Construct wired floristry products

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to construct a range of wired floristry products to a pre-determined design. It requires the ability to access and interpret the job specifications, adapt as required, prepare for the construction, select the correct components and assemble and present a range of floral arrangements. The florist constructing the product may or may not have designed it, or developed the job specifications, but is expected to make adjustments during construction in response to technical restraints or to improve the floristry product.The following unit covers the primary design skills that relate to this unit: SFLDEC302A Design floristry productsNo licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.


This unit describes a key construction function for a diverse range of floristry products and applies to the full range of industry sectors and environments. The floristry business could be a retail, studio or online line business.

The product could be custom-made in response to a customer brief or a display or stock item made for general sale. It could be an individual floristry product or part of a range of products for a special occasion.

This unit applies to florists who operate with some level of autonomy or under limited supervision from others. It is undertaken by a diverse range of people such as retail and studio florists, florists employed by online floristry businesses and owner-operators of small floristry businesses.



Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Interpret the design and job specifications.

1.1. Access and interpret job specifications and discuss the design and its construction requirements with relevantpersonnel to meet all product requirements including cost requirements and production deadlines.

1.2. Read, view or discuss the job specifications to allow for correct selection of all components.

2. Select flower and plant materials and ancillary items.

2.1. Select flower and plant materials according to the job specifications and itemised job costing and sort them in preparation for construction.

2.2. Select ancillary and presentation items according to the job specifications and itemised job costing.

2.3. Identify any potential problems in meeting the design requirements and make any required adjustments.

3. Prepare to construct the floristry product.

3.1. Clean the product preparation area to avoid spoilage of flower and plant materials during preparation and construction.

3.2. Check that flower and plant materials have been correctly prepared and conditioned.

3.3. Recognise and report on any unsuitable materials and rectify according to the level of individual responsibility.

3.4. Identify and select equipmentand other construction components to be used during the construction.

3.5. Use energy, water and other resources efficiently during the preparation and subsequent construction process to reduce negative environmental impacts.

4. Construct wired floral designs.

4.1. Select appropriate wired floristry techniques according to the job specifications.

4.2. Produce key wired floristry products considering and applying the elements and principles of design.

4.3. Assess, determine and use the appropriate support methods in keeping with the job specifications.

4.4. Secure the floral arrangement according to the job specifications.

4.5. Modify the design of the wired floristry product according to need during the construction phase considering and applying the elements and principles of design.

5. Present and evaluate the wired floristry product.

5.1. Review and assess the finished floristry product for compliance with the job specifications and for its technical and aesthetic quality, making any necessary alterations before wrapping and packing.

5.2. Attach and secure ancillary and presentation items to the floral product.

5.3. Select wrapping and packaging materials and complete all required wrapping and any packaging according to the job specifications, adjusting, as required, to enhance the presentation.

5.4. Consider and apply the elements and principles of design when wrapping, packing and varying the presentation of the wired floristry product, checking against the job specifications.

5.5. Safely dispose of all waste, especially hazardous substances, to minimise negative environmental impacts.

5.6. Evaluate the entire presentation of the finished wired floristry product before displaying, despatching or providing to the customer.

5.7. Prepare any necessary documentation to justify variations to the original design and to inform future improvements.

Required Skills

Required skills

correct use of personal protective equipment

safe and correct use of tools, such as knives and pruners

recognition of spoilt and unsuitable flower and plant materials

safe handling techniques for toxic flower and plant materials and those treated with toxic substances such as fungicides and pesticides

correct handling techniques for a wide variety of flower, plant and presentation materials and ancillary items commonly used when constructing wired floristry products to avoid spoilage of floristry stock

cleaning techniques for floristry construction areas

self-management, time management, planning and organisational skills to complete the construction of the floristry product within deadlines

problem solving skills to identify any issues associated with the job specifications and to adapt the style and components of the product during the construction phase

communication skills to hold discussions with relevant personnel on job specifications and any problems that arise during the construction phase

literacy skills to read and comprehend sometimes unfamiliar and detailed job specifications for the construction of floristry products, to read use-by dates, stock labels, and to read and interpret organisational procedures

writing skills to make simple reports on such things as problems in meeting job specifications and unsuitable materials

numeracy skills to count items to be constructed and to calculate the components that make up each product from the job specifications.

Required knowledge

the key characteristics of the elements and principles of design, their key interrelationships and use in various wired floristry products

The elements of design include:






The principles of design include:








the essential features and use of a wide variety of design guidelines or forms and categories used for wired floristry products including decorative, vegetative, formal-linear, radial and parallel

the essential features and use of a wide variety of floral construction techniques for wired floristry products including the use of fine to heavy wiring and base media

the essential features, use and visual recognition of a wide variety of flower and plant materials in order to correctly select stock when constructing floristry products

the complementary nature of flower and plant materials in order to make any necessary changes to the design during the construction phase

the essential features and use of a wide variety of ancillary floristry products, presentation materials and wrapping techniques that enhance the presentation of wired floristry products

the essential features of and safe practices for using common hazardous substances used by the floristry industry and in particular substances used by the organisation e.g. cleaning agents

the environmental impacts of preparing and assembling wired floristry products and minimal impact practices to reduce these, especially those that relate to resource, water and energy use and to the use of floristry raw materials

correct and environmentally sound disposal methods for all types of waste and in particular for hazardous substances, spoiled and diseased flower and plant materials and those that have a propensity to propagate weeds.

Evidence Required

The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Evidence of the following is essential:

ability to safely use floristry tools and hazardous substances

ability to correctly interpret the job specifications and to visually recognise and select the correct flower and plant materials

knowledge of the elements and principles of design, their interrelationships and their effects on the style and function of floristry products, and the ability to evaluate and modify the floral design throughout the construction phase in line with these elements and principles

ability to identify and resolve, throughout the construction phase, problems that may impact on the style, function and construction of the floristry product

ability to construct multiple and diverse wired floristry products which must include the key floristry products outlined in the range statement using the nominated wiring techniques. To ensure consistency of performance, ability to respond to different requirements and ability to use different techniques,this must occur over a period of time and cover the construction of products of varying sizes and complexities

completion of construction activities within commercial time constraints and deadlines determined by the customer or the organisation.

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Assessment must ensure:

access to comprehensive and sufficient job specifications for a diverse range of floristry products to allow the candidate to interpret, modify and construct a range of floristry products - noting that the candidate may have also developed the design

the construction of floristry products within a floristry design, preparation and product construction environment

a diverse, comprehensive and commercial range of tools used during the construction of floristry products e.g. knives, scissors, secateurs, staple guns

a diverse, comprehensive and commercial product range of flowers, plant materials, cleaning agents, preservatives, conditioning agents and construction, ancillary, presentation and wrapping items that can be used during the construction process.

Method of assessment

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

direct observation of the candidate preparing for and constructing a range of floristry products

project activities to construct floristry products for a local community organisation or a small scale event delivered by the training college

evaluation of a range of floristry products constructed by the candidate

review of a comprehensive portfolio prepared by the candidate that documents the entire construction process inclusive of notes on the interpretation of the job specifications, records of any problems encountered, justifications for varying the design and an evaluation of the final constructed product

case studies to assess the ability to react to different problems that arise during the construction phase

exercises to allow the candidate to correctly identify a diverse range of flower and plant materials through visual recognition

written and oral questioning or interview to test knowledge of such things as the elements and principles of design, minimal impact practices and the suitability of different techniques for different styles of product

review of portfolios of evidence and third-party workplace reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate.

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

BSBDES301A Explore the use of colour

SFLDEC303A Maintain floristry tools and equipment

SFLDEC301A Design floristry products

SFLSOP202A Recognise flower and plant materials.

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Job specifications may include:

customer brief and how it has been met

location where floristry product will be used or displayed

purpose of the floristry product (e.g. for a special occasion)

photographs of the final design

photographs of various stages of construction


general overview of how to construct

complete instructions for construction including techniques to be used

itemised lists of all components and suppliers

notes on seasonal availability of flower and plant materials

itemised maximum cost of all components

relative costs of alternate components

itemised list of individual products to be produced as part of a suite and numbers required

size of each item to be constructed

estimated timeframe for the construction of all components.

Relevant personnel may include:



floral designer

studio designer

a more experienced florist

owner-operator of a small floristry business

production manager.

All components may include:

flowers and plant materials

construction materials

ancillary items and merchandise

presentation materials.

Flower and plant materials must include:

flowers including:

fresh (common, exotic and Australian wildflowers)

dry and preserved


plant materials including:

fresh (common, exotic and Australian foliage)

dry and preserved


Itemised job costing may include:

itemised lists of all components and associated individual costs of supply and sale

itemised maximum numbers of flowers and other items to be used in the construction of the floristry product

details of the composite product or products to be produced with cost of supply and sale.

Ancillary items may include:

chocolates, fruit, nuts, alcohol


gift items of any type

novelties such as balloons and toys

flower preservatives and conditioning agents.

Presentation items may include:


gift cards and message items

corporate advertising of the business

corporate materials provided by the customer.

Problems may include:

lack of experience with flowers and plant materials

lack of experience with the variety and size of the various products e.g. those for a special occasion

constraints of a short production and delivery deadline

non-availability of the flower and plant materials

non-availability of ancillary, presentation and wrapping items

spoilt flower and plant materials

short life cycle and problems with maintaining quality during storage, production and display by the organisation or the customer

working with a design that does not work in the construction phase

constraints of OHS requirements

negative environmental impacts of materials chosen

inability to meet the customer preference or brief.

Spoilage of flower and plant materials may relate to:

cross-contamination of diseased or pest affected flowers and plant materials with healthy plants

incorrect application of humidity and temperature controls

incorrect exposure to environmental heating or air conditioning

incorrect application of conditioning or preservative agents or contamination with cleaning agents

incorrect storage causing crushing or wilting

incorrect handling and storage of fruit and vegetables.

Prepared and conditioned flower and plant materials may have been subject to:

trimming of foliage

trimming of stems

trimming away buds

provision of nutrients

use of preservative solutions

use of conditioning solutions




chemical spraying for pests and diseases

use of cleaning agents

dusting or wiping.

Unsuitable materials may include:

diseased or pest affected flowers and plant materials

damaged or crushed flowers and plant materials

wilted flowers and plant materials

flowers and plant materials with expired or near to expired use by dates that will not survive the display period.

Equipment and other construction components may include:

cutting tools including:



rose de-thorner


containers to mix cleaning and conditioning agents


decorative pots

buckets or decorative pails

containers (bowls, vases)

staple gun and staples

glue gun and glue

binding tape

heavy to fine gauge wire

floral foam (for fresh flowers and plant materials)

floral foam (for artificial flowers and plant materials)


straw, moss

chicken wire


customised shapes


Wired floristry techniques must include:

those using fine to heavy gauge wire

support wiring for flower and plant materials with a stem

wiring for flower and plant materials without a stem



pierce and twist

fork or hook

specialised wiring

cross wiring

peg wiring.

Key wired floristry products must include:

button hole


formal and informal posy

formal and informal trail

simple, formal and informal shower

shoulder spray

wrist spray

handbag spray


simple head piece or simple tiara

cake decoration

wired funeral shape


Elements of design must include:






Principles of design must include:








Wrapping and packaging materials may include:










Unit sector


Competency Field

Floristry Design and Construction

Employability Skills

This unit contains Employability Skills.

Licensing Information

Not applicable.