Instruct water familiarisation, buoyancy and mobility skills

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to instruct a broad range of clients in water familiarisation, buoyancy and mobility skills using drills, activities and games according to best practice principles of aquatic activities.No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.


This unit applies to those conducting learn-to-swim and water safety classes in swimming pools and confined natural shallow water venues.



Perform basic water rescues

Elements and Performance Criteria



1. Determine participant readiness.

1.1. Identify the characteristics of the participant group.

1.2. Identify the water familiarisation, buoyancy and mobility skills to be developed according to best practice principles of aquatic activities.

1.3. Assess participant readiness to acquire the relevant skills.

1.4. Determine the instructional methods and styles appropriate to the participant group.

1.5. Determine appropriate drills, activities and or games for the participant group.

1.6. Allocate sufficient space and assemble resources for the drills, activities or games according to relevant legislation, organisational policies and procedures, conditions and external influences.

2. Conduct drills, activities and games.

2.1. Provide clear and accurate instruction on drills, activities or games to be used.

2.2. Introduce participants to the water in an appropriate manner according to best practice principles of aquatic activities.

2.3. Demonstrate skills and techniques to participant group as required, according to best practice principles of aquatic activities.

2.4. Monitor the participation and performance of each participant according to relevant legislation and provide feedback as required.

2.5. Observe participants' movement through water according to the principles of movement in water and adjust or refine individual or group performance as required.

2.6. Modify the activity as required according to participant needs and factors which affect skills acquisition.

2.7. Respond to participant concerns and questions as required according to best practice principles of aquatic activities.

2.8. Respond to participants experiencing difficulties according to organisational policies and procedures and relevant legislation.

2.9. Monitor time and complete drills, activities or games according to organisational policies and procedures.

3. Review and adapt the instruction.

3.1. Request and respond to feedback from participants.

3.2. Identify aspects needing further emphasis, attention or intervention in future sessions.

3.3. Review own performance and identify areasneeding improvement and appropriate strategies as required.

3.4. Implement modifications to future instruction in response to feedback and review of participant progress.

Required Skills

Required skills

communication skills to:

provide clear instruction

confirm understanding

request and respond to participant questions and feedback

problem-solving skills to:

identify and address participant difficulties in applying water familiarisation, buoyancy and mobility

adjust activities as required

planning and organisational skills to:

select and instruct appropriate drills, activities and games

manage time

self-management skills to:

review own performance

address any areas requiring improvement.

Required knowledge

legislation and organisational policies and procedures that ensure the safety of clients other facility users and staff

principles of movement in water and best practice principles of aquatic activities to enable safe, effective and consistent instruction in buoyancy and mobility skills

water familiarisation, buoyancy and mobility skills to enable accurate and comprehensive instruction to participants

use, care and maintenance of equipment

cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques to enable initial response to emergencies.

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment Guidelines for the Training Package.

Overview of assessment

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

Evidence of the following is essential:

delivers concise information, explanations and demonstrations to ensure drills, activities and games are conducted safely

observes clients and provides feedback and intervention to improve individual skill performance as appropriate

modifies instructional methods, styles and activities for individuals and groups to enhance skill development as appropriate

applies organisational policies and procedures and relevant legislation to ensure safety of participants and other facility users.

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Assessment must ensure:

conduct of drills, activities and games for multiple sessions which incorporate instruction in all water familiarisation, buoyancy and mobility skills

access to a swimming pool or confined natural shallow water venue

access to safety equipment relevant to local regulatory and organisational requirements

access to appropriate clients.

Method of assessment

A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

observation of candidate instructing, monitoring and adjusting water familiarisation, buoyancy and mobility skills according to the needs and characteristics of participant groups and organisational safety requirements

oral or written questioning to assess knowledge of the application of the principles of movement in water

review of portfolio of lesson plans developed by the candidate.

Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

SISCCRO302A Apply legal and ethical instructional skills.

Guidance information for assessment

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and regional contexts) may also be included.

Characteristics of the participant group may include:


stage of development

physical or intellectual characteristics

cultural and situational factors.

Water familiarisation may include:

entering, leaving and moving through the water

getting the face wet

submerging and opening eyes under water

regaining a standing position


Buoyancy and mobility skills may include:

front, back and side floating




treading water

stroke exploration.

Best practice principles of aquatic activities may include:

accepted preventative practice adopted throughout the aquatic industry to minimise safety hazards or risks

AUSTSWIM Limited Swimming Teachers Code of Conduct policies

the culture of swimming and water safety.

Instructional methods may include:

whole skill strategies

whole, progressive part, whole strategies

progressive part strategies

demonstration strategies

command and response strategies

experiential or problem-solving strategies

techniques to encourage the reluctant participant.

Resources may include:

flotation devices

first aid facilities and equipment


reaching poles

pool safety equipment


instructors and equipment.

Relevant legislation may include:

occupational health and safety

duty of care

working with children.

Organisational policies and procedures may include:

occupational health and safety

communication protocols

swimming teachers Code of Conduct policy

appropriate swimwear and personal protective equipment

consideration of other facility users.

Conditions and external influences may include:

environmental conditions

other facility users



other instructors.

Principles of movement in water may include:



hydrostatic pressure







balance and stability.

Factors which affect skills acquisition may include:

individual considerations


weather conditions

background noise and distractions

class size

water depth

available water space.

Areas needing improvement may include:


instructional skills and techniques

group control techniques.


Unit sector

Community Recreation

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor