality and privacy


the environment

equal opportunity


relevant industry codes of practice

duty of care

Organisational requirements may include:


organisational and site guidelines

policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility

quality assurance

procedural manuals

quality and continuous improvement processes and standards

OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures

ethical standards

recording and reporting requirements

equipment use, maintenance and storage requirements

environmental management requirements (waste minimisation and disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Work order is to include:

instructions for the receipt, despatch and grading of sawn and milled products to and from the designated storage location or processing

and may include:




instructions for the environmental monitoring of work and procedures

environmental care requirements relevant to the work

Appropriate personnel may include:






Sawn and milled products must be:


and may include:

strip flooring

light decking

parquet flooring

lining boards

dress boards





barge boards

sawn boards for feed stocks

overlay strip flooring

furniture components

Storage locations may include:

storage racks

storage bays



pallet boxes

modularised storage components

temporary stacking bays (stand, frame or ground)

and may be divided into:

standard product classification

product designation



stack number



shelf life

stock rotation position

Equipment may include:

measuring equipment

moisture meters

lifting equipment for the movement of sawn and milled products

Communication may include:

verbal and non-verbal language

constructive feedback

active listening

questioning to clarify and confirm understanding

use of positive, confident and cooperative language

use of language and concepts appropriate to individual social and cultural differences

control of tone of voice

Size is to include:

a range of sizes for standard cross sections and length of sawn and milled products


is the number of classifications or grades sawn and milled products are sorted into, based on cross section or length

Characteristics may include:





insect defects


resin pockets

Moisture content

is the amount of moisture maintained in sawn and milled products before and after kiln drying to avoid cracking and deforming

Disposing of may include:

recycling sub-standard material

re-using sub-standard material

redirecting sub-standard material for energy recovery

Records and reports may include:

product type and size

inspection information

grading and labelling outcomes

storage locations

quality outcomes



equipment malfunctions

and may be:


computer-based system

other appropriate organisational communication system


Not Applicable

Competency Field

Common Technical

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills

Licensing Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor