Prepare and maintain beds

This unit of competency describes the skills and knowledge required to apply bed making and cleaning practices to a range of 'beds' to ensure that clients can safely occupy a clean bed


Bed making practices may apply to occupied or unoccupied beds

Where beds in an acute setting are occupied, bed making will be usually performed in an assisting role or under the supervision of an appropriate health professional according to organisation policy


Not Applicable

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Prepare area for bed making

1.1 Use personal protective equipment according to organisation policy

1.2 Adjust the height of the bed when necessary

1.3 Clear the bed and surrounding areas of medical and other equipment before stripping the bed, where necessary

1.4 Check bed linen for displaced personal items, aids and equipment, and place aids and equipment in appropriate area/container

2. Make bed

2.1 Maintain the client's dignity and privacy

2.2 Strip bed linen, where necessary

2.3 Remove clinical waste and soiled linen and place in appropriate container

2.4 Clean the bed according to established procedures, where necessary

2.5 Place clean bed linen on bed in accordance with organisation procedures

2.6 Re-position existing bed linen

2.7 Ask the client whether they are comfortable, or if they have any specific bed needs

2.8 Handle reusable clean bed linen in accordance to with organisation procedures

2.9 Clean mattresses and pillows regularly and on discharge, in accordance with organisation procedures

3. Leave bed ready for occupancy or continued occupancy

3.1 Adjust bed height for occupancy and apply brakes according to bed type

3.2 Keep bed and equipment/aids accessible and leave the bed ready for occupancy

3.3 Report damaged and/or faulty beds, equipment, mattresses, pillows and linen to appropriate personnel

3.4 Clean (or dispose of appropriately) and return to storage area all cleaning implements

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level required for this unit.

Essential knowledge:

The candidate must be able to demonstrate essential knowledge required to effectively do the task outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage the task and manage contingencies in the context of the identified work role

This includes knowledge of:

Bed cleaning procedures

Bed linen items

Hygiene policies and procedures

Infection control policy and procedures

OHS policies and procedures

Procedures for safe handling of soiled linen

Essential skills:

It is critical that the candidate demonstrate the ability to

Prepare, make and leave a bed ready for occupancy in accordance with organisation procedures

Follow instructions from nursing staff

In addition, the candidate must be able to effectively do the task outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage the task and manage contingencies in the context of the identified work role

This includes the ability to:

Undertake the organisation's cleaning procedures for bed types

Undertake safe manual handling techniques

Undertake correct disposal of clinical waste, including taking into account opportunities to address waste minimisation, environmental responsibility and sustainable practice issues

Undertake the correct bed making procedures i.e. hospital corners

Use reading and writing skills required to fulfil job roles in a safe manner and as specified by organisation and may include the ability to:

understand symbols used in OHS signs

read workplace safety pamphlets or procedure manuals

read labels

Use literacy support available in the workplace:

support may range from having access to support or assistance from expert/mentor/supervisor, to having no communication supports available

literacy may be required in English or a community language

Use problem solving skills required including the ability to use available resources and prioritise workload

Use oral communication skills required to fulfil job roles in a safe manner and as specified by the organisation, including skills in:

asking questions

providing clear information

listening to and understanding workplace instructions

clarifying workplace instructions when necessary

competence in English or a community language, depending on client group and organisation requirements

Use numeracy skills that may range from the ability to complete basic arithmetic calculations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division to recording numbers

Work with others and display empathy with client and relatives

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria, Required Skills and Knowledge, the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate this competency unit:

The individual being assessed must provide evidence of specified essential knowledge as well as skills

Consistency of performance should be demonstrated over the required range of situations relevant to the workplace

Where, for reasons of safety, space, or access to equipment and resources, assessment takes place away from the workplace, the assessment environment should represent workplace conditions as closely as possible

Context of and specific resources for assessment:

Bed linen may include sheets, blankets, quilts, pillowcases, doonas, under-blankets, mattress protectors and personal bed linen

Method of assessment

Observation in the work place (if possible)

Written assignments/projects or questioning should be used to assess knowledge

Discussion of physical and/or behavioural contingency scenarios involving duty of care

Recognition - authenticated transcripts of relevant education/training/work or life experiences

Third Party - authenticated reports of providing client support

Case studies and scenarios as a basis for discussion of issues and strategies in client support

Access and equity considerations:

All workers in the health industry should be aware of access and equity issues in relation to their own area of work

All workers should develop their ability to work in a culturally diverse environment

In recognition of particular health issues facing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, workers should be aware of cultural, historical and current issues impacting on health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

Assessors and trainers must take into account relevant access and equity issues, in particular relating to factors impacting on health of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander clients and communities

Related units:

This unit can be assessed independently; however holistic assessment practice with other clients and health services units of competency is encouraged

Where beds are made/maintained and the occupant is still in the bed this unit should be assessed in conjunction with:

HLTCSD305C Assist with client movement

Co-assessment may be also considered with:

HLTHSE204C Follow safe manual handling practices

Range Statement

The Range Statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Add any essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts.

Beds may include:

Balkan beam


Domestic beds

Electro-mechanical bed

Flotation mattress


Maternity delivery bed

Paediatric bed

Renal chair


Equipment may include but is not limited to:

Bed end note holder

Bedside table

Chair lifts


"Monkey grips"

Personal aids such as hearing aids, glass eyes, false teeth, breast prosthesis, false limbs

Pressure care devices e.g. Roho mattress, egg carton mattress, foam mattress



Walking frames/sticks

Clearing a client area may involve:

Returning items to their correct locations


Not Applicable

Employability Skills

This unit contains Employability Skills

Licensing Information

Not Applicable