Machine material

This unit describes the outcomes required to operate and maintain basic static machines used for sawing, planning, sanding and drilling. The unit includes operator maintenanceGeneral workplace legislative and regulatory requirements apply to this unit; however there are no specific licensing or certification requirements at the time of publication This unit replaces FPITMM2202A Machine material


This unit involves machining material in a forest products factory setting

The skills and knowledge required for competent workplace performance are to be used within the scope of the person's job and authority

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare for machining

1.1. Applicable Occupational Health and Safety (OHS), environmental, legislative and organisational requirements relevant to machining material are identified and followed

1.2. Work order is reviewed and checked with appropriate personnel

1.3. Type and quantity of material to be machined is acquired from the storagelocation

1.4. Equipment is selected appropriate to work requirements and checked for operational effectiveness in line with manufacturer's recommendations

1.5. Material machining process is planned in line with site procedures

1.6. Communication with others is established and maintained in line with OHS requirements

2. Set up machines

2.1. Safety equipment, including emergency stops, gauges, guards and controls are checked

2.2. Machine settings and adjustments are made in line with job requirements, and machine and tool manufacturer's instructions

2.3. Trial runs are conducted to check machine operation, accuracy and quality of finished work

2.4. Material machined during the trial run is accepted or rejected and disposed of in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

2.5. Necessary adjustments are made to machine settings

3. Operate machines

3.1. Pre start-up checks are carried out on equipment in line with site requirements

3.2. Machine is operated in line with manufacturer's instructions, safe handling procedures, standard workplace operating procedures and environmental protection requirements

3.3. Machine operation is monitored to ensure product quality and output

3.4. Material is safely stacked in a designated location in line with work order requirements

3.5. Waste quantities are checked and minimised and items that do not meet quality requirements repaired, recycled or discarded in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

3.6. Fixed cutter heads are removed and replaced in line with site procedures

3.7. Straight cutters are jointed in line with site procedures

3.8. Machining outcomes and equipment faults or maintenance requirements are recorded and reported to the appropriate personnel

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.

Required skills

Technical skills sufficient to safely machine material, use and maintain relevant tools, machinery and equipment

Communication skills and interpersonal techniques sufficient to interact appropriately with colleagues and others in the workplace

Literacy skills sufficient to accurately locate, record and report information

Numeracy skills sufficient to estimate, measure and calculate time required to complete a task and to calculate quantities of materials

Problem solving skills sufficient to identify problems and equipment faults and demonstrate appropriate response procedures, review and accurately identify work requirements

Required knowledge

Applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the full range of processes for machining material

Environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material, minimising carbon emissions and the cleaning of plant, tools and equipment

Organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures for machining material

Environmental risks and hazards

Characteristics of timber, timber products and defects

Cutting patterns and sequences

Blade, knife, drill and sanding belt condition assessment

Industry standard cross-sections and lengths

Storage systems and labelling

Established communication channels and protocols

Problem identification and resolution strategies and common fault finding techniques

Types of tools and equipment and procedures for their safe use, operation and maintenance

Appropriate mathematical procedures for estimating and measuring, including calculating time to complete tasks

Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can safely and efficiently machine material within organisational requirements

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements of this unit and include demonstration of:

following applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice relevant to machining material

following organisational policies and procedures relevant to machining material

effectively communicating and following safe working practices

machining material in line with the work order and within prescribed organisational tolerances

conducting operator maintenance on sawing, planning, drilling and sanding equipment

stacking batches of machined material in line with organisational requirements and OHS regulations

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or realistically simulated workplace

Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of required knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context

Assessment is to follow relevant regulatory or Australian Standards requirements

The following resources should be made available:

workplace location or simulated workplace

materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit

specifications and work instructions

Method of assessment

Assessment must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of required knowledge

Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on required knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills

Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and correctly interpret and apply the required knowledge

Assessment may be applied under project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate

Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English

Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment

Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.


are to be in line with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

personal protective equipment and clothing

safety equipment

first aid equipment

fire fighting equipment

hazard and risk control

fatigue management

elimination of hazardous materials and substances

manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Environmental requirements may include:


organisational policies and procedures

workplace practices

Legislative requirements:

are to be in line with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

award and enterprise agreements

industrial relations

Australian Standards

confidentiality and privacy


the environment

equal opportunity


relevant industry codes of practice

duty of care

Organisational requirements may include:


organisational and site guidelines

policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility

quality assurance

procedural manuals

quality and continuous improvement processes and standards

OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures

ethical standards

recording and reporting requirements

equipment use and maintenance and storage requirements

environmental management requirements (waste minimisation and disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Workorder is to include:

instructions for the machining and despatch of timber and timber products from the work site

and may include:







instructions for the environmental monitoring of work and procedures

environmental care requirements relevant to the work

Appropriatepersonnel may include:






Material may include:

native timber species

imported timber species

dressed timber

in-the-rough timber

stress and non-stress graded timber

preservative treated timber

medium density fibreboard

laminated veneer


fibreboard and other manufactured board products

coated and/or treated timber products

beams or laminated beams

Machining is to include:

sawing operations

planning operations



Storagelocations may include:

storage racks

storage bays



pallet boxes

modularised storage components

temporary stacking bays (stand, frame or ground)

and may be divided into:

standard product classification

product designation



stack number



shelf life

stock rotation position

Equipment may include:

measuring equipment

docking saws

bench saws

panel saws


panel planers

surface planers

drill presses

boring machines

edge sanders

profile sanders

panel sanders

stroke sanders

and is to include:

procedures for lock-out, i.e. protecting operators and co-workers from accidental injury by isolating the machine from the power source

Communication may include:

verbal and non-verbal language

constructive feedback

active listening

questioning to clarify and confirm understanding

use of positive, confident and cooperative language appropriate to individual social and cultural differences

control of tone of voice and body language

Machinesettings may include:


setting equipment to stops, fences, angles, depths, feeds or speeds

Disposing of may include:

recycling rejected material machined during the trial run

re-using rejected material machined during the trial run

Prestart-upchecks are conducted to ensure:

equipment has been set-up correctly

blades, knives, drills or sanding belts are installed accurately

machinery is operating to optimum performance


is the speed or rate at which material is machined

Stacking may include:

preparing for transport

categorising in common size, length and angle

marking lots in line with work order and site requirements

locating so as not to block access or passage

Waste may include:






Recordsandreports may include:

the machining method

product type



storage locations

quality outcomes


incidents or equipment malfunctions

and may be:


using a computer-based system or another appropriate organisational system


Unit sector

No sector assigned

Competency Field

Timber Manufactured Products and Timber Merchandising

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills

Licensing Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor