Develop incident control strategies

This unit covers the competency required to determine a range of strategies that can be used to control incidents. No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.


This unit applies to personnel responsible for the development of incident control strategies.

The authority to approve or implement strategies is not explicitly linked to this unit. The incident control strategy will normally be documented and relate to a level 2 or level 3 incident.


Not applicable.

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Identify objectives and strategies

1.1 Riskcharacteristics of the incident are fully identified.

1.2 Sources of risk are determined

1.3 Objectives are identified.

1.4 Strategic options are identified.

1.5 Tactics appropriate to strategies are evaluated.

2. Evaluate strategies

2.1 Predictions of incident development are made under alternative strategy scenarios.

2.2 Resource requirements for each strategy are determined.

2.3 Consequences and likelihood of success and failure of strategic options are considered.

2.4 Feedback on strategies is obtained from stakeholders and incident manager/s, collated and recorded.

2.5 Strategies are reviewed taking feedback into account.

3. Select strategies

3.1 Strategic options are documented using a range of information sources in accordance with organisational requirements.

3.2 Preferred strategies and recommendations are submitted for consideration in line with organisational procedures.

Required Skills

This describes the essential skills and knowledge and their level, required for this unit.

Required Skills

analyse needs

develop incident prediction

Required Knowledge

emergency management concepts and principles

development and implementation of incident objectives, strategies and tactics

legislative and regulatory requirements relevant to emergency management

organisational approval procedures

problem solving and decision making techniques

risk management concepts and principles

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the Performance Criteria, Required Skills and Knowledge, the Range Statement and the Assessment Guidelines for this Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Assessment must confirm the ability to:

conduct risk assessment

ensure strategies meet identified objectives

select and correctly apply appropriate models

provide justification for the selection for the recommended strategies.

Consistency in performance

Competency should be demonstrated over time in a range of actual or simulated workplace environments.

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Context of assessment

Competency should be assessed in two or more incident situations or scenarios where there is the capacity to demonstrate the required evidence.

Specific resources for assessment

Access is required to:

workplace environment and/or simulations based on actual incidents

resources that may involve complex scenarios sufficient to allow evidence to be gathered from a variety of sources and stakeholders on more than one occasion and over an extended period.

Method of assessment

In a public safety environment assessment is usually conducted via direct observation in a training environment or in the workplace via subject matter supervision and/or mentoring, which is typically recorded in a competency workbook.

Assessment is completed using appropriately qualified assessors who select the most appropriate method of assessment.

Assessment may occur in an operational environment or in an agency-approved simulated work environment. Forms of assessment that are typically used include:

direct observation

interviewing the candidate

journals and workplace documentation

third party reports from supervisors

written or oral questions

Range Statement

The Range Statement relates to the Unit of Competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording in the Performance Criteria is detailed below.

Risk characteristics must include:

risk management concepts, principles and guidelines as defined in the current Australian Standard

Incidents must include:

incidents covered by organisational legislative responsibility

Sources of risk must include:

control activities

human behaviour

management activities

and may also include:



hazardous materials

structural collapse

Strategic options must include:



direct attack

indirect attack


parallel attack

Tactics may include:

back burning

construction of fire line by hand, machine or aircraft

fixed sprinklers

hose line

overhead attack


Evaluation of tactics may include:

deficiencies and limitations

determination of advantages


Predictions may include:

incident behaviour and control models

local knowledge

suppression and fire control line construction models

weather predictive models

wind plume model

Resource requirements may include:

access to location

availability of specialist personnel

equipment requirements

expected duration of the incident

range of control options available

Consequences may include:


date/time of control

impact on environment

local community and economy

probability of success

Stakeholders may include:

community groups

industry groups

land managers

local business

members of parliament

members of the public

non-government organisations

other response organisations

recovery agencies

support agencies

Information sources may include:

emergency management arrangements

emergency management plans

hazard assessments

response plans

risk assessments


Not applicable.

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.