This unit describes a key construction function for a diverse range of floristry products and applies to the full range of industry sectors and environments. The floristry business could be a retail, studio or online line business.
The product could be custom-made in response to a customer brief or a display or stock item made for general sale. It could be an individual floristry product or part of a range of products for a special occasion.
This unit applies to florists who operate with some level of autonomy or under limited supervision from others. It is undertaken by a diverse range of people such as retail and studio florists, florists employed by online floristry businesses and owner-operators of small floristry businesses.
Elements and Performance Criteria
1. Interpret the design and job specifications.
1.1. Access and interpret job specifications and discuss the design and its construction requirements with relevantpersonnel to meet all product requirements including cost requirements and production deadlines.
1.2. Read, view or discuss the job specifications to allow for correct selection of all components.
2. Select flower and plant materials and ancillary items.
2.1. Select flower and plant materials according to the job specifications and itemised job costing and sort them in preparation for construction.
2.2. Select ancillary and presentation items according to the job specifications and itemised job costing.
2.3. Identify any potential problems in meeting the design requirements and make any required adjustments.
3. Prepare to construct the floristry product.
3.1. Clean the product preparation area to avoid spoilage of flower and plant materials during preparation and construction.
3.2. Check that flower and plant materials have been correctly prepared and conditioned.
3.3. Recognise and report on any unsuitable materials and rectify according to the level of individual responsibility.
3.4. Identify and select equipmentand other construction components to be used during the construction.
3.5. Use energy, water and other resources efficiently during the preparation and subsequent construction process to reduce negative environmental impacts.
4. Construct hand tied floral designs.
4.1. Select appropriate hand tied floristry techniques according to the job specifications.
4.2. Produce key hand tied floristry products considering and applying the elements and principles of design.
4.3. Assess, determine and use the appropriate support methods in keeping with the job specifications.
4.4. Secure the floral arrangement according to the job specifications.
4.5. Modify the design of the hand tied floristry product according to need during the construction phase considering and applying the elements and principles of design.
5. Present and evaluate the hand tied floristry product.
5.1. Review and assess the finished floristry product for compliance with the job specifications and for its technical and aesthetic quality, making any necessary alterations before wrapping and packing.
5.2. Attach and secure ancillary and presentation items to the floral product.
5.3. Select wrapping and packaging materials and complete all required wrapping and any packaging according to the job specifications, adjusting, as required, to enhance the presentation.
5.4. Consider and apply the principles and elements of design when wrapping, packing and varying the presentation of the hand tied floristry product, checking against the job specifications.
5.5. Safely dispose of all waste, especially hazardous substances, to minimise negative environmental impacts
5.6. Evaluate the entire presentation of the finished hand tied floristry product before displaying, despatching or providing to the customer.
5.7. Prepare any necessary documentation to justify variations to the original design and to inform future improvements.
correct use of personal protective equipment
safe and correct use of tools, such as knives and pruners
recognition of spoilt and unsuitable flower and plant materials
safe handling techniques for toxic flower and plant materials and those treated with toxic substances such as fungicides and pesticides
correct handling techniques for a wide variety of flower, plant and presentation materials and ancillary items commonly used when constructing hand tied floristry products to avoid spoilage of floristry stock
cleaning techniques for floristry construction areas
self-management, time management, planning and organisational skills to complete the construction of the floristry product within deadlines
problem solving skills to identify any issues associated with the job specifications and to adapt the style and components of the product during the construction phase
communication skills to hold discussions with relevant personnel on job specifications and any problems that arise during the construction phase
literacy skills to read and comprehend sometimes unfamiliar and detailed job specifications for the construction of floristry products, to read use-by dates, stock labels, and to read and interpret organisational procedures
writing skills to make simple reports on such things as problems in meeting job specifications and unsuitable materials
numeracy skills to count items to be constructed and to calculate the components, from the job specifications, that make up each product.
the key characteristics of the elements and principles of design, their key interrelationships and use in various hand tied floristry products
The elements of design include:
The principles of design include:
the essential features and use of a wide variety of design guidelines or forms and categories used for hand tied floristry products including decorative, vegetative, formal-linear, radial and parallel
the essential features and use of a wide variety of floral construction techniques for hand tied floristry products including:
hand tied techniques for formal and informal, structured and unstructured designs
wrapping and using ribbons and ties
packaging and protecting flower and plant materials
constructing presentation boxes e.g. glamour boxes, cylinders.
the essential features, use and visual recognition of a wide variety of flower and plant materials in order to correctly select stock when constructing floristry products
the complementary nature of flower and plant materials in order to make any necessary changes to the design during the construction phase
the essential features and use of a wide variety of ancillary floristry products, presentation materials and wrapping techniques which enhance the presentation of hand tied floristry products
the essential features of and safe practices for using common hazardous substances used by the floristry industry and in particular substances used by the organisation e.g. cleaning agents
the environmental impacts of preparing for and constructing hand tied floristry products and minimal impact practices to reduce these especially those that relate to resource, water and energy use and to the use of floristry raw materials
correct and environmentally sound disposal methods for all types of waste and in particular for hazardous substances, spoiled and diseased flower and plant materials and those that have a propensity to propagate weeds.
The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.
Overview of assessment
Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit
Evidence of the following is essential:
ability to safely use floristry tools and hazardous substances
ability to correctly interpret the job specifications and to visually recognise and select the correct flower and plant materials
knowledge of the elements and principles of design, their interrelationships and their effects on the style and function of floristry products, and the ability to evaluate and modify the floral design throughout the construction phase in line with these elements and principles
ability to identify and resolve, throughout the construction phase, problems that may impact on the style, function and construction of the floristry product
ability to construct multiple and diverse hand tied floristry products which must include the key floristry products outlined in the range statement using the nominated hand tied techniques.To ensure consistency of performance, ability to respond to different requirements and ability to use different techniques,this must occur over a period of time and cover the construction of products of varying sizes and complexities
completion of construction activities within commercial time constraints and deadlines determined by the customer or the organisation.
Context of and specific resources for assessment
Assessment must ensure:
access to comprehensive and sufficient job specifications for a diverse range of floristry products to allow the candidate to interpret, modify and construct a range of floristry products - noting that the candidate may have also developed the design
the construction of floristry products within a floristry design, preparation and product construction environment
a diverse, comprehensive and commercial range of tools used during the construction of floristry products e.g. knives, scissors, secateurs, staple guns
a diverse, comprehensive and commercial product range of flowers, plant materials, cleaning agents, preservatives, conditioning agents, construction, ancillary, presentation and wrapping items that can be used during the construction process.
Method of assessment
A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:
direct observation of the candidate preparing for and constructing a range of floristry products
project activities to construct floristry products for a local community organisation or a small scale event delivered by the training college
evaluation of a range of floristry products constructed by the candidate
review of a comprehensive portfolio prepared by the candidate that documents the entire construction process inclusive of notes on the interpretation of the job specifications, records of any problems encountered, justifications for varying the design and an evaluation of the final constructed product
case studies to assess the ability to react to different problems that arise during the construction phase
exercises to allow the candidate to correctly identify a diverse range of flower and plant materials through visual recognition
written and oral questioning or interview to test knowledge of such things as the elements and principles of design, minimal impact practices and the suitability of different techniques for different styles of product
review of portfolios of evidence and third-party workplace reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate.
Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:
BSBDES301A Explore the use of colour
SFLSOP202A Recognise flower and plant materials
SFLDEC303A Maintain floristry tools and equipment
SFLDEC302A Design floristry products.
The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.
Job specifications may include:
customer brief and how it has been met
location where floristry product will be used or displayed
purpose of the floristry product (e.g. for a special occasion)
photographs of the final design
photographs of various stages of construction
general overview of how to construct
complete instructions for construction including techniques to be used
itemised lists of all components and suppliers
notes on seasonal availability of flower and plant materials
itemised maximum cost of all components
relative costs of alternate components
itemised list of individual products to be produced as part of a suite and numbers required
size of each item to be constructed
estimated timeframe for the construction of all components.
Relevant personnel may include:
a more experienced florist
owner-operator of a small floristry business
All components may include:
flowers and plant materials
ancillary items and merchandise
Flower and plant materials must include:
fresh (common, exotic and Australian wildflowers)
dry and preserved
plant materials including:
fresh (common, exotic and Australian foliage)
dry and preserved
Itemised job costing may include:
itemised lists of all components and associated individual costs of supply and sale
itemised maximum numbers of flowers and other items to be used in the construction of the floristry product
details of the composite product or products to be produced with cost of supply and sale.
Ancillary items may include:
chocolates, fruit, nuts, alcohol
gift items of any type
novelties such as balloons and toys
flower preservatives and conditioning agents.
Presentation items may include:
gift cards and message items
corporate advertising of the business
corporate materials provided by the customer.
Problems may include:
lack of experience with flowers and plant materials
lack of experience with the variety and size of the various products e.g. those for a special occasion
constraints of a short production and delivery deadline
non-availability of the flower and plant materials
non-availability of ancillary, presentation and wrapping items
spoilt flower and plant materials
short life cycle and problems with maintaining quality during storage, production and display by the organisation or the customer
a design that does not work in the construction phase
constraints of OHS requirements
negative environmental impacts of materials chosen
inability to meet the customer preference or brief.
Spoilage of flower and plant materials may relate to:
cross contamination of diseased or pest affected flowers and plant materials with healthy plants
incorrect application of humidity and temperature controls
incorrect exposure to environmental heating or air conditioning
incorrect application of conditioning or preservative agents or contamination with cleaning agents
incorrect storage causing crushing or wilting
incorrect handling and storage of fruit and vegetables.
Prepared and conditioned flower and plant materials may have been subject to:
trimming of foliage
trimming of stems
trimming away buds
provision of nutrients
use of preservative solutions
use of conditioning solutions
chemical spraying for pests and diseases
use of cleaning agents
dusting or wiping.
Unsuitable materials may include:
diseased or pest affected flowers and plant materials
damaged or crushed flowers and plant materials
wilted flowers and plant materials
flowers and plant materials with expired or near to expired use-by dates that will not survive the display period.
Equipment and other construction components may include:
cutting tools including:
containers to mix cleaning and conditioning agents
buckets or decorative pails
containers (bowls, vases)
staple gun and staples
glue gun and glue
heavy to fine gauge wire.
Hand tied techniques must include:
finishing and or binding.
Key hand tied floristry products must include:
bunch (spiralled and straight stemmed)
posy (spiralled and straight stemmed)
bouquet (spiralled and straight stemmed)
single flower presentation
linear bouquet (formal-linear and specific line e.g. vertical)
Elements of design must include:
Principles of design must include:
Wrapping and packaging materials may include:
Floristry Design and Construction
This unit contains Employability Skills.