Finish casting operation


This unit of competency covers the skills and knowledge required to finish casting operations by fitting reinforcement and accessories to products before curing.

This unit of competency applies to operators who are required to ensure the mould is stable, position reinforcement and fittings, top up and cover mould and rectify routine problems.

This unit of competency applies to an individual working alone or as part of a team or group and working in liaison with other shift team members, team leader and supervisor, as appropriate.

No licensing, legislative or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

Elements and Performance Criteria

Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.


Adjust and level mould and accessories


Ensure position of mould base is level and stabilised according to standard operating procedures (SOPs)


Adjust level of pipes and other accessories already fitted as required


Position and fit reinforcement and accessories


Place reinforcement in green concrete according to work as required


Place fittings/accessories in concrete to specification


Top up mould and finish


Top up and cover mould according to work instructions


Finish and patch product to specification


Clean mould and work site as required by good occupational hygiene practices


Rectify routine problems


Identify the range of faults that can occur during the operation


Determine and rectify fault causes by procedures/work instructions


Identify and rectify equipment failure causes in accordance with procedures/work instructions


Ensure appropriate records and log books of equipment operations are maintained to meet procedures/work instructions


Identify non-routine problems and report to designated person


Control hazards


Identify hazards from the job to be done


Identify other hazards in the work area


Assess the risks arising from those hazards


Implement measures to control those risks in line with procedures

Evidence of Performance

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy the requirements of the elements and performance criteria and demonstrate the ability to:

read and interpret job sheets, procedures, material labels and safety information

stabilise/level the mould

monitor key variables, including:

types of reinforcement and fittings

placement and securing of reinforcement and fittings

amount and distribution of concrete in mould

product integrity and conformance to specification

make adjustments to meet product quality and production output specifications

top up and cover mould according to work instructions

apply finishing/veneering techniques, including one (1) or more of:



helicopter floating


identify hazards and apply relevant hazard controls

apply safety procedures

apply housekeeping procedures

recognise out-of-specification products, process problems and materials faults

recognise routine and non-routine problems

identify when the operator is able to rectify problems, when assistance is required and who is the appropriate source for assistance

take action to resolve problems or report them to appropriate personnel

distinguish between possible causes of routine problems, including:

variations in materials

wrong materials

mould anomalies

process errors

communicate effectively with team/work group and supervisors

complete workplace records

do basic arithmetical manipulations, including additions, subtractions, divisions, fractions and percentages.

Evidence of Knowledge

Must provide evidence that demonstrates knowledge relevant to their job sufficient to operate under routine only supervision and to solve routine problems, including knowledge of:

topping up and finishing process

common veneering techniques, including:



helicopter floating


principles of concrete mixing

hazards from pre-stressed reinforcement

basic physics and chemistry relevant to the equipment/process/materials

role of reinforcement, types of reinforcement and significance of concrete cover

the potential effects of variations in raw materials and equipment operation/processes in relation to quality of product

factors which may affect product quality or production output and appropriate remedies

routine problems, their probable causes and relevant corrective actions

organisation procedures relevant to the work environment/job role

hierarchy of control

hazards that may arise in the job/work environment and:

their possible causes

potential consequences

appropriate risk controls.

Assessment Conditions

The unit should be assessed holistically and the judgement of competence shall be based on a holistic assessment of the evidence.

The collection of performance evidence:

should occur over a range of situations which include typical disruptions to normal, smooth operation of an operating plant

will typically include a supervisor/third-party report or other evidence, focusing on consistent performance and problem recognition and solving. A supervisor/third-party report must be prepared by someone who has a direct, relevant, current relationship with the person being assessed and who is in a position to form a judgement on workplace performance relevant to the unit of competency

must include the use of an appropriate industrial item/s of equipment requiring demonstration of operation, start-up and shutdown procedures and responding to problems

may use industry-based simulation for all or part of the unit particularly where safety, lack of opportunity or significant cost is an issue.

Assessment should occur in operational workplace situations. Where this is not possible or where personal safety or environmental damage are limiting factors assessment must occur in a sufficiently rigorous simulated environment that reflects realistic operational workplace conditions. This must cover all aspects of workplace performance, including environment, task skills, task management skills, contingency management skills and job role environment skills.

Assessment in a simulated environment should use evidence collected from demonstration of skills and one or more of:


pilot plant operation

industry-based case studies/scenarios

‘what ifs’.

Knowledge evidence may be collected concurrently with performance evidence (provided a record is kept) or through an independent process such as workbooks, written assessments or interviews (provided a record is kept).

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language, literacy and numeracy requirements of the work being performed and the needs of the candidate.

Conditions for assessment must include access to all tools, equipment, materials and documentation required, including relevant workplace procedures, product and manufacturing specifications associated with this unit.

The regulatory framework will be reflected in workplace policies and procedures and is not required to be independently assessed.

Foundation skills are integral to competent performance of the unit and should not be assessed separately.

Assessors must satisfy the assessor competency requirements that are in place at the time of the assessment as set by the VET regulator.

In addition the assessor or anyone acting in subject matter expert role in assessment shall demonstrate both technical competency and currency. If the assessor cannot demonstrate technical competency and currency they shall assess with a subject matter expert who does meet these requirements.

Technical competence can be demonstrated through one or more of:

relevant VET or other qualification/Statement of Attainment

appropriate workplace experience undertaking the type of work being assessed under routine and non-routine conditions

appropriate workplace experience supervising/evaluating the type of work being assessed under routine and non-routine conditions

Currency can be demonstrated through one or more of:

being currently employed undertaking the type of work being assessed

being employed by the organisation undertaking the type of work being assessed and having maintained currency in accordance with that organisation’s policies and procedures

having consulted/had contact with an organisation undertaking the type of work being assessed within the last twelve months, the consultation/contact being related to assessment

conducting on the job training/assessments of the type of work being assessed

being an active member of a relevant professional body and participating in activities relevant to the assessment of this type of work.

Foundation Skills

This section describes those required skills (language, literacy and numeracy) that are essential to performance.

Foundation skills essential to performance are explicit in the performance criteria of this unit of competency.

Range Statement

This field allows for different work environments and conditions that may affect performance. Essential operating conditions that may be present (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) are included.

Regulatory framework

The latest version of all legislation, regulations, industry codes of practice and Australian/international standards, or the version specified by the local regulatory authority, must be used.

Applicable legislation, regulations, standards and codes of practice include:

health, safety and environmental (HSE) legislation, regulations and codes of practice relevant to the workplace, equipment and production processes and hazardous materials

Australian/international standards relevant to the materials being used and products being made

any relevant licence and certification requirements.

All operations to which this unit applies are subject to stringent HSE requirements, which may be imposed through state/territory or federal legislation, and these must not be compromised at any time. Where there is an apparent conflict between performance criteria and such requirements the legislative requirements take precedence.


All operations must be performed in accordance with relevant procedures.

Procedures are written, verbal, visual, computer-based or in some other form, and include one or any combination of:

job cards


emergency procedures

work instructions


safe work method statements (SWMS)


batch sheets

temporary instructions

any similar instructions provided for the smooth running of the plant.


Routine problems must be resolved by applying known solutions.

Routine problems are predictable and include one or more of:

matching concrete to specification

incorrect type or position of reinforcement

incorrect type or position of fittings

mould wear/damage

variations in quality/amount/distribution of concrete in mould.

Known solutions are drawn from one or more of:



remembered experience.

Non-routine problems must be reported according to according to relevant procedures.


Hazards must be identified and controlled. Identifying hazards requires consideration of:

heat, smoke, dust, vapours or other atmospheric hazards

weight, shape, volume of materials to be handled

hazardous products and materials

sharp edges, protrusions or obstructions

slippery surfaces, spills or leaks



gases and liquids under pressure


rotational equipment or vibration

plant services (steam, condensate, cooling water, etc)

structural hazards

equipment failures

machinery, equipment and product mass

limited head spaces or overhangs

working at heights

working in restricted or confined spaces

other hazards that might arise.


Not applicable

Competency Field