Grade heavy structural/engineered products

This unit specifies the outcomes required to visually evaluate material characteristics and defects for classification into various strength and appearance grades. It includes classifying sleepers, crossings, mine guides and other heavy structural or engineered products in line with gradeThis unit replaces FPICOT3240A Grade heavy structural/engineered products


This unit involves grading heavy structural/engineered products in a forest environment setting

These skills and knowledge required for are to be used within the scope of the person's job and authority


Not Applicable

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare for grading

1.1. Applicable occupational health and safety (OHS), environmental, legislative and organisational requirements relevant to grading heavy structural or engineered products are identified and followed

1.2. Work order is reviewed and clarified with appropriate personnel

1.3. Type and quantity of engineered products to be graded are acquired from the storage location

1.4. Equipment is selected appropriate to work requirements and checked for operational effectiveness in line with manufacturer recommendations

1.5. Grading process is planned in line with site procedures

1.6. Communication with others is established and maintained in line with OHS requirements

2. Grade heavy structural or engineered products

2.1. Timber requirements for storage or subsequent processing operations are selected

2.2. Timber characteristics and defects of each piece of timber are evaluated against industry standards for grade type

2.3. Moisture content is measured, recorded and reported

2.4. Defects are clearly marked for docking in line with site requirements

2.5. Timber is marked and sorted in line with its grade classification, using markers or stickers that are clearly understood

2.6. Grading outcomes and distribution problems are recorded and reported in line with workplace procedures

3. Distribute material

3.1. Material is directed and moved to storage or processing operations in line with site requirements

3.2. Sub-standard material is rejected and disposed of in line with site requirements

3.3. On-site movement of material is monitored to ensure intended flow is achieved

3.4. Storage locations are labelled in line with site systems

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.

Required skills

Technical skills sufficient to use and maintain relevant tools, machinery and equipment; accurately grade heavy structural or engineered products; evaluate timber characteristics

Communication skills sufficient to use appropriate communication and interpersonal techniques with colleagues and others

Literacy skills sufficient to record and report workplace information; maintain documentation

Numeracy skills sufficient to measure moisture content, estimate and calculate time required to complete a task

Problem solving skills sufficient to identify problems and equipment faults; demonstrate appropriate response procedures

Required knowledge

Applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the full range of processes for grading heavy structural or engineered products

Environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material

Organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for grading heavy structural or engineered products

Environmental risks and hazards

Criteria for recycling and re-using timber or material with defects and sub-standard timber or material

Methods of visual estimation, grading, colour identification and tagging

Heavy structural or engineered products and their use

Sorting, marking and distribution processes

Industry standard cross sections and lengths

Storage systems and labelling procedures

Types of tools and equipment, and procedures for their safe use and maintenance

Appropriate mathematical procedures for estimating and measuring, including calculating time to complete tasks

Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can safely and efficiently grade heavy structural or engineered products according to organisational requirements

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to, and satisfy, all of the requirements of the elements of this unit and include demonstration of:

following applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice relevant to grading heavy structural or engineered products

following organisational policies and procedures relevant to grading heavy structural or engineered products

communicating and working safely with others in the work area

grading heavy structural or engineered products to the appropriate standard

measuring moisture content and identifying defects and characteristics in timber

distributing material on site using designated equipment

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or realistically simulated workplace

Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of required knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context

Assessment is to follow relevant regulatory or Australian Standards requirements

The following resources should be made available:

workplace location or simulated workplace

materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit

specifications and work instructions

Method of assessment

Assessment must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of required knowledge

Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on required knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills

Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and correctly interpret and apply the required knowledge

Assessment may be applied under project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate

Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English

Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment

Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

OHS requirements:

are to be in line with applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

personal protective equipment and clothing

safety equipment

first aid equipment

fire fighting equipment

hazard and risk control

fatigue management

elimination of hazardous materials and substances

safe forest practices, including required actions relating to forest fire

manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Environmental requirements may include:


organisational policies and procedures

workplace practices

Legislative requirements:

are to be in line with applicable commonwealth, state or territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

award and enterprise agreements

industrial relations

Australian Standards

confidentiality and privacy


the environment

equal opportunity


relevant industry codes of practice

duty of care

Organisational requirements may include:


organisational and site guidelines

policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility

quality assurance

procedural manuals

quality and continuous improvement processes and standards

OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures

ethical standards

recording and reporting requirements

equipment use, maintenance and storage requirements

environmental management requirements (waste minimisation and disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Work order is to include:

instructions for:

receiving, despatching and grading

sorting and marking heavy structural or engineered products to and from the designated storage location or processing

and may include:




instructions for the environmental monitoring of work and procedures

environmental care requirements relevant to the work

Appropriate personnel may include:






Engineered products may include:

sleepers, crossings, mine guides, piles and cross arms for overhead lines

decking for wharves and bridges


other heavy structural or engineered products


is visually evaluating timber characteristics and defects for classification into various strength and appearance grades

Storage may include:

storage racks

storage bays



pallet boxes

modularised storage components

temporary stacking bays (stand, frame or ground)

and may be divided into:

standard product classification

product designation



stack number



shelf life

stock rotation position

Equipment may include:

moisture meters

lifting equipment for the movement of material

Communication may include:

verbal and non-verbal language

constructive feedback

active listening

questioning to clarify and confirm understanding

use of positive, confident and cooperative language

use of language and concepts appropriate to individual social and cultural differences

control of tone of voice

Defects may include:





insect defects


resin pockets

Moisture content

is the amount of moisture maintained in timber or timber products after kiln drying or panel production to avoid cracking and deforming

Records and reports may include:

product type and size

inspection information

grading and labelling outcomes

storage locations

quality outcomes



equipment malfunctions

and may be:


a computer-based system

other appropriate organisational communication system

Disposing of may include:

recycling sub-standard material

re-using sub-standard material

redirecting sub-standard material for energy recovery

On-site movement of material may include:

the use of:

conveyor belt systems

track systems

lifting equipment

lifting equipment, such as:

fork lifts


trolley jacks

gantry cranes


assistance with lifting, such as:

involving two or more personnel to lift materials manually or to guide the movement of mechanical equipment


Not Applicable

Competency Field

Common Technical

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills

Licensing Information

Not Applicable