This unit applies to an individual who is required to examine the manual handling component of a job and improve it in terms of safety, effort required and efficiency. This may be conducted for a job performed by others or it may be for the person's own job.
This unit primarily requires the application of skills associated with problem solving, initiative and enterprise to identify safe and efficient manual handling, and planning and organising to ensure processes are implemented. This unit also requires communication with, and involvement of, others to ensure they understand the approach and to facilitate training.
Elements and Performance Criteria
Assess manual handling risks
Identify manual handling hazards in work area
Assess risks arising from manual handling hazards
Analyse physical effort requirements of job
Determine basic manual handling requirements of job
Analyse requirements in terms of components, such as lift, move, place and hold
Analyse items to be handled in terms such as weight, size, shape or other hazards
Determine time/effort components of physical effort
Break required movement pattern down into movement components
Determine time and effort requirements for movements
Develop alternative movement patterns
Determine time and effort requirements for alternative movements
Determine handling aids required to assist movement
Determine preferred movement pattern
Analyse the ergonomics of physical effort
Analyse the ergonomics of the preferred movement pattern
Develop substitute movements for any movement which is not ergonomically sound
Determine handling aids required to improve ergonomics of required movements
Optimise application of physical effort
Select movement patterns which are ergonomically sound and time and effort efficient
Ensure all relevant people are trained to use these methods
Ensure procedures and practices reflect the optimum methods
Communicate with team members and involve them in development of alternatives to ensure awareness and facilitate learning
Required skills include:
communicating with others about work processes and jobs
identifying ergonomically sound and unsound movements both at a general level and related to individual capability
analysing manual handling processes
working cooperatively with others
demonstrating or arranging to have demonstrated ergonomically correct movements
applying basic mathematics
Required knowledge includes:
relevant occupational health and safety (OHS) Acts and regulations as applied to manual handling
principles of job and work method design as applied to efficient and safe movement
principles of work analysis
principles of ergonomics/safe movement
aids than can assist with or substitute for manual handling
The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.
Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit
A person who demonstrates competency in this unit must be able to provide evidence of their ability to:
analyse manual handling requirements and risks in jobs
distinguish between ergonomically sound and unsound movement
analyse manual handling movements and risks for an individual
relate manual handling requirements to job efficiency.
Context of and specific resources for assessment
Assessment of performance must be undertaken in a workplace using or implementing one or more competitive systems and practices.
Access may be required to:
workplace procedures and plans relevant to work area
specifications and documentation relating to planned, currently being implemented, or implemented changes to work processes and procedures relevant to the assessee
documentation and information in relation to production, waste, overheads and hazard control/management
reports from supervisors/managers
case studies and scenarios to assess responses to contingencies.
Method of assessment
A holistic approach should be taken to the assessment.
Competence in this unit may be assessed by using some combination of the following to generate evidence:
demonstration in the workplace
case studies/scenarios (particularly for assessment of contingencies, improvement scenarios, and so on)
reports from supervisors, peers and colleagues (third-party reports)
portfolio of evidence.
In all cases it is expected that practical assessment will be combined with targeted questioning to assess underpinning knowledge.
Where applicable, reasonable adjustment must be made to work environments and training situations to accommodate ethnicity, age, gender, demographics and disability.
Guidance information for assessment
Assessment processes and techniques must be culturally appropriate and appropriate to the oracy, language and literacy capacity of the candidate and the work being performed.
The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.
Competitive systems and practices
Competitive systems and practices may include, but are not limited to:
preventative and predictive maintenance approaches
monitoring and data gathering systems, such as Systems Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) software, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems, Materials Resource Planning (MRP) and proprietary systems
statistical process control systems, including six sigma and three sigma
Just in Time (JIT), kanban and other pull-related operations control systems
supply, value, and demand chain monitoring and analysis
continuous improvement (kaizen)
breakthrough improvement (kaizen blitz)
overall equipment effectiveness (OEE)
current reality tree
Competitive systems and practices should be interpreted so as to take into account:
the stage of implementation of competitive systems and practices
the size of the enterprise
the work organisation, culture, regulatory environment and the industry sector
Procedures may include:
standard operating procedures
temporary instructions and similar instructions provided for the smooth running of the plant
good operating practice as may be defined by industry codes of practice (e.g. good manufacturing practice (GMP) and Responsible Care)
Procedures may be:
written, verbal, computer-based or in some other format
Manual handling hazards
Manual handling hazards may include:
loads that pose a risk of injury
ergonomically unsound movements
hazard requirements as defined by relevant OHS Acts and regulations, industry standards and best practice
Ergonomically unsound movements
Ergonomically unsound movements may include:
awkward and repetitive movements
carrying, pushing, pulling or lifting of heavy loads
carrying or movement against hard, sharp, slippery or other difficult to grasp loads
Ergonomically unsound movements should be assessed against the capabilities of individual workers as what is a sound movement for one worker may be unsound for others depending on physique and individual condition
Ergonomically sound movements
Ergonomically sound movements are movements which decrease the risk of injury. Sound movements will vary according to the load and individual. Examples include:
keeping loads close to the body and near the person's centre of gravity
using diagonal foot positions for lifting
moving loads at waist height rather than directly from the floor
Competitive systems and practices
This unit contains employability skills.