• PUAEMR002B - Identify, analyse and evaluate risk

Identify, analyse and evaluate risk

This unit covers the competency to develop a prioritised list of risks for a community through the consideration of sources of risk, elements at risk and taking into account likelihood, consequence and vulnerability.


The application of this unit in the workplace - the environments, complexities and situations involved - will be written during Phase II of the Review of the PUA00 Public Safety Training Package.

This text will be useful for the purposes of job descriptions, recruitment advice or job analysis; where possible, it will not be too job specific to allow other industries to import it into other Training Packages, where feasible.


Prerequisite Unit/s

PUAEMR001B Establish context and develop risk evaluation criteria

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Identify risk

1.1 Sources of risk are identified by considering the interaction of hazards, communities and the environment

1.2 Elements at risk are identified by examining the interaction of communities, the environment and the sources of risk which affect them

1.3 Organisations and communities are consulted to finalise a list of perceived risks

2. Analyse risk

2.1 Perceived risks are analysed by considering the likelihood of an occurrence, and the consequence of an impact on the community/environment

2.2 The vulnerability of communities and/or environments is determined by analysing their susceptibility and resilience to risks

2.3 Levels of risk are identified and documented according to organisational guidelines and procedures

3. Evaluate risk

3.1 Risks are prioritised using agreed risk evaluation criteria

4. Monitor and review

4.1 Evaluated risks are monitored in accordance with standards and guidelines

4.2 Evaluated risks are reviewed in accordance with standards and guidelines

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Required Skills

evaluate and prioritise risks


identification of stakeholders

negotiation with stakeholders

problem definition

risk analysis

use emergency risk modelling processes to estimate risk

Required Knowledge

emergency management concepts

knowledge of current principles and practices to conduct activities which exercise elements of public safety management

principles and guidelines

problem solving and decision making techniques

research, demographic and economic analysis techniques

Evidence Required

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

It is essential that the interactions between hazards, communities and environments be fully identified and described. Evaluation of risk must be undertaken against established criteria in consultation with relevant communities

Consistency in performance

Candidates should be expected to present evidence from within a real environment

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Context of assessment

Evidence of competence in this unit should be collected from within a real environment

Specific resources for assessment

For the demonstration of competence in this unit it will be necessary to work within a real life environment. Underpinning knowledge may be assessed through written assignments

project reports, debriefings and action learning projects

Guidance information for assessment

Information that will assist or guide assessment will be written during Phase II of the Review of the PUA00 Public Safety Training Package.

Range Statement

The Range Statement relates to the Unit of Competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording in the Performance Criteria is detailed below.

Sources of risk may include

commercial and legal relationships


human behaviour

natural events

political circumstances

technology/technical issues management activities and controls

individual activities

Communities which are groups with shared associations may include

Geographically-based groupings of people such as:





local government areas



states and the nation

Shared-experience groupings of people such as:

particular-interest groups

ethnic groups

professional groups

language groups

age groupings

Those exposed to a particular hazard

Sector based groupings such as:





Education sectors. It may be necessary to consider groups within these sectors (eg within the manufacturing sector

The food processing group)

Functionally-based groupings such as service providers responsible for systems or networks which provide for the movement of people


Services and information on which health, safety

comfort and economic activity depends (lifelines)

Organisationally-based groupings such as Government organisations

non-government organisations

Members of Parliament

Hazards may include

any situation

condition or thing that has the potential to disrupt

damage or bring loss to things people value

Natural hazards. These include events such as:


severe storm



storm surge


and extreme heat or cold

Technological hazards are those events caused by the failure of socio-technical systems. These include events such as:

dam/levee failure and systems failures related to

agriculture (eg drought)

food contamination

industrial sites

infrastructure and transportation

Biological hazards. These include the spread of disease among plants, animals or people

Civil/political hazards. These include events such as:



civil unrest

hostage situations and enemy attack

The environment

is a set of conditions or influences which surround or interact with communities and hazards

Built Environment - elements such as buildings and infrastructure which provide for the movement of people, goods and services

Physical Environment - elements from the natural environment such as:

topographical features

water bodies

vegetation communities

and ecosystems

Concepts of the environment may include

Social Environment - elements such as:




culture and public safety service provisions which relate to how the community functions

Characteristics of hazards communities and environments include

Determination of information about significant fields such as:


spatial distribution

intensity speed of onset

duration and the concern that the hazard arouses in the community

Standards and guidelines are to include

Australian Standard AS/NZS 4360

Emergency Risk Management Guidelines 1999


Not applicable.

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.