- PUAEME001B - Provide emergency care
Provide emergency care
This unit applies to all public safety workers who are required to provide initial life-saving emergency care at an incident. It is not designed for workers whose primary response role is one of emergency care, first aid, or pre-hospital care.
PUAFIR215 Prevent injury (Fire sector specific)
Elements and Performance Criteria
1. Identify need for emergency care
1.1 Initial assessment is made of extent and nature of emergency care required.
1.2 Initial assessment is communicated to appropriate personnel in accordance with organisation's policies and procedures.
2. Ensure personal safety of carer and casualty
2.1 Hygiene is maintained for protection of self and casualty.
2.2 Hazards to the carer are identified and appropriate action taken to safeguard against injury.
3. Reassure casualty
3.1 A calm, caring and reassuring manner is adopted in interaction with the casualty and others at the scene.
3.2 Casualty is made comfortable using available resources.
4. Assess casualty and implement emergency care procedures
4.1 Casualty assessed for DRABC.
4.2 Vital signs are continually monitored, recorded and any changes considered in planning treatment and reported as appropriate.
4.3 Treatment appropriate to the casualty's injuries is provided in line with approved first aid techniques and standards.
4.4 First aid equipment is operated in accordance with manufacturer's procedures and instructions, and organisational standards, policies, procedures and protocols.
4.5 Casualty's condition is monitored and reported in accordance with organisation's policies and procedures and treatment modified as necessary.
4.6 Treatment is maintained until qualified medical help takes over.
5. Work cooperatively with personnel from other organisations
5.1 Clear and comprehensive reports are provided to personnel involved in ongoing casualty care.
5.2 Members of other emergency services are assisted in their tasks in accordance with organisation's standards and personal level of responsibility and competence.
6. Recover and restore first aid equipment
6.1 First aid equipment is recovered, cleaned, inspected/tested, stored, restocked and resupplied and medical waste disposed of safely according to organisation's polices and procedures.
6.2 First aid equipment faults are rectified and/or reported in accordance with organisation's policies and procedures.
7. Complete documentation
7.1 Documentation is completed and processed in line with legislative, regulatory and organisation's requirements.
This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.
communicating verbally with casualties and others
providing verbal reports to paramedical personnel
remaining calm under time pressures and in difficult situations
working with others in a team situation
Occupational Health and Safety guidelines for lifting and carrying
systems of the body:
causes and management of unconsciousness
priorities for life support in emergencies including the DRABC (danger, response, airway, breathing ventilation and circulation assessments) model
Health Department guidelines for personal hygiene
Australian Resuscitation Council resuscitation guidelines
applying resuscitation techniques
principles of initial casualty management
management of fractures and soft tissue injuries
management of burns
personal level of responsibility
Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit
Competency in this unit must be established through the practical demonstration of first aid skills, maintaining universal precautions and safety awareness.
Accurate documentation and a caring approach to injured persons during first aid activities are critical.
Consistency in performance
Evidence should be gathered over a period of time in a range of actual or simulated workplace environments
Context of and specific resources for assessment
Context of assessment
Exercise or simulation, or a series of tasks are required to demonstrate competence in this unit. This may involve setting scenarios to be completed either individually or as a member of a team. Written or verbal questions may be used as supporting evidence.
Specific resources for assessment
Access to first aid equipment used in general operations is essential.
Conditions under which this competency may be required include:
operating during any rescue or response situation including specialist rescue
hazardous environmental conditionsâ€”adverse weather
after dark operations
varying time framesâ€”short term
protracted response operations
limited access to equipment necessitating the use of improvised techniques
Equipment may include:
first aid kit
personal protective equipment
stretchers including improvised
Details of incident obtained from:
visual assessment of scene
others at scene
Maintaining personal safety may include:
Caring manner may include:
personal introduction and identification consistent with other priorities
communication with casualty
voice tone and volume
reassurance and gentle treatment all in a culturally appropriate manner
Hazards may include:
First aid techniques and standards may include:
Guidelines to Australian Resuscitation Council resuscitation standards
State and Territory regulations
Others may include:
friends at scene
Appropriate action may include:
Reporting as appropriate may include:
emergency medical technician
applying resuscitation techniques
managing soft tissue injuries
dressing burns and scalds
Qualified health care personnel may include:
Organisationâ€™s standards, policies, procedures and protocols may include:
legislation relevant to the provision of emergency care
legislation relevant to the organisation
operational Standard Operating Procedures
operational performance standards
Reporting casualtyâ€™s condition may include:
need for confidentiality
status on arrival
changes in conditions
Documentation may include:
Moving casualty may include:
individually or with assistance
observing decency in regard to culture
a range of manual handling techniques and lifts and carries
Processing documentation may include:
providing reports to authorised personnel
This unit contains employability skills.