This unit describes a fundamental construction function for the floristry industry and applies to the full range of industry sectors and environments. The floristry business could be a retail, studio or online business.
The product could be custom-made in response to a customer brief or a display or stock item made for general sale.
The assembly of fundamental floristry products to pre-determined job specifications is usually undertaken by operational florists who work under close supervision and with guidance from others. They would be required to apply little discretion and judgement because they assemble floristry products using predefined instructions and procedures. The work of these trainee or junior florists would normally be checked by more experienced and senior florists.
Elements and Performance Criteria
1. Access and confirm the job specifications.
1.1. Access job specifications and discuss and confirm the assembly requirements with relevantpersonnel to meet all product requirements including cost requirements and production deadlines.
1.2. Read, view or discuss the job specifications to allow for correct selection of all components.
2. Select flower and plant materials and ancillary items.
2.1. Select flower and plant materials according to the job specifications and itemised job costing and sort in preparation for construction.
2.2. Select ancillary and presentation items according to the job specifications and itemised job costing.
2.3. Identify any potential problems and communicate to relevant personnel for a solution.
3. Prepare to assemble the floristry product.
3.1. Clean the product preparation area to avoid spoilage of flower and plant materials during preparation and assembly.
3.2. Check that flower and plant materials have been correctly prepared and conditioned.
3.3. Recognise and report on any unsuitable materials and rectify according to the level of individual responsibility.
3.4. Identify and select equipmentand other construction components to be used for the assembly.
3.5. Use energy, water and other resources efficiently during the preparation and subsequent assembly process to reduce negative environmental impacts.
4. Assemble hand tied flower and plant materials.
4.1. Select appropriate hand tiedfloristry techniques according to the job specifications.
4.2. Produce fundamental hand tied floristry products considering and applying the elements and principles of design.
4.3. Secure the floral arrangement according to the job specifications.
5. Assemble wired flower and plant materials.
5.1. Select appropriate wiredfloristry techniques according to the job specifications.
5.2. Produce fundamental wired floristry products considering and applying the elements and principles of design.
6. Assemble flower and plant materials in a base medium.
6.1. Identify suitable support methods and materials according to the job specifications.
6.2. Select appropriate base medium constructiontechniques according to the job specifications.
6.3. Produce fundamental floristry products with a base medium considering and applying the elements and principles of design.
6.4. Select, fix and form the appropriate base medium.
7. Present and check the floristry product.
7.1. Review finished floristry product, have relevant personnel check as required and make any necessary alterations before wrapping and packing.
7.2. Attach and secure ancillary and presentation items to the floral product.
7.3. Select wrapping and packaging materials and complete all required wrapping and any packaging according to the job specifications, adjusting, as required, to enhance the presentation.
7.4. Safely dispose of all waste, especially hazardous substances, to minimise negative environmental impacts
7.5. Review the entire presentation of the finished floristry product and have relevant personnel check, as required, before displaying, despatching or providing to the customer.
correct use of personal protective equipment
safe and correct use of tools, such as knives and pruners
recognition of spoilt flower and unsuitable plant materials
safe handling techniques for toxic flower and plant materials and those treated with toxic substances such as fungicides and pesticides
correct handling techniques for a variety of flower, plant and presentation materials and ancillary items commonly used when assembling fundamental floristry products to avoid spoilage of floristry stock
communication skills to hold discussions with relevant personnel on job specifications and to verbally report any problems that arise during the assembly
literacy skills to read and comprehend simple job specifications for the assembly of fundamental floristry products, to read use-by dates, stock labels, and to read and interpret organisational procedures
numeracy skills to count components and items to be assembled.
the fundamental characteristicsof the elements and principles of design, their primary interrelationships and use in various fundamental floristry products in order to respond to the job specifications and to discuss and make any necessary changes
The elements of design include:
The principles of design include:
the general features and use of floral assembly techniques for fundamental floristry products including:
using a base medium
fine and heavy gauge wiring for fundamental products
wrapping and using ribbons and ties
packaging and protecting flower and plant materials
constructing presentation boxes e.g. glamour boxes, cylinders.
the general features, use and visual recognition of a variety of flower and plant materials in order to correctly select stock when assembling fundamental floristry products
the general features and use of a variety of ancillary floristry products, presentation materials and wrapping techniques which enhance the presentation of fundamental floristry products
the essential features of and safe practices for using common hazardous substances used by the floristry industry and in particular substances used by the organisation e.g. cleaning agents
the environmental impacts of preparing and assembling fundamental floristry products and minimal impact practices to reduce these especially those that relate to resource, water and energy use and to the use of floristry raw materials
correct and environmentally sound disposal methods for all types of waste - in particular for hazardous substances, spoiled and diseased flower and plant materials and those that have a propensity to propagate weeds.
The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.
Overview of assessment
Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit
Evidence of the following is essential:
ability to safely use floristry equipment and hazardous substances
ability to correctly confirm the job specifications and to visually recognise and select the correct flower and plant materials
knowledge of the fundamental characteristics of the elements and principles of design, their primary interrelationships and their use in various fundamental floristry products
ability to identify and communicate problems associated with the assembly of floristry products
ability to construct multiple and diverse fundamental floristry products. To ensure consistency of performance and ability to use different techniques, this must occur over a period of time and must include the key floristry products outlined in the range statement using the nominated hand tied, base medium construction and fine and heavy gauge wiring techniques
completion of assembly activities within commercial time constraints and deadlines determined by the customer or the organisation.
Context of and specific resources for assessment
Assessment must ensure:
access to comprehensive and sufficient job specifications for a diverse range of fundamental floristry products to allow the candidate to discuss interpret, and assemble a range of floristry products
the assembly of floristry products within a floristry preparation and product construction environment
a diverse, comprehensive and commercial range of equipment used during the construction of floristry products e.g. knives, scissors, secateurs, staple guns
a diverse, comprehensive and commercial product range of flowers, plant materials, cleaning agents, preservatives, conditioning agents, construction, ancillary, presentation and wrapping items that can be used during the assembly process.
Method of assessment
A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:
direct observation of the candidate preparing for and assembling a range of floristry products
project activities to assemble floristry products for a local community organisation or a small scale event delivered by the Registered Training Organisation
evaluation of a range of floristry products assembled by the candidate
exercises to assess the ability to identify and communicate different problems that arise during the assembly phase
exercises to allow the candidate to correctly identify a diverse range of flower and plant materials through visual recognition
written and oral questioning or interview to test knowledge of such things as the elements and principles of design and minimal impact practices
review of portfolios of evidence and third-party workplace reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate.
Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:
SFLSOP202A Recognise flower and plants materials
SFLSOP204A Prepare and care for floristry stock
SIRXOHS001A Apply safe working practices.
The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.
Job specifications may include:
customer brief and how it has been met
location where floristry product will be used or displayed
purpose of the floristry product (e.g. for a special occasion)
photographs of the final design
photographs of various stages of construction
general overview of how to construct
complete instructions for construction including techniques to be used
itemised lists of all components and suppliers
notes on seasonal availability of flower and plant materials
itemised maximum cost of all components
relative costs of alternate components
itemised list of individual products to be produced as part of a suite and numbers required
size of each item to be constructed
estimated timeframe for the construction of all components.
Relevant personnel may include:
a more experienced florist
owner-operator of a small floristry business
All components may include:
flowers and plant materials
ancillary items and merchandise
Flower and plant materials must include:
fresh (common, exotic and Australian wildflowers)
dry and preserved
plant materials including:
fresh (common, exotic and Australian foliage)
dry and preserved
Itemised job costing may include:
itemised lists of all components and associated individual costs of supply and sale
itemised maximum numbers of flowers and other items to be used in the construction of the floristry product
details of the composite product or products to be produced with cost of supply and sale.
Ancillary items may include:
chocolates, fruit, nuts, alcohol
gift items of any type
novelties such as balloons and toys
flower preservatives and conditioning agents.
Presentation items may include:
gift cards and message items
corporate advertising of the business
corporate materials provided by the customer.
Problems may include:
lack of experience with flowers and plant materials
lack of experience with the variety and size of the various products e.g. those for a special occasion
constraints of a short production and delivery deadline
non-availability of the flower and plant materials
non-availability of ancillary, presentation and wrapping items
spoilt flower and plant materials
short life cycle and problems with maintaining quality during storage, production and display by the organisation or the customer
working with a design that does not work in the assembly phase
constraints of OHS requirements
negative environmental impacts of materials chosen
inability to meet the customer preference or brief.
Spoilage of flower and plant materials may relate to:
cross contamination of diseased or pest affected flowers and plant materials with healthy plants
incorrect application of humidity and temperature controls
incorrect exposure to environmental heating or air conditioning
incorrect application of conditioning or preservative agents or contamination with cleaning agents
incorrect storage causing crushing or wilting
incorrect handling and storage of fruit and vegetables.
Prepared and conditioned flower and plant materials may have been subject to:
trimming of foliage
trimming of stems
trimming away buds
provision of nutrients
use of preservative solutions
use of conditioning solutions
chemical spraying for pests and diseases
use of cleaning agents
dusting or wiping.
Unsuitable materials may include:
diseased or pest affected flowers and plant materials
damaged or crushed flowers and plant materials
wilted flowers and plant materials
flowers and plant materials with expired or near to expired use by dates that will not survive the display period.
Equipment and other construction components may include:
cutting tools including:
containers to mix cleaning and conditioning agents
buckets or decorative pails
containers (bowls, vases)
staple gun and staples
glue gun and glue
heavy to fine gauge wire
Hand tied floristry techniques must include:
Fundamental hand tied floristry products must include:
bunch (spiralled and straight stemmed)
posy (spiralled and straight stemmed)
bouquet (spiralled and straight stemmed)
single flower presentation
Elements of design must include:
Principles of design must include:
Wired floristry techniques must include:
support wiring for flower and plant materials with a stem
wiring for flower and plant materials without a stem
pierce and twist
fork or hook
Fundamental wired floristry products must include:
Base medium construction techniques must include:
cutting and shaping base media
Fundamental floristry products with a base medium must include:
simple symmetrical line arrangement (upright).
Base medium may include:
floral foam (for fresh flowers and plant materials)
floral foam (for artificial flowers and plant materials)
wreath frame (floral foam).
Wrapping and packaging materials may include:
Floristry Design and Construction
This unit contains Employability Skills.