Construct prototypes and samples

This unit describes the outcomes required to prepare and construct prototypes and samples in line with established plans, drawings or other specifications for the purpose of testing product viability and construction methodsGeneral workplace legislative and regulatory requirements apply to this unit; however there are no specific licensing or certification requirements at the time of publicationThis unit replaces FPITMM4201A Construct prototypes and samples


This unit involves constructing prototypes and samples in a forest products factory setting

The skills and knowledge required for competent workplace performance are to be used within the scope of the person's job and authority

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare for construction

1.1. Applicable Occupational Health and Safety (OHS), environmental, legislative and organisational requirements relevant to constructing prototypes and samples are identified and followed

1.2. Prototype purpose, workorder and construction plans are produced and checked with appropriatepersonnel

1.3. Type and quantity of material and assemblyhardware to be constructed are collected

1.4. Equipment is selected appropriate to work requirements and checked for operational effectiveness in line with manufacturer's recommendations

1.5. Stages of the construction process are planned and documented

1.6. Communication with others is established and maintained in line with OHS requirements

2. Set up components

2.1. Set-up jigs required for construction are specified and prepared

2.2. Timbercomponents are selected, checked for compatibility with the specifications and cut in line with the prototype plans

2.3. Components are positioned and clamped in jigs ready for joining with allowable faults, joins and grain in line with construction standards and grading rules

2.4. Defectivecomponents are rejected and disposed of in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

2.5. Timber that is cut incorrectly and off-cuts are disposed of in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

2.6. Components are stapled to maintain temporary alignment during construction

3. Construct prototype

3.1. Construction plan is followed to construct the item

3.2. Assembly hardware is located and selected in line with the prototype construction plans and specifications

3.3. Checks are conducted at designated points in construction

3.4. Hardware is positioned on joints and installed, following prototype specifications

3.5. Temporary bracing is nailed or stapled to the product in line with construction standards

3.6. Modifications to designs and plans are detected and recommended within workplace procedures

3.7. Construction faults are corrected and prototype plans modified

3.8. Modifications to the plan are documented and followed

3.9. Prototype or sample is checked for effectiveness and timeliness of construction to suit the purpose

3.10. Prototype development processes and problems are recorded and reported to the appropriate personnel

3.11. When no longer required, temporary bracing, prototypes and samples are stored or disposed of in line with site procedures and environmental requirements

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.

Required skills

Technical skills sufficient to use and maintain relevant tools, machinery and equipment and safely construct prototypes and samples

Communication skills and interpersonal techniques sufficient to interact appropriately with colleagues and others in the workplace

Literacy skills sufficient to accurately record and report workplace information, and maintain documentation

Numeracy skills sufficient to estimate, measure and calculate length and angles including basic addition and subtraction and to calculate time required to complete a task

Problem solving skills sufficient to identify problems and equipment faults and demonstrate appropriate response procedures

Required knowledge

Applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation, regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the full range of processes for constructing prototypes and samples

Environmental protection requirements, including the safe disposal of waste material, minimising carbon emissions and the cleaning of plant, tools and equipment

Organisational and site standards, requirements, policies and procedures relevant to constructing prototypes and samples

Environmental risks and hazards

Using energy effectively and efficiently

Using material effectively and efficiently

Characteristics of timber and timber defects

Products and their use

Construction sequences and jigs

Construction componentry and construction standards

Industry standard cross-sections and lengths

Established communication channels and protocols

Problem identification and resolution strategies and fault finding techniques

Types of tools and equipment and procedures for their safe use, operation and maintenance

Appropriate mathematical procedures for estimating and measuring, including calculating time to complete tasks

Procedures for recording and reporting workplace information

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence that they can safely and efficiently construct prototypes and samples within organisational requirements

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements of this unit and include demonstration of:

following applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislative and regulatory requirements and codes of practice relevant to constructing prototypes and samples

following organisational policies and procedures relevant to constructing prototypes and samples

effective communication and safe working practices

constructing prototypes and samples in line with construction plans, drawings and specifications to follow construction standards

assessing prototype success with accepted development times, organisational production procedures and product purpose

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or realistically simulated workplace

Assessment is to occur under standard and authorised work practices, safety requirements and environmental constraints

Assessment of required knowledge, other than confirmatory questions, will usually be conducted in an off-site context

Assessment is to follow relevant regulatory or Australian Standards requirements

The following resources should be made available:

workplace location or simulated workplace

materials and equipment relevant to undertaking work applicable to this unit

specifications and work instructions

Method of assessment

Assessment must satisfy the endorsed Assessment Guidelines of the FPI11 Training Package

Assessment methods must confirm consistency and accuracy of performance (over time and in a range of workplace relevant contexts) together with application of required knowledge

Assessment must be by direct observation of tasks, with questioning on required knowledge and it must also reinforce the integration of employability skills

Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and correctly interpret and apply the required knowledge

Assessment may be applied under project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require evidence of process

Assessment must confirm a reasonable inference that competency is able not only to be satisfied under the particular circumstance, but is able to be transferred to other circumstances

Assessment may be in conjunction with assessment of other units of competency

The assessment environment should not disadvantage the candidate

Assessment practices should take into account any relevant language or cultural issues related to Aboriginality, gender or language backgrounds other than English

Where the participant has a disability, reasonable adjustment may be applied during assessment

Language and literacy demands of the assessment task should not be higher than those of the work role

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.


are to be in line with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation and regulations, and organisational safety policies and procedures, and may include:

personal protective equipment and clothing

safety equipment

first aid equipment

fire fighting equipment

hazard and risk control

fatigue management

elimination of hazardous materials and substances

safe forest practices including required actions relating to forest fire

manual handling including shifting, lifting and carrying

Environmental requirements may include:


organisational policies and procedures

workplace practices

Legislative requirements:

are to be in line with applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation, regulations, certification requirements and codes of practice and may include:

award and enterprise agreements

industrial relations

Australian Standards

confidentiality and privacy


the environment

equal opportunity


relevant industry codes of practice

duty of care

Organisational requirements may include:


organisational and site guidelines

policies and procedures relating to own role and responsibility

quality assurance

procedural manuals

quality and continuous improvement processes and standards

OHS, emergency and evacuation procedures

ethical standards

recording and reporting requirements

equipment use and maintenance and storage requirements

environmental management requirements (waste minimisation and disposal, recycling and re-use guidelines)

Prototypes may include:

new designs for:










new product development

Workorder is to include:

instructions for the construction and testing of new timber products from the work site

and may include:

construction plans or drawings

type of product




instructions for the environmental monitoring of work and procedures

environmental care requirements relevant to the work

Appropriatepersonnel may include:






Material may include:

native timber species

imported timber species

dressed timber

in-the-rough timber

stress and non-stress graded timber

preservative treated timber

medium density fibreboard

laminated veneer


fibreboard and other manufactured board products

coated and/or treated timber products

beams or laminated beams

Assembly hardware is to include:

nailing plates

and may include:

gang nails

nail gun nails


Equipment may include:

measuring equipment

assembly jigs

nail plate presses

staple guns

nail guns

compressor or compressed air supply

marking equipment

strapping equipment


are the development phases of the new prototype, allowing review for each process and modification

Communication may include:

verbal and non-verbal language

constructive feedback

active listening

questioning to clarify and confirm understanding

use of positive, confident and cooperative language

use of language and concepts appropriate to individual social and cultural differences

control of tone of voice and body language

Set-up jigs

are the organisation's manufactured templates which assist in the positioning of components during the assembly process

are usually newly developed as part of the prototype development process


are the sections of timber or timber product which are cut in readiness for assembly and have been cut to follow the construction plans and specifications

Defectivecomponents may include:

components with an unacceptable level of :





insect defects


resin pockets

Disposing of may include:

recycling material with defective components; timber that is cut incorrectly, off-cuts; temporary bracing, prototypes or samples no longer required

re-using material with defective components; timber that is cut incorrectly, off-cuts; temporary bracing, prototypes or samples no longer required


may be fixed to secure the assembled product in alignment and square during transportation, moving and positioning on site

Modifications may include:

changing aspects of the prototype plans, drawings and specifications to facilitate acceptable construction methods, standard component sizes or to rectify and overcome a construction fault

Construction faults may include:

incorrectly positioned joints

timber splits from nailing

incorrectly positioned hardware

Records and reports may include:

product type



grading and labelling outcomes

storage locations

quality outcomes



equipment malfunctions

and may be:


using a computer-based system or another appropriate organisational communication system


Unit sector

No sector assigned

Competency Field

Timber Manufactured Products and Timber Merchandising

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills

Licensing Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor